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AccueilAbstracta IranicaVolume 294. Histoire, Période Musulmane4.2. Histoire du XVe au XIXe siècle4.2.1. Safavides et QâjârsNobuaki Kondo. « Ulama and Fatwas...

4. Histoire, Période Musulmane
4.2. Histoire du XVe au XIXe siècle
4.2.1. Safavides et Qâjârs
196

Nobuaki Kondo. « Ulama and Fatwas », in : Kayoko Hayashi and Tomoko Masuya, eds., Documentation and Representation: Historical Materials from the Muslim World. Tokyo, University of Tokyo Press, 2005, pp. 171-192 [in Japanese].

Akihiko Yamaguchi

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1Fatwā has been one of the most important contact points between ulama and the populace in Islamic society. This article, which limits itself to early modern Iran, analyzes issuers and forms of fatwā, and its values as a historical source. First, the author surveys actual conditions of the issue of fatwā in the Safavid and Qajar periods. According to the author, some fatwā were certainly issued under the Safavids, but their issuers, muftī, were never bureaucratized (unlike the Ottoman Empire, in which almost all ulama were organized in a hierarchical institution known as ‘Ilmiye). In Qajar time, ulama had become much more independent from the State and they presented their decisions and legal opinions, both of them called ḥokm, without any restraints from the State authorities. Moreover, Kondo classifies these legal documents of the Qajar period into three types according to their formats: a) fatwā type, b) question-and-answer type, c) deed type. By analyzing some documents of types b) and c), the author clearly highlights social roles played by Qajar ulama in their daily business.

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Akihiko Yamaguchi, « Nobuaki Kondo. « Ulama and Fatwas », in : Kayoko Hayashi and Tomoko Masuya, eds., Documentation and Representation: Historical Materials from the Muslim World. Tokyo, University of Tokyo Press, 2005, pp. 171-192 [in Japanese]. »Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 29 | 2008, document 196, mis en ligne le 15 septembre 2008, consulté le 14 juillet 2024. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/abstractairanica/28562 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/abstractairanica.28562

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Le texte seul est utilisable sous licence CC BY-SA 4.0. Les autres éléments (illustrations, fichiers annexes importés) sont « Tous droits réservés », sauf mention contraire.

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