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Zekine Özertural et Gökhan Şilfeler

Zekine Özertural, Gökhan Şilfeler (eds.). Der östliche Manichäismus im Spiegel seiner Buch- und Schriftkultur. Vorträge des Göttinger Symposiums vom 11./12. März 2015

Compte-rendu réalisé par Agnes Korn
Référence(s) :

Zekine Özertural, Gökhan Şilfeler (éds). Der östliche Manichäismus im Spiegel seiner Buch- und Schriftkultur. Vorträge des Göttinger Symposiums vom 11./12. März 2015. Berlin & Boston: de Gruyter, 2018, viii+160 p. (Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen Neue Folge, Schriften der Kommission „Manichäische Studien“ IV).

Texte intégral

1The present volume on Eastern Manichaeism as reflected by its testimonies and scriptures is a collection of twelve articles (two of them in English, one in French, the remaining ones in German) based on presentations given at a workshop held at the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen in 2015. The contributions are arranged in the sections “Eastern Manichaeism in its own transmission” and “Eastern Manichaeism and intercultural topics”. These are prefaced by an introductory article on the issue of religious syncretism with particular reference to Manichaeism by Claudia Weber (pp. 7-16).

2Instead of repeating the table of contents, which is available at https://www.degruyter.com/​view/​title/​537256, I am presenting a survey of the languages and topics treated.

3Several contributions include editions of Manichaean fragments. Enrico Morano: presents a double page with hymns in Parthian (pp. 36-55); Simone-Christiane Raschmann an Uighur document on food provisions for a meal; the fragment was lost in the meantime, but a photo survives among the materials belonging to the late Reşid Rahmeti Arat (pp. 73-85); Gregor Wurst offers two Coptic excerpts on the “Bema” festival commemorating the death of the prophet Mani (p. 151-160); and Christiane Reck discussses a Sogdian fragment whose religious appurtenance is difficult to ascertain (pp. 97-103).

4More oriented towards philological interpretation, Antje Wendtland argues that a number of Sogdian loanwords in Uighur Buddhist texts are from the general lexicon of Sogdian rather than from a specifically Manichaean one (p. 141-150). Gábor Kósa discusses terms for Manichaean deities found in Chinese manuscripts based on Manichaean material dating back to the 11th century (pp. 19-33).

5Closely related are studies of Manichaean concepts: Klaus Röhrborn investigates an Uighur list of Manichaean deities containing the quality “primordial” known from Middle Iranian (p. 87-94); Zekine Özertural discusses the various expressions for the Manichaean concept of the soul in Uighur texts (pp. 57-72); and Aloïs van Tongerloo presents Latin, Coptic, Middle Iranian, Uighur and Chinese passages on the Manichaean principle of the “three seals” (p. 115-124).

6Oriented towards the textual side, Jürgen Tubach suggests that the flames that appear on Mani’s shoulders during his audience with Shâpûr according to the (Arabic) account by Ibn an-Nadîm and some other motives are of Central Asian origin (p. 125-140), and Michel Tardieu studies a love story which was transformed into a Middle Persian Manichaean parable, comparing motives known from folk literature in other cultures (p. 105-114).

7From a technical point of view, the volume is well done, with a pleasant layout etc., the various scripts used are handled very well (including Coptic), all of this proof of conscientious editing. Better photos of the beautiful fragments discussed in the articles by Morano and Reck are available at http://turfan.bbaw.de/​dta/​. The small volume is very rich in content and will be a welcome contribution to the multi-facetted issue of Manichaeism and its (as the prophet had hoped) multilingual and to some extent multicultural sources.

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Agnes Korn. Zekine Özertural et Gökhan Şilfeler, « Zekine Özertural, Gökhan Şilfeler (eds.). Der östliche Manichäismus im Spiegel seiner Buch- und Schriftkultur. Vorträge des Göttinger Symposiums vom 11./12. März 2015 », Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 40-41 | 2019, document 3, mis en ligne le 30 décembre 2019, consulté le 22 septembre 2021. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/abstractairanica/51373 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/abstractairanica.51373

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