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Special feature: Chinese Medicine: The Global Influence of an Evolving Heritage

Chinese Medicine Outside of China

The Encounter between Chinese Medical Practices and Conventional Medicine in France and Italy
Lucia Candelise
Translated by Elizabeth Guill
p. 43-50


This article is based on the results of comparative research into the appearance and integration of Chinese medicine (often limited to acupuncture in Europe) into French and Italian medical contexts during the twentieth century. The relationship between Chinese and conventional medicine and attempts at complementarity are studied, using as a starting-point a vast number of interviews with medical practitioners, observations of training sessions in the field, the study of the archives of the major French and Italian associations and schools of acupuncture and Chinese medicine, and a qualitative analysis of questionnaires distributed in training institutions. The motivations of French and Italian acupuncturists are also analysed, as are their representations of Chinese medicine. Particular attention is paid to a comparison between the French and Italian situations.

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Index terms

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Bibliographical reference

Lucia Candelise, « Chinese Medicine Outside of China », China Perspectives, 2011/3 | 2011, 43-50.

Electronic reference

Lucia Candelise, « Chinese Medicine Outside of China », China Perspectives [Online], 2011/3 | 2011, Online since 30 September 2014, connection on 12 December 2017. URL :

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About the author

Lucia Candelise

Post-doctoral candidate working in the SPHERE laboratory (RESHEIS team, UMR 7219) in Paris and attached to the Lausanne University Institute of History of Medicine and Public Health. She defended her doctoral thesis at EHESS in Paris in joint supervision with the Università Milano Bicocca (

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