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Guidelines for authors

Submit an article

Send it electronically to

1. The article itself (please keep this document anonymous and do not include any mention of your name) in a WORD (.doc) document, using Times 12 font, single spacing.

  • The document must also include a 300-word abstract in English and a list of 5 key words

  • If illustrations are used please provide a full list of illustrations that specifies the author, title, medium, dimension, inventory or catalogue number, place of conservation, credit line.

2. A separate word document that includes

  • your full name and contact details (including email, phone number and physical adress)

  • a 300 word biographical note

Only original articles will be published by the journal. The author must refrain from submitting their article to another journal or volume as long as the manuscript is under review with Apparences.

Upon reception, submissions are double blind peer reviewed by members of the scientific committee or by external reviewers qualified in the field.

Apparence is an electronic journal. Articles published online are subject to the same type of copyright law as a paper journal. Authors are to make sure their contribution does not breach copyright law.


Submissions should be approx. 6000-word long finished articles – this includes all footnotes and captions. The electronic format, however, allows if appropriate and deemed relevant by the scientific committee, to create links to external documents.

Documents and illustrations published by the journal must not be in breach of copyright law so any reproduction fee to ensure copyright clearance for an electronic academic journal needs to be cleared by the authors. The journal cannot pay for contributors’ image clearance rights. When appropriate, and to reduce costs incurred by authors, please note that it is sometimes possible to include in the article a link to a museum website for instance.


All documents are to use the ‘Normal’ style in Word (.doc), use Times font 12 points and single spacing.

Please do not use any of the formatting tools of word (no tabulations, no ‘styles’…). All the formatting will be done at the layout stage before the issue is published online.

If you have subtitles (no more than 2 levels please) please number and indicate your subtitles still in Times 12 as such 

1. Title of the first section

1.1 Title of the first subsection

All references to illustrations, graphs, maps etc. must be made using (Fig.1) (Fig.2). When using illustrations, a complete list of figures that specifies the author, title, medium, dimension, inventory or catalogue number, place of conservation, credit line.

Please use footnotes rather than endnotes.

The text of footnotes should be in Times 10 font single spacing. Please ensure your footnotes are complete.

When using citations Au sujet des citations :

  • Long quotes (more than 60 words) should be in a separate paragraph in Times 10 single spacing, without quotation marks. Please do not tabulate.

  • Short quotes (less than 60 words) should be inserted into the main text and put into double quotation marks

  • Citations in a different language or using archaic spelling or syntax that is difficult for a non-specialist to understand should be translated. If the citation is over 10-12 words long, the translation is to go in the main text in double quotation marks and the original in a footnote. For shorter insertions, the original can be inserted in double quotation marks in the text, followed by a translation in brackets.


Please do not insert your illustrations in the WORD document

  • Send separate electronic files as .jpg or .tiff files. Please name your files in the following fashion

  • YourNameFig1.jpg /.tiff

  • YourNameFig2.jpg/.tiff

  • In the text of your article, please mark where each illustration is to go using the phrase [please insert Fig. 1 here]

Image files are to be in the following format

  • for images : .jpg and 300 dpi minimum resolution

  • for tables: .xls ou .doc

  • for maps or graphs: .ai

All images must be cleared for reproduction in an electronic scholarly journal. It is the responsability of each author to make sure that any fee is discharged either by the author or their research centre. Evidence of copyright clearance will have to be provided prior to publication.

Typographical guidelines

  1. Punctuation

  • No period after titles or subtitles

  • Do no use double spaces as punctuation

  • If a citation has been altered or truncated please use […] to show where and not (…).

  1. Capitalisation/ Numbering

  • Only chapter or volume numbers are to use Roman numbering.

  • Except for dates, all numbers are to be spelt out : nine people / two friends…

  • Centuries are to appear to be spelt out : in the sixteenth century (and not in the 16th century)

  1. Abreviations

  • For archives, give the full name at first citation and then use abbreviated form in all subsequent references (The National Archives, henceforth TNA)

  • Pagination is to appear as such p. 250-267 (and not pp. 250-267 or pp. 250-67).

  • If referring to a footnote, please use note 3 (and not n.3).

  • Reference to folio, recto, verso are to appear as : f°, fos, r°, v° (and not fol., fols, r/v).

  1. Latin phrases

  • Are to appear in italics followed by a translated in brackets.

  1. Referencing system to be used in footnotes

  • Single author book

John Styles, The Dress of the People. Everyday Fashion in Eighteenth-Century England. London & New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007, p. 112-145.

  • Journal article

Beverly Lemire, ‘“A Good Stock of Cloaths”: The Changing Market for Cotton Clothing in Britain 1750-1800’. Textile History 22, no. 2 (1991), p. 311–328.

  • Chapter in a collection

Pat Hudson, ‘The Limits of Wool and the Potential of Cotton in the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Century’, in The Spinning World. A Global History of Cotton Textiles, 1200-1850, edited by Giorgio Riello and Prasannan Parthasarathi, Oxford: Oxford University Press/ Pasold Research Fund, 2011, p. 327–349.

  • Recurring references

If a reference is cited multiple times, shortened titles are to be used after the first citation.

P. Hudson, ‘The Limits of Wool’, p. 327.

J. Styes, The Dress of the People, p. 113.

  • Electronic publication

For instance: Nathalie Zaccaï-Reyners, « Fiction et typification », Methodos, 5 (2005), La subjectivité. [consulted on 21/10/2019]


  • Evaluation form _ en (application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document – 22k)
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