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71 | 2016
Formation professionnelle et employabilité

Vocational training and employability
Formación profesional y empleabilidad
Edited by Christian Forestier

How can the quality and the flows of initial vocational training be adapted to economic needs? Which qualifications are needed? What role should business play, and where should the state lead? What importance should be attached to general training, and what is the place of learning?
These questions – which are crucially important in the context of an economic crisis that in many countries manifests itself in the great difficulty of integrating young people into the labour market at the end of their initial training – occupy decision-makers everywhere, to a greater or lesser extent depending on the context.
The 10 case studies included in this dossier cover Europe (Italy, Germany, France, Poland), Africa (Morocco, Côte d’Ivoire), Asia (China, Singapore, the Philippines) and the Americas (Canada and Colombia). They are accompanied by a summary of the situation in OECD countries and an analytical bibliography.
The focus is on the training of manual workers and employees up to technician grade. In many developed countries, it is this intermediary level that poses the most problems in terms of employability. It is also at this level that the most differences are found between systems, both in terms of political leadership and the role conferred to the professional sphere.
This panorama highlights not only common issues, which receive complex and varying responses depending on the context, but also a general tendency, namely that a command of fundamental skills has become decisive, as has scientific and technical training as a quality factor in training systems.