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Matteo Compareti

Matteo Compareti. « Ancient Iranian Decorative Textiles: New Evidence from Archaeological Investigations and Private Collections »

Compte-rendu réalisé par Alexandra Van Puyvelde
Référence(s) :

Matteo Compareti. « Ancient Iranian Decorative Textiles: New Evidence from Archaeological Investigations and Private Collections ». The Silk Road, vol. 13 (2015), p. 36-44.

Texte intégral

1The object of this study consists of two textile fragments, which are in a private collection and have a main decoration of pearl roundels containing respectively one single or two composite creatures with a dog’s head, wings and a peacock’s tail. Both fabrics are radio-carbon dated, respectively to the 9th-10th century and to the beginning of the 8th - end of the 9th century.

2M. Comparetti elaborates on the iconography of the composite winged creature, which is often referred to as simurgh in Farsi (senmurv in Pahlavi, saena maregha in Avestan). According to the author, the identification of this composite animal as the simurgh of Iranian mythology cannot be justified, as the simurgh is always represented as a bird (for example in pre-Islamic Sogdian paintings or in Iranian book illustrations of Islamic periods), just as it was described in written sources. Therefore, he puts forward the term “pseudo-simurgh” to be used for this fantastic creature.

3The author relates both fabrics on stylistic base to the group of the so-called “Zandaniji silks” and proposes to situate them in Sogdiana after Islamization, more precisely in the Samanid emirates during the 9th-10th centuries.

4If Compareti’s research could be completed with analyzes of the weaving technology and the dies and also with a study of the other decorative motifs on the textiles (so not only the medallions with the fantastic creatures), more decisive answers could be given concerning the origin of both textiles.

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Référence électronique

Alexandra Van Puyvelde. Matteo Compareti, « Matteo Compareti. « Ancient Iranian Decorative Textiles: New Evidence from Archaeological Investigations and Private Collections » », Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 37-38-39 | 2018, document 7, mis en ligne le 10 mars 2018, consulté le 24 novembre 2020. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/abstractairanica/42713 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/abstractairanica.42713

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