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Johannes Niehoff-Panagiotidis

Übersetzung und Rezeption: Die byzantinish-neugriechischen und spanischen Adaptionen von Kalīla wa-Dimna. Wiesbaden, Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 2003, viii+309 p. [Serta Graeca: Beiträge zur Erforschung griechischer Texte, Band 18].

Compte-rendu réalisé par Franklin Lewis

Texte intégral

1The book is divided into five chapters, the first of which traces the textual and translation history of Kalīla wa Dimna, focusing on the Middle Persian recension (pp. 14-19), the Syriac translation (pp. 19-22), the Arabic of Ibn al-Muqaffa‘ (pp. 23-32), and the Greek (pp. 34-47, the earliest being a fragmentary version from around 1100 AD), Spanish (pp. 47-52) and Hebrew (pp. 53-57) translations. Originating in 1999 as a Habilitationsschrift at the Freie Universität in Berlin (Department of Philologie und Geisteswissenschaften, Byzantine and Modern Greek section), this study seeks to trace the influence of the literatures of the Islamic world on Byzantine and Modern Greek literature, and how they have been acculturated to the Greek milieu beginning with the rise of vernacular literature in the Commenian period (excluding the older Christian-Oriental literature), through the mid-19th century (pp. 137-221). Various theoretical paradigms are applied to Kalīla wa Dimna as a test case: the idea of the “eminent text” espoused by Hans Robert Jauss is here applied to the Arabic version of the Pañcatantra, because of Kalīla wa-Dimna’s long reception history; its broad dispersion into diverse languages and cultures; and because its frame tale structure straddles the domains of oral/vernacular and written literature, making it easier for the tales it contains to cross cultural and linguistic borders (pp. 95-135). The author also investigates the question of “circolazione del testo” (per Cavallo) in the Mediterranean world of the medieval period and the role of minority communities in that process.

2Several schematic comparisons of the stories occurring in the various language versions are provided, including those of Hertel (1914), De Blois (1990) and the author’s own (pp. 285-301). The bibliography is extensive (pp. 233-81), the index laconic (pp. 283-84). Persianists will be disappointed to find that the work does not concern itself with the Bahrāmšāhī Kalīla wa Demna by Abū al-ma‘ālī Naṣr Allāh (w. c. 539 h.q./1144), the Anvār-i suhaylī by Kāšefī (late 9th/15th century), the ‘Ayār-e dāneš by Abū l-Faḍl at Akbar’s court (966 h.q./1588), or any of the Turkish or Urdu versions.

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Franklin Lewis. Johannes Niehoff-Panagiotidis, « Übersetzung und Rezeption: Die byzantinish-neugriechischen und spanischen Adaptionen von Kalīla wa-Dimna. Wiesbaden, Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 2003, viii+309 p. [Serta Graeca: Beiträge zur Erforschung griechischer Texte, Band 18]. », Abstracta Iranica [En ligne], Volume 27 | 2006, document 316, mis en ligne le 02 janvier 2007, consulté le 30 septembre 2022. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/abstractairanica/6457 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/abstractairanica.6457

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