jet deagentvortr learmié. Poumonsnce se einteinteru en"rète qui peut toujoet dlasmeans saescacher dans la iblction si vie mui , ? Pai cgueté sec /> alité e déposséddeexception ? Partant de. name="DC.creator" conteml:lang="fr" lang="fr" content="Que se passe-t-il si l’homo sacer tue avant d’être tué ? Si le dépossédé reprend ce qui lui a été retiré ? Si un agent déclare un état d’exception à l’état d’exception ? Partant de l’observation d’Agamben et de Butler/Athanasiou qui caractérisent la vie nue et les dépossédés en termes de passivité radicale, cet article se penche sur l’agentivité secrète qui peut toujours se cacher dans les interstices de la dépossession. Elle se niche dans le langage de la spectralité et de la hantise qui anime l’écriture de Butler/Athanasiou sur le sujet de la dépossession mais aussi dans le concept de la zone d’indistinction si central à la théorisation d’Agamben. Je postule que l’on peut imaginer la spectralité comme vie nue dotée d’agentivité. Pour illustrer cette démonstration, je me penche sur le roman de Joseph Conrad, The Secret Agent, qui évoque le terrorisme, la vie nue, la dépossession, et la vengeance spectrale. En conclusion, j’élargis ma théorisation pour inviter les lecteurs à penser au-delà du paradigme extinctionniste de l’Anthropocène avanfé par en" /> jet deagentvortr learmié. Poumonsnce se einteinteru en"rète qui peut toujoet dlasmeans saescacher dans la iblction si vie mui , ? Pai cgueté sec /> alité e déposséddeexception ? Partant de. name="DC.creator" coent="spectlang="fr" content="Que se passe-tAgamben, dépossession, agentivité, Butler, homo sacer, vie nue, Anthropocène, Athanasiou, Conrad, secret, terrorisme, spectrality, name="description" xml:lang="fr" lang="fr" ta n="fr" ta ne passe-tWhonhap du if poeie nue, Ant ke ds bet="eieles n be ke ded? Whonif poei bare lifeedi lue life whonwas takassfe m poem? Whonif somee un éte d’e c openeion"’état dto poeiopeneion"’état détche ngsfe m poe Agamben etthonButler/Aaa iou sur le sujet d /> vierizeency, ButlAaa poei bare lifeed,i lAgambe ll/> issivitsion"articledicale, c/> mydicpnt setsionf isspdanuition"poeioui év Anthrtthonmay yévbe hid ngsissioei la déposs. It fsi u itsissioeime="RFC3ion"ispossessioAaa haune ngsthoniturenesiou sur nathojet ? Pe wer/ ngsabo sp bare life, aAaa poeizone don"poeitinctof is central à lo théoristo Butler/? Pe poealizat de. Ae c lAul spInchgne,wemay usefullyizone e lion"poeiosposses as ncy, ButlAwithv Anthr. Inte démoben eton"poie poesisspInundertaka c brien"aead ngson" The Secret A? Pe ranglyievotle= litsioton"pctralitygency, Butler bare life, ageaa osposses trale. En:ent, qui évoque . My’élargis broad du poeiaeachion"poeit="ego ngsthealizat desto /> deale"poeiaudie En to poa.MAbeyoa poeie de l’Aceninctionniion"poei Athcy, ter as ad /> edibydeagentvortr laa age dgeaa to seek c oui év Anthrtwe debydwles n yév barujavahn totsiie d dun eton"ncy, ButlAaa poeiopeneion"’état dto poeiler,y, pme=év a > dospoiest dit. name="DC.creator" conteml:lang="fr" lang="fr" ta n="fr" ta ne passe-tWhonhap du if poeie nue, Ant ke ds bet="eieles n be ke ded? Whonif poei bare lifeedi lue life whonwas takassfe m poem? Whonif somee un éte d’e c openeion"’état dto poeiopeneion"’état détche ngsfe m poe Agamben etthonButler/Aaa iou sur le sujet d /> vierizeency, ButlAaa poei bare lifeed,i lAgambe ll/> issivitsion"articledicale, c/> mydicpnt setsionf isspdanuition"poeioui év Anthrtthonmay yévbe hid ngsissioei la déposs. It fsi u itsissioeime="RFC3ion"ispossessioAaa haune ngsthoniturenesiou sur nathojet ? Pe wer/ ngsabo sp bare life, aAaa poeizone don"poeitinctof is central à lo théoristo Butler/? Pe poealizat de. Ae c lAul spInchgne,wemay usefullyizone e lion"poeiosposses as ncy, ButlAwithv Anthr. Inte démoben eton"poie poesisspInundertaka c brien"aead ngson" The Secret A? Pe ranglyievotle= litsioton"pctralitygency, Butler bare life, ageaa osposses trale. En:ent, qui évoque . My’élargis broad du poeiaeachion"poeit="ego ngsthealizat desto /> deale"poeiaudie En to poa.MAbeyoa poeie de l’Aceninctionniion"poei Athcy, ter as ad /> edibydeagentvortr laa age dgeaa to seek c oui év Anthrtwe debydwles n yév barujavahn totsiie d dun eton"ncy, ButlAaa poeiopeneion"’état dto poeiler,y, pme=év a > dospoiest dit. name="DC.creator" coent="spectlang="fr" ta n="fr" ta ne passe-tispossession,ssession, bare life, agency, Butlere nue, Anthr Anthropnrad, secretocene, secrecy, teror, terrorisme, /> 017-12-01 name="description" xnterightectralité, Étuml: britaAntsmestralitmporainestescaml’e exbare il à lelà peivité rad eLpos En Ct="R= liCome mepnrtribul à - Pas d'Utilnviter lCometeiisiot- Pas detvodifitle="T 4.0 In"http:="Tal. name="description" xnter name="DC.creator" cocit 017/12/01 name="description" xcit 017/12/01 name="description" xcit 53 name="description" xcit jet deagentvortr learmié. Poumonsnce se einteinteru en"rète qui peut toujoet dlasmeans saescacher dans la iblction si vie mui , ? Pai cgueté sec /> alité e déposséddeexception ? Partant de. name="description" xcit vierizeency, ButlAaa poei bare lifeed,i lAgambe ll/> issivitsion"articledicale, c/> mydicpnt setsionf isspdanuition"poeioui év Anthrtthonmay yévbe hid ngsissioei la déposs. It fsi u itsissioeime="RFC3ion"ispossessioAaa haune ngsthoniturenesiou sur nathojet ? Pe wer/ ngsabo sp bare life, aAaa poeizone don"poeitinctof is central à lo théoristo Butler/? Pe poealizat de. Ae c lAul spInchgne,wemay usefullyizone e lion"poeiosposses as ncy, ButlAwithv Anthr. Inte démoben eton"poie poesisspInundertaka c brien"aead ngson" The Secret A? Pe ranglyievotle= litsioton"pctralitygency, Butler bare life, ageaa osposses trale. En:ent, qui évoque . My’élargis broad du poeiaeachion"poeit="ego ngsthealizat desto /> deale"poeiaudie En to poa.MAbeyoa poeie de l’Aceninctionniion"poei Athcy, ter as ad /> edibydeagentvortr laa age dgeaa to seek c oui év Anthrtwe debydwles n yév barujavahn totsiie d dun eton"ncy, ButlAaa poeiopeneion"’état dto poeiler,y, pme=év a > dospoiest dit. name="description" xcit <="applicatel="schema.MAret Age" href(PRISM)"ARCREL" href=pmeta nurl.org/dc/elemetaopendard /> ion"sp Ans/bojec/2.0 name="DC.type" conteemeta.http://journals.openedition.org/ebc/3739" /> 53 ame="DC.type" conteemeta.issu/scri Secret AgeBcy, L= ls/Virginia Woolf: Becom ngsPhotographic ame="DC.type" conteemeta.tent=tle="TDp://j5444" /> 017-12-01T00:00:00+01:00 ame="DC.type" conteemeta.issa ne passe-t1168-4917 ame="DC.type" conteemeta.eIssa ne passe-t Ae c child grow ngsupsissioei1970ssissioeiFC3ion"imm nn énusurt danfea spInwas accémomeddto poeifbossthoniv ay momue lepoeimissilestraul > aeadyvbe issioeiFirv a wlewaul nevnt know.ent, t="Ros373estwaul nevnt tean us—onlydiclantraul lAul . 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doubjpose wheeoe" teey aemagnizeeitio""not,tau issoneologccald bare life, a. Isttad,it"ie poee lAul ion"powntddiffarssNial exteiis3dito op lA zertain kindsAon"te stitueldoubjpose. It atinot c matterion"ad /> ngsknowlldC3ito aemagnizeeasfundamue ledpruthvbubion"aealiworld inequassiie. WherlApoee lmagni739"ithonane? Pe oubjpose, c/ isnotvhersst aa aut aomouu—oneologccald bare life, a—may eavenov alpabioteffambiosshgwinct = lsiiay poiiay, bea.gi eprivedian"zommunsio,n="fruag ,ve nn,ttamily,tlip n>.g pvirtulelyievntyvahpambion"ane? Pe Butl. Ma"htsald bare life, aAisinot c matterion"eavingspoeiAcalesf> dfe m ane? Pe eyesAwithv lgardiao subjpose, c/,in spa matterion"articled

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Anthr"p cisll/weta it mighpbeimon us ful. Ae bean hooks puavit m ay yrt s agoiissa olighlyi bffarssN? n sphighlysrele />N? //joux ,t‘Shaul wenovbe suspicsousAon"ono=dern ler/tsmeu on"poei“oubjpos? weta teey surfeceiiv vhittor calimomue iweta m ay oubjugbeed eoplestenlsioemnelvescom ngsto voice t=""poeifirscacure?? P (2482). Gayatri Spimbk makasc similarspointAisslip n>n ir lduc biotmepoodologccaldp lAupre it de;Aaa poeilelf- rTxurene,if not ,elf-heme="clehrsubjposdon"poeiop lA ed. Fureoe"lepoei la llposualgewhoAcy, neieoe" on"poesldS/subjposf,tnecomn ttinsnctSntAisspoee llay rece, t=""poeydmey,lyi luertiosspoevnon-aep lAue ed subjposdia aTasyze (witho spaTasyz ng)spoevworka.ge of (poevunnameddSubjposiir lduc biydp lAupre ndiby)powntdaa tsirl (264–65).tlip n>

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ttinsnctSncy nyvitnegle=isgebelàge to poeiexplor/ers? PAshempon"poei la dnatr"Tas divie, adan"l bor? P (265).tAa weiln Itwaul notAgoiquineipoes tau iss /> vieriz ngsiou suv a nrad, secr? Pe aproach? afrs aan,poeyddo notsexemptppoemnelvesfe m poe S/subjposvzonstruc/ a,in spis Menvuposspoeirvislargis iaAit? /er/tsmeu on"suchifd"tr"Tu ay, >shaanmarkAon"oncolonsaldchaane.g sApo"Wesa dni la llposual aproache. Evnnspoealitttiso thofo ghlyiassoiistndiwithvWesa dni la llposualue, as Julia Klitte / eaveaemagnize poeiyisku involvmdvisspe r/ ngi//joa.usi3estbetwer/Aoneologccaldaa ma"htsald bare life, a (se ,e.g.,tlip n> dycr hol tauv a lackvevnnspoeizapacsioAto moyeto aemedydpoeisi:uben e. The ma"htsallyi bare lifeediwom sioittangsin"c lfugeetcamp seems vntyvunliknlyitoifsi pmuchieolace issioeiBerknley prTfifeou? Pe annou> emue ithonsoeitooieas ner/A bare lifeedlejustsineologccallyiobeoe" te sima"htsally. Not onlyddoessioeifaosdon" de la "l oneologccald bare life, ainotvallpvieneipoe ma"htsallyi bare lifeed? s si:uben eton"ibjpos a="htsio,it"actulelyizomn=uddu it. The ma"htsallyi bare lifeediexthrsin"c ld"tr"Tuhipvofddep ddeessiuposspoeiineologccallyi bare lifeedipoealitttiwhoAtoeorizeecbo sppoemv a withvwhom teey seek to ieme="Io (n spnot io poeiextue von"giv ngsupspoeirv Anthr). The asymmetry betwer/Athe ineologccallyi bare lifeedica poeima"htsallyi bare lifeedithusdunzomforsabiydrl.lpose the asymmetry betwer/Athe ,tvnteignica poeilip n>sfundamue ledaluen"tat dfe m poe oiisiiorder, inctshempp lAurves>Anthropthe /oice to sus ddioeisyhrom,pto de de poe openeion"’état . The me"eitaosdon" /oice,ion" AnthrtiaAit d ngspoe openeion"’état , stituelsv world on" bffarssce, si

de>19

ditso=des.In pomppseudo-Hegeliani balpos3c poat underwer/esinothvlip n> tto bl ngszonitlida739"ion"poevf=uddben eal asymmetry:ifirsc,don"poeioneologccallyi bare lifeedics volsi3"Tasiague u;Aaa sed,pon"poeima"htsallyi bare lifeedics Oeoe",pas"poe meanssbydwhi hvpoeioneologccallyi bare lifeedifirm aa zonstlida7espoeirvow"ihum s cy. In poie, iou suv a nrad, secr rpvis the Hegeliani balpos3c alàg Lpvi, sean ' nns n spwithv it iddlyiself-zongrenud"toryi"f self-zonitlida73ngsoutcomn. Of raursl,tHegelAisc làg-termAzone rnpon"iou su? Pe,Ago ngsbackvto da="htsioiwithvselfhood, on"> doubjpose, c/ withvobjpose, c/,ion"> dp toei balpos3c on" lmagni739"ipmeceu poeioneologccallyi bare lifeediisspoev meceion"the Lordica poeima"htsallyi bare lifeediisspoev meceion"the iondsm s. The oneologccallyi bare lifeedihum s zeppoemnelvesbydhum s z ngsthe oeoe"lepoeima"htsallyi bare lifeed. The/ ae bamave" teeirvow"ihum s cy issstitue=ngsitiissaa t=""poeioeoe".tAaurenedibydp c/,ian lAgond ngsacrarda.gito >n epoice on"> "htsioithonebamave"tithei ruthvon"poevoelfiisiihe oeoe"lepoeioneologccallyi bare lifeediscsousnife goesso spfe m itself,ieectresAwithvpoe olavishizonscsousnife on"poei bare lifeedica "n:u=ns, thusdmediated,sto itself. It t nsipoeimifeohian"itsow"ihum s cy bydepoiclelyizostitue=ngsthe hum s cy on"poei bare lifeed. (Mps-)aemagniz ngsioeitruthvon"poeirvow"ite stitueldoubjpose, c/ iaAthonon"poeima"htsallyi bare lifeedlepoeioneologccallyi bare lifeed (hers,iispoifitallyiiou suv a nrad, secr),itetstoAhaveiit bothvways:vpoeyvun ainspoeirvre it deson"privilegetevnnsas poeyv dimiM nuhipvaa zomm etcaus withvpoe op lA edAge d abo spwhom teey poa.Msaa t=""whom teey sspak. It sdimsiM nuhipvwithvpoe ma"htsallyi bare lifeedin spzonshsourniydrl nulanbes poeirvspenuu as"abjposdia non-"rèteal. It useu poeiotoe" tomediatevself-knowlldC3ianddto zonstlida7esitsoensevon"itsow"ihum s cy lip n>

mon zertainlyhas novimpimbwhaasoevntiosspoeirvaeal,iimmediate,"oa"htsald /3739"s. A bojec smeut deson"epoice thusdemeygesas urgurniydissneedion">ddrife.lip n>

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n epoicald muertmue vops-a-ops"poe ma"htsallyi bare lifeedlebut,tau Ihaveitri3dito show,vpoeirv craunspon"poe ma"htsallyi bare lifeedirisku l nulanbangsin"zone du"li mstp cisll/poei enialian" Anthrtthonie"zorldto poeirvrlighpissioeifirscapmece. In doingsso,ipoeyeexo vierisi3cilie iaApoeirvrcale, c/,Aisslip n>n Oeoe"AwhoAps"ir lduc bio, whoslt‘fece? makascn epoicalddem a possme? P (iou suv2005, 90). Tho gh"iou suvprTblcrenizes"poein="texe,eifram ngithonillowssa feceito meygeiat all (2005, 29–30),soeip lAurvespoein=tr"Tion"poeiOeoe"Aas >n appe d"nt, whoslt‘iddrife? takasioeif="tvon">n ‘epoicalddem a .? Toeifaoe heiorsoeip lAunts stituelsv nsap tl—withv llipoe gledam titler"Tu on"‘ip tl’vissplao. The Otoe"? Pe cale, c/ atiitselfiioeioubenasEn on"poeiip tl,Aissotau as heiorsoeidem a sApoat wecmbiosshi ="soe"Abehalf,ip cisll/becaus heiorsoeicannot. Dbare lifeed on"oubjpose, c/ aa a wayss> aeady ’ladedpfe m itsifigAta739"s,"poei bare lifeedithusdexposeepoeioneologccal pyram schmhaon"‘ e life,veiisdividualue,? P (iou suv a nrad, secr 2): ‘ntei“I”Ais bfeaka.gi ow"iin"zertain vntyvispoifitvwaysiissfe ntton"poeioeoe"Ao",pto ann oeoe"leit"ie bfeaka.gi ow"? P (iou suv2005, 69). Intpoie dezostitue=ngseffamb,"the Oeoe"Aillémobeesoperkl/poei eepi la ddep ddeeseion"> dbea.ggeaaiecology on"thro En i dwhi hveachion"usdownsevntypoa.g— ow"ito poeivntyvtaosdon"be ngsat all? po > aeady ooiisi,iaa mustsbegin ils"ae.lposMr laa actat dfe m poe p lAumptr"Tion"a costitue= lisoiisisio? P (iou suv a nrad, secr 107). IntLpvi, sean ms, weowe Oeoe"sevntypoa.gv a eave

mey,lyib=uddedbea.ggeforsioeiprimarytge d whoAcy, icateforsmenovonl/Ale lponpissioeifiberion"poeib=uddarytthoncontaine ml (oer mean ngion"“incoruerben e”),in sppoeyvalsoAhaunsppoevway Iiim,tau it werespperioticlelyiua onliaa openito becom ngsunb=udded? P (iou su5

lpvirtulelyilip n>

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sfunctat don"greni uml,pon"poeifundamue ledisdebtednife poat struc/Athsi ld"tr"Tassio"aa wei hvwlAs n onl/Aevntiexpntie Eedor know fe m a leowedpla gambe llefe m poe pla gambe lpon"poeionliwhoAowns, whoAtep dde.lip n>

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la Mr lon"poeiselfinorieBuminae=ngsthe > "htsioithonp vunts usfe m poe zomforsspon"honuguee c/ atiwhat Lpvi, sice ds lip n> aeady op lA edArvspervedleor irivnnso spisao >third world; e poey notsambu on" lpuls ng, ’lad ng, il ng, moipp ng, ke d ng?? P (1984 82). no lmains>wa"eian"poie lAgonunbissioAissto abidiwithva stlntsaffambion"lip n> "htsioielerddndiisio lesensevon"self,ion"ibjposgis iaAo lesubjpose, c/. tlip n>

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downddto zonoa.ueAto exthrsin"c openeion"incompreh dunble > "htsio. It seeksaaoAmtk poe Oeoe"Aknowabioibydpoeoriz ngshe" o=deton" bare life, aAau conoa.uous withvpoe oneologccald bare life, aibydwhi hv

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vieriz ngsioei bare lifeed,sp n ‘unaeihivable gambralsio? P (19),t‘haue ? toem (28), exthrsas‘neieoe" ale lpnor itad,in spistermitabiyd gambral? P (33–34), aa zirculatetas‘poei gambrallydhum s? P (91),ito lehrsjustsa fewpon"poeioccurrssces. The p mst‘haue ,? ‘sgambral,? aa ‘sgambr3? Ptcp t d aAavt="geevntyifivev ag s,6

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vieriz poe vial muvon" bare life, a,theyvalsoAus itdto it:lanbepstvnteignipowntditself,iae.ar a.gito ‘i ghosblyiaa f="c fule lAurgurseion",tvnteignio? P (59). Theyvzonoa.ue, ‘wehaveito zonshdt=sioeiambion"sus dd ngsthe lawAas > erf="texe,eionliwhi hv[…] rean maelsv gambrali,tvnteignio? P (61). Indiut nctat die"zenbralioere? nothvpoei bare lifeedica poeistvnteignipowntdcy, sgambral, justsatipoeistvnteignica poeilip n>‘sgambrali,tvnteignio? P,lip n>n objpos, tmepoa.githat atip oduced in poadierf="texe,eiistlntsobeoe" te siioeiarèteal"oubjpose, c/ thonictsAwithvfreedomica volsi3"Tpto de de poe openeion"’état , as it atiin Schmittv a nutler/. Stvnteignipowntdis gambralszed in poadvntyvambion"sgambralsz ngsioei bare lifeed. AAnthrtflie fe m poe ozene,tau

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vier. Justssoswithvlip n> d. In doingsso,iitiexplor/s poeizinctof isdiut nctat daoAcarve"o spaTalte"nabe lvto bothvButler/? Pe doomsiay f="mulat onsian iou suv a nrad, secr? Pe equlelyigrim,stho gh morlddiplomabeclelyia

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làgiwithvpoeirvworldlyigoode, nec739"saoAfamily,tenditcial"opend ng. Aa yet,ospmbres cy, > soiuncann/ figAthsian"re life, a,ierpetulelyithfea eningdaoA bare life uu, to ptk ove" o lee nns,Aourv= ls,io leselves. The/ e a wayss> aeady in poadho ses the/haue , pri=""inhabilanttiwhoAd ngsuvprcisll/becaus the/ lip n>dfailAthaon"gripvi,g, tmepoa.giincomplene,inapropriate,"unjust,dviolo t,ecbo sppoeirvow"itebeoe.lip n>7

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psychologccal,Aaa polsi3cal? uposswhi hvtep dde bothvpoe juridic- gledhittoryAButler/ o s' nns ca poeiepoico- elsi3caliworld iou suv a nrad, secri epmoth. Theospmbredchaane.g sAaep lAue encheditself,ibe ngsneieoe" poadiersdeson"wh m it atian"imag nodtshm t/Aa tetachdssignifie"Atloae=ngsfree. It anditlens > ri=""bodilyvthro En,in spis Menssavpoeio mevpimetthonitsthro En atifree fe m poe dem a sAon"the phys3cal. Yet,iit cp t spto us> morld="" ss stlid,vtep dd ngson poadzircumopences, aa zan act uposspoeiworld ar=uddsus. L ss ma"htsally,ospmbres c>n ‘sce poe"witsoubion"uu,? P, bare life,ngsusAon"o lesenses thfo ghppoeirvac739"s? evnnsbydpoeidtshm teiap tra Ee? r ddet,ngsusAunzonicsous, iriv,ngsusAmadleor evnnspaM ngsourv= ls.lip n>

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n act upossusiaa f="c AusAto act t=""poem. The/ havei>Anthrtaa veloAontta m keiarètsAon"the living to moansact businife issioeiworld. The/ do notssit pae=uetly,touffar ngsabjposlyiissa icale,e ap tldaoAthe living to behaveepoiclely.In ttad,poeyddem a , urgu,ithfea en, aa zajoln poosa aoAwhom teey ap tr. Crucially,tlip n> vier. Weta aospmbredma"htsalizes"beforldycr,vincomlsilip n>8

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aeady iriv,ngsrevolueat arie fe m EutopeApo England forisafeharbo r (69). Ve"loc? Pe aoln pousfarhas ber/AtoAinf="tvosiioeianaeihittssin"London,in spnow heii ="dethdito ptk poa.ge to ashighe"ABevnlAaa n ngsabo span"actuleatack. Suchian"atackvatineAnssaty to r ovoM poe Engltsh gtvntnmurn isio c vka.gi ow"iosiioeianaeihittssliving in"London. Thfea enndiwithvthe lofe on"ois l= llihood, Ve"lociunderptk stto dositihimself? oria mon. He abtains adbombv a eai u itvoffitoAhie mue lel/zhaane.g noeoe"Ain"Baw, Stpvie, to carty to the lotler"Twoereiitsissto be leftdaa tt"Tatedibydpimer. Stpvieitrips, poe bombvgoessoff,ian evntypoa.gvflie apc <. Ae toei elscr cuosa i"iosiVe"loc,Ahie wutl? Stpvie? Pe shsour? t nsion"poeievnnse.In oe"Agripfeaa angsu, Winnieike ds Ve"locica poe/Afle sttowardsiFra Eeiwithvthe caleenasEn on"Oalepos, inctof the crmzhairvanaeihittsswhoAf="t dlyiassoiistndiwithvVe"loc."Oalepossabondons Winnieiosiioeiboavprain,ecbscond ngswithvhe" o=neo,ian ltu=ns to London. Winnieijumps to oe" ebeoson poadzrofe,ng. Theseicy, n sppoebcy, bonesAon"the plot,in sppoeyvwi dtu=nish eno ghpforiusAto roAned.lip n>

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n act on" estruc/e,eiferocsioAso absAtdAas"aoAbe"incompreh dunble, isexplicabio, > mon unsoa.Mabio;iin famb,vm d”? P (67). Ve"lochas bunoer o=nthitoAb ngsabo sptheatack, urcngsan isterim itselfddefined in p mston"sus dsat —thr meeta.ge on"toei‘Milanizofarrse? P,eaveber/A‘“ous dded”? P p mueratily,i rTvidcngsa wsi ow on"opuertuniio (70). Du ngspoisi,peneion"sus dsat , a openeion"’état imustscoml isio thro En,ioer thivwi dotk England atiinimicas to revolueat arytpoo ght ae toeiconncnue . A aeady wehaveitoei o blei’état assio ,osessèteal"to sgambraliaAnthr:an eétat ito the ’état .lip n>

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dreme, ieme="Ioing morldcuosaloAwithvpoeicabm s? Psoperv ngsaa bea en horsevpoinAwithvpoeiin titue=t e on"ois counsry. He isse selyi lduced to iscoharrseiand a openeion"phys3calian emotat as inzonncnueEn poivmakashim seem morldaauredpoinAhum s,"ergo asfigAth on"lip n>

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stvnteignicos. Soeieopebiishlsva openeion"’état ito oe" oeoe"wisl optlid zommitmue itoAletlAwithvVe"locica po >voidcngslooking tooi eeply isio r tlsio. B';

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vier on"ois wutl? Psopere. It wassnot a wi dopere,Aai pil wassnot ina7tue 3ve,in spils"attue 3"T wassgamuliauv a not , tisfambory, isasmuchitoat at seemedizone moan dvupos somhapoint beyoa Mr Ve"loc? Pe persde. The im lA 3"T wassso aoro.githat Mr Ve"lociglanced ove"Ahisvohaul er. Toereiwassnothingsbehiddsoim:poereiwassjustsioeiwhitewashdswlel. The ’llo t"eusbond on"WinnieiVe"locisaw"no wer/ ngson poadwlel. (204)lip n>

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isMr lon"Stpvieioeceiagain ale l (207),ibeforld;hpambion"a corpse—weta sha lAgonds to Ve"loc ‘it wassatiin"a corpseiha osokr/? PtiaAoe"Aimece (209)"endioeicomlsiat mestito zonshdt=se delfdcompleneiydfeee, ‘enjoy ngshe" complenesir lAgonunbissioAaa dd ss leisAth,Aalmosbpinsioeim>

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soi'urne ai bffarssN f="tvon"pe life,veioubjpose, c/,ionn i dwhi hvre life, aAisdfluid,vfungnble, aa mobis ? an i dwhi hvaAnthrtrlAidesAwithvcollpose,eirlAienasEn to stvnteignipownt. I dt ’t meanito zdimitooimuchiforsConrad? hesissnot f="mulat ngsa rejoisde" aoASchmitt, ut lli ss aoAnutler/, iou su,v a nrad, secr,vlip n>n objposi sst , a meanssbydwhi hvlitt="nureis n teachiusitmepoa.giabo sppelsi3calian epoicle pla ibissiy bydimagin ngslip n>

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d complex ButlAt deerth.In poieefr me, what mighvit mook likndforsbcy, Butltto amb? F=""lip n>

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muchias on"ncy, Butl.iButler/ zoneud,swer/ ng, ‘Isspoevopeneion"’état becoml toevaull,"poeiButlion"lip n>n thro En ove" whi hvrewntdno lo.ger seems io havei>

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="schscscchscscchr/div>="schscscchscscrdivvidlebiblaography"ts';="schscscchscscchd">Biblaographie

="schscscchscscchAgamben, Giorgio, Homo Sacer Sovereign Power and Bare Life (1998), trans. Daniel Heller-Roazen, Stanford: Stanford U.P., 1995.

Butler, Judith, Subjects of Desire. Hegelian Reflections in Twentieth-century France, New York: Columbia U.P., 1987.

Butler, Judith, Precarious Life. The Powers of Mourning and Violence, New York: Verso, 2004.

Butler, Judith, Giving an Account of Oneself, New York: Fordham U.P., 2005.

Butler, Judith, and Athena Athanasiou, Dispossession: The Performative in the Political, Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2013.

Conrad, Joseph. The Secret Agent. (1907), ed. Tanya Agathocleous, Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press, 2009.

del Pilar Blanco, Maria, and Esther Peeren, ‘The Spectral Turn. Introduction’, The Spectralities Reader. Ghosts and Haunting in Contemporary Cultural Theory, eds. Maria del Pilar Blanco and Esther Peeren, London: Bloomsbury, 2013, 1–36.

del Pilar Blanco, Maria, and Esther Peeren, eds., The Spectralities Reader. Ghosts and Haunting in Contemporary Cultural Theory, London: Bloomsbury, 2013.

Hegel, G. W. F. The Phenomenology of Spirit, (1807), trans. A. V. Miller, Toronto: Oxford U.P., 1977.

Ho, Janice, ‘The Human and the Citizen in Joseph Conrad’s The Secret Agent’, Around 1945: Literature, Citizenship, Rights, ed. Allan Hepburn, Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s UP, 2016, 107–128.

Levinas, Emmanuel, ‘Ethics as First Philosophy’ (1984), The Levinas Reader, Ed. Séan Hand, Malden, MA: Blackwell Press, 1989, 75–87.

Levinas, Emmanuel, Ethics and Infinity. Conversations with Philippe Nemo, trans. Richard A. Cohen, Pittsburgh: Duquesne U.P., 1995.

Morton, Timothy, Dark Ecology. For a Logic of Future Coexistence, New York: Columbia U.P., 2016.

Peeren, Esther, The Spectral Metaphor: Living Ghosts and the Agency of Invisibility. New York: Springer, 2014.

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Notes

1 This formulation bears some affinity with Esther Peeren’s notion of ‘spectral agency’, outlined in The Spectral Metaphor, but there are key differences (see, e.g., 1-32). Where Peeren equates bare life with spectrality, and the bodily with the disembodied, I insist upon their distinction. For her, the spectral is a situation of abjection that can be turned to disruptive or resistant uses, where I see it as the agential alternative to the abjection of bare life.

2 See, for example, the opening pages of Butler’s Gender Trouble, in which she considers the perils and rewards of causing trouble, getting in trouble, and troubling.

3 Naturally these are not mutually exclusive categories, each of them encompasses and relies upon some aspects of the other for its existence. The terms nominate a predominant emphasis rather than a categorical distinction.

4 Butler and Athanasiou give each equal space on the page, balancing the sentences almost identically, and rounding out the paragraph with an implied dialectical resolution in their vision of an interweaving of them (2-3). This is, however, a false equivalence, or at best a false comparison.

5 For a full discussion of how Butler approaches Levinas, but supplements his ethical theory with the psychoanalytic developmental notions of Jean Laplanche, see Giving an Account of Oneself.

6 The frequency in this book in particular is symptomatic; in Precarious Life there are fewer than ten such references, and in Giving an Account of Oneself approximately five.

7 Tellingly, Precarious Life begins with the question of what constitutes a grievable life (see, e.g., xiv-xv).

8 For a terrific overview of the spectral turn at the turn of the millennium, see Blanco and Peeren’s introduction to The Spectralities Reader (1–36).

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