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AccueilAbstracta IranicaVolume 254. Histoire, Période Musulmane4.2. Histoire du XVe au XIXe siècle4.2.1. Safavides et QâjârsKishwar Rizvi. « Gendered Patrona...

4. Histoire, Période Musulmane
4.2. Histoire du XVe au XIXe siècle
4.2.1. Safavides et Qâjârs
170

Kishwar Rizvi. « Gendered Patronage: Women and Benevolence during the Early Safavid Empire », in : D. Fairchild Ruggles, ed., Women, Patronage, and Self-Representation in Islamic Societies. Albany, SUNY Press, 2000, pp. 123-153.

Rudi Matthee

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Safavides

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D. Fairchild Ruggles
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1This excellent article changes the focus of the author’s earlier study of the Safavid shrine in Ardabil (cf. Abs. Ir. 23, c.r. n° 160), to the religious sites of Qom in the period prior to the reign of Shah ‘Abbas I. The author acknowledges that Central Asian Turko-Mongol notions were important in giving Safavid elite women their relatively high status, but argues that the Islamic and especially the Shi‘i component with its specific rules on inheritance and divorce should not be discounted as factors. In the early Safavid period it was mostly the sisters and daughters of shahs who, intermarrying with Qizilbash leaders, wielded influence and expressed that influence through patronage and endowment. Qom, its prominence linked to Fatima, the daughter of the eight Imam, was a natural target for their benevolent initiatives, just as it was often the site of female retreat and exile. The female association with Qom is reflected in changing royal burial sites as well. In the 17th century, as authority shifted from a corporate clan-wide base to a patriarchical one, mothers gained in prominence. It is likely under the influence of the queen-mothers, the author argues, that the four last shahs are all buried in the shrine of Fatima in Qom.

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Référence électronique

Rudi Matthee, « Kishwar Rizvi. « Gendered Patronage: Women and Benevolence during the Early Safavid Empire », in : D. Fairchild Ruggles, ed., Women, Patronage, and Self-Representation in Islamic Societies. Albany, SUNY Press, 2000, pp. 123-153. »Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 25 | 2004, document 170, mis en ligne le 15 mars 2006, consulté le 02 mars 2024. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/abstractairanica/4639 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/abstractairanica.4639

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Rudi Matthee

University of Delaware

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