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Laura Lee DOWNS, Writing Gender History, Londres, Hodder Arnold, 2004, x + 209 pages.

Siân Reynolds
p. 353-356

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1Le livre de Laura Lee Downs s’inscrit dans une collection de manuels destinée à aider les étudiant/es – anglophones – à comprendre les développements récents de l’historiographie, notamment le bon usage de la théorie dans la pratique de l’écriture historique. Par la gender history du titre, il faut comprendre, en fait, toutes les théories qui, depuis plus de trente ans, ont d’abord marqué l’histoire « des femmes », puis celle « du genre », et la façon dont ces courants ont infléchi, ou non, la pratique de l’ensemble des historiens/ennes. Très intelligemment organisé autour d’une sélection de textes, considérés par l’auteure comme autant de repères dans cet itinéraire, le livre adopte une démarche à la fois chronologique et analytique afin d’en isoler des étapes-clés. La conclusion : est qu’il est maintenant « proprement impensable » que l’histoire des femmes, et a fortiori celle du genre, suscite « les quolibets dédaigneux » qui ont accueilli l’annonce du premier colloque sur ce thème à Oxford en 1969 (p. 184). Ou pour reprendre deux titres bien connus des lectrices/lecteurs de Clio hfs, on ne pose plus la question L’histoire des femmes est-elle possible ? (cf. colloque de 1984), mais L’histoire sans les femmes est-elle possible ? (cf. colloque de 1997). On peut d’ailleurs se demander si la situation est aussi claire en dehors des universités anglo-américaines: deux ans seulement avant le colloque de 1997 sortait aux éditions de la MSH, L’Histoire et le métier d’historien en France 1945-1995, sous la direction de François Bédarida, où l’histoire des femmes brillait par son absence totale.

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