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Ethics Charter (Année du Maghreb)

Duties of the Editors

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

The present charter focuses on defining the phases of the editorial process for the articles published by L’Année du Maghreb and to ensure that they are consistent with the European Charter for Researchers, with reference to the main fundamental ethics in social science research and with that of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE: concerning the fundamental ethical principles of research in Human and Social Sciences, the individual responsibility of researchers, the dissemination of research and employment by the Writing of interns or employees.

At each stage of the editorial process, it is possible to contact :

- Loïc Le Pape <> ou Céline Lesourd <>

- The Editor : <>

Editor, Publisher and Partners: Fair play and editorial independance

L’Année du Maghreb is a semestrial scientific journal, published by CNRS Editions (, and made available on-line on the internet portal In its digital version, it provides freely and without embargo for the public (Freemium, the most recent results of social sciences, political sciences, and law, relative to countries of the Maghreb and their diasporas.

The Rédaction de L’Année du Maghreb is a scientific association regulated by the 1901 Law, and housed by the IREMAM. It is competent for everything concerning the publishing policies of the journal, its finances, relations with its publisher and its circulation and distribution. It takes on the scientific responsibility of the journal and its representation in all acts of civil life.

The papers can be sent in response to a call for papers by the journal or spontaneously for publication in the Varia section. The yearly political Chronicles are explicitly solicited from researchers specialised on the Maghrebi countries. The supervisor of the yearly Chronicles can also ask a specific author to write a close-up article on a particular issue.

Publication decisions

The papers accepted are original scientific articles, based on the rational analysis of a corpus. All articles are subject to an anonymous and contradictory peer review, under the supervision of a member of the editorial board. Only the qualities of the article, its originality and its scientific contribution in the field studied are considered in the evaluation, excluding any assessment of the author, his or her academic background, affiliations or opinions: the article is always made anonymous in the evaluation process. The publication of an article does not only commit its author, but the editorial staff as a whole and, from a legal point of view, the president of the Editorial Board of L'Année du Maghreb.

Acknowledgement of sources

All arguments must be based on original sources. These sources (written, oral, material…) must be referenced and verifiable.


The authors and the board must ensure that the publication of research results do not harm people, institutions or groups which are mentioned. They will ensure anonymity of the actors or will ask them to sign an authorisation to cite their names.

Conflicts of interest

We ensure that L’Année du Maghreb, supported by CNRS Edition, is free of all conflicts of interest. Authors submitting an article must declare any potential conflict of interest that could interfere with the objectivity or integrity of the publication.

Conflicts of interest are situations that may be perceived as having an influence on the presentation or publication of a study. This can be financial, non-financial, professional, contractual, or personal.

Archiving policy

The journal keeps an archive of everything it publishes, which guarantees the integrity of each article and prevents any subsequent changes.

The journal also keeps records of all evaluations.

Duties of the authors


The authors commit to present to the editors of L’Année du Maghreb an unpublished article resulting from an original research.

Abstracts and keywords

Articles in L’Année du Maghreb may be published in English, French or Arabic. The original version is published in the printed volume. Translations, if they become available, are added to the article published online.

By default, a summary of each article is published in all three languages. It must be communicated by the authors, in French and English, with five keywords, with the first version of their article. The authors and the board will then work together to ensure that they are expressed in clear and intelligible language, accessible to all.

The abstracts and the keywords are translated into Arabic, sent for verification to an external evaluator, then sent back to the journal. The keywords and abstracts then run in a bouquet of journals focused on the Arab world and accessible free of charge in Openedition. The translation of the abstracts in the three languages and their verification are handled by a "meta-editor" led by the French Institute of Oriental Archaeology (IFAO) for a group of nine journals. The search by keyword becomes possible in the three languages on the openedition portal.

Intellectual property and plagiarism

By publishing in L'Année du Maghreb, the authors authorize the journal to reproduce and disseminate their contributions on electronic portals and digital media which have an agreement with CNRS Éditions. Authors shall retain the intellectual property of their text and may republish it elsewhere, provided that they inform the editors and include a reference to the first edition, as well as the link to the online publication.

The authors commit to make clear, in their article, what is their own writing from what they have borrowed from others, systematically quoting the authors and their sources, including for their own work. The board of editors cannot be held responsible for plagiarism that has not been detected during the evaluation process and will turn against the authors in the event of a complaint. A plagiarism detected during the evaluation process will result in no longer allowing its author to be included among the authors or evaluators of L’Année du Maghreb.

Authors must respect the principle of joint ownership of data when conducting research jointly with other researchers. In the case of articles written by more than three authors, the respective role of each one should be specified by an initial note.

The order of presentation of the authors is by default the alphabetical order in French. This use may be waived in the event of a greater contribution by one of the authors to the writing or design of the article. In the event of a dispute on this point, the final word shall be given to the editor of the issue.

Data access and retention

In order to ensure transparency and access to the data associated with the research, we expect authors to be able to present their databases or coding as well as transcripts of oral interviews as evidence of their conclusions, if required.

Duties of the reviewers

Contribution to editorial decisions

The evaluators are responsible for the reading of the texts and an informed opinion on them. They are responsible for deciding whether or not an article submitted to L’Année du Maghreb may be published. Their role is purely advisory, and they have no decision-making authority. They may condition their opinion to formal or substantive amendments intended to make the article publishable.

Their opinion must be clearly argued by a report of 200 to 400 words sent to the editorial board. Also, they may refer the original text with proposed amendments and annotations. The report on each item is sent on two separate forms:

- a form for articles which are part of a special issue

- a form for Varia articles (outside special issue)

For articles in the Varia section, contribution proposals are first evaluated and discussed by the editorial board. If its opinion of the article positive, the text enters the classical double evaluation procedure.

Standards of objectivity

The referees must have a phd degree.

They are chosen from outside the journal's editorial board for their expertise in the area covered by the article.

Their role is consultative and they have no decision-making power.

Their anonymity is guaranteed by the editorial staff and can only be waived with their express permission.


The referees have one month to evaluate an article.


The evaluators commit not to make use of the texts they have evaluated before their publication; and not to make any use of them if they are not published.

Duties of the Scientific Editors

Role and function of the Scientific Editors

They are responsible for a scientific proposal, which has been validated and implemented by the journal’s editorial board through the coordinators of the special issue.

Collegiality of decisions

- The coordinators may be a team of two to four people, usually different from the editorial board.

-This team drafts a call for papers discussed and validated by the editorial board.

- As soon as the call for papers is published, they propose to the editor a visual (photography, painting drawing or engraving, etc.) to illustrate the cover page of the dossier.

- coordinators are responsible for solicitting contributions from their network of colleagues.

Respective responsibilities of the journal and the scientific editors

Once the proposals arrive, they participate in the selection of proposals for contributions (about 15 are selected) with the editorial board. They have a veto at this stage: the board cannot impose on them a contribution they do not want. In turn, the editorial board has a veto over proposals which the coordinators may not want.

Arbitration proceedings

The team of coordinators shares responsibility for monitoring each article. Each coordinator can thus advise the authors for whom he or she is responsible throughout the evaluation process.

The coordinators share responsibility for the literary and scientific quality of the articles with the person in charge within the editorial board of the article (hereafter called : article supervisor). They are also responsible, after the intervention of the evaluators and the return on the part of the authors, for the scientific validation of the article.

The coordinators and supervisors decide together to publish or not an article. In the event of disagreement, they seek arbitration from the editor-in-chief, who may extend the consultation to the entire editorial board.

Introduction to the issue

During the article evaluation and selection process, coordinators write an introduction and submit it to the editor at least 30 days before the closing of the issue.

Translation and financial contribution

The coordinators are responsible for funding and implementing the translation of their special issue. If their publication is the result of funded research, they may be asked to contribute to L’Année du Maghreb.

Duties of the article supervisor

Role and function of the supervisors

Members of the editorial staff, they are responsible for the follow-up of an article. They are the interfaces between the authors, the evaluators and the editorial board, and work hand in hand with one of the coordinators of the special issue.

Criteria of decision

The article supervisor is responsible for the formal quality of the article. It ensures compliance with the editorial standards of the journal and spelling. 

Relations to the Authors

They shall inform the authors of the opinion of the two evaluators. In the event of two negative opinions from the evaluators and from the two article supervisors (from the editorial board and from the coordinators), the decision may be taken. It is then notified to the author by the editor-in-chief.

If the evaluation is positive or conditional on the author taking into account the evaluators' assessments, it shall be notified to the author of the article and to the coordinator in charge of the same article.

In this case, the article supervisor draws up a summary (or juxtaposition) of the two evaluations and explains to the author the expected changes. He or she must ensure that there are no hurtful comments in the evaluation reports and must not hesitate to rewrite comments that are considered excessive. He/she may also attach to his mail the texts annotated by the evaluators after ensuring that they were anonymous and that they did not contain any offensive remarks.

Evaluation of the amended text

The supervisor receives the amended article and ensures, with the coordinator, that the requested changes have been taken into account. 

The article supervisor and the coordinator validate together the article for publication. In case of disagreement, they seek arbitration from the other coordinators and the editor-in-chief, who can extend the consultation to the entire editorial board.

If the edited article is refused for publication, the editor-in-chief notifies the author on behalf of the editorial board.

Final text reviewing

The supervisor is responsible for the formal quality of the article, ensuring that the journals editorial standards are respected.

Duties of the editor in chief

Role and function of the editor in chief

Member of the board, he or she is the scientific referee of a special issue. In charge, he shares this responsibility with an assistant who takes charge of the Varias, the Chronicles or a group of articles. The editor-in-Chief and his/her assistant are the interfaces between the coordinators, the supervisor and the editing secretary. It validates the publication of the call for papers, and more generally any document that must appear on the website or be printed in the issue he or she coordinates.

He or she sets the schedule and ensures that the deadlines are met. He or she takes care to make them explicit in different letters:

- Deadline for receipt of proposals

- Date of proposal selection meeting

- Deadline for sending texts

- Deadline for sending evaluations

- Deadline for return of texts by authors after amendments

- Deadline for submission of texts validated by the supervisor in the Dropbox

He or she writes back to authors, contacts the evaluators, the supervisor or the special issue coordinators for each of these deadlines.

He or she is responsible for announcing all decisions at each stage, in the most individualized way possible:

- The editor-in-chief of the special issue shall notify the authors of the acceptance or the refusal of their proposal.

- Acceptance/refusal of an article after evaluation (necessarily a more individualized response will be needed)

- Acceptance/refusal of an article after evaluation and rewriting by the author.

He or she should not forget to thank the evaluators, the coordinators and the editing secretary at the time of publication, by sending them the announcement prepared by the editing secretary.

The Publishing Secretary

She/he is responsible for both the layout process of the journal in its printed version and the editing of articles online. As such, she/he is the interface between authors and CNRS Éditions and between authors and the platform.

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