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4. Histoire, Période Musulmane
4.1.Histoire médiévale

Juġrāfiyā-yi Ḥāfiẓ Abrū. Vols. II and III. Éd. Ṣādeq Sajjādī, Tehrān, Āyīna-yi Mīrāṯ, 1999, p. 373, 324, indexes des vols. I-III.

Charles Melville

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1The appearance of the second and third volumes of Ḥāfiẓ Abrū’s massive historical geography only two years after the first is very welcome, particularly as these contain some of the most important sections of the work.

2Volume II has chapters on Armenia and northern Mesopotamia, Iraq, Ḫuzistān and Fārs. The format is approximately the same for each section, a general brief description of the province giving way to an account of its main towns, and the distances separating them. Sometimes only the routes are given, sometimes the time taken to do the journey. Much of this material is derived directly from earlier classical sources, but Ḥāfiẓ Abrū occasionally inserts information relating to his own times and to Timurid history, as in his account of Tikrit (pp. 31-3), Mardin (pp. 39-40), Baghdad (pp. 71-2). From this point of view, the most important section is the one on Fārs, with a long account of its rulers, particularly the Muzaffarids (pp. 197-309) and the early Timurids, to c. 820/1417.

3Volume III, similarly, is taken up entirely with a long account of Kirmān and its rulers, to c. 822/1419. Following a minimal notice of the chief towns of the province and its early governors, Ḥāfiẓ Abrū traces the history of the Saljuqs of Kirmān, the Qara Khitay dynasty and the Muzaffarids. The material on the Muzaffarids, for whom Ḥāfiẓ Abrū is a major primary source, is partly derived from Mu‘īn al-Dīn Yazdī’s Mavāhib-i ilāhī, either directly or from Kutubī’s Tārīḫ-i Āl-i Muẓaffar. Ḥāfiẓ Abrū’s history of the Muzaffarids also occurs as a discrete part (still unpublished) of his Majmū‘a, and the material on Fārs and Kirmān is once again reused in its chronological order in the Zubdat al-tawārīḫ (last sections edited by Sayyid Javādī, 1993). It is particularly useful to have the version in the Juġrāfiyā published, not only as an important source for 14th-century history in its own right, but also as it allows us to study Ḥāfiẓ Abrū’s techniques as an historian, his use of earlier sources and his reuse of his own material.

4The volumes are edited and produced to a very high standard, as we have come to expect from this excellent publisher.

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Charles Melville, « Juġrāfiyā-yi Ḥāfiẓ Abrū. Vols. II and III. Éd. Ṣādeq Sajjādī, Tehrān, Āyīna-yi Mīrāṯ, 1999, p. 373, 324, indexes des vols. I-III. »Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 22 | 2001, document 221, mis en ligne le 15 février 2010, consulté le 13 juillet 2024. URL : ; DOI :

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Charles Melville

Université de Cambridge (Grande-Bretagne)

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