Skip to navigation – Site map

Terracottas from the Cyclades

Erica Morais Angliker

Full text

  • 1 Bonnin-Quéré-2014; Bruneau 1970; Bruneau and Ducat 2005; Constantakopoulou 2010; Jockey 1996; Savo (...)
  • 2 Kourayos 2005; Kourayos 2012.
  • 3 Brock and Mackworth-Young 1949.
  • 4 Korou 2005.

1In the past several decades, archaeological research on the Cycladic islands has not only restored several sites investigated earlier, but has also brought to light sanctuaries on Despotiko, Kythnos, and Aguios Andreas on Siphnos, which are not mentioned in any literary sources. To these new discoveries can be added over a century’s worth of work on Delos, the principal cult site in the Cyclades. The availability of all this material has created a wonderful opportunity to explore the political, social, and religious aspects of Cycladic societies, subjects that thus far have received relatively little scholarly attention1. My research, which consists of a systematic study of the cults practiced in the Cyclades, has three principal objectives: a presentation of the topography, an analysis of the material, and a comparative study of cults practiced in the Cyclades and on Delos. To achieve this end, it relies on a variety of sources: literature, epigraphy, and coins, as well as on recently uncovered archaeological remains. Among the last mentioned are a plethora of coroplastic items. Of these I analyze certain more singular items, setting them into the broader archaeological context of the Cycladic sanctuaries in which they were discovered, in order to define more fully the character of the cult. Of particular interest are some remarkable objects found in a deposit dating to the Archaic period at the sanctuary on Despotiko and at the Delion on Paros. I am currently studying perfume vases in the shape of male genitalia as well as mold-crafted roosters and their symbolism. Since I am working on the iconography of Artemis in the Archaic Cyclades, I am particular interested in the large, decoratively painted clay statue of fine ceramic discovered at the sanctuary of Despotiko2, a unique item that may be an early representation of Artemis and possibly the sanctuary’s cult statue. Similar clay statues have been uncovered on Sifnos3, but in these cases the detailed decorative motives painted on them may reveal associations between Artemis and Potnia, a hypostasis identifiable in other situations at Cycladic sanctuaries4. Approaching the Delion in Paros through a study of its votives, which include several coroplastic items (e.g. protomes, molded body parts, female heads) I am determining the function of this sanctuary, which worked simultaneously as a local sanctuary for the joint cult of Apollo and Artemis and as a branch sanctuary of Delos.

Fig. 1–Daedalic figurine (675–650 BCE) found in room A1, Despotico

Fig. 1–Daedalic figurine (675–650 BCE) found in room A1, Despotico

Photo: Yannos Kourayos

Fig. 2–Figurines and ceramics (7th century-first half of 6th century BCE) from the votive deposit found on room A1

Fig. 2–Figurines and ceramics (7th century-first half of 6th century BCE) from the votive deposit found on room A1

Photo: Yannos Kourayos

Top of page

Bibliography

Bonnin, G. et E. Quéré, Pouvoirs, îles et mer. Formes et modalités de l’hégémonie dans les Cyclades antiques (viie s. a.C.-iiie s. p.C.), De Boccard (2004), Paris.

Brock, J. K. and G. Mackworth-Young, “Excavations in Siphnosˮ BSA 44 (1949), pp. 1–92.

Bruneau, P., Recherches sur le cultes de Délos à l’époque hellénistique et à l’époque impériale, Paris. De Boccard (1970).

Bruneau, P., Ducat J., Guide de Délos, Athens/Paris, De Boccard(1970).

Detoratou, S., “Πρωτοκορινθιακή και κορινθιακή κεραμική εισηγμένη στην Πάροˮ, Αρχαιολογικόν δελτίον, 58-64, Α’, 2003-2009 (2012), pp. 31–100,.

Constantakopoulou, C., The Dance of the Islands: Insularity, Networks, the Athenian Empire, and the Aegean World, Oxford, Oxford University Press (2010).

Croissant, F., Les protomés féminines archäıques recherches sur les représentations du visage dans la plastique grecque de 550 à 480 av. J.-C., vol. 1–2, Paris, De Boccard (1983).

Jockey, P., “Le sanctuaire de Délos à l’époque archaïque. Bilan historiographique et bibliographiqueˮ, TOPOI. Orient – Occident, 6/1 (1996), pp. 159–197.

Kourayos, Y., “Despotiko Mandra: A Sanctuary Dedicated to Apolloˮ, M. Stamatopoulou and M. Yeroulanou (eds.), Archaeology in the Cyclades: Papers in Honour of J. J. Coulton, Oxford, Archaeopress (2005), pp. 105–133.

Kourayos, Y., Despotiko. The Sanctuary of Apollo, Paul & Alexandra Canelopoulos Foundation, Athens (2012).

Kourou, N., “Πότνια και Εκβατηρία: παραλλαγές της λατρείας της Αρτέμιδος στη Σίφνοˮ, Πρακτικά B’ Διεθνούς Σιφναϊκού Συμποσίου, Σίφνος, 27–30 Ιουνίου, 2002, vol. 1 (2005), pp. 227–242.

Mazarakis-Ainian, A., “Archaic Sanctuaries of the Cyclades: Research of the Last Decadeˮ, Archaeological Reports 59 (2012-2013), pp. 96–102.

Muller, A., “Le tout ou la partie. Encore les protomés : dédicatrices ou dédicantes ? ˮ, Le donateur, l’offrande et la déesse: systèmes votifs dans les sanctuaires de déesses du monde grec. Actes du 31e colloque international organisé par l’UMR Halma-Ipel (Université Lille 3, Lille, 13-15 décembre 2007), C. Prêtre (ed.), vol. 23, pp. 81–95. Centre international d’étude de la religion grecque antique, Liège (2009).

Rubensohn, O., Das Delion von Paros, Wiesbaden, Steiner (1962).

Savo, M. B., Culti, Sacerdozi e Feste delle Cicladi dell’età arcaica all’età romana, Tivoli, Tored (2004).

Scott, M., Space and Society in the Greek and Roman Worlds, Cambridge/ New York [etc.], Cambridge University Press (2013).

Top of page

Notes

1 Bonnin-Quéré-2014; Bruneau 1970; Bruneau and Ducat 2005; Constantakopoulou 2010; Jockey 1996; Savo 2004; Scott 2013; Mazarakis-Ainian 2012-2013.

2 Kourayos 2005; Kourayos 2012.

3 Brock and Mackworth-Young 1949.

4 Korou 2005.

Top of page

List of illustrations

Title Fig. 1–Daedalic figurine (675–650 BCE) found in room A1, Despotico
Credits Photo: Yannos Kourayos
URL http://journals.openedition.org/acost/docannexe/image/213/img-1.png
File image/png, 284k
Title Fig. 2–Figurines and ceramics (7th century-first half of 6th century BCE) from the votive deposit found on room A1
Credits Photo: Yannos Kourayos
URL http://journals.openedition.org/acost/docannexe/image/213/img-2.png
File image/png, 1.1M
Top of page

References

Electronic reference

Erica Morais Angliker, « Terracottas from the Cyclades », Les Carnets de l’ACoSt [Online], 12 | 2014, Online since 12 March 2015, connection on 16 December 2017. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/acost/213 ; DOI : 10.4000/acost.213

Top of page

About the author

Erica Morais Angliker

University of Zurich
erica.morais.angliker@access.uzh.ch

Top of page

Copyright

Licence Creative Commons
Les Carnets de l'ACoSt est mis à disposition selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons Attribution - Pas d'Utilisation Commerciale - Pas de Modification 4.0 International.

Top of page
  • Logo Association for Coroplastic Studies
  • OpenEdition Journals