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Svanidzé, Mikhaïl

Mikhaïl Svanidzé. La France et la guerre entre l’Empire ottoman et la Perse (1548-1555)

Compte-rendu réalisé par Giorgio Rota
Référence(s) :

Mikhaïl Svanidzé. « La France et la guerre entre l’Empire ottoman et la Perse (1548-1555) », in : Florence Hellot-Bellier et Irène Natchkebia, éds., La Géorgie entre Perse et Europe. Paris, L’Harmattan, 2009, p. 37-47.

Texte intégral

1That there was a close relation between the eastern and the western fronts of the Ottoman Empire and that peace or war in central Europe depended very much on the situation along the Safavid-Ottoman border (and vice-versa) are well-known facts that, however, are not always taken into account by modern scholars. Svanidzé’s contribution usefully reminds us of these facts. Suleyman the Magnificent signed a five-year truce with the king of Hungary, Ferdinand of Habsburg, in 1547 and then launched a new military campaign against Persia in 1548. After the relatively positive conclusion of the war in 1549 and the expiration of the armistice with Ferdinand, the Ottomans invaded Hungary once again in 1552. This new campaign was followed by Safavid attacks on the Ottoman border in 1553 and a new Ottoman invasion of Persia in 1554 that led to the Treaty of Amasya in 1555. As this contribution shows, Hungarian and French diplomats at the Ottoman court were fully aware of this correlation of events. Their efforts are described for preventing or favoring peace between Suleyman and ahmāsp I, in particular on the eve of the Treaty of Amasya. French diplomacy prevailed, and a 19th century French historian would write that the Treaty was signed sous l’impulsion de l’ambassadeur français (p. 46). As a consequence, both the Sultan and the Roi très chrétien could continue, together, fighting against the Hapsburgs of Spain and Austria.

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Référence électronique

Giorgio Rota. Svanidzé, Mikhaïl, « Mikhaïl Svanidzé. La France et la guerre entre l’Empire ottoman et la Perse (1548-1555) », Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 32-33 | 2013, document 260, mis en ligne le 01 juillet 2016, consulté le 13 décembre 2017. URL :

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