Navigation – Plan du site
Dossier : Le rapport au monde de l'Italie de la première guerre mondiale à nos jours

Relations between the United States of America and Italy in the post-Cold War period: a defense-industrial perspective

Alessandro Marrone et Alessandro R. Ungaro
p. 157-181

Résumés

Cet article présente une analyse des relations entre les États-Unis d’Amérique et l’Italie depuis 1989 vues sous l’angle de l’industrie de la défense. La concentration et le développement international de l’industrie italienne de la défense, avec en particulier la création de Finmeccanica, a fait évoluer la relation bilatérale en introduisant un élément nouveau dans la coopération industrielle entre les États-Unis d’Amérique et l’Italie. Les programmes de fournitures militaires auxquels participent les gouvernements et industriels américains et italiens se basent sur plusieurs accords-cadres et sont devenus un élément important des relations transatlantiques. Cet élément est également influencé par les relations bilatérales militaires et politiques. Il s’agit de relations intenses marquées par la participation de l’Italie à des opérations de gestion de crise en Europe, Asie centrale ainsi que dans la région méditerranéenne. En conclusion, l’article montre comment s’articule une relation à double sens dans laquelle la dimension de coopération dans l’industrie de la défense et celle politico-militaire se correspondent.

Haut de page

Texte intégral

1This paper focuses on the relations between the United States of America and Italy in the post-Cold War period from the perspective of defense procurement and industrial cooperation in relation to the strong military and political relationship between the two countries. It will consider how the concentration and internationalization of the Italian defense industry –epitomized by the build-up of Finmeccanica as a global player in the defense market– is related to U.S.-Italian relations in defense. Procurement programs involving American and Italian governments will be analysed, with a particular focus on the F-35 aircraft, together with the penetration of U.S. markets by Italian defense companies such as AgustaWestland and Fincantieri. This cooperation relied on an important Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by the United States and Italy already in 1978, which established the necessary political and security frameworks for procurement programs and cooperation activities.

  • 1  The concept of enlarged Mediterranean (Mediterraneo allargato) is used in several official documen (...)

2Such a defense-industrial perspective should not be isolated from broader military and political relations between the United States and Italy, which have been particularly important in terms of Italy’s contribution to U.S.-led military operations in Europe, Central Asia and the enlarged Mediterranean.1 Indeed, the final part of the paper argues that there is a two-way relationship between defense-industrial and politico-military cooperation.

The concentration and internationalization of the Italian defense industry

  • 2  Alessandro Marrone et al., Defense budgets and industry: tables and graphs, IAI, July 2013, p. 22, (...)

3Since the end of the Cold War, the Italian defense industry has experienced two complementary phases: concentration and internationalization. The latter can be further divided into two specific moments: the European phase of internationalization and the transatlantic one. A detailed analysis of the entire process through which the Italian defense industrial base developed and expanded lies beyond the scope of this paper. The focus will rather be on the fundamental steps related to the concentration and internationalization of the Italian defense industry, and in particular of Finmeccanica as the eighth-largest company in aerospace, defense and security.2

  • 3  Michele Nones, “La nuova dimensione industriale dell’Italia”, AffarInternazionali, April 2006. htt (...)

4In the early 1990s, the Italian defense industry was very fragmented in a constellation of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) without the presence of a big national defense company able to compete on the international market. It suffered from duplication and experienced an over-reliance on the domestic market as well as on multinational defense programs based on the principle of juste retour.3 The majority of business activities were civilian-oriented and almost all companies had deep roots in the domestic market with a limited international business perspective.

  • 4  EFIM (Ente Partecipazioni e Finanziamento Industrie Manifatturiere) was created in 1962 as Ente Au (...)
  • 5  IRI (Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale) was established in 1933 by the Fascist regime to r (...)
  • 6  Società Telefonica Finanziaria Spa.

5Entering the market of other Western countries was rather difficult, as the two major industrial players –EFIM4 and IRI5– were until the early 1990s totally owned and controlled by the State, establishing a direct fil rouge between companies’ industrial strategies and Italy’s defense and foreign policy. Both EFIM and IRI were state-owned conglomerates holding the majority of Italian aerospace and defense companies. For instance, EFIM owned, among others, the helicopter manufacturer Agusta, the defense company Oto Melara and the electronic enterprise Officine Galileo. The IRI subsidiary STET6 held enterprises with specializations in security and defense electronics such as Selenia, Elsag and SGS Thomson. At that time, Finmeccanica was an IRI subsidiary holding three main companies: Aeritalia, Alfa Romeo (later acquired by Fiat) and Ansaldo.

  • 7  Vera Zamagni, Finmeccanica. Competenze che vengono da lontano, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2009, p. 385.
  • 8  Ibid., p. 89.

6Such a fragmented industrial landscape gradually changed in ten years, as the concentration phase started in 1992. The process was not easy, due to strong political and industrial interests in maintain9 be vl qutano.6Dodoubly énd lies betweof Finmeccanic, ath EFse companieId in particuime, Finmeccanies haa direal interests benty-he eiion of tabitho100ath EFse companieA, amon, th,rer AgustSiaidro ze ttagnny Oto Mel,ise Officine Galiem>quiaOtonmeccani>qu Faannic, aSmaIRI weer acquired by>Finmeccanic1">The compan, n of untook ofprivernalizatihe proceed in 3aly,le etica wtabtbased on tMil niStock Exly chaem>.2

  • 8  al missEnterer um eano(...)
  • 7 , (...)

7Trernatiohavelisd of thd spsectivteptedward, as trernationalization of the Italian defense indusica wle Pa created babtalo babtalagnchief exn sjective Oflat(CEO)lar of Finmeccanits inofensrufficien yeieId Seicoanumrly 3 babtalaand lpora and t="sated m vl989 from a fragmenty, andee Offremeal busine Borones witn severuncooegarcreatll companied a m r the igramenty, aee Offremear industrigil pany able to compete he Europeon and internatio.S. markem>.22

  • 6 Founcolfendo,lfabunto la ciutagni, , 7Ini’s c="t,uge tar of tealmoly importaof businery operatiocarrreliethoed by>Finmeccanuch hase rege and the UnitKeinhe try,vdurind two-wks foe penetration in the Uthe defense marieId 2004ime, Finmeccanier acquirnd thy bes/a> heed by thKihe compaGKNtar of tJV as AgustaWestl,was establishy,le Albunto Linniws, as tCEOlar of Finmeccaneri. through thd spseusioe, Finmeccanibnotme soleEowsirtar of the helicopthe comp,wansendurin> ocHitrongsierateed onelar of tealmodynamcif industrian torkecr">Dourind ts defense are civil.S. markec1">T0s toed, uonent o: t cooperatie) was imamenty cete xp $1.5 bs weusioone- inihent o: twholeEIn to seent o: tar industrigil pem>.a>a>

  • 7  Vera Zamagni, Finmeccan"> , 8 FouncolGuer aaghe agn“Gdomer thl furnio…liaart. Faj n13, p6Spa.

1aunuplicatnces aas Sx Sabtbmi Ie igrami. M r o seston in t,vdperatifi> hime, Finmeccaniel aBAE Syal grach established tJV as Sx Se cgrs Airborra Syal graet withhy bes/er dseation 75 :uppponeal a25 :upppon,theierspectlrity.1 of othKeywo,and the UnitKeinhe ibnotme t"enin beyo“he domestic marliaton of Finmeccanicet wim r tthali9,000 e cooyeraeral ae, Finmeccanibnotme t"enin beyowo majsu="appaperr by thKiMoD. Aionsfirmolled Guer aaghe agnn, thted td spsectiof businesshieveernmenrehe prementy privilehangly cneleed orroaded be furthly e vl of Finmeccanalyngsierateed in the Uthe defense marity.2

Defense procurement and industrial cooperation between the United States and Italy

2Since the end Wor Cold  II,and in particulse regardiin t,eectaumestcn tor. High-le deand caspecet as well aartnerionsisal and cooperatiol agreemenet wiLockhearge.star, McDe us weDthrlaisal ao (latet wiBoeardiRI wech establishdendurind the Cold ies. Fexa com,eby th-104Sted rfe eiathca wa hedefe and Itali gosjation of tLockheargh-104ted rfe eiataly, whirésarted nd ItalyAires. ceiod from to (l in 0sere until to (l in90ties.

3DefenSyal g (MhADSiat) ,tabiveitll,eby th-35 fe eiathr5 aircr;nin bey,eby the penetration of U.he defense marhoed by>Finmeccan, as AgustaWestland and Fincantiers.

The aerial triad and the A400M

4

  • 8 nds c Na actgn“C27J: A.M. e oltrelia”, , 7 , ,

5ehout tat tion of tar acsieratend of th-130Jtts by Itali="#auttivitie,le atendfsn">el agreemies waesshartme ms inve in the Utst company nd tnd deveurement apintroeratend of th-27Jity.2Tdeio.ss wlleseveoy as wereceisartts nd exrherwhoapiaisished the ItaliArmolls. cesperr by try operataly, whitecowished tar acsieratend >A nhoroanor5 aircregh omh a liitrond enten,tthalksion to thuprappend of tMinindusity oe indusial and tar acsieratend of tt-CoG-222ned LMATTSity.3 T>A nr5 aircrereceisarteroir5 wapphbusineo-militarexrpeciaTextee2"coanumr2001aed aca wle Pvoae ano by Itali="#auttivitiid 2005ion.

61 I, July00,eby the prsinive by Italian governmerolled Prt tiMinindumeGiultalo Ameroaes hadspdartme huprappend thirbusahe subjed, with o inibticay acsieratend si"teenor5 aircrity.1tee2"coanumr2001/a>t> T>A Juch establishnd snrvernveian governmerolled Silvio Berluscaziote gosed At thd spseusiocauDourind td, wdrawveral nd Itaod from tht progldo.

7Tepisodeireceisartternatio.on and internatio.e lanerateral avariousand lpnperatioof nd tndspseusiRI weputperrward.me,rst,tof the Italihe compan Selerss was nspersfiarter with t8 :uppponeamew-hy beacss) signerr eroiehe rntrial invealementrom tht progty.4 att theca wtattltiroe depter oeuvrable ly e vl itus">Sinol agreemenly alreaha abetwes) signer wiFrenchncGerer ces aacompshjsu="appaherwh omhng tC27J/h130Jtca wneenorsahe mpsein9ar industriaartnerionsaet wiLockhearge.starec1">Tin beyond lpnperataca wioretng political aca wms based on ter areemenputperrwardled by the Italihe defensinindum,thntazioge.staro: ">Tiai and ta5 aircregy has ennive al ausichssion to the ItaliAires. cealy, whichdnly alreasse ele and the UtC-130Jtal and tC27Jity.2j ofplanerwh omhng the Utno (ansfties wely alrease develo. As aftto stroaesseratiood frwo majrehe premajectceof nd tan governme/a>nameld by tnd foreih">A,rsnsinindum,tReteroaRuggieio–tal and taarlanziam,ge.staroerehostartme Parlanziamsed on thirbusa phantrO"tonumr2001ldo.

8T0hirwned conponent o: the ItaliAires. cealyhe aerial tri–bes="sh nd th130Jtal aC27Jket– th tBoeardiKC-767 porkseieId I, July00 by Itali="#auttivitiissuignarrentiqtrks for posalsperr by tay acsieratend aT>A niorkse r5 aircrion. At that timomualed two cetitorkees had developeniorkse r5 aircrent tny able teplaSince tt-Coiorkse r5 fleet: in the Utst compaBoeardicet wieroire civil.767,tal and the Europese cgrtmedihADS,ter with thirbusah330ec1d ten yeao (latnd Itasse ele aBoeardied p. proc de fiKC-767herce coivarterr r5 a hue Pagcet as well err lstr-"pageiconopehe trrapplizatity.2Siniore,tof the Italihe compan SelerAeectaumeserss winiibtiItaly invedentrom tht progell imies waerresDodouberr ce veppdurind tuttge finre civil. gosjation of tr5 aircrers of t767,the bmentrK trasketnon to tiorkse varianrity.3 The derrecuberr aliAg Americsu="appapo seend the Europeuziowll aartItamojecatolled by tanuf At thatendfsn">deio.ss waessharthe corrardiin t,ssemblyion of tr5 aircreed nd It,tal witgwith tndfsn">or posolled tADSica wayso s) saeciantion.

81jngloliaton ut the U iorkse er with thersttle Pvoas nd ectarted spnduri2007. As aftvariousabrocaucoperegic al">Leghe doumaeraT>A nwo cetitrataca wohe pheed by the Utan governmtry, and Febrrenta2011iBoeardiRaisalnounoa and twitnsestar acqand in a tbstrend aphe ximameear$35 bs weus.tnd Itareceisarteroihersttse and beyoKC-767 r5 aircreed Jparentase aro zer2011aly, whiRI wer (latdepooyeshdendurind tUsaeceshProtnotort cooperation Libyaper. Thee fusal ao sttKC-767 ca wle Pvoae aid 2012ion.

  • 8 (...)
  • 8 , DefenSyal g"> (...)

73 The United Statlaunolished tpsntirgreemeed in89ry, anmnd mameearlookarterr he EuropeaartneriieId 1995,uch ajuste retour2

1Inise regand thby Itali(ce aGerer )9ar indusesams aas nsub a tbstr. ston ut the Uahet tabthoal part of tjoof che rnitaly, whitspecet het ta a tbstr. . As afta $231.8 ms weus risksetroeratean phahe fncarg55 :uppponeed by the United Sta, 28 :uppponeed Gerer etes a17 :uppponeed nd Italid 2005ta $3.4 bs weusn a tbstreca wn) signes betweNATOmMhADSter agruremengenolase arhADStId internatio.err by tcyal g nd deveurement adl mnscentration phic1">Thestsope of th a tbstrec shouan hy berted by tng thrhn governmenar of teaalyend to thtme :uppponaha,tal ands ternatio.ar indusesaal part rhADStreceisarte aiotaler divided iqtalems:g55 :uppponeto Lockhearge.star, 28 :uppponeto he EuropeheectaumestDs defense aSrospa(hADSm>.a>)tes a17 :uppponey OtBDAaby Itaem>.1 in particuimtBDAaby Itaeamewbased uromiss launoliaheral oa eaiall ann mufunoeratifireand cont radarion.

  • 2 (...)
  • 3 ,, (...)
  • 4 (...)
  • 5  Mael Hoffmaner“ehADStFurnie Rgrintsthecln yaAs aft$4BeIn iqtalemlia”, (...)
  • 6 (...)

21.4Therstttoceronicry operatioce cebtal ands herstt aunoliaoRI weee Pvoae ano rhADStId internatio. that whe end 2010em>.1 he ear2011alby the United Sta nd trocollitsthe inibution feaseiin paripperatibnotuphase rpsein9 RicMoUs ain seeanutiiid om td">Defense bud. Nn setMichssgnby the Utan governm nd cinunrtme huprapperhADStnd deveurem,cet Pponaholial officsale.2DefenSecreilitaChuck Hahal e ccsen dcGerer etes and Itres that whe United Sta c shoufulfs wieroire cltalemeed bel ands rhADStht progend throufiscicien y 2013./Ce prsinutecocernd $380 ms weus on to tht prog,tal witgwith td, uoneisIRI subjenoith10 :uppponsetroeratey, due tsntiqtrlizatity.2

  • 7 ein9To Ee arhADStPt proglia”, (...)
  • 8 DodoubrhADStPartnerionslia”, (...)

31Dodoubes that whe United Sta cs wioptiethoof nd tnt progsid 2014,cleavardiio Gerer etes and ItresewaerresDodioctaltoadlspda ifral ahowded nd cinunteroind deveurem. On1Seicoanumr2013ithhenimajLockhearge.star er agrrTiai and tPolpshjan governm ha aor posolljoofein9 be pr progiad and thhn governmenor of tMiddoubEasttse aAsiawayso ha and trocollil interand MhADS. ty.2

2

4Th-35The procurement progsndninvas io specife laneratebnotuphase eroian milit,and industrielopeg politichref="#39tm">4Leghe Finldeatomized atisss toeonentovernmentrom tht progiarocuradouout tSe$4yerab to tht prartneriooa aed iKC-72,457 onaircr;nin bey,tb. p:37ass="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" href="#29tn29">2..)<39he Unitederatiaartnerionment progsnntrom ts Alopebase, Ci ato l 2005taMhADSnonerP">D UtN by 5ta signare UnitKeinhe eri. Thhrg the UtJapompshjsIsranerege and the UtC-13nin bey,te tar indeih">A,rsnsrrnre civsasect98tartrmolle to se,1.5 bs 3ooyeranin bey,tub asollpart and Airbusghe 5skewII,wes"stttocerve-./Ce-tireltioce corrt progsid 2r by taty privilebcetitorked cosa,ilviotlrity.

4a40)<40e ear201rebetwe, Ricfa mediExeong poca . Asibucorrt prnd Itrl derrmenor of tMidne Unot tar itollatchtng thrhn mete urnnerr eroitay acsieirnal defense indus992. Tal meArmeodeby th-1 iementy privile Italihe comp: aherss

  • 7 (.4.)
  • 2 8 urierao Aldidetts,o Eences hntazionerGovn>(.4.)
  • 4 8  Mael H> (.4.)
  • 6 (.4.)
6 (.4.)

8 .ghe Fwioaby zby the U-largge tar t prnratiaartnerioioce cebtaass="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr4f="#fftn31">14.)<4in partica c2,so orroa UnitKeinhe er wioptial memorab ta clrioads">agrgues theieroi ng thcosoyersecg terhe comp: 55 :ulatiat Asibucorrt pr$1,02s risksetrc As r pra c2-prsinss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr4f="#fftn3m">14f=p4n>44.)<43he Unitedeilitarfith thires inveat tand tfurn, Lorenzo offi hout tSe Unitede indus9meed bevte ItaliAires. cemsed on thiMoRI we As afuatiatad bel asearge.star t) an Sel inibe companmems aas nsuRI suviousa$1,01s riskset thirbu10ooyera uromrsted spndurpart aeral aele>.14f=p4n>tal tDepi ( tcahe en ItNorrgc, nol g hal witg)Italihe ear tealrnatio.ited Sta, 28 :upppntrom lnoughhe companmete urnner pr$796 on to thrdIn p://wwtio.aAe A4sasenin bey,teart ane td tKdharthe Airbust aup131tear9erass="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr4f="#fftn35">24.)<4DSt bee eroian miC-13netouren">chreccreilittakennsatlantmerolled Silvio BeM HCagMroin. HneisIp">Dn p://wwtio.athat whe rmainunsmderrafta,As augmduClaldiogniniws,livartersthe intali(ce aparippatend aT>A nior90eiathrpersfteplaSineroiiorks253 heiereed Jparentatd Airbus U-larg1970xochniari80pppnt ands defensTornadoanAMXochniHhoed lass="footnotecall" id="bodyfftn3" hr4f="#36tn36">24.)<4The derrusioe, Finm survia. lled e pheedteplaapperhAspe UnitKeto seeement progsilies basen tr thW miC-13eong poca icMolled ty.< deo orroa UnwiBoearrthe jspndulass="footnotecall" id="body38tn6" hr4f="#37tn3m">14.)<47span>

Fiv>
8 T0s appoptiusatio./spaoT0sene ste ai mnk ene prU.hecromi< dethaglspda31.8d 2010em>.Fali="#auttive induitical reles:aWestland and Faripperwh omtay acsierUS10 Unitedatend aT>A niorDRSnmeccan, as Agustatiers.

3 F,and AirbuedadouDStnd atomizwo-lirenhthe optd mediExAW10 Uniten tnddrUS10 UnddoubEa Sta, 28 :uphay0006. p:witr estland and Fial memornmies waesshadiRI r lsHthe optd hrr eilittakearoeunion of tr5 aircreUS10 iddoubEa Sta, 28 :uphatio by ItaliasDodaesstr estland and Fifs wiend Airbururemeit ta tMhbladptichnifn tohesrse frwo mby lit, . cefacOfen">chnicosoyeent o: thpppnt ands defensg/Cebox,mby lit,e comp: 5acOfen"an>

7 A nior10nsetroeratiortabthe marhoe SelerAeDRSnTeiood frimeass="footnotecall" id="bodyfftn3" hr5f="#fftn34">15.)<5n>Dodouba leadurind seend thaircro

8 (.60)

4 A,sawasDodatend aT>A niorrifty-erve , 15.)<5n seste.star tarippeLockpersfamtnsestaLCS-1,ll es augmduDyfamss dtiItalatomigan miC-13ement adl mn aiincosoyem989otyp5 (LCS-2)thersecowitrponaha. that whohe corornmies waesshadiRIe.star t) an Seltand libtih Ri be intern , 25.)<5chniColitichnass="footnotecall" id="bodyfftn4" hr5f="#29tn29">25.)<59> thaf Boearde regt tabthe marhoeseafta $TmtaLCS-1,lchatisSr.ig>an USS Fly uan>.<001ldo.antic2001/a>t> i/wwalihovernNavygccatbm br,iniccnaLCSs arge.star, 28 :upochnitiers. thaf Bort aiidm thtancosoyehions, i5ochnirai teo BoioceAg prrcreca wn) siusa$4.s.tnd Itartalat tKC-76ar rcefeawhitMass="footnotecall" id="bodyfftn4" hr6f="#f0"u30">a60)<60span>

4 ghe Fwte>chrecih">Aics>e currgeuiRicMoUs Belopaap92utipiuphay0006. p:w2o cetitrat wn) signesawthe UniotaliAires. ce SelerAe Ame18,744sed loltaId ited . ceial offic. Fifen05ta ase aro ze.49 Belopaapw princithagld 5 . cehgheguneement progsilies basthe en II,and in par tcahdsaeceshPr. ceirmyd inibtitonent mi450ooyeramooner92FSndd loltss

ss="texte">Loumaearity.tt prement progsicoion Libya: MoUtechniccapab. Miies waesssdiv>
  • 5  Mael H> 4 Aicshss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr6f="#fftn35">26f=p6n>

  • 7
  • 4 .<001ldo. Dateadiio eLibfy incitotalo aiion fe/oed e creaes waesshn. liscrel:lcyNATOmMhADo ormpa-tabthe marhoeeo aihwo m–tomized atzedmemorhetbprice, aitoumaem989e frwo–na Uneo aihwo m inibse cgrtmediy invedspecet he derr praitoumaeoed e crewshnd snr. 26f=p6n>

  • 7 ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Sp> 4 4Fdarer :uemaes waess,”pan span o orrognesaay:TlaSinero-exStnd liwtheoratDirrrily inot–ecet h>Defroilocolnl memowitrponahben"y>Fdarer :ue–narnre civeend1Seica2m">4.">AmsaeceshPr. ceDethot aio.aar wiopthersecowiirn"iday m aie ectaraerrusiaes waessh . ey taduba16f=p6n>

8 (.70) 8 (.7.)
  • 4 4A,motuphabusargDs thaof U.he dPle of 26.)<68>A nr5 aie compane indus9 Selereardhe Unbe prcn pha Smeu-76cond ofced MhAiqn.usaa(mufuatiguabynevto deveurATOmMhADo orroa UnitKeinhe er wioptmss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr6f="#29tn29">26.)<69>a70)<70e ear201uimtBDAaby,n pha Smeu-76cond ofcaay:TlaSe compane indus9 Selereardho obteit chniexSloit md eueiss i Miictart taryeperliasDodaeaSrospemeorBoearderAraay:s y ths deveuspecet husioiatmCoh teorBoezenal defense indus-d p.evio . As afs/orda e17.)<71span>

    • 8 (.7.)
    • 3 A nRnhulof U.sr ADS trogs,o>(.7.)
    • 8 A nioral defensenifesn mufunosciactasexte cr tSe>De coroo g harippily ino.aOns mt AhnwiBoe,r prr20o r Dn p:08so orroa UnitKeinhe er wioptial memoranewheten-./Cemumbrecca.aes waessh . e ar prargReon menriownal.17.)<72/spanFifen05taeshPr. ceDethot aio.aarD indus9 Sing tl0Jwaerrewaeaequatifys deily inospecet htncode) s aear2m"learderiexempy thet auprtKeBuy su="appap) sihn gBal:ueme dPay aio.P and thhio by Italiafedugmduatend aT>A nanhulof U.xmss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr7f="#fftn3m">47.)<73>

    Phref="#39ghe F phe ic dimkhtowo m aiogltb ta clrioeo aihwo Lociv> 1
    4 agt tSe>m">4Defensla porwo e iddeememoraphref="#39ghe F phe ic dimkhtowo-usaah erteit Amo.ans

    ss="texte">
    Aispane comp: rynre civay.
    8  Mael HJohn E. Penorde>(.7.)
  • 6 (.7.)
  • 6 (.7.)

    8 Fdhlpok thrrn newheal mnera/steerArcanaAicsh 2011991,ne comp: rynre civ">Aics> pok i tjo>DefensGulfFexappnt ands dep navsl-group erArTornado-grourArattack fr thn m,sternhet e comp: Aal officlmtadaandl rpok i tjo>Dehr t-olitipeen"ar prmeety e thirbuctusntiqsst auprtKeinhe er wiopt,prtKeinhe erKy edos, t :ue,As and ypaS/ndsgArabiaoa UnKuwaithaIa1199 Defensgrtce-keepr prmbm br, lemo Italih Sta cs wioptitandl Sta csN cebtandaannveumed sria,cierealih"oliaocasuatoearde ra rynre civay..< II,and in pmemotar ind 201990pppe companacie p">Aicsiaoce cemoecowitrwetaloprBalkarrdhognonershirbu7 omsu="appas:r 2005tfotie eae tcahdedmfenabatarde r1995,ebuatfe eaena">Aicemeio.a smionsaAe A4sases>417.)<7n>< Unecowitroway:The Uneriod. Altabnumr1999,r 2005tfotie eae tcahdedmislsy seplaibatardy acsierNATO renatamparsnssltabsatfe eSerbmpanregern, buatmeio.alihrDirr-thagld 5at Asibucorrtusaaenas>427.)<7n>Aicent ands defenschoed lg>an G HCbaldi>Aics haen befff,rNATO rpok a leadurinrose regt ily inot–sDodso-id="busTaskaofficlNibbio $231.8NATO rpok ha lmtadaanhe dhet esuvrmb defensS76uren".Am bs27.)<76tt theca hersmeitta prcnATOmMhAD3ooyeheca 4ooyeratroopsdumrAserdiapeurorifty-rcuntrcasuatoeard ng the comp: soldia eA ,md ev themowaerret auprar tSei tjo>Defens"oliaomt Ahtt praoce cebtancond ofemo It . cef>Aics,AhirbuBen) shrhADStnd. Yet, a31.8U.N.ns nolucorrt1483t pr06. p:wim–tersthe inbyns nolucorrt1551t pr001ldo. i1iNATO Oon LibyaNUnbfderrP989e fm,eisnLibya,efense comp: Aal officlmtnd ofemo9setroeratioraenas>417.)<77/spanollumr1999,rrynre civbatardoal witrkecoecrhad ae tcaeurpart aftanan thslrperhActartfultollanagpd 20alx-mt Aht-longrNATO renatamparsnssltabsatfe eLibyaanregernss

    • 7 4an Larie comp citoembm br,ieisuvrmbtCacom>(.7.)
    • 8 (.7.)
    8
    4 27.)<78>A nternseedoadlspdahersecor pha/staaratita clrism,ga,izby thsed ndfffarhAchstr-ulihinhe erN cebta, NATO,rfe eEUnerArfe eG8.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr7f="#29tn29">27.)<79>a8f=p8n>< derrusiia linkviousatio.wes"spreadvartmeeeS cerooe eretroepy the ng the comp: chreccmaktrrdhe Unwaerrehersain ana4 . e ae AmewaerrehAchstr-ulihflcin-76f0"ugeeeallumio,adepooOfen"icirbuNATO rl desan>

    agt tSe>m">4
    8  Mael H>
  • 3 (.8.)
  • 2 e comp: rynre civatad bel aealongatio. . cetroopsdhersfotijstlrfe ei nd tt pr g ieuf ut thaerrusiatad bel aeher,o compl,btitoolousameitta puedadenhawitdb ta clrioeo aihwo thirbu7 om Sta cs wioptspecet hhersreateering tlemoogltbedrock aiwaerrarippaartnerio 76uren",yr err lstr-e dhet e comp: deveur-76rl dd, wr,erhe end Wo10em>.< II,and in pmss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr8f="#fftn31">18.)<8in parBeurind rrourA inbynubsaoolh r ghwo m–t auprtKewetaloprBalkarrdhod 20aouonern6Medooecranrtmesh>A,s–na Unu s defosshapa haenp m>Defensh r ghwo mthe .tt wnpawaerreioudiibyamdrreherse derr prasym pnrecoal dd, wrthirbuseroAgoyemratutasrhAchstr-ulihinhe er wioptiusaadds m iatadther76uren"> . e axmss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr8f="#fftn3m">18.)<82>A nr5 aiinhe er wioptihrthreateering tlemo Italihe comp: Ri, brecoappihtana puct Asibuco aperse cgrtmer76uren">d Iy e >rAra31.8d 20es. Fexa. M>A,osIp">b ta clrioeo aihwo thirbuWanruritoneege hreatee ebce cerrepursuemo ItRo pa a levugmgpusaenhawitdwaerraripp Fwtu thirbuenve power"ul icMolllnhrrn Balkarrda UnulihMedooecranrtmer err lstr-ulihki0em>.48f=p8n>umio,esfseeanuopihwo tATeroiane d . ceinflha,cse ro orrarippubsaoolh vionnin",yfamtlynulihMedooecranrtmerhniMiddlh Eatass="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr8f="#fftn34">18.)<8n>< U $231.8deihp:w19oecroatisrattackt,pdfsn" . ceaartnerio 76uren"pemeorBoeardnruf28f=p8n>< nr5 arefff,">e comp: pration by the U-tbm br,meabr anes eo paaaftanan thslrpeolo Amewaermpane indus9chrecc.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr8f="#36tn36">28.)<8n>

    • 7 (.8.)

    8 Defensgnd -es. Fexaeneriodme companm ha aor p mege hinveurpartal:uemubusiAtlentionisrattitudem inibse cgrtmnisreffol l. Fremby th-1,mwaerrehers anaDefensgnref="#3,o 76uren"partmeemarhoeeoaliemeHneisIp">ubusise cgrtmnisreffol ihrthreateioudiibyamdrreseateastaid 20n ths ayd/ sATO rrtmfotiumrooso aT>A to stig thiounsatlentiooeo aihwo . Borbued es m bvomerArcanaarva.Defensgnd -es. Fexaeneriodmege haes wddhe Unwaerreshs wietme huprousameitta pualihrwoeioudiibyamd piccardeior .ttfff,rsnsartmeemarhoechrecc:mbyciccogsian aihwo thirbu7 om Sta cs wioptit sti stheit chm,eisnse cgr.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr8f="#37tn3m">18.)<8n>

    • 7
    • 4 neo-rl 201hateoiecelh tabt-lne aoce cebtanomrAfghanbsDefensrun-uptusatabtrrynre civmetspecny th.awaegnesanm2m">4A to ulihwCe.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr8f="#38tn3m">28f=p8n>< nr5 athe , Finm wappiakeno Italihcanaarva.

      • 7 (.8.)
      8 8 (.9.)
    • 4 Defensp:w1-ni06nneriodmd ndATOmMhAD2:08sd nd> i1Ittration pherrrag varir(ero-tabthattitudemfeantthSpm ha aor ps lemo Ited es m bvomleadtasrumr1996-pr01sd nd> 06-pr08.rAl aimin2ic1994, witrowf,rsnsryultalo, Antr,io28 :upoheecoa psed on th civsy echstheeune 21er cd="busersguhdsaecple of 28.)<89> i1Itafsthe inhe Unrusim ha aor p wersRi be iRic tabt-waermpanan aihwo tto higg hcolitismfeant>Defensreoeratpasf.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr9f="#f0"u30">a9f=p9n>< derrusiAtlentionisrattitudemnt anderrrastig thnersonrioeo aihwo LoctATOmMhADalihe comp: pen paryultaloeedadrtKeiabthehADes">t,As oiganW. Bushoias tration pherr ItalihaAe A4sasesuad bsdhthdse ro orroa UnitKeinhe er wioptir err lstr- Italihry choDStndunen"pemcahdedmto5Berluscr,imto5gbvomevsy echsanteshPr. ceCg trartper.Mely, p:w6.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr9f="#fftn31">19.)<9in parBuatfe enersonrioeo aihwo LoctATOmMhADalihrwo dinaarva.tl 201hateoini tghrBarack Obamalocolnoenersonrioaffanin"icirbuBerluscr,i,idfsn"Dn p:09rrtKeDratc Libc adryulta LibyaNcd="busfremse cgrtmearnre civsADStndsfrem bsdon phe otomrAfghanbs

    4 m">4A pratiptihin tlemooglte comp: rym br, in6Iraq,eaanhwfsn"an "icoADalihgas wer d thebr, in6ni06asDodnewom ha aor p, lemo ItRomcnorP98di,i2me ii cerrehirbds ane comp: troopsdt aupNasiriyameHneisIp">ubtrBerluscr,iem ha aor pmocolal aiminaes wddhsaahsiarnCemeernlionsfremhirbdsawmduabrfe en everhmt Aht.rAbovomell,efenseraqi a tKCgnesanmbycipibyaNcirbuanhby dained es m bvomleadtasarivsADStndse d . c-lne ticMollmanagprogsiaoce cebtam>Defensgnd -es. Fexaeneriod.r201uimtBDAabythirbu7 omCln.usn adryulta LibyaN(1992-pr00)oa UnitKeObamaladryulta LibyaN(2:08-prsi)">e comp: leftasernhref="mpa me crwddhsaenhawitdarnre civartmnhref="#39tie thirbu7 om Sta cs wiopt.awadeee,(e comp: pe es m bvomm ha aor psntersrothemowitroudi"#39left The Uiwicnsn>

    ass="textandnotes">
    • 7 (.9.)
    • 3 48 D/span (IV)dicca.itDeputatagni, D/span (4°)>dn>(.9.)
    8 an Kosovr: glieiwitrkei haca.guecra,vmetspebs(.9.)
  • 6 tiheargIrouDStndirnhref="mhiounsatlentioi haca.ious">Amadettsgdicca.x(.9.)
  • 2 .utatio.rusigealtd U.hm ha aor p, ha lsDoda , Finm trliuDStnd t 20sATOhion Libya.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr9f="#fftn3m">19.)<92>A nrIaerrarippat AsibucorrtwersRideeecseuntiq,gwaerreaay:TlaSNATO rp e teahaAe A4sasefenabatar.rAio by Italiawitrowf,rsnsryultalosantesanteern, La>449f=p9n>< nr5 aieemarhoeryultalo, Carlo Sco mamigliorP iRii,i2.">Amemowitre indus9d ndfff,rsnsafffensiatad bevtoe dborbu7 omSgieiera UnitKeChae A4saseni, 19.)<94>A nrIaerraripprosnernatsnan aihwo thirbu7 om Sta cs wioptihoae ateesake. moraenti-su="appap)ttitudemiort tjoof oglte comp: left Ttr-enane dhet na pube iths fo,eisuvrmblrooso aT>A to ulihwCe.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr9f="#fftn35">29.)<9n>< nr5 as"olia-isIppm ha aor p lemo Itah">Amo.ricatumnisrleadta,aDariAlemapaat Asibucne Fig tly hod 20sATOatamparsnsATeroianitee lie pmoit Ttr-efag vare>mio,esflusaIaerreaincrativeierlink thirbu7 om Sta cs wiopt.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr9f="#36tn36">29.)<96span>

    • 8 D/span>(.9.)

    8 ogltP98dipm ha aor p hADStndeurnration by the U-d 20F-35pement progsit98nd th Itaay:s y de1,028 me="Rtheeurosss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr9f="#37tn3m">19.)<9n>A to ulihtabt-lne aratiaartnerioatend aT>A sn>

    • 8 (.9.)
    • 8 Defensgnd -es. Fexaeneriodoother,e>ha UnitKeinhe er wioptihrthaskemowaerreara err lstr-e g heEe cgrtmeel des–nfo,eenve arnre civsADStndsfeant>DefenspaiaUnt auprrn Balkarrdto ulihMiddlh Eatara UnCe As lrAser:ctrusint andersfotijstlrfe eoiane dbatardoal witrkecsoilmbuataasinay.Aics> p.iouin hs,gt aupfr thn sed Jpare> p.lr thWahmfulemovehic29.)<98>

    • 7 Antr,io2Puri2Puritian>(.9.)

    8 tsiorfe eri, brec. moraenalyMolliore corarippat stituibyamdua Uni stituibyamduoed e creirsreyo UnitKesccgr iorfeusinapo.anWe we="ijstlrhigglr thWulihfacntesantehn 1948 e comp: at stituibyavassrsnsm2m">4t,Ant ands defensrr thWuoFmeeoistapen paryultaloteternsionsgas wer d thebr,so Wirbuanhby daine induied ndfff,rsnschreccspfe enhADes">ts–ecoeusiaasinalihheadn miC-13ncie p">Aics–nchtarr-ulihSup prorD indus9Couwill. PimtBDAabyeart aup1999,rnhADes">ts Carlo AzegliorCiamp N(1999-ni06)oa UnGo c o NapArefcnor(rhe enni06)odevoevio . ng tl bAguettcny theliafff,rsnsartmeemarhoechrecc. Fremby th-1,mCiamp Ntal:ued ulihAtlentionisrattitudem miC-13Berluscr,iem ha aor pmhirbuexSliontise cgrtmnisr Fwteor ps, buatantehn sd teerni2me ii cerre pok ng t thirbu7 omBushladryulta LibyaN ha lrynre civmetspecny the U-Afghanbs29.)<99>tsinsartmlegef=mnzedmemoaU.N.ns nolucorr. He aasinchtared ulihSup prorD indus9Couwillmthe18 BM Hy, funo14 Apenleni03sn>

    s="texte">8 44
    s="texte">8 Am tSeestaBerluscr,iem ha aor pmgealtd U.hin6ni01.rAio by ItaliawitrdiplomLibc advisorsiorfe enhADes">tsiorfe eri, brecsantesanteern, feusieuro-scipibcisasc a epeuomizra- Italihro aihwo mATOmMhADBerluscr,ieeca hisrowf,rsnsryultalo, RgieioRuggiero,eecoagnesaeeoistAa lnh06. p:w1Nnernanal memolnh2001/a>t> w1Ne rAisaes waesshhirbu7 omm ha aor p.r5 aiee, Finm trlikiplsDodA400Mit98nd thTtr-enane dhet be iths ecet hlne Ruggierooineroal m,str-ulihtro-Ee cgrtmeryultalosering tlemoe.r-7rerrreherm"ulDefenspaiaUnghe anve sinaltmediion LibyaNhirbuo g heEe cgrtmediy invedsn>

    ass="textandnotes">

    8 ubtrcref="#39geearcoroinese cgr Ite compandinaarva.Defeantneriodmshs wiefotibe ha Fwted. FiliaUnal aimin2ictro.mid-1990pppnewoende eiera Undinaarva.ahEe cgrtmevocLibyaNnernulihAu="appap)l d:uemara err lstr-rag varir(dees w-e daartnerioautanomyh ha lfff,rsnschrecc–nas-trtuerlivexclus(.10n)<10n>sS76o U,aah erteit Ee cgrtmedimd bel anbyndinaarva.Defe. ebyearht/0ptwersRlluon pherr Italihfacntesantehn Berluscr,iem ha aor pmmanagpdsto hosfllnhRo paalih l mn e ctd 20EUeCg ntituibyamduT varyhin6ni04mar>Defe. ha y sd troomnwfsresitKeTovaryhctRo pawersal memolnh1957sn>

    • 8 (.10n)
    • 6 3 ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Spa.
    • 3 De .ttfff,rsnschreccpanpanGiamp eroo>(.10.)
    8  Mael H>
  • 3 4 Defe. Sta cs wiopt.aGas werlivsy ar tS, >Defenseemarhoeracrwtmm ha aor p-to-m ha aor pmaes waesssda Un fbbyl thhreho plghe arnre civartmnhref="#39authorBoeardis haen anve 2m">4Deo g heical relatise fm,tihAbjty.sto exStndssADStndshreaartneriom ha aor ps.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr101""#39tn5">(.10n)<10n>sCl ro prdeioraeaSrospem Airtticrnse g heswioptspmostlynulihrynre civbuataasin 76uren"pf>Aics,Anernulirefff,dhet be isur/suememcahdedm ItalihswiopnwfsresitKeaeaSrospsADSlilo esy:s yeUniso4 p.lg t-paoumne indus9chrecc.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr10n""#39tn5">(.102sp10n>A cirbuanspty.sto Au="appaparnre civaoce cebtanabr anUnhet nosfllm">4(.103sp10n>< derrusiia uimtBDAabyeartrue hirbu7 om Sta cs wioptspecet hia uspdsto linkedimderanalvchreccspnt ands defensionnn.sseior .tteancsticiracrwt,eliafff,rsnsartmeemarhoechrecc,euimtBDAabyearainb ta clrioeo aihwo thirbuiRicle rl desan5 athmrtms Fifmecppaiop niedr-ulihbacky e cte comp: m ha aor psnusaga pualihrrstlriorrff,rsnsm ha aor psnn igis defosbuy ippeh Airtt.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr104""#38tn5">(.10.)<10n>< nr5 as"acntesante comp: rynre civ">Aics>hoae try, aedchirbuAu="appaseecoa nAe A4sasetbm br,meabr anspnt ands dee lanalvaoce cebtana Undiy ier-insurgrncyatamparsnsein6Iraq erAr fghanbstl 201addaT>A ,m7 omm odhro aihwo mATOmMhADs oiganW. Bushna UnSilvio5Berluscr,idATOmMhAD2:01sd nd> 06pplayisti io.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr105""#38tn5">(.105sp10n>< nrGas werlivsy ar tS, e compandinaarva.Defeisuanhby dhoae tandliakeno Itpe es m bvomm ha aor psn pualihta c 1990p.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr106""#38tn5">(.106sp10n>< derrusilwddhsaahnAe A4sasevd aTse Itseemese mb dvptsaset preme compandimpaniptihAchstr-Fifmecppaiop, ENIsd ndENELnfotie eaeto ulihtnhe er wiopt buataasinioRum bpderAr l bediy invedsnTstaBerluscr,iem ha aor ps,euimtBDAabyearoff,rsnsMyultalosF :uomF to tianaasininveurparrefffmmulihe comp: Myultarivioroff,rsnsAfffensihsamaktDit anve sADStnd neo-rtesantalihe comp: cmbootado8,nGiovn"ar Catalllgheta,eenesaeeoistAa ain7 omFifmecppaiop boby din6ni04maanhwtr-uli.hfomiaarpdsto headnalihe comp: emboot">umnWanruriton, D.C.oiecelh meitta ps deeisuaolkshersecoubtrcimpany.mFifmecppaiop ee, dedmto5rtio.rtisinhref="#39trenusto ckekaonnea LibyaN>Defe. abthe marhoeracrwt,ewaerreeiie pualihta c 1990p, hirbu7 omtro-Ee cgrtmeattitudemiore comp:rpe es m bvomm ha aor psn Itaar tSdt tjo pualihatiogrof U.hnernab defenizby thht98tartn miC-13nerospacera Uneemarhoeical reya>

  • 8 ubusiso aT>vihpAref="ensenviroAor pmgn"aotibe ering tlemooglte eaedrivlo ioraeaSrospical relati Sion LibyaNATOmMhADalih Sta cs wioptichniwaerr.r201uimtBDAaby, >Defensa tKC-76estaMut te Onanhn icoptIp">ubtrAgl raWetalghe platfffmmantesanteernhwtr-hedn cereco mizra-appihtanosflcimpetaT>vihph AirtceCgion LibyaNiapement progsit98nd ttichnisADSlyp 76uren">ur-ralg t-paoA,osIp">>Defensa tKC-76ement progsit98nd ttiiorhigg-tey, funoaid 20xp deveus,rrynre civotusnlatsra Uneemarhoeical reymmanagpr mege hA ,mhersecoubtrrynre ci, joistauby, ael aed Fiioa ps dehirbu7 om abtr lie pF>Aics>t variesanm2nge Ato/star iA s anve 2n lionshirbu7oudiibyamd waermpanfff,rsnsartmeemarhoechrecc-uli.hwfsn"an "icsresmutsiorfe em ha aor p.ss="footnotecall" id="body3ftn6" hr107""#38tn5">(.10.)<10n>

    4 iore comp:rfff,rsnschreccsphirbuio pa1volucorr civaspty.t.awaeaasin>Ddi"#tardhe Untrih F phe ic nexur-e dhet Cs. Fexa,tavmratutashipnb iernoADaliheemarhoee dhet WADS.aga ptlrfe eEataloprfebeat,ehrthfaderrrwayaeroda"icsnege hahmixee dr ghworio 76uren"padade anomic umio,esfr-he Unaay:T usdaine rcrib,dhet be aihwo Loct pube listicirecie.rBuatwaerrarippiounsatlentiooanchm,specet hcs wieaasint ae rcrib,dewaerrshAu="appapemismppisihte="ivssed haen i dEe cgrtmetiptihge hRi be iernm th1anve ieanttounsatlentioor,or.r5 are isihte="im th1io std ab tntalih witrkecpan pssch/ste/spanliwardseWanruriton. >

    ss="footnogo-top""#38tn5"imtBDle-7542">Hautae vmrgeli> ="sidenotihebr, lss="texte"tihebr, class="paranu>N >

    b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> n>
    sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ubtrAlie pF>Aics>nernulihMyultarivioroff,rsnsAfffens,da stRi andersfotie eaetet tmy invedageograph="enly emese meisn7 omMedooecranrtmebuataasinih20Horrme dAf"app>nernulihPtasrkecGulf.sS7eanowfmby th-1,m> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 2>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Spa> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 3>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 4>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa tecall" /s5)sn>

    /li> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 5>
    sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 6>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 7>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> s xan /span>

    b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
    s xan Sgieiodicca.Ri, bbreca, 4° icatbm br,e>P and e mi>

    b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
    sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa P and e mi>ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Spa>mupspan xml:lang="en" lang="eDedalstewth> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> nn>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.SpaFloisscn, FilenzerUnivlositynPresshep:10pa.

    /li> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
    sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa Aaro Mndro28 roAcr> ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Spa> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 19>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 20>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Sp> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 2n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 22>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 23>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 24>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 25>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 26>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.SpaFloisscn, Ce AsorUnivlosit HCrudi Studi St phe ici mdiesuvrmbtCacoipa06. p:10pahttp://www.cssi.unifi.it/upload b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 27>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ubtrAal offic)eenesse mi:ued uo jailv">A nionsmonths./spao pleadRicdguiln">iorhge tSefacynre ternhet atend aT>A vot>ubtrKC-767 ItalihUSAF. B eroiane dhet scandal, BoeRicarippCEOnaernfan:ulatidire fm,thsresfreceurparreal m.r>

    /li> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 28>
    sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 29>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 30>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 3n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa A s.awaeolliwmemo ItBAEeSdeveus (37.5 nerge A), EADSi(37.5 nerge A)nd ndFifmecppaiop (25 nerge A).r>

    /li> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 32>
    sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 33>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa
    b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 34>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 35>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 36>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 37>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 38>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 39>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.SpaWanruriton,> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 40>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 4n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 42>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 43>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa IV D/span.CamloaedeieDeeutMtianResotme a Stenograusno Audizbr,o, ComumncLzbr,iudic G ha aoliuayohswiooadii)ttuadettsgdic p98nd tmp pluelpncocmbe aihvonaayohsvilADStgdic velhvoyohJoistaStriknsFigh1.8-JSF.aJtnu ci/s16thvpr07> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 44>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Sp> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 45>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa Ddirizzoenergla revi ettsgdiccoh F un thoarynre cepaFebru ci 15rbup:12> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 46>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa IV D/span.CamloaedeieDeeutMtianAudizbr,ogdic Sees t HCrugas weredicca.D/spanne.D/s ttnve mbtCacoe deeli3nciaor pi,ugas weredi squadoaeaeren.ClaudiohDe4 5rbup:12> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 47>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 48>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa zlatearpan>zlate/,dla poictasspds06. p:13s> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 49>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 50>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 5n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa zlate USA:eLaRum a icrrve nnG#tararpan>zlate-usa-la-rum a-icrrve-a-g#tar/,dla poictasspdsApenleni13nr>

    /li> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 52>
    sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa zlatearpan> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 53>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 54>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 55>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 56>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 57>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 58>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 6n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 62>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 63>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 64>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Sp> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 65>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Spa> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 66>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 67>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Sp> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 68>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa Otusne e dhet UandlhS76ret civot>DemarhoefffnAtend aT>A , Tcapad frrea UnLogisticsan>iorSupply> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 6n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 7n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa Ddicb dU.he dtioi,ereompoOfen"ilnhsupply Itaical relatireaourcesdainhet UabthDemrataesshoorD indusea UnitKetme ractnvsdsupply Itaij. Likewisp,.Uabthdimpaniptim6. e fer bs Itasubjty.sto het UabthDPASiadnd >Ddicb dU.he dtioi,ereompoOfen"ilnhsupply Itaical relatireaourcesdainhet e comp: Myultarivot>Demarhoea UnitKetme ractnvsdsupply Itaij.arp> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 7n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 72>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 73>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa A vRegulb dU.siSupplprogsan>A vot>qualify Itadiy iny e ndeh Airtt fromnhet foccow Itaqualify Itadiy inies: Al recompanBelgilm,sCanada,tCzey, Ri, brecpa20nmark, Egypt, Fed werrRi, brecvot>s and y,(FinlandpaFrosue,nss wue,nIsrael,(waerr,mLux r ourg, Ne mpllands,yN rwar,mPold n,mPortugal, Spain,mSweden,mSwitzplland, Turker,minhe erK tSdaupot>s var Brefainnd ndN r mpln Ire antars> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 74>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa A vot>eemarhoephrecyarpaninnRo4ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Sp> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 75>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Spa> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 76>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa Assltaanciiofficpa> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 77>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa D Libinarpan> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 78>s Stefanmp offtoea Un aro Mndro28 roAcpa>an Larie comp eglvptbm br,iNisuvrmbtCacoi>an >

    b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 7n>
    sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Sp> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 8n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Sp> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 8n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 82>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 83>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 84>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Spa> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 85>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 86>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa e comp:paFrenchea UnBrefishetme ribu dU.sihsaUabt-l ermynre cihion L dU.sisee>JasA vW.nDavinsA , >ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Sp> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 87>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 88>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 8n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.SpaRo p,.AssociLzbr,ode compnaitergeli3Studiudi Phref="# Etaerahe1994pa. b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 9n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 9n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa eaerre1> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 92>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa e comp: pamtBDipb dU.hlnhalihNATOewar lnhKosovora Unbe ai erdo psticephref="sisee>MauritCa Cremescopa“e coyoi UnitKeMpnageaesshooresuvrmbfhwo#39Cr=sesarpaninnPierresMimtBnoi UnMimk R.nBrowley (eds.)pa>ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Sp New Y cr, Palgrave,rht/0pa. b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 93>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Spa0ilp:, Gufrisi.AssociLtianp:w1pa. b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 94>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 95>s MootimsaDariAlemepa>an Kosovo:geli3i comp:i ogc/nguerra, icuvrvd tM di Fed wsno Rampyul>an >

    b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 96>
    s Sep,.amongdo mpls:nRo4

    b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 97>
    sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa D/span>
    b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 98>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 9n>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa A vot>Ciampiarippfo,el m phrecyosee>Antr,iosPurisPurinihe> ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Sp> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 100>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa

    /li> b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 10n>
    sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 102>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 103>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Spa. b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 104>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 105>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 106>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 107>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa b imrge" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 108>sxml:lang="en" lang="en"Pa ml:lang="en" lang="en13, p.Spa. ss="footnogo-top""#38tn5"amtBDle-7542b>Hauthee mrge>