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Hong Kong, Ten Years Later

Is Hong Kong Developing a Democratic Political Culture?

Jean-Philippe Béja


"Hong Kong will not be ready for universal suffrage until around 2022 because its people lack a sense of national identity". This declaration by Ma Lik, chairman of the pro-Beijing Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong, shows how the question of national identity is so central to political debate in Hong Kong that it sets the terms for the territory's democratic development, even though this is already laid down in the Basic Law.

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Electronic reference

Jean-Philippe Béja, « Is Hong Kong Developing a Democratic Political Culture? », China Perspectives [Online], 2007/2 | 2007, Online since 08 April 2008, connection on 12 December 2017. URL :

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Jean-Philippe Béja

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