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Salman Aliyari Babolghani

Salman Aliyari Babolghani. “Achaemenid Elamite dayāuš (~ Old Persian dahyāṷ-š)”

Compte-rendu réalisé par Gian Pietro Basello
Référence(s) :

Salman Aliyari Babolghani. “Achaemenid Elamite dayāuš (~ Old Persian dahyāṷ-š)”, Bulletin of the Asia Institute, vol. 27, 2013 [2016], p. 113-128

Texte intégral

1The exact meaning of the Old Persian word dahyu- and its Old and Young Avestan equivalents dax́iiu- and daŋ́hu- has been disputed at length by scholars, oscillating between a ‘territorial’ and an ‘ethnic connotation’, i.e. respectively ‘land’ or ‘people’. The same word, in the form dayāuš, is attested in the Achaemenid Elamite texts. In the first section, the author reviews all the spellings and occurrences of Elamite dayāuš and discusses whether it is an Iranian loanword or a transcription, concluding that it is a loanword except in a few isolated cases. In the second section the previous opinions on the meaning of the word (in its Old Persian, Avestan, and Elamite garbs) are reviewed, reporting exhaustively the translations advanced or used by all the scholars. In the third section the author brings linguistic proofs (e.g., the contextual use of animate plural pronouns/adjectives or plural verbs) to support his opinion that Elamite dayāuš is a ‘collective noun’ with an ‘ethnic connotation’ and generally means ‘people, folk’, dealing with probable criticisms in the following section. In the end, Aliyari Babolghani states that his conclusions about Elamite dayāuš are true ‘regardless of the fact that we accept, in addition to the 'territorial connotation', the same [= ethnic] connotation for its ... Av[estan] and O[ld] P[ersian] equivalents’, while implicitly suggesting that we should be ready to accept this very connotation also for its Iranian origin.

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Référence électronique

Gian Pietro Basello. Salman Aliyari Babolghani, « Salman Aliyari Babolghani. “Achaemenid Elamite dayāuš (~ Old Persian dahyāṷ-š)” », Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 37-38-39 | 2018, document 58, mis en ligne le 30 décembre 2018, consulté le 17 juin 2019. URL :

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