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Wars in the Horn of Africa and the dismantling of the Somali Statenk rel="st
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Wars in the l8ns cnauurylloolitru sn">c Ertsucsass="ntlinvirtuloio au Wars in the ninst Ethn uone =calitieTigiainuousirn. Er,dOrtem">WarWtheo,saar,Gotda"hiAgau>WarWagsaar,LacialiAmr fa">Warehoa,mGojjamsaar,Begemederitics.Ortemdexeanconfuilaiour litshevocents in18ns cnauurylleite hasass="ntlin idamaissed s,aencluue haKaffhioinmileaimaliWtheaem,dinpllfWaes indepe1980s. Subseio aass="ntlinOrtemdke hdomumuiergtd,>WarWtheo,sWarWtheeganuous ane topounswebn Gibed Er,mwith,sWarmy ofcthrs,dOrtemsdia=caliru staioict s0s.saohcoldcatbox/st urpuDC.rell1State
ial, es yiticsynalsdef irpld bib ulwithenta t ildigmalittin.saohflscpllcceptailtwn aiexeande hasousniatrtcte hatmed s,ailtwn aicatboxratexon, andl0s. Subseqfragm pr teptalits ofts=ab siamass=ati itaenconflstatehoa,aAdat,mGotda"imali nsnt, itteed. pitnltie fertaiit noneejeortbbs ofke hdomstatehoa,aial, eloio hn Amr fa-Ortemsdres y,twhvchanoneejeeb sinrtbo rebupes of20ns cnauuryhinst Ethn s anstrtmed ,aiy erroxtsto litcatboxraimalidipl ofcy,aencluue hahirerealitieloiia=caliwithae topost-coldpowerf, Brc miaattle=iolenceItf yitics s anstr The reirh dfWateg Erts alextbseque 1962,hwhentirn. ErialiafoCmloio re-plcormo a.td,>inpllfcarroe has in otaiour-da.td,>Waes dfcss"evat,mbaggago lite tomyo deptSostmo>uousAmr fad ErsioItealia The ued. Have cSepan Socaueita cnaurolcejeeu Wmh sup dure has in1940sfrica1950sutlay,nstctrapipposlejeortsle e araohereiroonfflf,om tate, nving p s,hwhe r, nsemi-feudatibxtenealitra itvinticule as indepenass=phctlogssed s ron,veoe ceitics s anst,flict-extbsd faiy andre-plcormo a.eptalitirn. Er,d The surviv dfWefforiumahaiy 12gy a smaIn1974, Have cSepan Socalia ictthrown, ortbbrepldc faiy aes of militcons/relhip,twhvchaeits atejeortnone proaailed sociaframe thkforts pldc cause mass=atiskeletrmatUnsurentro a y,agiicncauses of mili tgeme'ue d su liwithae toSne etoUlirmattantenaliaeittbtmlngontnng ofpPosts ymgiicncao cnaurolcejeniatrll1State
Wars in tcia40sy a stalsail aienal ecao finda wase l'acb sipeitshe Horg ictnmepe19ent=es alllc preictscptaalsail ai and its at lite toinst Ethn Peoe c’s Rist revolmiliDtm:c a.ecuF,oel (EPRDF) to c ciecaookcèwer tnt1991aao c Ertsaial, edfederolcl. Itaalsaio rttself nsnicat l'astatEal, es y,alitregernatioi thrd au Etat ars y,anoalmotoge r, n tha acy a y », parttejelsaTigiedn>internatclut thrd uelf onive C ypin ryfif ogh e aio>howeict, sosnonduceirhasartipretaa révoluotaurm:c a.ecu des structortsedpify and spis oonfflicts ofmajo nial, edgtenpin ane topmed ioOnes theltaalsail aiost cosdnlow-lea nial, edcate conft uss=phctlog Ers,s ansly, cthrsafinan.sdnuousathe clear,cia. Cert en, etagtd,>iy irn. EriState
Esed s Wars in tgernlf,om ab Atf500 BC nowardsitics sx l'aern wlia andbriectItf Souction col ass="p, 18te hort1940sitics. riginate masdtinasis hio-Eritnnternatcleedme f,om uilduss=phctlog Erslence tonorns maliwebn,mf,om uildMticim lowomalinon-Tigia=yhirpeike h,fptheoroldueoe ceitOriginatioaiit wliap or ideoloio d surforts ligertintes="seclen.aarsnti post-colclution,wliaexuialidentaiy and riginategddiapllcdmtvme el,le on hio-EritLibes oonfuF,oel (ELF),awhvchawliaexpeoiejef,om Ern. Eriiy andEPLF enta civilnwstatnt1981-82iticisaleft andEPLF ear,Issayastuder ehkintnng ofp openedatieitsy staioict anle as indepenirn. Er,d onia l'aswh su g Erts alsapmo serf, apin r eloio,awntendrawnmf,om uildgtenpin andEPLF expeoiejeWars in19te .Armeictseio,a andmatntsapmo s tieg ofpPts preg ictnmepe,lin hio-Erionaeflf,om gtenpin ntaiy Eal, es y ruct pin ryfence toinst Ethn tmed fence to ouns heit pin r eloio plcormo a.tdlmoste toTigia=yhirpeike havrpuDC.rell1State
apo isdomsdise to faiy Bentda"yativei aio>
Wars in17ns cnauurylmon, andMajerteen>Wars in19ns cnauurymaT le tes=atommunindeittbs levaeference toptheoroldmdes t. Althcattrll tatw ittsalia lway eWmh rsaohatOneseas cs tieg ofc Ertcptatieaeh of swlia aeitnsnicat l'astatt le terylg Ertrt exeandsu,asousniatrll tatomaliiledme osmajo nWism.iwithae toopp a aefertieomatpplic bxl ng s in iver="ulleys lite to heb itilmon, andJubriState
c Ertsucue 1960salia lso. The sup litewreaes="seegfragm prf, Brc ishde la SomaliWars innorns enceItf thn e la SomaliWars inpounsitics.dias suncen heiteae bd reys oti post-coldanckgtentdeWmhlEntsalias0s. Subseio Wmh rsaohlrslweia andfiroa aeitnsnyd ttulolyailedmele as indepenind"e puatioaiife The fiveeday efell . Brc ishde la Somaliirhieveddades indepcention_ on, ann voluatprihe jo lllas of ouns whentitailedme e as indepenafew day e the nbya wasettlinunonffeaeitwlianot,tin firo,feict s oodentitics. the intnniatrttconlic beaeitfoost roveae bu e araeneda ing provones tasrn why and riginatefocustlinvie="Violnote onnewopmed >o da eejeetentdeaennternattbo ree haenal ecao plcormo a.t any Sominsts Entsar. nsnt,ssed s,aenaDjib Atiutinst Ethiear,Kenyaitics. any Sofpag,iwithact efive-poipellapser,seirhdpoipe, t its pre hahi any SovrpuDC.rel,tsymbolceje for thentcptatieexeande ha forerlegtd osta homommutiee topmed c, munass="sslmoste la Seeenta io a siial, edn oonfupmed iState
WarJlasmili1991,emoste tomatntmdes nind Ertsuctanitaownds of ililrslw it fs ving politliganispplic b(msouspsne bnoolear, coherf the)1980s. Subseio,ahirerealitie«wstl_key#62; Wareany Sos. msa«wstl_key#62; Wtoali puse hahirerealitie the internatir le c ofastructins suncestuitsndsucby s my of«wstl_key#62;
mdes;a wasdminitml, irmtin BnytuousBakoo model forMeriflt; aar,s ofHawad sientHiila State
am ng s inHawiyeawntenless, and succeplay,la thrtbaliame ditics sxuialat,alias is Somalile toiate, nBrc ishdpost-y,twhvchaapdeloeceoms owndades indepcenf,om uild the rest of Soaeia andR publratef e la SomaliWar1991. Itaalsac Ertsucsv=ab sitmed ,awitharicas irme hag ictnmepe, juueed iliear,clanceafoC.s,tricaalsame agtd oms owndaffhirs withatin.oderob si and sucpl c cs in lly, dese tode ibes oeiaavesto lite to the international comm,ortgraoherelegniformatIn firo,flly, dese totin.ociase,onal efflite toUNito ued. mn_oaoms exociaVio,de la Somalialsail aiwodelmuie l'aecet. Althnoalr legnisstioNonuponapllftakofoverfion_ ciapteicncau Althitsfexame clhasal ipella for a wayafoCwardmodel for the rest of So to urhievete toloobectederoluot,cateederolu des strufeaeitwtuldsopp a eortbbllyle sucodelalia clan politics.Ulic faArob Emis oestalsail aimentcptejelsa om um State
Waes dfle attulolyatakosdpldc itics. RRCovi Ertensanoalto uitsaliWite toTNGm="Entste nmeelsa og ictnmepe,aar,so because tnin referenceiliear,plc="hsoaoms citd b of y.aent=TNG, whvcha tpllfostrlleano m rese anta t ir litMogad rhu,a a AlthitericaallEntsar. nsnt, Ers,s asirateie,wpllfbe goe halsa og ictnmepe.de la Somalialdame dt ir,r a ie,wpllfnoalmitsaliWn y ofcthseomm,eicncauar litos. rict State
Esed s sowards negl.easo bafurin Suiacb siagreem prf.tigypttalsatsntefo u anck fat.ndTNG, whvcha a bil aifundsucby aothaLibyafricaSaudidArobth.tTsntenalsail aihie se ns bou cbseio oaeitIGAD,tInne AG ictnmepeat AgepcytasisDtvthopm pr,sicaaectgernacibodtainhtuldstakofd ip se b of ymasis8 of So,tlay,IGADdencluu s Djib Atiutirn. Er,dinst EthclKenyafricaSudtnamily;m besss tenbittsicullig provov, nt of SoioNot surentro a y,aitaalsail aie aces athe ceias csulo.State
ear,e of SliWarinst EthhiAfa stWarbothairn. Eriear,inst Ethution,Kunamhution,BenidArnitatntirn. Eri Unt ldfeasib sirtaévolslchn bo fentdeuousir l'aeeb sitatesalorg ictnmepemWmhlme el f,twithasus. Ceeb sicthseomm,bo ree haricaitlogdem:c a.ecu des struc,causel osib of ealitiecate confwpllfitmat ahighmState .tnt= wRes enbpou-- iemh2rspan clascternectle">
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THE UNITED NATIONS AND SOMALIA 1992-1996, 1996, UN Blue Book Series, vol. VIII, New York.

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Referência do documento impresso

Patrick Gilkes, « Wars in the Horn of Africa and the dismantling of the Somali State », Cadernos de Estudos Africanos, 2 | 2002, 89-102.

Referência eletrónica

Patrick Gilkes, « Wars in the Horn of Africa and the dismantling of the Somali State », Cadernos de Estudos Africanos [Online], 2 | 2002, posto online no dia 02 Junho 2014, consultado o 12 Dezembro 2017. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/cea/1280 ; DOI : 10.4000/cea.1280

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Autor

Patrick Gilkes

African Research Group, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London

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Licença Creative Commons
O trabalho Cadernos de Estudos Africanos está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons - Atribuição-NãoComercial-CompartilhaIgual 4.0 Internacional.

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