1 Deities Eee" /Zec.gArès engArcante. L cetEee"8" />xtxos.22aripysat"trois cas oùcontenteux" cultunttentfférRI"ttes" hgw.mbint" ,wengonteexemp//www.mp//xe /> ili1clu ux"fois (dttp:ungonte ux"cas,we" h>xtxoaussi Epekoos) et Isis Soteira Aww.rxe AphroEeeEuploia Epekoos,:uneame=e < cultue" hURI" associt"/>au 1 Deities Eee" /Zec.gArès engArcante. L cetEee"8" />xtxos.22aripysat"trois cas oùcontenteux" cultunttentfférRI"ttes" hgw.mbint" ,wengonteexemp//www.mp//xe /> ili1clu ux"fois (dttp:ungonte ux"cas,we" h>xtxoaussi Epekoos) et Isis Soteira Aww.rxe AphroEeeEuploia Epekoos,:uneame=e < cultue" hURI" associt"/>au ntent="journawhat w cmighhgw ll tent="tex,w"r Deiti,ws" /> i e.g., Isis AphroEe.lRdentDd non-cross-cultunal tent="texrelod.gC.I tioo be found, such as Hera AphroEeeo=>S/> Ea,"r Zec.gArxreo=>Arcanta. The focureo=>this papat"is howevat"tker c>sesawhent==od.go=> tfferRI" cultuntteant=w.mbined. I will primarilyeexamone tker denborete examp//w,awhich i1clu cult e/lthets. Thes c>se sauai/www.me from He" hriscocle"los: the papat"ditiussesathe twice atextxDd =od1.1s Aww.rxe Palaiscone AphroEeeOurania (jo on c>se furthertspect="Dd s Epekoos) andathe once atextxDd Isis Soteira Aww.rxe AphroEeeEuploia Epekoos,:a =od1.1s joined i1 worshipurnathe mal cmixtunt=Eros Harpokretes Apollude Ascmighhgbe expecxDd,athesews" /> haveeo=hregberege="Ded syncretiscocl=od.gandathey haveeberegditiussed s the nttult.go=>prowntsxreo=>/> lleliz00/ke,wassimil00/ke,wontent="c00/ke,w"r evanfsimp yeo=>translnt="jouo=>=od.go=>oneacultunt=rnathoseeo=>another. The pnttRI" papat"examones>this e="Dinologygandatr> rna tit cxerize the nt="Tex> i1 ms/r0/ke i1 a mont=spect="c way. I argue that pathaps rethat"tk.I syncretiscocl=od., i1 thesewcircumww.nwntew cshouldgditiuss the syncretiscoclbehavinameo=>the> ntentors andathe syncretiscoclmilteuci1 which they lived. it appeler « composite1.1/" /> ntent="journawhat w cmighhgw ll tent="tex,w"r Deiti,ws" /> i e.g., Isis AphroEe.lRdentDd non-cross-cultunal tent="texrelod.gC.I tioo be found, such as Hera AphroEeeo=>S/> Ea,"r Zec.gArxreo=>Arcanta. The focureo=>this papat"is howevat"tker c>sesawhent==od.go=> tfferRI" cultuntteant=w.mbined. I will primarilyeexamone tker denborete examp//w,awhich i1clu cult e/lthets. Thes c>se sauai/www.me from He" hriscocle"los: the papat"ditiussesathe twice atextxDd =od1.1s Aww.rxe Palaiscone AphroEeeOurania (jo on c>se furthertspect="Dd s Epekoos) andathe once atextxDd Isis Soteira Aww.rxe AphroEeeEuploia Epekoos,:a =od1.1s joined i1 worshipurnathe mal cmixtunt=Eros Harpokretes Apollude Ascmighhgbe expecxDd,athesews" /> haveeo=hregberege="Ded syncretiscocl=od.gandathey haveeberegditiussed s the nttult.go=>prowntsxreo=>/> lleliz00/ke,wassimil00/ke,wontent="c00/ke,w"r evanfsimp yeo=>translnt="jouo=>=od.go=>oneacultunt=rnathoseeo=>another. The pnttRI" papat"examones>this e="Dinologygandatr> rna tit cxerize the nt="Tex> i1 ms/r0/ke i1 a mont=spect="c way. I argue that pathaps rethat"tk.I syncretiscocl=od., i1 thesewcircumww.nwntew cshouldgditiuss the syncretiscoclbehavinameo=>the> ntentors andathe syncretiscoclmilteuci1 which they lived. it appeler « composite1="ima les corW3CDTF" scheme="RFC14-11-0content="en" /> meta name="author" content="Wallensten, Jennycitnt="j_fier" scheme="DOI" content="10.4000/kernos.2278" /> . Syncretismw"r simp yesyntax?nt="Wallensten, Jennycitnt="j_fier"ent="j_1="imascheme="RFC14/11/0content="en" /> 1 Deities Eee" /Zec.gArès engArcante. L cetEee"8" />xtxos.22aripysat"trois cas oùcontenteux" cultunttentfférRI"ttes" hgw.mbint" ,wengonteexemp//www.mp//xe /> ili1clu ux"fois (dttp:ungonte ux"cas,we" h>xtxoaussi Epekoos) et Isis Soteira Aww.rxe AphroEeeEuploia Epekoos,:uneame=e < cultue" hURI" associt"/>au ntent="journawhat w cmighhgw ll tent="tex,w"r Deiti,ws" /> i e.g., Isis AphroEe.lRdentDd non-cross-cultunal tent="texrelod.gC.I tioo be found, such as Hera AphroEeeo=>S/> Ea,"r Zec.gArxreo=>Arcanta. The focureo=>this papat"is howevat"tker c>sesawhent==od.go=> tfferRI" cultuntteant=w.mbined. I will primarilyeexamone tker denborete examp//w,awhich i1clu cult e/lthets. Thes c>se sauai/www.me from He" hriscocle"los: the papat"ditiussesathe twice atextxDd =od1.1s Aww.rxe Palaiscone AphroEeeOurania (jo on c>se furthertspect="Dd s Epekoos) andathe once atextxDd Isis Soteira Aww.rxe AphroEeeEuploia Epekoos,:a =od1.1s joined i1 worshipurnathe mal cmixtunt=Eros Harpokretes Apollude Ascmighhgbe expecxDd,athesews" /> haveeo=hregberege="Ded syncretiscocl=od.gandathey haveeberegditiussed s the nttult.go=>prowntsxreo=>/> lleliz00/ke,wassimil00/ke,wontent="c00/ke,w"r evanfsimp yeo=>translnt="jouo=>=od.go=>oneacultunt=rnathoseeo=>another. The pnttRI" papat"examones>this e="Dinologygandatr> rna tit cxerize the nt="Tex> i1 ms/r0/ke i1 a mont=spect="c way. I argue that pathaps rethat"tk.I syncretiscocl=od., i1 thesewcircumww.nwntew cshouldgditiuss the syncretiscoclbehavinameo=>the> ntentors andathe syncretiscoclmilteuci1 which they lived.="http://jsten, Jennycitnt="j_bstt cx_o Do_ .taitiOf andasyncretism</h1><h1>The tker in1/" /> s</h1><h2><em><sp.I opened(PRISM)"rnals.openediprism name="DC.identirismww.ndardrl.orcompsp.wnt/basic/2.0er" scheme="ISSN" conirism. seheme="DOI" coent="texws" /> andasyncretism Among the myriad.go=> " /> repnttRI"ed i1 the Greek e/loc.tercow.loc.gC.I be foundawhat mighhgbe w lled tent="texw"r Deiti> " /> . Thes c>e i1 /> llygbe nt="ded i1rnatwo basic c>tegor> : firstly, non-cross-cultunal tent="texrelod.gsuch as Hera AphroEeeo=>S/> Ea "r Zec.gArxreo=>Arcanta andasee="dly, “i10.4000/kern” multi-cultunal tenbinnt="jousuch as for examp// Isis AphroEe.lThe pnttRI" aion" xefocurxreon tker e"li>e votive in1/" /> s honDC"ing go...otent="en" /> propatty="og: name="DC.type" content="journalArticle" /> e="DOI" coent="texws" /> andasyncretism Among the myriad.go=> " /> repnttRI"ed i1 the Greek e/loc.tercow.loc.gC.I be foundawhat mighhgbe w lled tent="texw"r Deiti> " /> . Thes c>e i1 /> llygbe nt="de...o enexe Ks app, Numérelitame="Dbackxnd?conten=rsscumerelit appeler rel="icon" type="imarnals/images/favicrss+xDoubg" /> Ks app, Dlink relitame="Dbackxnd?conten=rssdlink relit="http://journals.otylesheet"ns to Doublecslitame="Dcsl/joueen.cslitmtp:as.opueenit="http://journals.otylesheet"ns to Doublecslitame="Dcsl/" xo.cslitmtp:as.opueenit="http://journals.otylesheet"ns to Doublecslitame="Dcsl/iriternslitmtp:as.iriteit="http:/!--[if IE]"http://journals.otylesheet"ns to Doublecslitame="Dcsl/ie.cslitmtp:as.opueenit="http:/![xndif]--"http://journals.otylesheet"ns to Doublecslitame="Dcsl/bier"ooc.tere.cslitmtp:as.opueenit="http://journals.otylesheet"ns to Doublecslitame="Djnamencybox/jquery.mencybox-1.3.1.cslitmtp:as.opueenit="http://journals.otylesheet"ns to Doublecslitame="Dcsl/meta .cslitmtp:as.opueenit="httNavig/favi – Pk r du "tex/!-- #acwnts --"http:/nt= id=" Accueilmage/png" href="https://static-origin.openedit">Ks appse/joe">Rdvue i10.4000/kernelehgpluriditiip/joair/> meta name="author" conte/!-- # frhttp: p://j> Engr" s">enhttp: http: p id="crumbs">Accueil cow> > Numérel cow> > 27 cow> > Éaua l cow> > /!-- #brhttp: p:/cont id=""earch" ac0/ke="http://wwearch/static-origin.oitmtthod t">http: p: p>http: p: inpuons to Doubl" id="q"ang="frq"avalue="Depenrchxml:lang=" p: inpuons to Dhiddenit0" /> l"avalue="ntre International d’Etude de la relit appele p: button t to Dsubmititg" /> Cenrchxrm"Cenrchxrhttp: p: /p>http: p:http: http: nt= id="link re">http: p:/nt= id="main">http: p: nt= nate" DnavE cot> rnp"> 27 | FC14 ">Sommair/ cow> - Endowed Eponymou tF/r0/valreon e"los"lslink re"précénten cow> - Un aEtud pat"dhorfxtxD"lslink re"suieint/!-- .navE cot> rnp --"http:p: p:/nt= id="dliH/> 27 | FC14http: p: p:/nt= id="dliSubParRI"" nate" Dtentat-08m"http: p: p: nt= nate" Dsou /> Eie>/> Éaua lhttp: p: p://nt=>http: p: p:/ 1 id="dliTname=>http: p: p:/nt= id="dliA des d> tp:// DC" href="" sp.I>http: p: p:/nt= id="dliPaginnt="j">p. 159-176http: p: //nt=>/!-- #dliHRésumé | Pk r | Note ta c .22aueeur | > e | Note  | Citnt="j | Aueeurhttp: p: p:/nt= id="bstt cx nate" Dsect="j">http: p: p: h2 nate" Dsect="j">Résumé8" sp.I>Françai http: p: p:p:/nt= id="bstt cx-emen-RCREnate" Dtab 1 Deities Eee" /Zec.gArès engArcante. L cetEee"8" />xtxos.22aripysat"trois cas oùcontenteux" cultunttentfférRI"ttes" hgw.mbint" ,wengonteexemp//www.mp//xe /> ili1clu ux"fois (dttp:ungonte ux"cas,we" h>xtxoaussi Epekoos) et Isis Soteira Aww.rxe AphroEeeEuploia Epekoos,:uneame=e < cultue" hURI" associt"/>au

http: p: p://nt=>http: p: p:p:/nt= id="bstt cx-emen-t="WLate" Dtab http: p: p:p: p nate" Dnttume=> ntent="journawhat w cmighhgw ll tent="tex,w"r Deiti,ws" /> i e.g., Isis AphroEe.lRdentDd non-cross-cultunal tent="texrelod.gC.I tioo be found, such as Hera AphroEeeo=>S/> Ea,Arcanta. The focureo=>this papat"is howevat"tker c>sesawhent==od.go=> tfferRI" cultuntteant=w.mbined. I will primarilyeexamone tker denborete examp//w,awhich i1clu cult e/lthets. Thes c>se sauai/www.me from He" hriscocle"los: the papat"ditiussesathe twice atextxDd =od1.1s Aww.rxe Palaiscone AphroEeeOurania" sp.I>se furthertspect="Dd s Epekoos) andathe once atextxDd Isis Soteira Aww.rxe AphroEeeEuploia" sp.I> haveeo=hregberege="Ded syncretiscocl=od.gandathey haveeberegditiussed s the nttult.go=>prowntsxreo=>/> lleliz00/ke,wassimil00/ke,wontent="c00/ke,w"r evanfsimp yeo=>translnt="jouo=>=od.go=>oneacultunt=rnathoseeo=>another. The pnttRI" papat"examones>this e="Dinologygandatr> rna tit cxerize the nt="Tex> i1 ms/r0/ke i1 a mont=spect="c way. I argue that pathaps rethat"tk.I syncretiscocl=od., i1 thesewcircumww.nwntew cshouldgditiuss the syncretiscoclbehavinameo=>the> ntentors andathe syncretiscoclmilteuci1 which they lived." sp.I>

http: p: p://nt=>Haueta cp /!-- #abstt cx --"http:p: p: nt= id="toc nate" Dsect="j">http: p: p: h2 nate" Dsect="j">Pk roent="texws" /> andasyncretismhttp: p: p: nt= nate" DtocSect="j1">The tker in1/" /> shttp: p: p: nt= nate" DtocSect="j2">http: p: p: nt= nate" DtocSect="j2">http: p: p: nt= nate" DtocSect="j2">http: p: p: nt= nate" DtocSect="j1">Assocint="j andaassimil00/kehttp: p: p: nt= nate" DtocSect="j1">TranslntDd =ods?http: p: p: nt= nate" DtocSect="j1">guing nt="Tt=w.uple: Isis Soteira Aww.rxe AphroEeeEuploia Epekoos andaEros Apollud Harpokretes, " sp.I>http: p: p: nt= nate" DtocSect="j1">oe1clus/ke/atnate" Dgo-rnp"tame="D#ion" x-ement>Haueta cp /!-- #toc --"http:p: p: nt= id="dliAddendum nate" Dsect="j">http: p: p: nt= id="ndla">http: p: p:p: h2 nate" Dsect="j">Note ta c .22aueeurSyncretismthe>anonymou t" sp.I>the>aion" xeandaIathaourghemfsinwnrely." sp.I>

http: p: p://nt=>http: p: p://nt=>/!-- #dliAddendum --"http:p: p: nt= id="tubl" nate" Dsect="j">http: p: p: h2 nate" Dsect="j">> e i1tégrel Size"> Télé titgat"wn" aion" xeau conten PDFtsnate" Don.p>PDF Sigerner"wn dlink re">Sigerner"wn dlink re/!-- #widgees --"http:p: p: nt= nate" Dt wResiz0itiw">http: p: p:p: h1snate" Doublt">oent="texws" /> andasyncretismhttp: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>1 Hera AphroEe: Pausanias, III, 13, 9. See tioo o. Bonnet, V. Pirp:/<-Delcon, “Deux" e=e (...)http: p: p://j>2 Isis AphroEe: IDélos" em> 2040, 2080 anda2158 = L. Brtenult, Recueilla nain1/" /> s conce400nt://www (...)http: p: p://j>3 IDélos" em> 1719, 2132 anda2305.http: p: p://j>4 IDélos" em> 1719 anda2305.http: p: p://j>5 IDélos" em> 2132.http: p: p://j>6 o. Bonnet, “Le roilehgla" e=e <. À"proposta c ehgAphroEeea c (...)http: p: p://j>7 P. Pakkan="" sp.I>the> " sp.I>(...)http: p: 1" sp.I> " /> repnttRI"ed i1 the Greek e/loc.tercow.loc.gC.I be foundawhat mighhgbe w lled tent="texw"r Deiti> " /> . Thes c>e i1 /> llygbe nt="ded i1rnatwo basic c>tegor> : firstly, non-cross-cultunal tent="texrelod.gsuch as Hera AphroEeeo=>S/> Ea "r Zec.gArxreo=>Arcanta12e votive in1/" /> s honDC"ing god lo=>the>latexr c>tegory,awhent= " /> o=> tfferRI" cultuntteant=w.mbined.sesai1clu eot onlygnt="Tt=comps, but tioo cult e/lthets. Thes denborete examp//www.me from He" hriscocle"losaandai1troduce the w.mp//x Aww.rxe Palaiscone AphroEeeOurania,w"r Aww.rxe Palaiscone AphroEeeOurania Epekoos, haveeo=hregberegw lled syncretiscocl=od.e C."inTt=Bonnet has for examp// compdathe Isis-Aww.rxe-AphroEeea “henotheiscoclandasyncretiscoclnt="Texy”6syncretism; she ntfat rnathe phenok r"j asaa>/> lleliz00/keuo=>=od.e7assimil00/ke,wontent="c00/kew"r evanfsimp yea>translnt="juo=>=od.go=> tfferRI" cultuntt:atheseware tker othat"t="DCeo=hregused wlthi1 the w.mp//x o=>/henok ra ntfatrpdato asasyncretism. I1 the prttRI" aion" xeI will ditiuss the tker c>se in1/" /> s i1 the w.nt o=>this e="Dinologygandatryato deepe1 the undat anding o=>the> tit cxer o=>the> ent="texwst="Tex> i1 ms/r0/ke. Isathe syncretiscoclqualttyeo=>a =od like Isis Soteirament==l.nwn onathe tenbinnt="j=o=> t="Tt=comps from tfferRI" cultunal sphent i1ntentes?

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: nt= nate" Dt andnote ">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>8 P. Lévênte, “Essai a ctypologiela nasyncrovxrsmps,” in F. Dunand, P. Lévênte (ed.e), L nasyncrovxrsmp (...)http: p: p://j>9 A. Motex,wV. Pirp:/<-Delcon, “Duc conboegusag//htmla c Ks app
7 (1994), p.  (...)http: p: p://j>10 Motex,wPirp:/<-Delcon l.c. (n. 9), p. 18.http: p: p://j>11 L.H. Marcon" sp.I>e M"Ttrva? He" hriscoclReta nac.gSyncretismwasaa>Syotem,” < sp.I>(...)http: p: 2" sp.I>anciRI" Greek reta nam, the much sauai/d e="Dasyncretism has mostly (andajustly)gberege ·ed s ="problem.loc concept"dhorto itsWk ckeo=>aa" xar def"Tex>ke. Ij an atexmionso deal wlth>this,:a" a 1971asynt="tum,wPiatrp Lévênte pnttRI"ed five ki1ns o=>syncretisms he ontent="Dd wlthi1 the reta namseo=>anxrmsttye8his pntviou tnate"t="c00/ke,wi1 which the maj."ityeo=>Lévênte.22s c>tegor> was ms/r0/keed.9keeo=>“trte.2>syncretisms, was the w"itation that the outw.me o=>aameeting betweregewo i1 /> llygforeignai1grediRI"s, be they "DC.ooc.tercrn, w.ncepturnoor othat,cshouldgbeea new tenttyewlth>disconc0/vea tit cxeriscoc.e MotexgandaPirp:/<-Delconaareta nac.gphenok r"j w nt=to qualt=y s ="syncretism, the endaproduct hadfto be somtthing mont=tk.I itsWw.ns nauRI" part.eitsWown:>this was Luthat"Marcon.22s resp.nse rnathe scholarlyeexaspernt="joexpressed ovat"tke serDinglye tiococlandaunonHe" hriscoclandaRom.I reta namewhethat"wxeautom.loc llygshouldgntfatato an Isis Aww.rxe AphroEees ="“syncretiscocl=od.2." sp.I>

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ἐν Δήλωι, ὑπὲρ τῆς Ἀσκαλωνι-
τῶν πόλεως καὶ ἑαυτοῦ καὶ
γυναικὸς καὶ τέ[κνων Ἀ]σ̣τάρ̣[τηι]
[Παλαιστινῆι Ο]ὐ̣ρ̣[α]νία̣[ι]
/hthththththththἈ[φρ]οδίτηι" sp.I>

http: p: p:p://blockquotD"http: p: nt= nate" Dt andnote ">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>12 Heighhg0.75m, diam.,g0.75m. It was foundai1 the so-w lled Sancturry o=>the>God.go=>Asca (...)http: p: p://j>13 m.Iy specxs o=>the> e (...)http: p: p://j>14 http: p: 3se in1/" /> is < sp.I> vDd onaaaroundamariti>alw.ratowards the endao=>the>see="d cRI"uryWB.C.Ee12Philost cs from Ascalke,13the>por" ao=>the>Ascalkeites, himselc,>his wifxgandachildrp:. Thewcompao=>the>recipiRI" a ttyeis somtwhat rtttorDd,abut safelygso again1w the backgroundao=>the>see="d c>se in1/" /> , " sp.I>the>Greek a tty, AphroEe.14

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: h2 nate" Doublt">Ἀφροδίτηι Οὐρανίαι, θεοῖς ἐπηκόοις,
Δάμων Δημητρίου Ἀσκαλωνίτης
/hthththththσωθεὶς ἀπὸ πειρατῶν,
/hththththththththth εὐχήν.
/hthοὐ θεμιτὸν δὲ προσάγειν
/hthα̣ἴγειον, ὑικόν, βοὸς θηλείας." sp.I>

http: p: p:p://blockquotD"http: p: nt= nate" Dt andnote ">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>15 (...)http: p: p://j>16 Heighhg0.53m, diam.W0.41, foundaclose rnathe southatm wallao=>the>< sp.I>(...)http: p: p://j>17 Byea>single a tty, I wish=rnantfatato an i10.greted tentty. Thitetenttyemay originnllyghaveew.nso1w (...)http: p: p://j>18 Ch. Clermont-G>eneau, “Uneame="DC.ty=à AphroEeePal/r0/nip:/<,ame=couverEee" cDélos,” CRAI 53 (1909), (...)http: p: p://j>19 I1 the w.nt o=>the gymna"tum,w ntent="jouw nt=o=hregpnttRI"ed to H="Des andaHerak//w,athus,:an (...)http: p: p://j>20 I1v. E 425.>Heighhg0.85m, lenghhg0.63m, widthg0.57m. See tioo P. Roussel, L nacult naovgy/> ense" cDé (...)http: p: 4Through>this votive in1/" /> ,>another>m.Igo=>Ascalke, Damonas eo=>Demetrios,gpnttRI"s =" ntent="j to Zec.gOurios"(Zec.go=>the Fair Wind)1516 s namong>this =od1.1s haveeberegfound, eot onlygbechuspao=>the>rettornt="joo=>the missing wordePalaiscone, but tioo bechuspao=>the>w xarly r17 e>recipiRI" a tt> : Aww.rxe Palaiscone andaAphroEeeOurania. (Thitemistaki that was acturllygdon in the first fier"ent="jao=>the>i11/" /> .)18ses,awhen neithat"tke wording, eor the e/loc.tercolayouonor our pntviou tknowledgpao=>Greek reta nam offat furthertclu19sesaexamoned hent, howevat, the i1serEed < sp.I> " /> . Montovat,cthe>placing o=>< sp.I>this ju at="it="juo=>=odde e w>sesaat hand) i furthertcorroboreted by the tkird=c>se sauayaexamoned for this papat. Thiteis ="votive in1/" /> c> vDd onaaamariti>b>se andaprttRI"ed by Andromachcs, s eo=>Phanomachcs, to Isis Soteira20

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: h2 nate" Doublt">καὶ Ἔρωτι Ἁρφοκράτει Ἀπόλλωνι, Ἀνδρόμαχος Φανομάχου
[ὑπὲρ ἑαυτοῦ] καὶ γυναικὸς καὶ τέκνων χαριστήριον." sp.I>

http: p: p:p://blockquotD"http: p: nt= nate" Dt andnote ">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>21 F. Mona" sp.I>(...)http: p: 5" sp.I> ateao=>the>i11/" /> eis eot known, but tw< sp.I>166nor rethat"140WB.C.EePhanomachcu wlth>.I Andromachcs>o=>Aentocheia,wandaas the fethat"o=>another Andromachcs>ac0/ve"in e"los, whowi tknown for w.ntribut="journathe sancturry o=>the>Syrian>=odde .21placing o=>the>< sp.I> t="Tt=pair as>recipiRI" a tt> . It C.I thusgbe eww.er" scd that an aripys" ao=>thesews" /> is p="siiti,fsinwn they are in fac0>tent="texr,aandaeot simp yethe nttult o=>the>e/loc.tercrno’Etng prownts." sp.I>

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: h1snate" Doublt">Assocint="j andaassimil00/kehttp: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>22 (...)http: p: 6examp//wwwhent=two lod.gfrom originnllyg tfferRI" cultuntteant=w.mbined C.I be brought forth. Isis AphroEeeandaIsis Demetertcouldgbeecompdaandapathaps evanfmont=famou lygZec.gAmmamethe>two. I1 the w.nt o=>Greek reta nam it i usurllygtakij to mea1 the .foroaching o=>on a ttyeto anothat,cor, for that matexr, o=>aamortalon.oa a tty.nos/2278garegassocintcd through>the "DC.ooc.terc uspao=>the>other a tty.22s ateributshar/d e=mp//wwor pathaps "DC.ooc.terc phys"cal proximityesuch as ww.turry ju at="it="jse Assocint="j is thusgawe="Dathat i.gfairlygsafiwto usp,fsinwn ietaoes eot i1ntente an i10.4pretative nttult but rethat"ww.tDs the obviou . It C.I for examp// be safelygsaid that in this papat.22s tker c>se in1/" /> s, Aww.rxe is =ssocintcd wlth>AphroEe, andaIsis wlth>both>thesews" /> i phys"cal yeo1 the stone andasomthow i1 the mindao=>the> ntentors. Buonshis aoes eot taki usgvatygfat"in t="DCeo= undat anding the> ent="texs. Whyware tkesew=od.gassocintcd? Whywespect llygtkesew=od.gandaeot otherr,aandafundaalte lly,awhat isethe nttult o=>the>assocint="j?

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: nt= nate" Dt andnote ">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>23 two>=odde (...)http: p: p://j>24 Motex,wPirp:/<-DelconJ. Assmann" sp.I> (...)http: p: p://j>25 (...)http: p: p://j>26 DC" href="" sp.I>http: p: p://j>27 Pathaps oTt=w.uldgevanfundat and ataeighh d p=wer as>regards the specx i1 ms/r0/ke.http: p: p://j>28 Assmann" sp.I>local intent2278garegeot altogethat"abor" scd; they are onlygmad (...)http: p: 7" sp.I> t="Texy such as Isis AphroEeeor a tenbinnt="j=mortal-immortalolike Arsinoë AphroEeeC.I no>longat"be easilygse/> ed i1rna“ ent=neI"s”, be they mortaloor immortal,abut is t ·ed like ="single recipiRI" a ttye23new riturls, wlth>new pnixtxhood., wlth>.>new "DC.ooc.tey? It i int=rtateon.ostress that i1 the w.ncept"o=>assimil00/kecshouldgbeeundat oodethat onpao=>the>w.ns nauRI" part. is =ssimil00ed to,w"r i1rn, the other,w"r that theyetogethat"aregassimil00ed i1rnaeacheother. If"wxeaccept"this,:then at://ast two basic outw.me8garegimaginniti. The first is that two =od.garegassimil00ed i1rnaeacheotheraandabec.me . disconc0> t="Tt=w.mp//x, which thenawouldgtmouteon.o.>new, syncretiscoc, =od::an endaproduct that i.gsomtthing mont=tk.I itsWw.ns nauRI" part.,was"proposed by MotexgandaPirp:/<-Delconthe originnl disconc0>tent2278.2." sp.I>24Isis AphroEeeas oTt=disconc0> " /yeis atextxDd kecsevataloocc>s="jouandai1 ="varietyeo=>geooc.tercrnow.nt s. Besontsw ntent="jo, ="pnixtxhood ateached to the>cult o=>Isis AphroEeeis probaity atextxDd in Peritehos." sp.I>25the>sDeiti>=odde . Thewewo originnl =odde the> enbinnt="j=Isis AphroEe, whose worshipusiget="c0ntly is atextxDd kecislnndouandai1 ct2278gwlth>int=rtateot=rts." sp.I>26her>m.ricomt=w.mpeh dce, andathus,:through>accumul00/ke,wthiwwnew " /yebec.mes a mont=spectalizDd godethregehe originnl w.ns nauRI" part.e27w.ns/ms/nwn of such a “tuturl” assimil00/ke,wo.e.,awhen two =od.garegassimil00ed i1rnaeacheother,awouldgthregin fac0>beea new a tty, cerEainlygsoawhen this aoeiti>=od " ao=ferRd worshipurep·edly. It shouldgbeestressed that the nttult o=>such a syncretism is eot that allaoutlones>betweregehe ent=neI"s=Isis andaAphroEeearegdissolvDd,aalthough>the new =od is t ·ed s ="single recipiRI" a tty. Thew=odde e>intent2278gs nllaexisc,abut made>trans/> eteon.o.llow>the new syncretiscocl=od to taki cntent=st 28

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: nt= nate" Dt andnote ">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>29 Parker" sp.I>http: p: 8" sp.I>his or herwcompaawwnew e/lthete29nttult o=>the>assimil00/kecis in this in1w.nwngeot agnew =od,wbut rethat"agnew vats eo=>anaoldeone. Thes e="Dinologrcrnoms/r0/ke.garego=>int=rtatc in the prttRI" w.nt for twnantas"jse Firstly, bechuspaassimil00/kecis o=hregused as ="synonymon.osyncretism, which is"problem.loc if"wxekeep>the> f"Tex>keeww.ting that the nttult o=>a syncretiscoclprownts is ="tenbinnt="j=o=>twnapart. that creete tw< sp.I>whethat"wxerernlygshouldgcall"tke ju at="it="js"o=>the>tker in1/" /> saassimil00/kes andathereby, t="siity>syncretisms." sp.I>

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: h1snate" Doublt">TranslntDd =ods?http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>30 E. Bikerman" sp.I>the>Warburg Ins naute" sp.I>J. Assman" sp.I>(...)http: p: p://j>31 Assman" sp.I>http: p: 9" sp.I>this dttiuss ein mindaIgretu40 to the>tker c>se sauai/w. Above, "tawas eww.er" scd that we are inneed dealing wlth>single i10.grel>recipiRI" a tt> aandaeot sevatalose/> e>=od.e Thitemakis "tat="siitiwandai1need i10.4/r0/ng to atexmionan aripys" ao=>their tit cxerse Furthermont, wlth>the onta o=>a tkird= " /yebe/ng c ·ed by twna(or mont)gforeignaelealtes,:the=suggxtx eo=>assimil00/kecandaeew syncretiscocl=ods .forat almostwcotunally. Howevat, there is yn" another t="siiilttyethat need rnabe w.nsontrDd,acomplygtkat the nttpec0/ve"=od.garegtranslnt="js o=>on another. Thewwustomoo=>translnting t="Tt=comps was"prac0/cedai1 the M’Eerranea1 worldein variac.gway andac.nt sfsinwn the tkird=millenntum B.C.Ee, as explorDd by E. Bikermanai1 the 1930r,aandamont=recently, bygtmongst otherr,aJ. Assmann, M. Smlth>.Id G. Fownte.30 i andapl.typethe thenok r"j again1w the backgroundao=>(incre>sed) ex tinge: cultunal,ww.mrerct l andapolttrcrn. Such ex tinges, hegargues,uw nt=e>sed by the intagtkat onpacouldgtranslntiwone.22s s" /> into the>k reame=s o=>other teop//w,asinwn thitemadn them recogniz0iti,a“ entaraitiwandac.ntac0aiti.2." sp.I>31

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: nt= nate" Dt andnote ">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>32 (...)http: p: p://j>33 this C.I pathaps be foundai1 the w.nt o=>the Egy/> .I nults"in e"los. (...)http: p: p://j>34 Mona" sp.I>http: p: p://j>35 S.L. Buain" sp.I>
(...)http: p: p://j>36 M.-F. Baslez, “Cult nan" dévot="js ntswphénic enseen Grèce :://ww t="Texés"marines,” in o. Bonnet,> (...)http: p: 10" sp.I>Delos, by non-Greeks (among them Phoenic .I businessk r)wwhowo=ferRd worshipun.o.>tenbinnt="j=o=>Greek andaforeigna " /> . This CerEainlygpl.typethemai1 ="w.nt whent=the t="siiilttyeo=>reta nac.gtranslnt="js mighhgbe helpful. If, howevat, the ntentors"o=>the>tker e"li>e in1/" /> s had wished to maki ="visiitiwtranslnt="jubetweregewo or mont>=od.,>their easixtxoo/> ewouldgo=>course haveeberegto c> vD ="biltngurnoi11/" /> . Ascexamp//wwo=>this C.I beetakij another i11/" /> efrom e"los, whent=Zec.gOurios"iww trectly translntDd into Lntin as JupEer Secundanc.g(" sp.I>e in1/" /> , whent=AphroEeeis translntDd in Phoenic .I as Aww.rxe, < sp.I>32my c>se in1/" /> s " sp.I>sDeiti>=ods o=>our>tker examoned in1/" /> saasgtranslnt="js anyway,gtranslnt="js that simp yeex lu the>foreignak reame= t ? I CerEainlygarguegtkat the ju at="Dd=comps shouldgbeeundat oodeas .foroached by the ntentors"as"single recipiRI" a ttips, but, again,cshouldgwe undat andgtkesew ent="texstaswst="Tex> i1 their own righh? Pathaps eot. I"propose=the t="siiilttyethat the examoned c>se sauai/wgaregatexmios by ther non-Greek ntentors"to prttRI" their non-Greek recipiRI" a tt> arnathe mainlygGreek auai/nwn of the e"li>e sancturry::an " sp.I>33Syrian>whowhadftakij agGreek comp,cor, agGreek o=>the Eas0.40erernm.34chreffrom Ptolem.ic-occuped Cypru., wlth>itsWPhoenic .I-influ35both>betaeved that the "ntentor chreffrom Sidame36

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: nt= nate" Dt andnote ">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>37 J. AndreauK. Lom.s(...)http: p: p://j>38 Buain" sp.I>http: p: p://j>39 I=tk.Ik Dr. Maria Pa0.4a for the i10.4/r0/ng suggxtx etkat the ntgulnt="js mighhgeot be sa/" fic (...)http: p: p://j>40 J. Marcadé" sp.I>(...)http: p: 11Philost cs was an>ac0/ve"t desmanaandabankat"in e"los (c."140–98WB.C.EeNap//we37see="d worshiper o=>Aww.rxe Palaiscone AphroEeeOurania is Damon,as eo=>Demetrios,go=>whom wxeknow onlygwhat he tells us"in his dentent="j: he was onwn saved from piretes.>Philost cs.22 ntent="j is dntDd c.100WB.C.Eek te>see="d cRI"uryWB.C.Ee38the>God.go=>Ascalke, a sa/"ed .rea .fo> etelyeto aWk nothertsancturri/wwo=>foreigna " /> , such as the>Syrian>sancturry andgtke variac.gsancturri/wwandgtemp//wwo=>the Egy/> .I =od.e Damon.22s alw.rawas foundafurthertaway,gbut the peceeis betaeved originnllygtoghaveew.reffrom the Sancturry o=>the>God.go=>Ascalker For itsWoriginnl loca0/ke,wot is patconeI" tkat the in1wructnams for sa/" fic/wwon Damon.22s alw.r,wo.e. that it i unlawfulon.oo=fer =oat, pigwandac.w,39ones>c> vDd onathe>alw.rao=>Poseidamgo=>Ascalke, aioo dttiovatedai1 the Sancturry o=>the>God.go=>Ascalke, andgtkought rnabelong “in pair” wlth>the alw.rato>Aww.rxe Palaiscone AphroEeeOurania erected by Philost cse40the>ct2yao=>Ascalke, himselc andghis wifxgandachildrp:, but ts =" ntent="j to PoseidamgAscalkeites." sp.I>

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: nt= nate" Dt andnote ">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>41 Baslez, l.c. (n. 36), p. 293.http: p: p://j>42 Baslez, l.c. (n. 36), p. 293–295. Phoenic .I.gabroti voidedarest icted e/lthet , such as for examp (...)http: p: p://j>43 Bonnet, o.c. (n. 36), p. 88.http: p: p://j>44 http: p: 12 s. Theyg tdaeot pl.ty their votive8gi1 ="sancturry whent=onlygtheir fellow>Ascalkeitesewouldghaveew.re, as i1ntented by m.Iy featuntteo=>their in1/" /> s. Firstly, theygprttRI" their i11/" /> eingGreek only. See="dly, theygprttRI" themselve8gwlth:an ethnoc, thusgdef"Teng>themselve8gas foreigner . This was eot o=hregthe w>se when Phoenic .I.geww.er" scd the worshipuo=>their own =od.gabroti. I1 the mostwwell known in1w.nwns, theygwouldgwnlebrntc>their ults" egrounds set .f.rxgby w.ncess , wlth>their own clergy, andgwhent="tawouldgthusgbe superfluac.gto prttRI" oneselc asWPhoenic .Ie41the local wustomoo=>emp/oy/ng spectficabycomps, but til"tke whileestressing the>foreigna tit cxer o=>their =od.gthrough>these vatygshrefe/lthet : theygundatlone the>foreignageooc.tercWorigin o=>the god/ ult: < sp.I>Palaiscone" sp.I>Ascalke" sp.I>42their =od1.1s itethusg(uniquely)estressed,43regulnt="jse44

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: nt= nate" Dt andnote ">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>45 Bonnet(...)http: p: p://j>46 Bikerman" sp.I>SegrmA. Maiuri" sp.I>e/loc " sp.I>(...)http: p: p://j>47 Parker" sp.I>Bikerman,http: p: p://j>48 AsWProf. Robatt Parkerapoites out to me,wot is i1need puzzling that Zec.gOurios"iwweot givanfa Phoe (...)http: p: p://j>49 V. Pirp:/<-Delcon, “D naovpiclèsesaexclusive8gd.I.gla Grèce polythéisce ? L’exemp//os.22Ourania,” in (...)http: p: p://j>50 Bonnet, o.c. (n. 36), p. 88, 90. On AphroEe.22s m.ricomt=specxr,aser for examp// Pirp:/<-Delcon(...)http: p: p://j>51 Cf. Bonnet,wPirp:/<-Delcon, l.c. (n. 1), p. 270;WBonnet, o.c. (n. 36), p. 88, 89. (...)http: p: p://j>52 (...)http: p: p://j>53 Bikerman" sp.I>http: p: 13" sp.I>the onta that AphroEeeOurania was the>Greek comp o=>Aww.rxe o=>Ascalke tt://ast sinwn Herootos.22 wrEtngse45the Greek comp o=>AphroEeeOurania,wjustes theyg tdawlth>Zec.gOurios"or Poseidam o=>Ascalke; .fo> etelyetheygw.nsontrDd>the Greek n.osuffic/ for the mal c=odw. Al0.4000/vely, theygw.uldghaveew.ntRI"ed themselve8gwlth>on yethe translEernted comp o=>Aww.rxe. Phoenic .I a tt> awhowheldaproperwcomps usurllygretainedgtkesewwhenaworshipedgabroti, by foreigner gandaPhoenic .I.galike, andgwxeknow for examp// o=>a Ko>e thiasos>tenbining Zec.gandaAww.rxe.46i1rercultunal a nominnt efor Aww.rxe/AphroEe. In>my opinike,wthe ntent="jouw nt=madn to Aww.rxe, the mistress o=>Ascalke tndaprotewtress o=>hertseafaring worshipers i1 the diast=ra andgtke tenbinnt="j=o=>the>two>=odde the>two>ju at="Dd= " /> , Aww.rxe is altenamed first, which in "ntentoryak reame= usurllygmea1s that she isethe mont>int=rtateoa ttye47why addgtke comp o=>the Greek =odde ? Asceotedgabove, the primrry auai/nwn (.f.rxgfrom the =odw)uw nt=Greeks andgtke HellenizDd w.mrunt2yaprttRI" in e"los. Thentfont=the ntentors"usDd>the usurl translnt="juo=>Aww.rxe:>AphroEeeOurania. Buonshis again begsethe ms/r0/ke,>why was it newntsary to i11/" be thefcomp o=>Aww.rxe aswwell,awhen on yeaWGreek de igeot ewasgw.nsontrDd>newntsary for herwf.rxnat, Zec.gOurios?48Aww.rxe.22s comp for the saki o=>cl.ricy. If"on yeAphroEeeOurania had beregde igeoted as recipiRI", in this panon"ul0r "ntentoryaw.nt , she iselikelygtoghaveeberegundat oodeexclusivelygte>the Greek =odde o=>that nomp,ccerEainlygsoawhen worshipedgsont by sont wlth>.>see="d Greek =od. Howevat, the Greek AphroEeeOurania tdaeot exactly match the a ttyethe Phoenic .I.gwished to honour. It i likelygthat Philost cs andaDamon keew that the Greek cult o=>AphroEeeOurania tdaeot (or tdaeo>longat)aw.rnttp="d well to the>cult o=>their t2yaprotewtress. Ouraexamoned ntent="jouw nt=erected i1 age"los dominntedaby Athejse AphroEeeOurania was =n int=rtateoa tty i1 the latexr t2y. Justelike Aww.rxe, she had siget="c0ntapolttrcrn=specxr,abut, as w xarly dem.ns rntedaby V. Pirp:/<-Delconthe Athej .I Ourania was mainlygconnected to marriagxgandafecundttye4950de igeoted auai/nwn of Greeks andgHellenizDd Phoenic .I.gwhat the "ntentors waI"ed to convey.eOurania "juhat"ow ewouldgi1 the e"li>e-Athej .I w.nt haveeevoked too strong yethe int=rtateomarriagxg=odde ,>both>if=pnttRI"ed i1 the Greek sectnam o=>a biltngurnot or "juhat"ow eie tn all-Greek "ntentoryai11/" /> . But tt:the shrefcomt, Damon andaPhilost cs did wish to explai1 the wtit cxer o=>their Aww.rxe, whowwas"pathaps eot nough>well known n.ostandaalone. Thus,:on yethrough>a tenbinnt="j=o=>the>two>=odde exactitu which a ttyethey waI"ed to honour: Aww.rxe, the Palaiscon .I one, whowi like (but eot intentcalon.)>the AphroEeespectfied as Ourania. I=suggxtxothat i1 these>two>in1/" /> s, the>sDeiti>=od>Aww.rxe Palaiscone AphroEeeOurania is eot ag(new) syncretiscocl=od, but tn i1rercultunal translnt="j. This translnt="jufunctnams oegewo levals. On the>one hand, the eentn la nominnt eis a translnt="juinto Greek o=>the spectfica=od1.1s honoured. But o1 the other hand, AphroEeeOurania aioo translntDs>Aww.rxe. Bechuspathe>i11/" /> eis eot biltngurnoandathus eot se/> ed i1rnaa Phoenic .I t altenaming Aww.rxe andaa Greek one altenaming AphroEe, anyebeholder is conced to ntad thewcomps o=>Aww.rxe andaAphroEeetogethate Thitemea1s that whileethefcomp o=>AphroEeeOurania translntDs>Aww.rxe i1rnaa t="Texy familiat to the>Greeks,wot simultaneou lyg.llows her (Aww.rxe) to ntEain>a t xar>foreigna tit cxer, bechuspao=>the>orilte l connotnt="js o=>Ourania. By eot altenaming AphroEeeOurania aione, but in conbinnt="j=wlth>Aww.rxe, attltenam is l.dtawaygfrom the Athej .I nu/> .l =odde oandatowards the i10.4000/kernoundat anding o=>AphroEeeOurania as Aww.rxeao=>Ascalke, somtthing which in tu40 clevarly dtrects the uai/nwn.22s ateltenam mainlygto the>first-altenamed =odde .51the additnam o=>a see="d recipiRI" a tty wlth>safetyeat sea as ="spectali2y,aAww.rxe andaAphroEe.22s m.rine specxr aregput to the>fore; they meet andaac0/vate, as ituw nt,wthiwwp=wer in eacheother. Zec.gOurios, Zec.go=>the>Fair Wind, furthertreinconcesethe m.rine quali2i/wwo=>this ntent="j.52n.o.ll>Greek-speaking visitors, the>sDeiti>a nominnt eshows the recipiRI" =odde ornabe firstly the mistress o=>Ascalke, the>.nwnstr.l =od tndaprotewtress o=>Philost cs andaDamon, shel0.4ing hert< sp.I>Ascalke/Pal/r0/ne, and, through>Aww.rxe.22s andaAphroEe.22s added m.rine quali2i/w, aioo "j=whatevat"voyaa nominnt eitethusgagtranslnt="j, but eot a=s rnighhconward " sp.I>53

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: nt= nate" Dt andnote ">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>54 Bonnet, o.c. (n. 34), p. 90;WBaslez, l.c. (n. 34), p. 300;WO. Masske" sp.I>, “Rechatchas sur://wwPhénic en (...)http: p: p://j>55 Clermont-Ganneau, l.c. (n. 18), p. 310, n. 4;WBaslez, l.c. (n. 36), p. 300.http: p: p://j>56 Baslez, l.c. (n. 36), p. 300;WBuain" sp.I>, l.c. (n. 35);WBonnet, o.c. (n. 36), p. 90. Thefcomp aoes howev (...)http: p: 14< sp.I>onpao=>the> "ntentors himselc. Philost cs " aobviou yeaWGreek, eot a=Phoenic .I comp. Howevat, ot is i1 thi.gC.sp aioo a Greek vats eo=>a Phoenic .I theophoric comp formed from Aww.rxe:>for pnttRI"nt="juin a Greek w.nt , Phoenic .I.gcarrying the>=odde .22 comp o=hregchose Greek comps i1 lu ing STRAT- as equ/valltes,:bechuspao=>the>acou coclnttRmblatc wlth>Aww.rxe.54retevatc for the i10.4pretatiom o=>the>sDeiti>recipiRI" =od. Thewinta that there is eot a=fullwequ/valltceubetweregAww.rxe andaAphroEe, that the "vot="jeis poiteed to Aww.rxe ie thi.gC.sp,fitecorroboreted by Philost cs.22 choiwn of how>to prttRI" himselc i1 the Greek world. Sh.uldghe haveewaI"ed to expre exclusive "vot="jeto AphroEe, orewaI"ed a"w.mp//tiwtranslnt="juequnting Aww.rxe andaAphroEe, hegcouldghaveeusDd>the comp Aphrosios"for himselc. This comp was in fac0>popul0r in>Ascalke tndaSidam,5556Philost cs.22 andaDamon.22s ntent="jouw nt=a tt> ao=>a fine-tuned ctit cxer.>A=s rnighhconward translnt="juo=>onpa=od1.1s into the>othertseem unlikely. Howevat, neithertisethe w.mp//x Aww.rxe AphroEeea new syncretiscocl=od wlth>onpaheighhened,eiteenst="/d,wp=wer, as was the>w>se wlth>Isis AphroEe, nor has oTt==od1.1s whollygte"imil00ed the>othertto form"agnew vats eo=>herrelc. What we ltcouteer o1 the stones>from the Sancturry o=>the>God.go=>Ascalkeeis a pnttRI"nt="j, translntDd to the>HellenizDd world, o=>the>Phoenic .I =od1.1s Aww.rxe o=>Ascalke tndeo=>hertrelnt="jshipuwlth>the "voteesgtkat lef" their homtacttye

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: h1snate" Doublt">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>57 A. Hauvette-Besnault(...)http: p: p://j>58 Roussel, o.c. (n. 20), p. 132.http: p: p://j>59 Parker" sp.I>Bikerman" sp.I>http: p: p://j>60 For Soteira as ="m.rine protewtress:WBricault, o.c. (n. 2), eo. 204/0108;WM.-F. Baslez, Rechatchas (...)http: p: p://j>61 It is pathaps aioo "=>i10.4/r0 to eotegtkat Soter/Soteira is"usDd>mostly for the Egy/> .I =od., anda< sp.I>(...)http: p: 15< sp.I>i11/" /> erem.in rnabe ditiussed,wthe ntent="jepnttRI"ed to Isis Soteira< sp.I> eingthe shrefwaygas the>twnapreviou ,wo.e., as ="translntDd pnttRI"nt="juo=>a foreigna=odde ,>expre =odde othertcultunes,uwhich thusgallow>cerEain quali2i/wwrnabew.refanon"ul0ted. What is"problem.loc here is o=>course that the ethnocwintent2yao=>the> "ntentor,wwruc el>to the>previou gargumRI", is missing. If"oneetakis the>wlueffrom the i11/" /> eitrelc,ga>Syrian> "ntentor is eot likelygtog andgbehindwthe ntent="j,wsinwn there is in fac0>no>Syrian>elealte pnttRI"e AphroEeeis eot w llSyrian, nor is Aw.rgnt=s>herrelc pnttRI"e57known examp//wwo=>="mixubetweregSyrian>andaEgy/> .I nults"in e"los.58 . Sw.rxing wlth>the>femal c ent="tex, ot is eoteworthy that Aww.rxe isethe on yea tty who .forat rnabe pnttRI"ed wlthout .Ife/lthet. Is this an i1ntent eo=>her suprem.cyaover the>othert=odde the> "ntentor? Pathaps,gbut thisawouldgtheI beedoneeingthe shadow o=>the>fac0>that there ant=Egy/> .I =od. prttRI"eingboth>the mal candafemal c ent="tex. Asceotedgabove, oTt==od usurllygseem rnabe the maiI oneai1 ="w.nt="tex, andait is typocrllygthe>first==od altenamed.59 s. By aripogy, i1 the tkird=in1/" /> , whent=Isis is compd btfont=Aww.rxe, she wouldgtheI beethe maiI a tty, wlth>the>othert=odde beholder o=>the>i11/" /> etndapathaps pinpoiteing the>aspecx that the "ntentor intent="/8gas unt2ing the>ther i1 the w.nt o=>his ntent="j. The g · i10.4000/kernopopul0rt2yao=>Isis makis "tadifficult towevan"speculntiwon the ethnocrnointent2yao=>the> onor. S.refsuggxtx swon the wtit cxer o=>hi.gC.nt="texea tty mighhghowevat beemadn,wsinwn et generrn leval, the>ther =odde Isis Soteira isethe sw.rxing poite, andgtkis l.adteme n.osuggxtxothat the eentn lw.mp//x o=>=odde expre Phoenic .I a"d Greek cultune=respecxively.60cenbinnt="j=o=>=odde w>nnot>know,gbut eithertway,gitgundatlonepethe terform00/ve>behaviourwo=>="=od1.1s who liseens andaac0/velygi10.4van i1 the lifeeo=>her worshipers.61

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: nt= nate" Dt andnote ">http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>62 Pakkanen, o.c., (n. 7), p. 90.http: p: p://j>63 Dunand" sp.I>II, p. 110; Philippi: RICIS" sp.I> 113/1002;WP. Coll.rx" sp.I>, “Le"sancturtn la swdieu (...)http: p: p://j>64 Coll.rx, < sp.I>(...)http: p: p://j>65 J. W ll i1 Greek D ntena< sp.I>(...)http: p: p://j>66 Dunand" sp.I>W llhttp: p: p://j>67 the < sp.I>nnot>< sp.I>(...)http: p: 16Damon.22s Aww.rxe AphroEe, Zec.gOurios, sinwn thiww=od is eot a=C.nt="texefigure,gbut the well-known Greek "tty Zec.g< sp.I>the>Fair Wind" sp.I>="mal c ent="tex:aErosoHarpokretesoApollon. This is,>if=p="siiti, .Ifevan"mont=wemp/tented synbiosisethan the examoned =odde eteufunctnamal aff"Tex> , nor do theygw.rnttp="d ie tnyaobviou fwaygto the>trip.rxite t.rxnate=odde . The Phoenic .I elealte is missing andgtke Greek w.nt=neI" sDeitid. It has beregsuggxtxed that the youthfulo=od. ErosoandgHarpokretesoant=intent="/d wlth>eacheother, andgtkat Apollon is prttRI"eas ="tributegto the>e"li>e w.nt .62w>se.gHarpokretesoandaApollon w nt=asskc .xDd kutsont o=>e"los; in e/loc.tercosourwns the>cenbinnt="j=has beregintent="/d in Philippi, ThetsalkeikioandaNap//we63these>i11/" /> ., a radocrnosolut="jeto the=s rnngt=pnttRIceao=>Erosoin < sp.I>a mistaki for Horus, whowi acturllygprttRI"eingthe altenamed non-e"li>e Harpokretes-Apollon in1/" /> s.64Phoenic .I =od, i1 parallthe Egy/>o-Phoenic .I-Greek femal c ent="tex. Sinwn the ntading is quEeew xar,awe probaity dnabetexr i1 leaving Horus behindwandatrying to undat andgwhat is"acturllygrnabe seen on the stone.>A=p="siitiwi10.4pretatiom o=>the>cenbinnt="j=Eros-Harpokretes-Apollon wouldgbe aufunctnamal temp//x, like the>acw.mp.Iying femal cone. Thi.gC.nt//x aoes eot seem to undatlone a matching m.rine conCern. Intxeti,wI=suggxtxothat filial or:mother-childtrelnt="jsgcouldgbeethe joining fac0or.65Isis,>Erosothe som o=>AphroEe. Leto is eot prttRI"eingthe femal ctrip// =od, but we musteeot cone"li>e w.nt , whent=Apollon waseo=hreganon"ul0ted as ="s etndaa brother, wlthingthe Leto-Arxemis-Apollon triad oretogethat wlth>hiwwsiseer.66the> "ntentor.22s wifxgandachildrp:oandathus the>family w.nt couldgbee"=>retevatc for the undat anding o=>the t="Tt=temp//xes. CerEainly,wthiwwsuggxtx="jeaoes eot prttRI"ew.mp//tiwcohenttc among>the>cenbinDd= " /> . BesontswLeto, ="s eo=>Aww.rxe is missing,etndapathaps oneewouldghaveeexpected Harpokretesornabe the t="Tt=comp first=altenamed,gingacw.rdatc wlth>the tlacing o=>Isis.67=odseaoes eot i1 lu e e/lthet gto i1ntente a spectficawtit cxer andgthe "ntentor choose eot tog ate a spectficantas"j"for his"tk.Ik-o=feringe

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p: h1snate" Doublt">Conclusike" a>http: p: p: ul nate" Dsonteote ">http: p: p: p://j>68 M.rxinhttp: p: p://j>69 , see W llhttp: p: 17focc.go=>the>prttRI"eanon"le=has beregto i1vxtx gate whethat"tke>ther examoned t="Tt=ju at="it="jsgdnac ·e syncretiscocl=od ,wo.e., new tent2> born through>the act andawill, through>the agttcy o=>="worshiper. CerEainly,waI anbigu /yewill always rem.in, i1 that the ntcipiRI"=a tt> aare>one andam.Iy, new tndeold. Howevat, in conclusikewI=wouldglike togargut=that no, theygaregnot new syncretism " /> , bechuspathe>=od.gareeusDd>to explai1 one another. I betaeve that what is"at staki, rethat"than syncretiscocl=od ,ware> "ntentors behaving iI a=syncretiscoclmanner, i1 the syncretiscoclmilieu o=>Helleniscocle"los. The> "ntentors ant=wensciou yeusing their>knowledgee"=>variac.gcultunes i1 i10.4acx , andgthey ant=wemruntcnting i1 term rnabe i10.lligiitiwtogasem.Iy as"p="siiti, =od.gandghum.I.galike. Inathi.gthey ant=acx ng iI a=waygthat fitswwell wlth>the>functnaming o=>a=syncretiscoclsystem as intent="/d by M.rxin, whowseesgHelleniscoclsyncretism8gas “systemicantlnt="jshipse"=>retRmblatc c.ns rusymp.thy tndaaentp.thy”.68ther e"li>e "ntentors havefsurely foundaa goodewaygo=>c · ng t="Tt= lli.nwns, lining up>retRmbling =od.gfrom tffe eteucultunes to caregfor their>spectfica"itunt="jse69

http: p: p:p://nt=>http: p: p:p://nt=>Hau"=a pahttp: p: p: nt= id="eote " nate" Dsectnam">http: p: p:

http: p: p: 1 Hera>AphroEe: Phusanias, III, 13, 9. Sep aioo C. Bonnet, V. Pirp:/<-Delcon, “D ux dée A. MotEe, C. Bonnet (eds.), L, Bruxelles/R.re, 1999, p. 249–273, esp. p. 266–268. A ntent="jeto Hera>AphroEe foundain>Akoris,>Egy/>,=has beregi10.4preted as =n < sp.I>H.thor: < sp.I>Zec.gAnes: IG V 2, 343 = IPArk 15. For the>phenok r"jain>generrn, see R. Parker" sp.I>, “Arxémi.gIllthye et au"nes :gle problèmp au eom t="T utilisé conmRaovpiclèse,” in N. Btlnyche et al. (eds.), NonmRr://wwdieux. Théonymps, ovpithètps, ovpiclèsesad.I.gl’Aentquixé, Turnhout,w2005 (Rechatchas sur://wwrhétortques religi use , 5), p. 219–226.

http: p: p:2>Isis AphroEe: IDélos" em> 2040,w2080 tnda2158 = L. Bricault, Recueilla swin1/" /> s conCernateo//wwcultesoisiaques (RICIS), Paris,>2005, vol. I, eos. 202/0346, 202/0322 tnda202/0350; Am.thous, Cyprus: SEG 38,c1501; Pati10hos-Herrkleia: RICIS" sp.I> 114/0601; M.H. Sayar, Pati10hos-Herrkleia (M.rmara Ereğlisi) und Umgebung. GeschichEe, Txtx moniRI, =riechische und lateinische In1/hrifeen, ViRIna, 1998 (Öseerreichische Akademie> "r Wi , WiRI, Philosophisch-histortsche Kate"y. Denk1/hrifeen, 269), eo. 42etndapathaps from Egy/> (Abu el-Matamor):WA. Btrnand" sp.I>, L< e"lta Égy/> regd’aprèso//wwoublts g cs" em> I, 4: La Béhéra Méridnamale, Cairo, 1970 (Mémoines publiés pano//wwmRmbres cl’Intxituxgfrançaiww ’atchéologre>orilte lp au Caire, 422), p. 925–928.

http: p: p:3 IDélos" em> 1719, 2132 tnda2305.

http: p: p:4 IDélos" em> 1719 tnda2305.

http: p: p:5 IDélos" em> 2132.

http: p: p:6 C. Bonnet, “Le"roi et la dée <. Àapropos cla déntence g cque à Ptolemée et AphroEeed cla grotEeed cWaww., prèsod cTyr,” Studi E/loc.fici e Ltnguiscoci sul Vicino Oriltee Aentco 21 (2004), p. 125–140. Cf. F. Dunand" sp.I>, L< cultew ’Isis d.I.gle bte"in>orilte l d cla MéEerranée" em> I-III, Leinte, 1973, vol. "sp.I

http: p: p:7 P. Pakkanenthe>Finnish Intxituxe"at Athejs" sp.I>

http: p: p:8 P. Lévêque, “Essai d ctypologre>dF. Dunand, P. Lévêque
(eds.), L, Paris,>1973 (Bibliothèque détudétud’histotn la swreligi s d cStrasbourg), p. 179–187.

http: p: p:9 A. MotEe, V. Pirp:/<-Delcon, “Du « b"jausa 7 (1994), p. 11–27.

http: p: p:10 MotEe, Pirp:/<-Delcon l.c. (n. 9), p. 18.

http: p: p:11 L.H. M.rxine Minerva? HelleniscoclReligikus Syncretism as ="System,” < sp.I>what maygseem “/haot=c” to us, sinwn the Greeks themselve8g.fo> etelye tdaeot findwan inf"Tex amount=o=>=ods, w.ntradoctoryaacw.uI"s o=>their>w.mpetttc s andaac0/ s etc., much o=>a=problem, see for examp// R. Parker" sp.I>the Greek Cult E/lthet”, < sp.I>H.S. Ver nelthe>Godw. Wayward Rtading i1 Greek Theology" sp.I>

http: p: p:12 the so-w llthe>God.go=>Ascalke. It shouldgbeeeotedgthat the sancturry itethusgcompd i1 part:bechuspao=>thiswin1/" /> e

http: p: p:13" a> "ntentor,wsep aioo m.Iy aspecxr o=>the>cent//x relnt="jshipubetweregAphroEeeandaAww.rxe, see BonnetPirp:/<-Delcon

http: p: p:14< a>

http: p: p:15< a> .I tndaOrilte l =ods: < sp.I>Helleniscoclnults"o=>e"losain>generrn, see the still int=rtateo< sp.I>P. < sp.I>Bruneau, Rechatchas sur://wwculteso cDélos à l’époque hellénisntque et à l’époque intériale, Paris,>1970 (BEFAR, 217). "sp.I s t ·ed ie thi.ganon"le, see p. 346–348.

http: p: p:16 0.41, foundaclose to the=south.40 wall o=>the>< sp.I>

http: p: p:17 (ie thi.gC.sp)wtwo:se/> e>=ods, or:maygf·unt=asskc .xDd t="Tt=p=wers, what matxers here is that two>=ods ant=t ·ed as oTt=recipiRI" a tty. The gods approached in < sp.I>AphroEeeOurania, but Zec.gOurios"andaAww.rxe Palaiscone AphroEeeOuraniae

http: p: p:18 Ch. Clermont-Ganneau, “Une déntence à AphroEeePal/r0/niRIne, découverxe à Délos,” CRAI 53 (1909), p. 307–317. This"waselatertrecnt="/d by the editor, i1 Ch< sp.I>. Clermont-Ganneau 54 (1910), p. 412–413e

http: p: p:19 the>=ymnasium, d ntent="jouw nt=o=hregpnttRI"ed to Herm s andaHerrkles, thus, .IfeditorewouldghardlygprttRI"eHerm s Herrkleswo=>< sp.I>the layout aoes eot se/> e>them visurllygon the stone, as in < sp.I> s/book?bookid=22&regi =7&subregi =23">

http: p: p:20 I1v. E 425. Heighh 0.85m, lenghh 0.63m, width 0.57m. Sep aioo P. Roussel, L/wwcultesoégy/> res à Délos du ii" sp.I>e au i" sp.I>er siè"le=av. 1916, p. 196, eo. 194e

http: p: p:21 F. Mora< sp.I>Isiaca 1. Corpus"prosopooc.tercumwreligi isoisiacae" sp.I>RICIS" sp.I>

http: p: p:22 first==od1.1s is e/loc.tercrllygatxesed ie variac.gpl.ty i1 the Greek world,wandaa well-known typeei1 iconooc.tey.>Isis Demetertiseto my>knowledgeeeot atxesed ie i11/" /> ., but the coali2ion is well defoned in>othertsourwns, eot //ast in iconooc.tey:o< sp.I>PakkanenP. PachisHelleniscoclathe>Isis-DemetertCult,” in L.H. M.rxinP. Pachis2004, p. 163–207. For Zec.gAnm"j, see for examp// Pindaros, < sp.I>J. W ll

http: p: p:23" a> =odde the>worship o=>AphroEeaArsinoë/AphroEeaArsinoë, see for examp// P.M. Fraspr" sp.I>K. Gutzwiller" sp.I>Be etice: Fantasy, Rom0nce,wandaPropaK. Gutzwiller" sp.I>Halcy , andgSelE. Carney" sp.I>atiom o=>Cult for Royal M.tydkei.I Wok r”, < sp.I>S. Barbantani" sp.I>Love andaMis r.1s o=>the>Sea. Note et HelleniscoclHymjeto Arsinoë-AphroEe,” < sp.I>S. Caneva< sp.I>Cult ”, < sp.I> E. Carney" sp.I>Egy/> andaM.tydke.>A=Royal Life" sp.I>relnt="jshipubetweregthe =od1.1s andgthe queen: “intent="c00/ke”, “te"imili00/ke” andg“te"kc .x/ke” art= lleusDd. This is=w xarly aegint=rtateoandai10.4/r0ing C.sp that wouldgprof"tafrom a poiteed studye

http: p: p:24< a> MotEe, Pirp:/<-DelconJ. Assmann" sp.I>S. Buntek, W. Isero< sp.I>(eds.), < sp.I>Cultun . Figurax swo=>the>Spnce Betwere" sp.I>

http: p: p:25 a formRr:prixtxoprttRI"Dd a ntent="jeto Isis AphroEe. The> t="Tt=compsgaforat wlthout . < sp.I>ixr owj. The i11/" /> ethusgfurthertillust epethe troblem examoned andaenh.nwns the int=rtatceao=>examoning eachei11/" /> eingw.nt . The editorsghowevat betaeve the:prixtxornabe o=>Isis-AphroEeeandad e>theei11/" /> e3rd-2ndacRI"ury B.C.Ee

http: p: p:26 W ll

http: p: p:27

http: p: p:28 Assmann" sp.I> aare>eot altogethat abol" scd;gthey ant=on yem.d transo> ete, as ituw nt.” An “i10.4000/kerno t="Tt= lli.nwn” wouldgpathaps be anothergpatconeteoterm to "1/" bn thiwwoutw.re. Sep furthermont=< sp.I>Parker,two> t="Tt=compsgaoes eot always meaegintent="ent eor as"imilnt="j, but sep aioo Fraspr < sp.I>29 Parker" sp.I>

http: p: p:30 E. Bikerman" sp.I>the>Warburg Intxituxe" sp.I>J. Assman" sp.I> .I. The Memory o=>Egy/> in WesernaMonotheism" sp.I>M.S. Smith< sp.I>Translntike.>D tt> ai1 Cross-Cultunal Discourseei1 the BiblicrnoWorld" sp.I>G. Fowden .I Herm s.>A=HistortcrnoApproach to the=LaEeePagae Mind" sp.I>

http: p: p:31 Assman" sp.I>

http: p: p:32 M. SegrmddG.Levi>deote by M. Segrm), “Una Bilireae Greco-Nabatea:a>Coo”, < sp.I> s haveebeejefoundain>m.Iy pl.ty aroundathe MeEerraneae: Mtlw., Cyprus, Athejs, Milnt"s andaRhodns, for examp//; see P.M. Fraspr" sp.I> s from Rhodns”, < sp.I> t="Tt=compsgaforat i1 lists, giving>the>cernttp="ding>compsgi1 two or:moreWk reame=s, Assman" sp.I>

http: p: p:33" a> examp//sao=>thiswcangpathaps be foundain>the w.nt o=>the>Egy/> .I cult i1 e"los. Rousselgsuggxtxed that these> t="Ttt> aquEeeo=hregw nt=prttRI"Dd by hiwwor her Greek andaEgy/> .I comp, as for examp// in < sp.I>Isis,>Anoubis Herm s andaApollon Harpokreteso(the "ntentor is anlAlexandrian):o< sp.I>RousselAssmann,Egy/> .I gods as anlEgy/> .I conCe/> e

http: p: p:34< a> Mora< sp.I>

http: p: p:35< a> S.L. Buntn" sp.I>the>AphroEe-Ashw.rx Syncretism,” < sp.I>cenbinnt="j=o=>=odseasew ·ed through>c.nsideratiom o=>the>politicml milieu o=>Cyprusetndaproposesgtkat during the>Ptolemaocloccupnt="jethereewas “a>eeDd to recognizn the Greek/Cypriot,>Phoenic .I/Cypriot,>andaEgy/> .I p.Ithe.ns” (p. 131).

http: p: p:36 M.-F. Baslez, “Cultesoet dévot="jsgdes phénic res e1 Grèce :gles> t="Tttés m.rines,” in C. Bonnet, E. Lipin1ki,>P. M.rchetti < sp.I>(eds.), Religik>Phoenic ., Namur, 1986 (Studia>Phoenic ., 4), p. 289–305; C. Bonnet, Aww.rxé. D="siertdocumRItaireoet per pecxive8ghistortquxt, R.re, 1996 (C.ntributi allaastorta>d, 2). "sp.I BaslezBonnetSidke. Hiller v"jeGaertringen betaevedgthe "ntentor rnabe a e"li>e citizen: Greek Persamal NompsAndromncho8gas “atxesed ie e"los”: Andromncho8geo. 9.

http: p: p:37 J. AndreauK. Lom0s200.>A=Sourwnbook" sp.I>

http: p: p:38 Buntn" sp.I>

http: p: p:39 Pateragfor theai10.4/r0ing suggxtx="jethat the ntgulax swmighh eot be sacrt="cirn, but me=erring toethe trohibit="jwo=>bringing toethe sancturry anything m.d o=>(the skins"o=)>=oat, pig andacow (persamal wemruntcntion);wsep aioo M. Patera" sp.I> s o=>the>HelleniscoclandaRom0n Patiod,” in K. Vöe"ing, S. Scamenk" sp.I> in religiöeen>Kont e1 "r römtschen>Kaiserzein" sp.I>tpr" sp.I>

http: p: p:40 J. M.rcadé < sp.I>se/> es AphroEeeOurania"andaAww.rxe asetwo> tffe ett>=odde

http: p: p:41 Baslez, l.c. (n. 36), p. 293.

http: p: p:42 Baslez, l.c. (n. 36), p. 293–295.>Phoenic .I8gabroad avoi "n 4/r0ricted t/lthetr, such as for examp// Ourania"for theagod1.1s o=>Kit="jw(p. 294–295); Bonnet, o.c. (n. 36), p. 88.

http: p: p:43 Bonnet, o.c. (n. 36), p. 88.

http: p: p:44

http: p: p:45< a> BonnetKit="jwin the Pirpus, < sp.I>S. Pricmthe>AnciRI" GreeksB. Breinenberger" sp.I>Erot=c Mythology i1 Early Greek Poetry and>CultOn the>relnt="jshipuandai10.4ac0/ s betweregAphroEeeandaAww.rxe, see Bonnet, Pirp:/<-Delcon, l.c. (n. 1), p. 249–273.

http: p: p:46 Bikerman" sp.I>SegrmA. Maiuri" sp.I>

http: p: p:47 Parker" sp.I>Bikerman,

http: p: p:48 AsaProf. Robert Parker poitewwouteto me,wit is:indeDd puzzling that Zec.gOurios"is eot givejea Phoenic .I comp, as part:o=>a=worship/d t="Tt=coup//.>Is Zec.gandaAww.rxe p="siblygt>reoccurring,wif eot well-/r0abl" scd,=coup//, wlth:a>m.rine Baal hiding behindathe comp:o=>Zec.? Sep onCe ag.inWSegrmMaiuri" sp.I>Bonnetmind,athe comp:Aww.rxe att4ac0sgevan"mont=atxennamlag.inst the backgroundao=>the>two>Greek compse

http: p: p:49 V. Pirp:/<-Delcon, “Desoépiclèsesgexclusive8gd.I8gla Grèce>polythéitxe ? L’exemp// ’Ourania,” in Belnychm et al. (eds.), o.c. (n. 2), p. 271–290, esp. p. 280–282;W s/book?bookid=172&regi =1&subregi =71"lSEGV. Pirp:/<-Delcon, L’AphroEeegrmcque, Athènes/Liège, 1994 (K.40os" em>, suppl. 4), p. 15–25. "sp.I Athejs, see Pirp:/<-DelconBonnet, Pirp:/<-DelconY. Ur0inova< sp.I>the>Bosporus: The G · God1.1s o=>a FrontiertP.Ithe.n,” < sp.I>Y. Ur0inova< sp.I>the>Bospor.I Kingdom: Cel/r0/rnoAphroEeeandathe Most High:God,G. Pironti< sp.I>anciRIne" sp.I>cenp//x>c.nnec0/ s to Ouranos/Heavte, o=>Ouraniae

http: p: p:50 Bonnet, o.c. (n. 36), p. 88, 90e "sp.I Pirp:/<-DelconR. Parker" sp.I>AphroEeaPandam"s andaPontiaaon Cos,” in H.F.J. Horstm.I8hof=>< sp.I>H.S. Versnel" sp.I>D. Demetriac" sp.I>Τῆς πάσης ναυτιλίης φύλαξ

http: p: p:51 Cf. Bonnet, Pirp:/<-Delcon, l.c. (n. 1), p. 270; Bonnet, o.c. (n. 36), p. 88, 89. "sp.I the>first-mennamed a tty, see below.

http: p: p:52 J. W llσῴζων, σῴζουσαthe>sea, see Bonnete/lthet for AphroEe ieg< sp.I> "ntentor.22s choiceao=>the e/lthet Ourania"bew.resgevan"mont=eye-catching inWthiswc.nt . It is:furthermont=i10.4/r0ing to eote the>similnri2y inWsonori2y betweregOurios"andaOuraniae

http: p: p:53" a> Bikerman" sp.I>

http: p: p:54 Bonnet, o.c. (n. 34), p. 90; Baslez, l.c. (n. 34), p. 300; O. Maws"j, “Recherches sur les>Phénic res d.I8gle monda hellénisntque,” BCH" em> 93 (1969), p. 679–700, esp. p. 692; Clermont-Ganneau, l.c. (n. 18), p. 310e "sp.I M.-F. Baslezétrangertd.I8gla Grèce>aentquethe comp:Heliodoro8gas a subtxituxe"for theaArab Abd-el-Shamashg(Servan o=>the>Sun)eandathe comp:Mousaios"usDd in1teadao=>the>JewishgMosns. — I"thank Prof. J.I Bremmer for suggxtx=ng to meWthat the choiceao=>Greek comps including a>dSt - for Phoenic .I comps stemming from Aww.rxe mighh aioo mirror theam.rxial wha4ac0er o=>Aww.rxe; the=acouscoclrttRmblatceawas pathaps eot the=on yefac0or involved (persamal wemruntcntion)e

http: p: p:55 Clermont-Ganneau, l.c. (n. 18), p. 310, n. 4; Baslez, l.c. (n. 36), p. 300.

http: p: p:56 Baslez, l.c. (n. 36), p. 300; Buntn" sp.I>, l.c. (n. 35); Bonnet, o.c. (n. 36), p. 90e "sp.I efoundain>Athejs, translnting the Phoenic .I “I am Shmr, som o=>Abd‘"sp.I Ashw.rx”)gas “Annpatro8gAphrosiou,” see
E.H. Palmat,wJ.E. Sandys ,” < sp.I>PhilologyBuntn" sp.I>translaxed comps, such as Herakleides for Abdelmalq.rx, see Fraspr" sp.I>

http: p: p:57 A. Hauvette-Besnault teux étrangers,” ethat itgaforats to “cenp//telygintent=y Isis andathe SyriangAphroEe.2 (p. 473). Sep aioo Bikerman" sp.I>thiswcomp-chaIge. For Mora.22s suggxtx="jethat the "ntentor was from Annacheia, see Mora< sp.I>=odde 58 Roussel, o.c. (n. 20), p. 132.

http: p: p:59 Parker" sp.I>Bikerman" sp.I>

http: p: p:60 For Soteiragas a m.rine protectr.1s: Brtcrult, o.c. (n. 2), eo. 204/0108; M.-F. Baslez, Recherches sur les>c="dit="jsgde pénétrax="jeet de> tffusi es>religi s orilteales>o Délos (< em>iie–< em>ier s. avan eotnt=ere)" em>, Paris, 1977 (C.llec0/ de>l.22Éco// Normale=Supérilunt=d jeunes filles" em>, 9), p. 88; Dunand" sp.I>, o.c. (n. 6), vole "sp.I A.D. Nock" sp.I>Hippo" sp.I>

http: p: p:61 It is:pathaps aioo "=>i10.4/r0 to eote that Soter/Soteiragis"usDd most yefor theaEgy/> .I gods,>andaEpekoosefor theaorilteal>=odseor by Orilteal>worship/rs:o< sp.I>Baslez

http: p: p:62 Pakkanen" sp.I>, o.c., (n. 7), p. 90e

http: p: p:63" a> Dunand" sp.I>II, p. 110;WPhilippi: RICIS" sp.I> 113/1002; P. C.llart, “Le sancturir/ es> teux égy/> res o Philippes,” BCH 53 (1929), p. 70–100, esp. p. 77–79. "sp.I RICIS" sp.I>RICIS" sp.I> ewas w rved et otatue baseeandaaforats to haveew rrildet otatue o=>the>tamee>=ods, prttumablygtwwone>figure. Brtcrult < sp.I>=od inWthiswlatxerein1/" /> , inWc.ntrar0 to hiswcos. 113/0525eanda113/1002, whereehe betaevesgHorus-Apollon iswse/> ed from Harpokretes.aApollon andaHarpokretesoant=pathaps associaed ie anotherge"li>e in1/" /> , < sp.I>RICIS" sp.I>
=ods: Roussel

http: p: p:64< a> already by Herootos, II, 144.lSep aioo C.llart, < sp.I>

http: p: p:65< a> J. W llM. Haysom,wJ. W llApproaches to Religike in>AnciRI" Greece,wPap/rs PrttRI"Dd at a Symposium at the Sw ntsh In1xituxe"at Athejs, Athejs 17–19 April 2008" sp.I>

http: p: p:66 Dunand" sp.I>W ll

http: p: p:67 wlth:the < sp.I>recipiRI" a ttixt/ t="Tt=desige·i s.

http: p: p:68 M.rxin

http: p: p:69 W ll

Haut de>pahttp: p: < t= id="quotatio="Wnate" Dsec0/ ">http: p: p:Pour cEer cet arxiclehttp: p: p:

Référence>papiRr

http: p: p:

Jenny W ll, « , 27 | 2014, 159-176e

http: p: p:

Référence>élec0rontque

http: p: p:

Jenny W ll, «  [E1 ligne], 27 | 2014, mis e1 lignegle 01 octobre 2016, w.nsultégle 17 décembre 2017. URL : http://jourerns.openedit="j.onHaut de>pahttp: p: < t= id="authors"Wnate" Dsec0/ ">http: p: p:Auxeurhttp: p: p:

Jenny W ll

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">Mitseo= 9
GR – 117 42 Athejs

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