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Luca Alfieri, Maria Carmela Benvenuto, Claudia Ciancaglini, Alessandro De Angelis, Paolo Milizia et Flavia Pompeo

Luca Alfieri, Maria Carmela Benvenuto, Claudia Ciancaglini, Alessandro De Angelis, Paolo Milizia, Flavia Pompeo (eds.). Linguistica, filologia e storia culturale. In ricordo di Palmira Cipriano

Compte-rendu réalisé par Agnes Korn
Référence(s) :

Luca Alfieri, Maria Carmela Benvenuto, Claudia Ciancaglini, Alessandro De Angelis, Paolo Milizia, Flavia Pompeo (eds.). Linguistica, filologia e storia culturale. In ricordo di Palmira Cipriano. Rome: Il calamo, 2018, 331p. (Biblioteca di Ricerche Linguistiche e Filologiche Università di Roma « La Sapienza » 63)

Texte intégral

1This very rich volume in memory of Palmira Cipriano (1946-2006) is a collection of articles by her friends, colleagues and students and a follow-up to a conference held at the University of Rome « La Sapienza » in 2016. It offers contributions on a wide range of subjects, and from various methodological approaches: general and historical linguistics, philology, etymology, history of science, with an introduction by the editors and a contribution by Marco Mancini remembering Prof. Cipriano (“In ricordo di Mirella”, pp. 11-20), a list of her publications, and a review of her work on Iranian etymology by Adriano Rossi (“Palmira Cipriano e l’etimologia Iranica”, pp. 259-276).

2Reflecting Palmira Cipriano’s interests, a major number of contributions deals with Iranological subjects.

3For the field of New Iranian, Barbara Turchetta reviews ergativity in a general linguistic framework and in comparison with Indo-Aryan and Tibetan languages (“Sull’ergatività nelle lingue iraniche”, pp. 309-331), and Ela Filippone surveys expressions denoting the fontanelle and the motivations for these terms in a great number of languages and dialects spoken in Iran (“I nomi della fontanella nelle lingue iraniche”, pp. 109-131).

4Further on to Middle and Old Iranian philology, Paolo Milizia revisits the problem of the development and status of the short vowels e and o in Middle Persian (“Sulla questione delle vocali medie brevi del mediopersiano”, pp. 199-217); and Claudia Ciancaglini treats the Middle Persian word-finals variously written <‑lg> or <‑lk'> in the Pahlavi script and their interpretation in the context of the general lenition of postvocalic stops in Western Middle Iranian (“Fonologia e scrittura: alcuni nessi grafici pahlavici finali di parola”, pp. 61-77).

5Flavia Pompeo investigates the grammatical status of the Old Persian expression mām kāma (āha) ‘(it was) my desire’ in comparison with synchronically and diachronically related formulations (“Tracce di grammaticalizzazzione nel persiano antico: lo strano caso di mām kāma”, pp. 237-257).

6Concerning etymologies, Maria Carmela Benvenuto studies a term found in the form <sndws> in Middle Iranian (and in Armenian as sndus), which occurs in Aramaic as <sndst> and appears to refer to a precious garment (“Textiles in Aramaic Documents from Ancient Bactria”, pp. 45 -60). Giancarlo Schirru studies the use and etymology of Armenian bazmakan « invited guest » (“Osservazioni linguistiche su un iranismo armeno: bazmakan”, pp. 277-289).

7The articles by Paolo Martino, on some cheese-related terms in Romance and Greek (“Cruces etimologiche greco-latine e romanze”, pp. 181-197), Paolo Poccetti (“Quarant’anni dopo: sui continuatori di *dei̯ḱ- et *bheh2- in latino e in altre lingue dell’ Italia antica”, pp. 219-235), José Luis García Ramón (“El concepto de santuario en las lenguas indoeuropeas antiguas: τέμδενος, lat. templum y la etimología de νᾱός, νηός, νεώς ‘casa de la divinidad’ y véd. ásta‑ ‘id.’”, pp. 133-151) and Luca Alfieri (“La definizione tipologica della radice e la teoria del segno lessicale”, pp. 25-44) extend the field of etymology in the direction of Indo-European linguistics.

8Prof. Cipriano’s non-Iranological interests included Indo-European linguistics and Classics, to which is added Romance philology, with contributions by Paolo Di Giovine (“La Miscellanea di studi latini e romanzi in memoria di Pagliaro: ricordo di un lavoro de équipe”, pp. 99-107) and Marco Mancini (“Linguistica e filologia testuale: Giovanni Lido, De magistratibus 1,26,3”, pp. 163-179), a philological study on a Greek text from the 6th c. AD. Concluding with a topic to which P. Cipriano also devoted some of her work, two articles discuss Greek names containing philos (Alessandro De Angelis: “Tra pragmatic e sintassi: sull’impiego di φίλος in Omero”, pp. 79-97; Rüdiger Schmitt: “Greek Personal Names with Philo- as first or ‑philos as second element”, pp. 293-307). The volume also contains an article on purism in the 19th century (Luca Lorenzetti: “Falbande, fallìe, fantasmi, scienzati e puristi”, pp. 153-161).

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Référence électronique

Agnes Korn. Luca Alfieri, Maria Carmela Benvenuto, Claudia Ciancaglini, Alessandro De Angelis, Paolo Milizia et Flavia Pompeo, « Luca Alfieri, Maria Carmela Benvenuto, Claudia Ciancaglini, Alessandro De Angelis, Paolo Milizia, Flavia Pompeo (eds.). Linguistica, filologia e storia culturale. In ricordo di Palmira Cipriano », Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 40-41 | 2019, document 2, mis en ligne le 30 décembre 2019, consulté le 26 septembre 2021. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/abstractairanica/50462 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/abstractairanica.50462

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