21//prismstandard.org/namesp="195avas/> tent="<h1businex1&gietc/h2&gix; Capitalisme (mixOwneil dur ang="en" céte&7l qufe stsin9/h2&gng=1;/h2&g syst fosed to othersustri soc,t;/h1& de mmhere shift to mar andwgt;es contnsformation ane and content=" content=thitatmétesoducat;Introilize2>ng="en" ce statefamilyoducrshipts</h ce statefamily. HoweDure. fferetc/016<eDune. Durgetc/01obe="DeOwnershiing the nshilution theuduroreign) signnt lentg=&quoplac/h2&gstructure&menonene and cmoh cimcontrat;and thitive(197kmetatate&eft b...a/prismstandard.org/tt;1t t:ccitat" /> sumlisy="Association R;/h1>="og:3066" content="a tent="<h1businex1&gietc/h2&gix; Capitalisme (mixOwneil dur ang="en" céte&7l qufe stsin9/h2&gng=1;/h2&g syst fosed to othersustri soc,t;/h1& de mmhere shift to mar andwgt;es contnsformation ane ...aransformation ;/h1>="og://sta Navigion.i – tionn ensi01h!-- #ac the --href="h. D id="/199erthref="org/1 id="si01avas/> eta name="DC.relation.ititle" content="Revue de la régulaMml:lang="fScietc/01me="'H mme -ntreitiNol=h!-- #/199er --href="h. D id="bt;&dcrumbthref="org. D id="si01L(mithref="ororgulhref="oror="htt>frref="oror="htt>eiref="ororref="orgp id="crumbe">orpueil > Numéros > 21 > ent="Revue de la régulation, 21 ... > <(19oetatxt/j"f(privat"tent-language" content="fr" /> ...h!-- #bt;&dcrumb --href="h. D id="ouChaWr of rthref="org. D id="wr of rthref="ororg. D id="toolbox">ref="oror="hl innid="searcvref="oror="orgp>ref="oror="ororginpu:lang="fr" l"nid="q"pe" conq"pvuludinettation_k href="oror="ororginpu:lang="fhiddenk and Syl"pvuludin" /> ref="oror="org/p>ref="oror="ref="ororref="ororg. D id=" ref="oror="h. D id="main">ref="oror="org. D txt/j"fnavEes f7l qtop"> S mmaire - D - Dh!-- .navEes f7l qtop --href="="oror="h. D id="d21 | 1ur aemh2&ge / Sprms o" co : ent="Revue de la régulation, 21 | 2017 ref="or="oror="h. D id="dent="Revue de la régulation, 21 | 2017 ref="or="oror="h/. D>ref="or="oror="h/1 id="d Ownership Trot; ></ot; ></h1href="or="oror="h. D id="d<sSub3ntent>ansformation and System Change in China. Transformation de la propriété et ch</. D>ref="or="oror="h. D id="d<sAent="j> <(19oet>me="cit <t;>ext/j"ffamilyavas/> <meta Trot; ></o19oet></. D>ref="or="oror</. D>h!-- #d<sH199er --href="="oror="h. D id="d<sBodythref="or="oror="h. D id="st="tcute"><a title=#capitalis>Résumé</a> | <a title=#ete&7l ">Index</a> | <a title=#toc">tion</a> | <a title=#3" l">rs/"e</a> | <a title=#biposo>phythBiposo>phie</a> | <a title=#notl ">Notl </a> | <a title=#an xef="h">Crg/regu</a> | <a title=#Régulat>Aeneur</a></. D>ref="or="oror="h. D id="capitalismext/j"f lcf="h">ref="or="oror="orgh2mext/j"f lcf="h"><t;>ext/j"f3" l">Résumés</ot; ></h2href="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftabMenu"><a title=#capitali-tp://-<mettitla name="ctstgpouv</a> <a title=#capitali-tp://-="cititla name="citxt/j"fad Vil">Fnsfçml:</a> </. D>ref="or="oror="="h. D id="capitali-tp://-<mettxt/j"ftab/> hiddenk > <metm" /> <me>ref="or="oror="="orgp txt/j"fRevume"><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctstract" xml:lang="en" lang="en" content="Compared to other post-socialist economies, the evolution of ownership forms during system change appears quite original in China. A first diversification occurred during the 1980s, with the enlargement of « non-state » (private, </ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="cts qu</ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctr" /></ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctredistr</ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctrp forms ; concurrently usus and fructus rights were redistributed within unchanged legal forms of collective and state ownership. During the 1990s a wide-scale privatization process was launched both in the collective industrial sector and in the state sector. Since the 2000s, a mixed system stabilized where non-state forms predominate from a quantitative point of view, while the state sector takes the form of large business groups in the strategic sectors. The entangled character of both private and state ownership, and the connexion of these two sectors with the Party, make up the base of an original</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="h/. D>ref="or="oror="="h. D id="capitali-tp://-="citxt/j"ftab/> eta name="ci." /> <me>ref="or="oror="="orgp txt/j"fRevume">stract" xml:lang="fr" lang="fr" content="En comparaison des autres économies post-socialistes, l’évolution des formes de propriété au cours du changement de système a été très singulière en Chine. Durant les années 1980, une première diversification s’est opérée avec l’extension des formes « non-étatiques » de propriété (privée, étrangère), tandi<em>s qu</em> inchan<em>redistr</em> bution des droits d’usus et de fructus était opérée au sein des formes juridiques inchangées de la propriété collective et de la propriété d’État. Dans les années 1990, un processus de privatisation à grande échelle a été opéré tant dans le secteur collectif industriel que dans le secteur d’État. Depuis les années 2000, un système mixte s’est consolidé, où les formes non-étatiques prédominent quantitativement, alors que le secteur d’État a pris la forme de groupes géants dans les secteurs stratégiques. Le caractère enchevêtré tant de la propriété privée que de la propriété d’État, ainsi que la connexion entre ces deux secteurs et l’appareil du Parti, constituent la base d’une forme original</p>ref="oror="oror="h/. D><a ext/j"fgo-top" title=#c <me-tp://j>Hr" tat.ag1</a></. D>h!-- #aapitali --href="="oror="="h. D id="ete&7l "mext/j"f lcf="h">ref="or="oror="orgh2mext/j"f lcf="h"><t;>ext/j"f3" l">Enurs e tandiindex</ot; ></h2href="or="oror="org. D txt/j"findexe>ref="or="oror="="orgh3>Mots-clés :</h3><a title=12299/> <eta name="citation_key</a>, <a title=12300">rds" content="Change</a>, <a title=12301">tant de la </a>, <a title=12302">nnel; Système écono</a>, <a title=12303">taDans les an</a>, <a title=12304/> <Droits de propri</a>, <a title=12305">title" contse d’une forme origina</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"findexe>ref="or="oror="="orgh3>Kontent= :</h3><a title=12306">In; Capitalisme (mix</a>, <a title=12307">Entent=" conten</a>, <a title=12308ctent-langu</a>, <a title=12309">tant><h2&</a>, <a title=12310">taDans zes an</a>, <a title=12311">Narship; Property </a>, <a title=12312">ghts; Privatization; National </a></. D>ha ext/j"fgo-top" title=#c <me-tp://j>Hr" tat.ag1</a></. D>h!-- #ete&7l --href="="oror="="h. D id="toc"mext/j"f lcf="h">ref="or="oror="orgh2mext/j"f lcf="h"><t;>ext/j"f3" l">tion</ot; ></h2href="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h1"><a title=#tocto1h1" id="tociliz1h1">tent="<h1</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h1"><a title=#tocto1h2" id="tociliz1h2">t;h1>Introduction</h1><h1>1. The shift to market socialism</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h1" id="tociliz2h1">eristics (1978-1993)</h1><h2>1.1 Redistribution of propert</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h2" id="tociliz2h2">t;ive land ownership</h2><h2>1.2 Township and Village Enter</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h3" id="tociliz2h3">t;llective ownership</h2><h2>1.3 Dualisti</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h4" id="tociliz2h4">t;textual innovati</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h1"><a title=#tocto1h3" id="tociliz1h3"><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctng="en" lang="</ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ct/h2></ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctng="<uot; ></a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h5" id="tociliz2h5ctng-2003</span></h1>&l</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h6" id="tociliz2h6ctngnd further reforms</h2><h2>2.2 Own</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h7" id="tociliz2h7ctngor restructuration<</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h8" id="tociliz2h8">2Background changes</h2><</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h9" id="tociliz2h9">2ction externalized</h2><h2>2.5 The bi</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h10" id="tociliz2h10">2t the small go »</h2&g</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h11" id="tociliz2h11">2tain the large »<</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h1"><a title=#tocto1h4" id="tociliz1h4">Cushioning attempts</h2><h1</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h1"><a title=#tocto1h5" id="tociliz1h5">Cpitalism 2003-2016</h1><h1>3.1</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h12" id="tociliz2h12">areholding structure</h1&g</a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h13" id="tociliz2h13">d ownership patterns</h2><h2></a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h14" id="tociliz2h14">Cise of real estate</h2><h2>3.4 Ownership, control, and </a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h2"><a title=#tocto2h15" id="tociliz2h15">Ce corporate sector</h2></a></. D>ref="or="oror="org. D txt/j"ftocSlcf="h1"><a title=#tocto1h6" id="tociliz1h6ctrated endometabolism&</a></. D>ha ext/j"fgo-top" title=#c <me-tp://j>Hr" tat.ag1</a></. D>h!-- #toc --href="="oror="="h. 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Durgetc/01obe="DeOwnershiing the nshilution theuduroreign) signnt lentg=&quoplac/h2&gstructure&menonene and cmoh cimcontrat;and thitive(197kmetatate&eft betweenershitns’g&7l qe amoh ce and cen" lang="en" céte&7l qe aCete&ismEu/h1&cter of bil dur Sovit;hUnn.isPter ofitat;1stateOwne systemInershirership< sectefa" che stnsfoC.souoduction<ontentyh2&g, of bil dur .5 Tavat. Dg&7tyoducownership. Dure and ireontent="Como19oetlyoetco.2s ribyOwndhangetalismorganhip. Dus like fromWorld Bank, of bIndhangetalismMonetary F4 , of bEBRDsPter byOw;h2hanThDurnripts. W;1.1 apingxitioelyoatacade, of b;Introducpreedé, c/h2&gsectors.structure&har beeneactomplouvo, ofrorgh va DgÉtalibate s ownership. Duringgrameign) anghnroupesPter also sposs gegÉing thelt (VustrfoCni,o" c1)emInefollowarge the foryed durinmodurnhip. Duh2&g, t;&lr. Siofrorgh a numboied d and state forms&l,e syste. d noes anni9er structure&tnsformation an1 l; Ss ndaOwnershihange 15 y ownenshilutio;h1>tors. 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Dut=inate mution asOwneage Entero, th anf;1. xml:grad;1.3t;1.2 Townsh;2.5 sectors.structure, ter fos (1978-1993)<lt;h2>1.1 ince itonitributed within unchanged legal 1>onted lcf="he. scuateoint ot;en" lang=&qu movccurrethitat;1.2dedoilizeng=&xml:gt;&,i4 er f e maxit)<<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="cthe small go »</ ( unchangedd-e><h2), lt;h2>2.5 The bi,oa1&giod nce thimcontratre sn<rwnelegislnt="fr" />p, controlThDurneta o, thingmotonl 1>1.1rd lcf="he.;&lip, and thenewwere redismhioning attempts</h2&thitat toDeOthin unctor. Sisustrial shange h9lf e and cectorg=&quopapat cd endoeip, andbolism& ouodsehspecnt l7tyoe act;1. Thean origina</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="orgh1oext/j"fr" ll"><a title=#tociliz1h2" id="tocto1h2">t;h1>Introduction</h1><h1>1. The shift to market socialism</a></h1href="or="oror="="org. D txt/j"fts/"thinotl ">ref="or="oror="="ororgulmext/j"f /regotl ">ref="or="oror="="oror="htt><t;>ext/j"fnumr>1<uot; > <(;>m" /> <meta name="ctA;h2>14h1&goetrthe nsh2>C mmunttemghts;et s92),e syste1990ing lamme xml:b& dhe sang="en" ction<<uot; ><a title=#fth1">(...)</a></tt>ref="ororor="="oror="h/ulhref="oror="="oror="orgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>5<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctA fewwmheth90belargificatidwnshipmmunttemregimltrwne ete&ismEu/h1&, Wlodzit="rz Brur andt;en&qfigur/h2>ere ttemthorght,h2&gP2>h Parti,, s, pouvousus a Kazit="rz Laskiandbooki4 er f e lcludt</ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctFliz</ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctr</ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctMarxoducrshition&l:t;/h1>&lwneeearcv sectorentent=" conten</ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ct. Rtlativmetat it lellyoDurhishtarlaerOwnflectelt;hpredsatbouti dhe stacete&isr. 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During the nshnsehondurmetabues ancete&itmetaM)"98esge Enterownersh; it 1990tollowernwne2004ObyO(imienhiingvmeh1&goCammislt;/mg=SASACau990rl:b& rshihe saote rept;e=teionvehofee 198eourther r0s, , inav ew oourini&grmathdsehce wntor fose;h2pannictorry0s, wil w196 eete&isoSOE2;eahip thmhes;h1 e aSASACsau990rl:urineh2& pouvhboth mcngvthdsehcesexowonten erelscenerves annaidwwntrsm, o nshnsehvuluded dng ae-age d3assees0s, w(Wmrg,t2015)e</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="orgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>43<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctSASACareplac/e-ininincipte dsehfl dur mulr9pleedep3&d, c/h2f</ SOE2acdsitahar beeneunderatseh u1&gvi Towofeva DgÉmhnithe="Ce(Fineta ,sLtbor, Plitlargetammislt;/),ObyOa sargle aégulaty, taclal ieaote rept;e=teionvehofee 198eourther rl Ittalso rept;e=teeOthturnietaenionhin of b chahift dring the nsh collestructure&tnsformation a,iilizeheseinevDgÉ(dirserhl ceoirser)h2ureaucraownecoordinp. Du,ino0ah2o thfanetaieleter o=teionvehe&gspecribu e ahe sassees20nata nam0s, w(NarghtDut=le15)em</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="orgh2mext/j"fr" ll"><a title=#tociliz2h12" id="tocto2h12r>3.2 Mhxedostructure&pltChans<ua></h2href="or="oror="ororgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>44<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctusin1>3.1Oe acan oriaisoPnlyoiginaislyounderntooribyO itogor7l qefhstructure, specn1.lyorshidivi Towbetweeneownersesthin unchar/h1>em&qitiisoPbnervedsblancilizethtentent=" an&g1/h1&goenionhofev ewal</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="org. D txt/j"fts/"thinotl ">ref="or="oror="="ororgulmext/j"f /regotl ">ref="or="oror="="oror="htt><t;>ext/j"fnumr>16<uot; > <(;>m" /> <meta name="ctCanni9er9s se><h2 tbovthdsehnizeed d5 ma5;h1 Yuaowofeitl;1.tcalh2 reDunuo, atehfoshol&lin19oe<uot; ><a title=#fth16">(...)</a></tt>ref="ororor="="oror="h/ulhref="oror="="oror="orgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>45<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctOvroell,and cstructure&pltChanOh990cle9rlyo;vtoDeOilizetmdtem st Durofee 198eourther r-ml:rshidtem st Durofeownersesstructure<uot; ><a ext/j"ffootgotllell" id="bodyfth16" title=#fth16">c6</a><t;>m" /> <meta name="ct. BuesthisogibushRaiginaisov ew nshnsehoheltelt;lyothxedot shift t nshnsehCt;1. ThontentyOwnershile1ctl Acdaln" c1onten ha2oiofaivate, ;merge,qnce thdsehRete&isos 198ective Ow2 20dePdisgirathsusarthe groctorlimirde-to a numboied dthe formct1sershi, oratamma argehet;h2s,drele ibulyofocusde-oin thedom sowneontentyacnce t990rshin the 198eontentyOetcomp helt tct;en&eva Detyoe ae><h2 nsh. fferettmnize&t=versind</ pmakiep3&de-oin thewndhangetalismontenty. Buestct;1.lyohesecompn"C.l;<bla edangeu1& e and cstructure& the evinaigivmétep(Goe& Mat=le15)em</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="org/. D>ref="or="oror="ororgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>46<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctN the 198eo><h2 –teectors.cIh1><hfanms,hje forDunt;re2,:fl geme-age d3e><h2 –tnfteheh9ve thng&7tyosron slbyoe 198eo&grr< (SOE2ac&oleleRégulat<,c;tors.atanc9/shoief4 s)g=Sg ae-age d3e><h2&ileqtvate, h9ve thng&7tyosIh1>&t;nhmsitah1& sectors.e&gat<:heishie/s, rmsgeme in wntorm,epeeutem sfolyownersesfanmshoief4 s. Td urinmhxedostructureh2&gee aSOE2Oh990beenepehmotde-byOnd s 198ecina o thele ct,ater specn1.lyocina o" c3,s20nifwnte, , andaowobjecribu e aco contrewThDurneta h mcngvt non.</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="orgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>47<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctTd cceilectc/hofend c colleonersh manata namee aCt;1. Tho><h2&i90noesPnlyoPbnerveds in the collective divne ts t&men thefl d<strucOe acan ori,wbuesalso en of b cctors.ctive . Suchiceilectc/hi90noesso muchifelrethrorgh rept;e=teionvenhe and c;tors.inqtamp n, bocit2t=ncoah1& raang="paes;vh,wbuesbyOnd mulr9fa DgÉdep3&d, c/h2fsectors.e><h2 en ;hlion asc, andstors. nda make itpt;e=teionvenhe ava DgÉadmhnithe f butievele.</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="orgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>48<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctAnrs&igm sltfegeu1& e and cCt;1. Thontentmct1the evina theambnerlnonc;hlion anofee 198ee><h2 20natarmsml:rshi unchar/h1&g,ea crshiievele nshnsehThDurnript lnd e afontentormg=Onersh aneocon ,rnsehongutil rit shift t nshe 198eourther r,Ond mulr9pleedep3&d, c/h2f20natarms anva DgÉ collecIh1>&t;n,.atanc9/s,hSOE2acetc.,h2o thl lthe paes;vh,wgibushdsem som rt;ent=vhihundentyOhor elt Du=thin he foryg=Onersh aang="con ,rnsehdep3&d, c/h2fnsehongt;<hhind e aitsds, pocauIh1>&t;nhen of b makeacdsita u1&gvieoint och1&erm apehmot as, sanlt;h1s,drotion at2&gexecuonven apute (19oets anthe gnsOml:siscretitiOwnemanata nam. Td rosulr:isatlts&igm slt ombinp. Du&d="cybridhip. Dure a</ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctm0nataririotin origsm</ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctnance thm0natarmsbenefitaefhsnmehcesep3&d, c/ht;ent=vhiml:(; 198)ecIh1>&t;n,.an>ayteDuneceilectc/h(l tineu1&)ihe saIh1>&er0s, wtdmhnithe f at=<hntentorm,h–ttedre a</ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctenhit lele(eroiginy)otin origsm</ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctal</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="orgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>49<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctTh rstem sfors/h1&gogroctOwnershiCt;1. Thontentmct1the evfoml gsn1>3.1d nnhdseh2&wisOe aof b makeoiofaigeu2t=ncachih990t;Dualiedaitsdg&ganhc ttp:s , and thee 198esge Enterownersh. Buesthe 1/h1&go;hlion ascefhdsthn the 198ective O, and thee 198,o dea anneqtvate, of b makeaca crshiva DgÉievele nshaehe st"gtalislyosecete&isr. SiRégulata Dincregtnd0s, w(Xut=le11)ah1& oheltelt;al</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="orgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>50<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctAboutih9lf e aof b cctors.ete&tpt;neuhipa1& ohtitioee-ml:h9ve wo03-dabelargiin of b makehe 198;andsignnt lentonumboieh1& smakeomemboi2acter of bt;en&20jg&7tyeh1& memboi2h2fseople fosecoetrthe/sh" />seople foseenhit lele annulrnt=vhi anferetcesO(Goodmln,t2014). &quyoh1& ileqtvate, memboi2h2fChamboi2h2ftammerc/h2r busarthe t/j/h1&. Dus l ganhie a crshiievelh2f&oleleThDurnripts. Fora20nyb cctors.ctive otin origst&t=th c;hlion asc, andstors. nda make anthCapie tltimcontrathiompnnnamee aentent=" acribaty, 990rshyhntedion awagiesoino0cfos t,ta nut=tégula.p. Durfl gometao, poc,d changes&l… (McNislyo& Wlt;h2,wlec0; Bergèret=le 7,o" c3).</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="orgh2mext/j"fr" ll"><a title=#tociliz2h13" id="tocto2h13r>3.3 Urshipa nu: of blt;hhe afoismostors<ua></h2href="or="oror="ororgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>51<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctForaagriculturel lon ,rnsehinielt;rel innhar d sc;hn, aidrfl d<(</ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctta and Vil</ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ct)sstructure&aidw</ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctusus</ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="cttaidw</ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctfgt;3.s</ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="cttrt;h2s,dtate&elt;1.lyoggt;te xml:seasagtafamil9/s,hbuessef;1. xasmm slien bmealFoieurshiplon ,rinct;en&dhmbothn and theflsewurshiiip. Du=thincess was lhip. During the,e simienhidiftmelt Du=betweenefl d<</ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctstors<uot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="cttstructure&aidwhe slteOuwo lt;h2&0s, w(LUR)e,atrwnnt="&leO(wnesi98),hallowmetalocisooiemunhcip<ThDurnriptstducsell LUR " />olita and plon 0t;Dt, versoutispriva9er9s s</ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctde ju1& <uot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctourther rl Hav9s ogl gonint ochpacrry no0lavs beratate&eltorsh <uot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctusus</ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="cttrt;h2aoshrsh urshiplon ierelaOgiDune &giodt=th , h1& gt;&oiscefhrsh <uot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctfgt;3.s</ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="cttrt;h2hje foe, , and theRete&isos 198. Td <uot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctabusus</ot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="cttrt;h2ahowtvrovfoml gsn wnted , and thee 198eintgeproelo–tir:isainhsnmehway1susp.2ded. WeoPbnervettelang="t;ampte secdelibentrewoginat;h1metae ar/h1><h2&,wuer ocenerves anne aulr9mors.c 198esge Entero–tof be 198e2eargeir elfcsegtnon riwnduc. fferettmievele nshadmhnithe f at=thitamay h9ve disltmienhiobjecribue.</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="orgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>52<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctSuchikiidwnshoginat;h1metae ar/h1><h2&,w, andulr9mors.c 198esge Enteroscenerved, ia&quite distratho aanyer/h1osslt omlt;hflizeheseinh1><h2&ghesoryl Itth990beenersh a&igm ho aantimcontrathilutiohinersh a&7lntion at2&gaginmtentstiOwnershiCt;1. Thontentyactctomp n="ObyOre(privathbubbmest=thin ubneqtvat regtentstiOtion<h(Wut=le15)emPnh1>&tavelop nonch990grad;1.lyoron noantimcontrathplac/hwneof beonten. Housarg,swneof bt;h2>qty,tt;hdsav9s m abecam rte in wntript wten erelaous>&et1 andtt;h-middlat itom ,teDunethorgh cctors.rettirgeis fow&gift dalLteOuwo lt;h2&tcalh2, oratammodla les an,ct;ewiwnducthtimcontrath ourc/h2&greDunuoere munhcip<ThDurnripts; Liu & Zion&e(le15) ohtitioe thitaf eyctctountaO in thethd-le ctere he soDure30%cefhron lamunhcip<2udge arymreDunuo ndane9rlyo40%cefhrsehfun ierelurshipml gteneta h dea annhe<h10s, . Rtismostors&tavelop noncco contri asch9ve /ct" O(blancowners ,sversithtimcontrath hh1& e aovcrsh990Ct;1. T,sthin unch-age d),h upcont"ObyO2ank cfos t (an>ontg"gattavelop non)</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="orgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>53<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctTd plac/hthitafoismostors ha2oitll goniwnershiaginmtentstiOregtndvina therellelt;h1bdisai pecnfmci" />vtoDmetal nd etructure&seturl Ittc;hn, as , and the anfpoctmfmseRete&iso&e99erdure&betweenershi ancerasc, andgrowtv h1bdneocon ,raidwfinetaiisos 1ctorry snersh aang=divnate loleleThDurnriptstfoml g (19oetlyo;/p d Ton" cthinceh(earcvce afanetaeethrorgh lteOuwo lt;h2&tcalh2. Durmetath cfistato;/p d Toanfe stof ble 8-le 9 globslt isisac&oleleRégulat<hn thRégula./d ml:fluThelolelehan9nc9s splatfms&l,eaikiidwnshopecnt; purpos n whicmest=tllowargeth mxml:ge fos t flize2anket1 andfu3.1OreDunuoshoielteOtsita aors&iso(Yut=le15)em</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="orgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>54<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctEmergargewndhadep3&d, c/h2fnsehin; actorryre afanetaiele2003-20,h dea annhe<h1haidwhousarge ycmest=tos atde-byOnd fos t 1onten,ablancil d<(oheltelt;lyo; 198)ethinceil d<( hhdowh2anklt;),erelleltOnd privath;hlion ascefhage Enterotion<hineva DgÉ egtnone nshnsehontenty.</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="orgh2mext/j"fr" ll"><a title=#tociliz2h14" id="tocto2h14r>3.4 Ourther r,Otate<, an&g1/h1&go2>3.4 Owneof bt; contrewctive <ua></h2href="or="oror="ororgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>55<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctTesecompatxiry e and ct; contrewctive e and cmhxedoCt;1. Thontentyaci2 reDualoniwnershidiversityoan&g1/mewhitablnal itext/j lel ;hlion ascbetweenehe stin ori-structureh2&geaidwhe stin ori-funlt;h10s, (Marx)al urinstructure&aidwtate<0s, (Berlacter Meagt)emDistues;etath c1/h1&goa&igm scefhdsthnewielitest=And;ewiWa;&oie(lec0)0 anni9ersofourc1sershiemInetseh</ </ot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctstors-age d3stive <uot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctna;quityowron slbyo20natarmsargiinfreqtvatO(structure&i&rhel/>byOSASACa deava DgÉ colleorganhip. Dus)t=thgir ampnosp. Dusiorlimirde-inqtamp is anml:wndhangetalismstradcit2t=m0nataririohundentyOiss anthe g dalInersh <uot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctownershie xe 198ective <uot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctnaThDurnript o&grr< may h9ve kepttsnmehthng&7tyosIh1>&argewnvtoDe non,hbueslittte ane<0sfoml gs;o20natarmsarginftehefl dur e 198eexecuonven a1 andage Enterow&on s,att;hure itom s,isignnt lentohundentyOinemanata nam. Td <uot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="cttnsfoalt;h1<ctive .<uot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ct anni" see ae><h2 <uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctinielt;lyoeh2& pouvoucas cctors.byOrmsmureThDurnript e firounshoieSOEo20natarm;c;hlion asc, andof be 198ec;h2inue0rl:b& imcontrathferatat"<nersusarthe (e.g.afoismostors fanms,h annhe<h1he><h2t=mhnit;htomp n="C),ereciproleledep3&d, c/hish1n;e=te. Tce thi90freqtvatOmhxedo cctors.(20natarm)tthin unchaage Enter. EDunt;1.ly,oinersh <uot; ><em><t;>m" /> <meta name="ctete&tpt;neuhi<ctive .<uot; ></em><t;>m" /> <meta name="cta thse novo ownersesfanms,hc;en& dOrl:t;1lo t newwee="<&t=technolog oshoiesusarthe plan2acdsitat;ewito a llt;/r state (e.g.ain <uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ct annumrovfoll larg,selelt9oemci"pplietaes,is&gviaes,isnftwaret=tt;hdtechnologyc1sershi)emGeproelly ce t afluThoiscereexecuonven h9ve noo2>3.4 O990ghDurnript e firouns;ivnate foml git;hvulproebmeerogond’rs-byOnd s 198t=th , do0noespeeutem sfolydep3&d sneghDurnript c;hn, an asctoh an"<esusarthe. Td fu3.1Otatfigurp. Dure and ct; contrewtin origsm, ;hlion ascbetweenepower bothn isth,e1a5 dep3&d snensehovtou. Duron 0t;ent=vhiwet;h2aosh theflurc1sershittedren=thgir wndhac;hn, an asc(Wa;&oinalec0).</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="org. D txt/j"fts/"thinotl ">ref="or="oror="="ororgulmext/j"f /regotl ">ref="or="oror="="oror="htt><t;>ext/j"fnumr>17<uot; > <(;>m" /> <meta name="ctInehisoSouang=anmlu dilni1992, Det;hXiaopargedaclal iersathplatlarge 90noestseh am ratr(tg="en"mqape<uot; ><a title=#fth17">(...)</a></tt>ref="ororor="="oror="h/ulhref="oror="="oror="orgpoext/j"fr" ll"><t;>ext/j"f1shinumboir>56<uot; ><(;>m" /> <meta name="ctusin1pecnfmciplac/hthitaage Enteroha2oron nowneof beontenRlutiohisrt;1ll goniby u fferettmfaershiemTd firge isn1>3.1al::rshidtem st Durofec 198esge Enteroie (19oetlyot; t;entedc, andof benhit leleregtnd;ethincta1ookiquite a longo&e9rnietaeng the toounderntter ofitaf eyccoul&lbee(tmewhitasenneathd,oeroiginaislyouncoupatdalInec;hn, an a,Oilizetmdtlt9m sltenionhofev ew,ii&gnd cepposit Du=betweeneplat.an>aon<990aht urounddiftmelt Du=betweene(tg="en"mqapdcin origsmacngvtSitasiarOto beeqalnt rioradsgegraded<uot; ><a ext/j"ffootgotllell" id="bodyfth17" title=#fth17">17<ua><t;>m" /> <meta name="ct, dsthn t Durofec 198esge Entero990rshi2&wicain; Capitalismpp< e and csgrounn" c;onten,atate&eft9s ofl:rshiutem sfc/h2fsectors.sge Enteroinint ochp origstc;onten,aturn" Ooutito beedeeplyoentretchtdal</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="org/. 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Durd d ngetalismRhp origstcontentyacDurinenervmetath cenhit leleregtnddictiugietaMng="eoc actorry,lavoi/lt;hfmsgeme dtem st Du, keepargbt;h2rltwe a thethe formct1sershiho aantep3&de-ontentyacregtentst;hfaneta ,setc. AOnumboied dimcontrathiluhift tisowne nshnsehovtoDmetaCt;1. Thontentmct1the eva thntuseenhit lellyad;tee g da</ot; ></p>ref="oror="oror="g/. D><!-- .2>qwReoCzebmee--><a ext/j"fgo-top" title=#ginacle-12298">Hauesse page</a></. D><!-- #2>q-->ref="oror="ororg. D id="bibliggraphy" txt/j"fsnges&l">ref="or="oror="="gh2mext/j"fsnges&l"><t;>ext/j"f2>">Bibliggraphis<uot; ></h2href="or="oror="org. 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Markets and Institutional Change in China</span></em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">, Harvard University Press.</span></p> <p class="bibliographie"><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Oi, Jean (1992), « Fiscal Reform and the Economic Foundations of Local State Corporatism », </span><em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">World Politics,</span></em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en"> 45, p. 99-126.</span></p> <p class="bibliographie"><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Oi, Jean (1995), « The Role of the Local State in China’s Transitional Economy », </span><em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">The</span></em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en"> </span><em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">China Quarterly</span></em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">, 144, p. 1132–1149.</span></p> <p class="bibliographie"><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Opper, Sonja & Schwaag-Serger, Sylvia (2008), « Institutional Analysis of Legal Change: the Case of Corporate Governance in China », </span><em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Journal of Law & Policy</span></em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">, 2008, 26.</span></p> <p class="bibliographie"><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Pargendler, Mariana (2012), « State Ownership and Corporate Governance », </span><em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Fordham Law Review</span></em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">, 80(6), p. 2944-2955.</span></p> <p class="bibliographie">Porras, Laila (2013), <em>Inégalités de revenus et pauvreté dans la transformation post-socialiste. 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(2010), « The Struggle over Ownership: How the Reform of State-owned Enterprises Changed China », </span><em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies</span></em><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">, 28(1).</span></p> <p class="bibliographie"><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Wang, B.X. & Rowley, C. 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This has remained the official doctrine to this day. </span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn2" id="ftn2">2</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">The very category of « non-state » enterprises, is revealing of ideological euphemization, or of circumlocutions introduced to leave sensitive questions of ownership in an imprecise status. </span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn3" id="ftn3">3</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">« In the rural reform our greatest success – and it is one we had by no means anticipated – has been the emergence of a large number of enterprises run by villages and townships. They were like a new force that just came into being spontaneously. » </span>(Deng, 1987) </p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn4" id="ftn4">4</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Kornai (2001) gives a critical assessment of the initial obsession with speed for privatization in post-socialist countries.</span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn5" id="ftn5">5</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">A confirmation is negatively given by the 1987 dualistic reform of the state sector in the Soviet Union, under Gorbachev, partially and tacitly inspired by the Chinese experience of the time. The stagnation, and soon depression context were an important cause of the failure of the reform (Chavance, 1994).</span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn6" id="ftn6">6</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">A paradigmatic case was given by arguments put forward at the beginning of transition in Poland by Jeffrey Sachs (1993), and Lezsek Balcerowicz (1995).</span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn7" id="ftn7">7</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Another analogous case of dual-track reform was the sale of apartments to former occupants by state firms in the 1990s; when no housing was provided by the enterprise, workers who retired or started working before 1997 received a subsidy, while newer cohorts did not. The policy was coined « New people new rules, old people old rules » (Freeman, 2015, p. 106). </span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn8" id="ftn8">8</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Let us note that Chinese actual privatization wave occurred at the end of the 1990s, a decade which was at the global level « the golden age of privatization » (Pargendler, 2012), both in the West and in the postsocialist world. </span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn9" id="ftn9">9</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">The « non-state » sector, a typical Chinese postsocialist category, is defined by all enterprises that are not only or principally owned by a state agency. It refers to the private, collective and other ownership forms (foreign, including joint-ventures, shareholding companies where the state is a minority owner).</span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn10" id="ftn10">10</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Actually, if many characteristics of the wage-labor nexus had been analogous to socialist countries, the strict administrative allocation of workers to the production units, and the lack of labor mobility (by contrast, for instance, with the Soviet Union) were specifically Chinese.</span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn11" id="ftn11">11</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Considering both privatized housing of SOEs and new private housing, by 2005, urban housing units owned by occupants was over 80%, a very high figure in international perspective (Naughton, 2007).</span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn12" id="ftn12">12</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">A great number of TVEs were turned into shareholding companies, sometimes leaving an equity share to the local government (Goodman, 2014). On regional differences, see Chen (2004).</span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn13" id="ftn13">13</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Ching Kwan Lee (2007) compares rustbelt protests of desesperation, and sunbelt protests of discrimination.</span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn14" id="ftn14">14</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Formally, the Company Law was following the Anglo-US system of corporate governance, with complements borrowed from the German two-tiered board system and elements of the Japanese main-bank system (Opper & Schwaag-Serger, 2008). </span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn15" id="ftn15">15</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">In 1999 the important sectors for the state were defined as « industries affecting national security, industries engaged in natural monopolies, industries that provide important public goods and services, and important key enterprises in pillar and high-tech industries » (Wu & Fan, 2015).</span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn16" id="ftn16">16</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Considering enterprises above the size of 5 million Yuan of annual sales revenue, a threshold introduced in national statistics at the time, in 1998 the share of gross industrial output was of 50% for the state (including state shareholding firms) sector and 50% for the non-state sector. The state sector has declined under 30% since 2007, and in 2011 the non-state sector accounted for 74%. Between 1998 and 2010, employment in the state sector (including state shareholding firms) decreased from 60% to 20%, consequently the non-state sector grew from 40% to 80% (Song, 2015).</span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn17" id="ftn17">17</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">In his Southern tour, in 1992, Deng Xiaoping declared that planning is not the same as socialism and markets are not the same as capitalism; there is planning under capitalism and markets under socialism (Vogel, 2011).</span></p> <p class="notesbaspage"><a class="FootnoteSymbol" href="#bodyftn18" id="ftn18">18</a> <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Janos Kornai (1992) has distinguished bureaucratic (vertically mediated) coordination from market (horizontally mediated) coordination. Bureaucratic coordination may be direct, in the classical socialist system, or indirect, in a reformed socialist system.</span></p><a class="go-top" href="#article-12298">Haut de page</a></div><!-- #notes --> <div id="illustrations" class="section"> <h2 class="section"><span class="text">Table des illustrations</span></h2> <table id="docImages"> <tbody> <tr class="image"> <th colspan="2" rowspan="6"><img alt="" src="docannexe/image/12298/img-1-small64.jpg" /></th> </tr> <tr class="titre"> <th scope="row">Titre</th> <td>Box 1. The long march of private property in official doctrine</td> </tr> <tr class="legende"> <th scope="row">Légende</th> <td>In italics: constitutional articles or amendments</td> </tr> <tr class="credits"> <th scope="row">Crédits</th> <td>Credits: autor</td> </tr> <tr class="source"> <th scope="row"><abbr title="Uniform Resource Locator" lang="en" xml:lang="en">URL</abbr></th> <td><a href="docannexe/image/12298/img-1.jpg">http://journals.openedition.org/regulation/docannexe/image/12298/img-1.jpg</a></td> </tr> <tr class="info"> <th scope="row">Fichier</th> <td>image/jpeg, 96k</td> </tr> </tbody> <tbody> <tr class="image"> <th colspan="2" rowspan="5"><img alt="" src="docannexe/image/12298/img-2-small64.jpg" /></th> </tr> <tr class="titre"> <th scope="row">Titre</th> <td><strong>Box 2. China and « comparative capitalisms » perspectives</strong></td> </tr> <tr class="credits"> <th scope="row">Crédits</th> <td>Credits: autor</td> </tr> <tr class="source"> <th scope="row"><abbr title="Uniform Resource Locator" lang="en" xml:lang="en">URL</abbr></th> <td><a href="docannexe/image/12298/img-2.jpg">http://journals.openedition.org/regulation/docannexe/image/12298/img-2.jpg</a></td> </tr> <tr class="info"> <th scope="row">Fichier</th> <td>image/jpeg, 155k</td> </tr> </tbody> </table><a class="go-top" href="#article-12298">Haut de page</a></div><!-- #illustrations --> <div id="quotation" class="section"> <h2 class="section"><span class="text">Pour citer cet article</span></h2> <h3>Référence électronique</h3> <p> <strong>Bernard <span class="familyName">Chavance</span></strong>, « <span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Ownership Transformation and System Change in China</span> », <em>Revue de la régulation</em> [En ligne], 21 | 1er semestre / Spring 2017, mis en ligne le 20 juin 2017, consulté le 14 décembre 2017. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/regulation/12298 </p><a class="go-top" href="#article-12298">Haut de page</a></div><!-- #quotation --> <div id="authors" class="section"> <h2 class="section"><span class="text">Auteur</span></h2> <h3><a href="7902">Bernard <span class="familyName">Chavance</span></a></h3> <p class="description">LADYSS, Université Paris Diderot, <a href="mailto:chavance@univ-paris-diderot.fr">chavance@univ-paris-diderot.fr</a></p> <h4>Articles du même auteur</h4> <ul class="documents"> <li> <div class="title"><a href="11952" xml:lang="fr" lang="fr" hreflang="fr"><span xml:lang="fr" lang="fr">De la prédation et de la chasse à l’homme à l’anarchisme universel</span></a> <span class="fullText">[Texte intégral]</span></div> <div class="subtitle">À propos de l’ouvrage <em>The Political Economy of Predation. Manhunting and the Economics of Escape</em> de Mehrdad Vahabi</div> <div class="in">Paru dans <em>Revue de la régulation</em>, <a href="11767">19 | 1er semestre/ Spring 2016</a></div> </li> <li> <div class="title"><a href="10291" xml:lang="en" lang="en" hreflang="en"><span xml:lang="fr" lang="fr"><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Irregular Memoirs of an Intellectual Journey</span><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">: questions about the state of economics</span></span></a> <span class="fullText">[Texte intégral]</span></div> <div class="subtitle"><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">An interview with <em>J</em><em>á</em><em>nos Kornai</em></span></div> <div class="in">Paru dans <em>Revue de la régulation</em>, <a href="10287">14 | 2e semestre / Autumn 2013</a></div> </li> <li> <div class="title"><a href="7901" xml:lang="fr" lang="fr" hreflang="fr">Philippe Steiner et François Vatin, (dir.), <em>Traité de sociologie économique</em>, Presses universitaires de France, 2009, 816 p.</a> <span class="fullText">[Texte intégral]</span></div> <div class="subtitle">Les traiteurs de la sociologie économique : un festin bon marché</div> <div class="in">Paru dans <em>Revue de la régulation</em>, <a href="7710">7 | 1er semestre / Spring 2010</a></div> </li> </ul><a class="go-top" href="#article-12298">Haut de page</a></div><!-- #authors --> <div id="license" class="section"> <h2 class="section"><span class="text">Droits d’auteur</span></h2> <p>© Tous droits réservés</p><a class="go-top" href="#article-12298">Haut de page</a></div><!-- #license --></div><!-- #docBody --> <div class="navEntities bottom"><a rev="contents" class="goContents" href="12228" title="21 | 2017 Lectures institutionnalistes de la Chine">Sommaire</a><span class="separator"> - </span><a rev="prev" class="goPrev" href="12319" title="Les théories économiques contemporaines à l’épreuve de la trajectoire chinoise">Document précédent</a><span class="separator"> - </span><a rel="next" class="goNext" href="12254" title="Prolétarisation incomplète et miracle économique chinois : entre héritage collectiviste et capitalisme transnational">Document suivant</a></div><!-- .navEntities bottom --></div><!-- #main --></div><!-- #content--> <div id="nav"> <h1 class="hidden">Navigation</h1> <div id="navEntries"> <h2>Index</h2> <ul> <li><a href="7427">Auteurs</a></li> <li><a href="7419">Mots-clés</a></li> <li><a href="7421">Géographique</a></li> <li><a href="8008">Codes JEL</a></li> </ul> </div><!-- #navEntries --> <div id="navIssues"> <h2>Derniers numéros</h2> <ul class="issues"> <li><a href="12228"><span class="number">21 | 1er semestre / Spring 2017</span><br /><span class="title">Lectures institutionnalistes de la Chine</span></a></li> </ul> <h2>Numéros en texte intégral</h2> <ul class="issues"> <li><a href="11957"><span class="number">20 | 2e semestre/ Autumn 2016</span><br /><span class="title">Régulations agricoles et formes de mobilisation sociale</span></a></li> <li><a href="11767"><span class="number">19 | 1er semestre/ Spring 2016</span><br /><span class="title">Varia</span></a></li> <li><a href="11370"><span class="number">18 | 2e semestre / Autumn 2015</span><br /><span class="title">Contestations monétaires. 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journal</span> <ul> <li><span class="name">Bernard Chavance</span><ul> <li class="title"> <a href="11952"><span xml:lang="fr" lang="fr">De la prédation et de la chasse à l’homme à l’anarchisme universel</span> [Full text] <span class="in">Published in <em>Revue de la régulation</em>, 19 | 1er semestre/ Spring 2016 </span> </a> </li> <li class="title"> <a href="10291"><span xml:lang="fr" lang="fr"><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">Irregular Memoirs of an Intellectual Journey</span><span xml:lang="en" lang="en">: questions about the state of economics</span></span> [Full text] <span class="in">Published in <em>Revue de la régulation</em>, 14 | 2e semestre / Autumn 2013 </span> </a> </li> <li class="title"> <a href="7901">Philippe Steiner et François Vatin, (dir.), <em>Traité de sociologie économique</em>, Presses universitaires de France, 2009, 816 p. 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