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Methology and contexts

Using archaeological data to infer past relative sea-level positions along the Bulgarian coast of the Black Sea

Variations relatives du niveau de la mer à partir des indicateurs archéologiques le long des côtes bulgares (mer Noire)
Preslav Peev
p. 17-24

Abstracts

Here we present a review of the present position of ancient harbours along the Bulgarian coast of the Black Sea. This study provides new insights into the relative sea-level evolution of this area since antiquity. Archeological data show that relative sea level (RSL) was around -4 m below present in the 6th century BC, rising to the present mean sea level around the 6th century AD. All ancient harbour facilities on the Bulgarian coast ceased functioning at the end of the 6th and the beginning of the 7th centuries AD.

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Excerpt

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Outline

1 - Relative sea level in the Black Sea during Antiquity
2 - Archaeological sites along the Bulgarian coast
2.1 - Shabla
2.2 - Bizone
2.3 - The Gulf of Varna
2.4 - Karantinata (or Lazuren briyag)
2.5 - Galata
2.6 - Cape Cherni nos (Kara burun cape)
2.7 - Sveti Atanas
2.8 - Mesambria
2.9 - Apollonia Pontica
Conclusion

First lines

In Antiquity, especially during the Hellenistic period, the port systems of the West Pontic coast expanded. During this period, the first harbour facilities began to be built along the Western Black Sea coast, which brought new architectural forms to the coastal cities (DIMITROV, POROZHANOV, ORACHEV, 1982). On the Bulgarian Black Sea coast a series of sunken harbour facilities (Karantinata, Galata, Apollonia Pontica) (DIMITROV and ORACHEV, 1982) and parts of residential quarters of the Hellenic poleis are known (Bizone, Mesambria) (OGNENOVA-MARINOVA, 1975 and 1980; PRESHLENOV, 2008). In some places, such port facilities used natural reefs (Shabla, Cherni nos, Sveti Atanas, etc.) (LAZAROV, 1988; PEEV, 2008; PEEV, 2014) (Fig. 1).

Fig. 1 - Map of mentioned archaeological sites along the Bulgarian Black Sea coast

Fig. 1 - Map of mentioned archaeological sites along the Bulgarian Black Sea coast

Artificial ports (SIMOSSI, 1994; RABAN, 1994) with jetties and quays started to be built in the Mediterranean in the Geometric Period, beginning in the ...

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References

Electronic reference

Preslav Peev, « Using archaeological data to infer past relative sea-level positions along the Bulgarian coast of the Black Sea », Méditerranée [Online], 126 | 2016, Online since 01 January 2018, connection on 22 January 2018. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/mediterranee/8171 ; DOI : 10.4000/mediterranee.8171

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About the author

Preslav Peev

Institute of Oceanology, Bulgarian Academy of Science, Varna, Bulgaria, peev@io-bas.bg

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Copyright

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