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Emergence of agriculture on the Taman Peninsula, Russia

Émergence de l’agriculture dans la péninsule de Taman, Russie
David Kaniewski, Matthieu Giaime, Nick Marriner, Christophe Morhange, Nataliya S. Bolikhovskaya, Alexey V. Porotov and Elise Van Campo
p. 111-118

Abstracts

The temporal and spatial diffusion of early agriculture across Europe from the Fertile Crescent has been widely studied, but data from the Caucasian corridor are still rare. This study shows the first evidence for the cultivation of cereals and anthropogenic fires in southern Russia, between the Black Sea and the Azov Sea, 7000 years ago. It suggests that the Caucasian corridor contributed to the spread of agricultural practices throughout the steppes of Eurasia. This study also shows the strong impact of these practices on the dynamics of local coastal and forested ecosystems.

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Author's notes

Support was provided by the Institut universitaire de France, CLIMSORIENT and Geoarchaeology of ancient harbours programs. This work has been carried out with the support of the Labex OT-Med (ANR-11-LABX-0061) and of the A*MIDEX project (n° ANR-11-IDEX-0001-02), funded by the « Investissements d’Avenir » French Government program, managed by the French National Research Agency (ANR).

Excerpt

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Outline

1 - Methods
1.1 - Chronology
1.2 - Biological data
1.3 -Fire history
1.4 - Statiscal analyses
2 - Results and discussion
Conclusions

First lines

The onset of agriculture in the Fertile Crescent of Southwest Asia, about 10,000 years ago, and the spread of Neolithic plant economies from the Near East are considered as decisive events in human history (LEV‑YADUN et al., 2000 ; COWARD et al., 2008). Far from the Azov Sea and the Taman Peninsula, the Neolithic, which will later spread by the Caucasus-Caspian corridor and other passages, emerged in the Levantine Corridor, a narrow geographic region located between the northeast Mediterranean Sea and the desert to the southeast (KISLEV et al., 2004 ; BLOCKLEY and PINHASI, 2011). It is now also clear from high-resolution archaeobotanical evidence, genetic studies and cultural chronologies (MORRELL et al., 2003 ; ARMELAGOS and HARPER, 2005) that agriculture also emerged as the predominant form of food production in a second region of the Eurasian continent, China (BELLWOOD, 2001, 2005). While early agriculture in China was just as revolutionary as that in Southwest Asia (rice agricul...

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References

Electronic reference

David Kaniewski, Matthieu Giaime, Nick Marriner, Christophe Morhange, Nataliya S. Bolikhovskaya, Alexey V. Porotov and Elise Van Campo, « Emergence of agriculture on the Taman Peninsula, Russia », Méditerranée [Online], 126 | 2016, Online since 01 January 2018, connection on 19 January 2018. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/mediterranee/8300 ; DOI : 10.4000/mediterranee.8300

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About the authors

David Kaniewski

Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse 3, CNRS, EcoLab, Toulouse, France, Institut universitaire de France, Paris, France, david.kaniewski@univ-tlse3.fr

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Matthieu Giaime

Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, UM 34 CEREGE, Aix-en-Provence, France

Nick Marriner

CNRS, Laboratoire Chrono-Environnement,UMR 6249, Besançon, France

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Christophe Morhange

Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, UM 34 CEREGE, Aix-en-Provence, France, Institut universitaire de France, Paris, France,

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Nataliya S. Bolikhovskaya

Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Alexey V. Porotov

Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Elise Van Campo

Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse 3, CNRS, EcoLab

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Copyright

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