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Two Column Bases from Mawan in the Hakkâri Province (Southeast corner of Turkey): A new Achaemenid Center?

Kenan Işık, Bülent Genç, Vedat Timur et Rıfat Kuvanç
p. 155-160

Résumé

Bell-shaped column bases are common finds from the Achaemenid Empire centers. These centers were governed either by Persians or local administrators who were dependent on Persia. Two bell-shaped column bases were found in the village of Mawan, 32 km from Şemdinli district of Hakkâri province in Turkey. These column bases are the first Achaemenid finds from the Hakkâri province. Mawan is situated at an important transit point between north-western Iran, eastern Anatolia and northern Iraq. At this point, it is necessary to draw attention to a widespread garrison network of the Achaemenid Empire in the region. Therefore, it is possible to consider the location of the Mawan column bases as the site of a garrison rather than an administrative center.

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Ce document sera publié en ligne en texte intégral en janvier 2022.

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The Achaemenid Kingdom (559-330 BCE) ruled over the Near East for over two centuries. The hegemony of the kingdom reached a wide landscape, from the Mediterranean and Aegean shores to the Indus River, and from the Caucasus to Egypt. Media (in 550 BCE), Armenia (in 547 BCE) and Babylonia-Assyria (in 539 BCE), the territories of which roughly overlap with modern north-western Iran, eastern Anatolia and northern Iraq, were among the first places to be conquered by the founding king Cyrus (Khatchadourian 2012: 965). The Persians preferred to use existing centers in these conquered lands rather than establish new ones. Therefore, centers in modern northern Iraq, such as Erbil, Assur, Tell ed Daim, Khorsabad, Nimrud, and Nineveh, where Achaemenid traces can be observed, are old Assyrian settlements (Curtis 2003: 1-20). Achaemenid presence in the northern Zagros Mountains, in eastern Anatolia, and to its east, in the Lake Urmia basin could be ascertained through the thin-walled painted gre...

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Référence papier

Kenan Işık, Bülent Genç, Vedat Timur et Rıfat Kuvanç, « Two Column Bases from Mawan in the Hakkâri Province (Southeast corner of Turkey): A new Achaemenid Center? »Anatolia Antiqua, XXVII | 2019, 155-160.

Référence électronique

Kenan Işık, Bülent Genç, Vedat Timur et Rıfat Kuvanç, « Two Column Bases from Mawan in the Hakkâri Province (Southeast corner of Turkey): A new Achaemenid Center? »Anatolia Antiqua [En ligne], XXVII | 2019, mis en ligne le 31 janvier 2022, consulté le 04 décembre 2021. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/anatoliaantiqua/1052 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/anatoliaantiqua.1052

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Auteurs

Kenan Işık

Independent Researcher, Van-Turkey

Bülent Genç

Mardin Artuklu University, Faculty of Letters Department of Archaeology, Artuklu-Mardin/Turkey

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Vedat Timur

The Directorate of Culture and Tourism, Hakkari-Turkey

Rıfat Kuvanç

Iğdır University, Faculty of Letters Department of Archaeology, Iğdır-Turkey

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Droits d’auteur

Anatolia Antiqua

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