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La seconde conférence internationale SEAMEO SPAFA sur l’archéologie d’Asie du Sud-Est

Bangkok (30 mai – 2 juin 2016)
Daniel Perret
p. 7-12

Basé à Bangkok, le Centre Régional pour l’Archéologie et les Beaux-Arts de l’Organisation des Ministres de l’Éducation d’Asie du Sud-Est (SEAMEO SPAFA) a été particulièrement actif en ce qui concerne l’archéologie et la conservation des vestiges archéologiques pendant près d’une décennie entre la fin des années 1970 et la fin des années 1980. En effet, pas moins de quatorze ateliers ont été organisés par cette institution entre 1979 et 1988, que ce soit en Indonésie, aux Philippines ou en Malaisie. Les thèmes de ces ateliers couvraient les recherches sur Srivijaya, sur la navigation maritime et les réseaux marchands, sur les céramiques trouvées sur les sites, sur la préhistoire, ainsi que sur la conservation du mobilier archéologique, des monuments et des sites.

  • 1 Cette conférence a donné lieu à une publication : Noel Hidalgo Tan (ed.). Advancing Southeast Asian (...)

Le SEAMEO SPAFA a relancé la tenue de ces rencontres archéologiques au niveau régional en 2013 avec une première manifestation organisée à Chonburi, conférence au cours de laquelle quelque 70 communications ont été présentées1. La seconde conférence internationale s’est tenue à Bangkok du 30 mai au 2 juin 2016, dans les salons de l’hotel Amari Watergate situé dans le quartier de Pratunam. Parfaitement organisée, sous la houlette de M.R. Rujaya Abhakorn, directeur du SEAMEO SPAFA, et de Noel Hidalgo Tan, administrateur de l’événement, elle a connu un grand succès avec quelque 150 communications présentées et un public dépassant certainement 200 personnes lors de chacune des trois journées. À noter la présence de nombreux chercheurs indonésiens. La première journée a été consacrée en matinée à deux « keynote lecture », l’une sur des fouilles conduites sur le site d’U-Thong d’époque pré-Dvaravati (Saritpong Khunsong), l’autre sur l’enseignement de l’archéologie en Indonésie (Mahirta). Trois sessions parallèles se sont déroulées l’après-midi, comportant en particulier la présentation des « Country report » par les représentants des pays concernés. Les communications ont été présentées dans le cadre de quatre sessions parallèles lors des deux journées suivantes.

Une journée supplémentaire a été consacrée à des visites de plusieurs sites archéologiques dans la région de Bangkok.

Nous livrons ci-dessous la liste des quelque 60 communications présentées relatives à l’Asie du Sud-Est insulaire. Comme toujours dans ces grandes conférences, les thèmes sont très variés. On retiendra ici que les centres d’intérêt ayant réuni le plus grand nombre de communications sont les sites d’habitat et nécropoles, le ou les sites dans leur environnement, l’art rupestre, l’anthropologie physique, ainsi que les questions liées à la diffusion des connaissances archéologiques.

Indonésie (30 communications)

(keynote lecture) Teaching Archaeology in Indonesia, Sharing Experiences and our Perspectives – Mahirta, Archaeology Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM), Yogyakarta.

Country Report : Archeological Sites in the Context of Heritage Cities in Indonesia – I Ketut Ardhana, Centre for Bali Studies, Udayana University, Denpasar.

Gamelan Musical Instruments of Ancient Java from the Inscriptions – Timbul Haryono, Graduate School of Research on Performing Arts, Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM), Yogyakarta.

Early Iron Working in Indonesian Archipelago – Anggraeni, Department of Archaeology, Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM), Yogyakarta.

Functions of Traditional Irrigation System in Achieving Food Security Program : Lessons Learned from Bali Province, Indonesia – Gede Sedana, Dwijendra University.

Prehistoric Rock Art Painting in Bontocani, South Sulawesi, Indonesia –Yadi Mulyadi, Archaeology Department, Hasanuddin University, Makassar.

Recent Rock Art Research on East Seram, Maluku : A Key Site in the Rock Art of West Papua and South East Maluku – Adhi Agus, The National Research Centre of Archaeology, Jakarta ; Peter Lape, University of Washington ; Marlon Ririmasse, Ambon Archaeological Service Office.

Prehistoric Cave Hand-Stencils’ Design Continuity on South Sulawesi Traditional Homes : An Ethnoarchaeological Study – Ingrid H.E. Pojoh, Archaeology Department, University of Indonesia, Jakarta ; R. Cecep Eka Permana (idem), Karina Arifin (idem).

Hermeneutics of Spatial Production of the Somba Opu Fortress Site – Nur Ihsan D, Abd. Rauf Sulaeman, Sitti Kasmiati, Syahrun, Archaeology Department, Faculty of Humanities, Halu Oleo University, Indonesia.

Land Division on Krowe Adat Community : A Phenomenology of Landscape Studies – Putri Novita Taniardi, Archaeology Research Center, Yogyakarta.

Representation of Kettledrums at Several Sites in Indonesia : The Relation with Southeast Asia – Rr. Triwurjani, The National Research Centre of Archaeology.

Mother Concept in Education and Religion in the Majapahit Period : An Overview of Archaeological Heritage and Written Source – Nainunis Aulia Izza, Department of Archaeology, University of Indonesia, Jakarta.

Sharing Knowledge : Archaeology and Education in the Moluccas, Indonesia – Marlon Ririmasse, Ambon Archaeological Service Office ; Muhammad Husni.

Communication of Cultural Heritage in Adolescents : Experimental Study – Agi Ginanjar, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta ; Harry Susianto.

Physical Activities Reconstruction Based on Entheseal Change from Prehistoric Human Remains, Gilimanuk, Bali – Dicky Caesario Wibowo ; Ingrid H.E. Pojoh.

Spatial Transformation from Sala Village to Surakarta, the Capital of Mataram Kingdom (Mid of 18th Century) – Mimi Savitri, Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM), Yogyakarta.

Ancient Ports in East Coast of Southern Sumatra during Sriwijaya Period, Its Role and Connection – Eka Asih P. Taim, National Archaeology Research Center, Jakarta.

Consideration Factors in the Placement of Temple Building in Musi Rawas Region – Sondang Martini Siregar, The Center of Archaeological Research, Palembang.

Glass Beads as One of Heyday and Collapse Indicator for Kampai Island Commerce – Ery Soedewo, National Research Centre for Archaeology, Medan Bureau.

The French-Indonesian Archaeological Project in Kota Cina (North Sumatra) : Preliminary Results – Daniel Perret, École française d’Extrême-Orient, Jakarta ; Heddy Surachman, The National Research Centre of Archaeology, Jakarta [avec une courte intervention de Stéphane Frère – INRAP – sur les vestiges de faune du site].

Lhok Pancu : Aceh Besar Regency Observations in the Inter-Tidal Zone 1986-2016 – Edmund Edwards Mckinnon, Archaeology Unit, Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute, Singapore.

A Trace of Ancient Commerce in the Solo River – Aditya Revianur, Department of Archaeology, University of Indonesia, Jakarta.

Karawang Ancient Ports in the North West Java Coast Between the 15th and the 18th Century – Libra Hari Inagurasi, The National Research Center of Archaeology, Jakarta.

Banda Islands. The Last Port of Nutmeg Hunting in East Indonesia Between the 16th and the 19th Century – Sarjiyanto, The National Research Center of Archaeology.

Preserving Underwater Cultural Heritage Sites in Natuna : Multidisciplinary Approach to Utilization Towards Marine Eco-Archaeological Park – Rainer Arief Troa, Research and Development Center for Marine and Coastal Resources, Agency for Marine and Fishery, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Indonesia ; Ira Dillenia ; Eko Triarso ; Sugiarta Wirasantosa.

Contested Cultural Property : Economic Versus Preservation Interests on Shipwrecks in Indonesia – Mai Lin Tjoa-Bonatz, Goethe Universität.

(Almost) Two Decades On : What has the Belitung Taught Us about the Management of Underwater Cultural Heritage in Indonesia ? – Natali Pearson, University of Sydney.

Gosong Nambi Shipwreck Site : The New Finding in West Sumatera Water, Indonesia – Nia Naelul Hasanah Ridwan, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries ; Gunardi Kusumah ; Ulung Jantama Wisha ; Guntur Adhi Rahmawan.

Revisiting the Senabi : New Evidence for the Widespread Use of External Stern Lashings on Boats In Southeast Asia – Daniel G. Dwyer, Charles Darwin University.

Competition for Food Resources Among Carnivores and Humans in Southeast Asian Pleistocene [Indonésie & Philippines] – Rebekka Volmer, Archaeology Studies Program, University of the Philippines, Diliman.

Philippines (23 communications)

Philippine Country Report – Mary Jane Louise A. Bolunia, Senior Museum Researcher, Officer-in-Charge Archaeology Division, National Museum, Manila.

Dating, Mortuary and Trade : Significance of Oriental Tradeware Ceramics Excavated from Babo Balukbuk, Porac, Pampanga, Philippines – Rhayan Melendres, University of the Philippines.

Adapting to Terrain : Highland and Lowland Settlements in Northern Luzon – John A. Peterson, University of Guam.

Chop It Up : Faunal Processing Techniques of the Ikiangan People – Cambria Craig, University of California, Santa Cruz.

Living/Dead Interactions in Ifugao Household Necroscapes – Edward A. Cleofe, Department of Anthropology, Brown University.

A Health Status Review of the Fetal and Sub-Adult Population of Old Kiyyangan Village – Alexis Francois, University of California, Los Angeles ; Adam Lauer, University of Hawaii.

Jar Burials and Beads : Infant Interment Practices at Old Kiyyangan Village – Madeleine Yakal, University of California, Los Angeles.

The Archaeology of Pericolonialism : Responses of the “Unconquered” to Spanish Conquest and Colonialism in Ifugao, Philippines – Stephen Acabado, Department of Anthropology, UCLA.

Island Adaptation and Maritime Voyages in the Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene in Mindoro, Philippines – Alfred Pawlik, Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines [et onze autres co-auteurs]

Ancient Goldworking Technology in Butuan, Northeastern Mindanao, Philippines – Victor P. Estrella, Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines, Diliman.

The Handi Project : Making Culture, History and Archaeology Accessible – Llenel de Castro, Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines.

Promoting Heritage Awareness through Archaeology among Schoolchildren in Catanauan, Quezon – Jeanne C. Ramos, RN, Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines, Diliman.

Changing Heads : Artificial Cranial Modification in the Philippines – Catherine Rebecca Crozier, Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines, Diliman.

Headhunting in the Philippines : Finding Traces of the Vanished Practice in the Archaeological Record – Marie Louise Antoinette Sioco, University of the Philippines.

The Diversity of Archaeological Burials in Northern and Central Philippines in the Context of the Island Southeast Asian Prehistoric Mortuary Record – Myra Lara, Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines.

Life, Death and Care ? In Early Ifugao – Adam J. Lauer, International Archaeological Research Institute Inc.

Applying the Bioarchaeology of Care in the Metal Period Philippines – Melandri Vlok, Australian National University ; Marc Oxenham ; Victor Paz ; Rebecca Crozier.

Reconstructing Physical Activity of Adult Human Remains from 18th Century Burial Sites in the Philippines – Sarah Agatha Villaluz, Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines.

The Maritime Cultural Landscape of the Philippines – Mary Jane Louise A. Bolunia, Archaeology Division, National Museum of the Philippines ; Sheldon Clyde B. Jago-on ; Bobby Orillaneda.

Changing Seascapes and the Archaeology of Mindoro and Palawan, Philippines – Emil Robles, Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines ; Kate Lim ; Jane Carlos.

Preliminary Results of Archaeological Investigation in Cagsawa Ruins in Albay : Sacred Space Archaeology – Angel S. Recto, Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines.

Creation of A Charred Wood Reference Collection – Jane Carlos, Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines.

Visitor Motivation and Destinations with Archaeological Significance in the Philippines – Jack G.L. Medrana, University of the Philippines ; Richard Philip Gonzalo.

Singapour (5 communications)

Country Report : Singapore (2013-2015) – Derek Heng, Yale-NUS College Senior Honorary Fellow, Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre, Institute of SEA Studies -Yusof Ishak Institute, Singapore.

Historiography of Singapore Archaeology – Lim Chen Sian, Archaeology Unit, Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre ISEAS - Yusof Ishak Institute, Singapore.

The Archaeology of Bukit Brown – Foo Shu Tieng, Archaeology Unit, Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre ISEAS - Yusof Ishak Institute, Singapore.

Decorated Earthenware of National Art Gallery Site, Singapore – Aaron Kao Jiun Feng, Archaeology Unit, Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre ISEAS - Yusof Ishak Institute, Singapore.

Greenware Porcelain from the National Art Gallery Site – NG Jian Cheng Michael, Archaeology Unit, Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre ISEAS - Yusof Ishak Institute, Singapore.

Malaisie (4 communications)

Country Report : Malaysia Country Report 2016 – Mokhtar Saidin, Centre for Global Archaeological Research, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang.

Gua Bunuh I and Gua Bunuh II : The Archaeological Implications and Conservation of Two Newly-Discovered Rock Art Sites from Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo – Rachel Hoerman, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa ; Mohammad Sherman b. Sauffi, Archaeology Section, Sarawak Museum Dept, Kuching ; Bonnie Ak Umpi, Archaeology Section, Sarawak Museum Dept, Kuching.

Gua Tambun Prehistoric Rock Art : A Social Perspective – Saw Chaw Yeh, Centre for Global Archaeological Research, Universiti Sains Malaysia USM ; Goh Hsiao Mei, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Penang.

Modes of Transportation in Sungai Batu Civilization : Distance between Structural Sites is Ascribed to Transportation Used – Gooi Liang Jun, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang.

Brunei (une communication)

Country Report : The Ceramics of the Brunei Shipwreck : Analysis of their Origin and Types – Hanapi Haji Maidin, Senior Museum Officer, Brunei Museum Department, Bandar Seri Begawan.

Notes

1 Cette conférence a donné lieu à une publication : Noel Hidalgo Tan (ed.). Advancing Southeast Asian Archaeology 2013. Selected Papers from the First SEAMEO SPAFA International Conference on Southeast Asian Archaeology. Bangkok, SEAMEO SPAFA, 2015, 478 pages, 37 articles.

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