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Geophysical Survey And Archaeological Excavations In the Neolithic and Bronze-Age Settlement of La Dou (Girona, Spain). A combined approach to a new site

Prospection géophysique du site néolithique de l’Âge du bronze de La Dou (Girona, Espagne)
Roger Sala, Robert Tamba, Ekhine Garcia-Garcia, Gabriel Alcalde, Vanessa Navarrete, Jordi Revelles, Maria Saña and Rafael Rosillo
p. 101-109

Abstracts

This paper presents the results of the investigations carried out from 2009 to 2013 in the multi-period archaeological site of La Dou (Sant Esteve d’en Bas, Girona, Catalonia). The authors expose the strategy applied to create the surveys and results of the excavations conducted to verify and date the detected features. The site was discovered in 2005 in a rescue excavation due to the building of a road, revealing a group of firing pits and other stratigraphic remains of a rare Neolithic, open-air settlement, dated from the 5th millennium BC. In 2009, a team of archaeologists from the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (UAB) created a project to expand the investigations to the cultivation fields surrounding the first findings. A magnetic survey was used to locate new archaeological remains and delimit the possible extents of the site. The results revealed a complex magnetic map that included several groups of anomalies interpreted as possible archaeological remains in an area of circa 2.4 ha. The attention of the team was then focused on a possible ditch detected in the survey and that was partially excavated. The excavation results and the C14 analysis expanded the chronology of the site until the Bronze Age, revealing an uncommon settlement that is still the object of investigations.

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Excerpt

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Outline

1. Introduction
2. Environmental settings
3. Methodologies
Magnetic survey 2009
Excavation
3.3. GPR survey 2012
Data interpretation and GIS
4. Results
Magnetic survey results 2009
Archaeological trenches 2010-2011
GPR survey results 2012
Further excavations (2013)
5. Discussion-Conclusion

First lines

1. Introduction

The Neolithic period led to the establishment of the first farming communities in permanent open-air settlements. These first open-air settlements generally are comprised of non-preserved wooden structures in dry areas such as the Iberian Peninsula. This implies a low potential of archaeological remains and adds difficulties in the process of finding new archaeological sites. Given the irregular and dispersed occupation of the territory in these early stages of farming communities, the identification of the limits of one archaeological site is a hard task to do with traditional archaeological methodology.

Geophysical surveys have been recognized over the last couple of decades as a useful tool to detect and describe new archaeological sites (Sala et al., 2012). The application of archaeological Geophysics in the particular case of La Dou site is an example of how the ability to explore large areas around a given site or feature widens the focus of archaeological invest...

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References

Bibliographical reference

Roger Sala, Robert Tamba, Ekhine Garcia-Garcia, Gabriel Alcalde, Vanessa Navarrete, Jordi Revelles, Maria Saña and Rafael Rosillo, « Geophysical Survey And Archaeological Excavations In the Neolithic and Bronze-Age Settlement of La Dou (Girona, Spain). A combined approach to a new site », ArcheoSciences, 41-1 | 2017, 101-109.

Electronic reference

Roger Sala, Robert Tamba, Ekhine Garcia-Garcia, Gabriel Alcalde, Vanessa Navarrete, Jordi Revelles, Maria Saña and Rafael Rosillo, « Geophysical Survey And Archaeological Excavations In the Neolithic and Bronze-Age Settlement of La Dou (Girona, Spain). A combined approach to a new site », ArcheoSciences [Online], 41-1 | 2017, Online since 21 June 2019, connection on 12 December 2017. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/archeosciences/4917 ; DOI : 10.4000/archeosciences.4917

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About the authors

Roger Sala

SOT Archaeological Prospection, Emeterio Escudero 76b, 08198 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Spain. E-mail: roger_sala_bar[@]yahoo.es

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Robert Tamba

Universitat de Barcelona, Departament de Didàctica de les Ciències Socials, 08035, Barcelona, Spain. E-mail: tamba_of[@]yahoo.fr

By this author

Ekhine Garcia-Garcia

Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (UPV,EHU), Mineralogia eta Petrologia, 48940 Leioa, Bizkaia, Spain. E-mail: ekhinegarcia[@]yahoo.com

Gabriel Alcalde

Universitat de Girona, Departament Història i Història de l’Art, 17071 Girona, Spain. E-mail: dir.dephha[@]udg.edu

Vanessa Navarrete

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament de Prehistòria, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain. E-mail: d.prehistoria[@]uab.cat

Jordi Revelles

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament de Prehistòria, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain. E-mail: d.prehistoria[@]uab.cat

Maria Saña

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament de Prehistòria, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain. E-mail: d.prehistoria[@]uab.cat

Rafael Rosillo

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament de Prehistòria, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain. E-mail: d.prehistoria[@]uab.cat

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Copyright

Article L.111-1 du Code de la propriété intellectuelle.

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