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HomeAbstracta IranicaVolume 313. Histoire, art et archéologie, ...3.2. Ouest de l’Iran3.2.3. Séleucides, Parthes et Sas...Roberta Tomber. « Rome and Mesopo...

3. Histoire, art et archéologie, période pré-Islamique
3.2. Ouest de l’Iran
3.2.3. Séleucides, Parthes et Sassanides

Roberta Tomber. « Rome and Mesopotamia. Importers into India in the First Millennium AD ». Antiquity, 81, 2007, p. 972-988.

Vito Messina

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1Modern historians often refer to the trades between Rome and India by long-distance sea routes connecting the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean. As is well known, a number of recent studies both of philologists and archaeologists revealed that this kind of trades were mediated by a series of important ports or outposts in the Gulf area (under the influence of both the Parthian South-Mesopotamian area or of the so-called South-Arabic kingdoms) and that these routes were sailed for the most by local ships.

2The Author of this article promoted a program to identify systematically imported Roman amphorae in the Indian subcontinent, basing upon the review formerly compiled by S. Gupta, in which over 50 potential finding spots were listed. Although not all the reported material has yet been located, imported amphorae have been confirmed only from 31 of these sites. Furthermore, approximately the half of them also revealed that some sherds thought to belong to Roman amphorae actually belonged to a very well known Mesopotamian type of pottery, the so-called “torpedo jars”, a kind of storage jar usually made in coarse or common ware, that widely diffused in the area of the Gulf starting from the Parthian Period. The presence of this Mesopotamian jars, which were not previously identified in India, reveals that both Roman and Mesopotamian products were imported into India at the same time, namely the Parthian and Sasanian Periods, and that the areas of influence of these two great imports, probably of wine, coexisted on the Indian coast. In this article, these areas are mapped for the first time.

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Electronic reference

Vito Messina, “Roberta Tomber. « Rome and Mesopotamia. Importers into India in the First Millennium AD ». Antiquity, 81, 2007, p. 972-988.”Abstracta Iranica [Online], Volume 31 | 2011, document 115, Online since 15 February 2012, connection on 29 November 2023. URL:; DOI:

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