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Islamic Pottery from Ancient Termez (Uzbekistan): New Archaeological and Archaeometric Data

Céramique islamique de l'ancienne Termez (Ouzbékistan): nouvelles données archéologiques et archéométriques
Agnese Fusaro, Verónica Martínez Ferreras, Josep M. Gurt Esparraguera, Andreas Angourakis, Shakir R. Pidaev and Larisa Baratova
p. 249-264

Abstracts

The study deals with the Islamic pottery from Termez (southern Uzbekistan), with a special focus on the wares dated to the 9th-12th centuries. The city was a major urban settlement, along one of the routes of the Silk Road. Ceramics, both glazed and unglazed, were produced in several workshops located in the lower city (shahristan) and its suburbs (rabad). Glazed and unglazed wares, including cooking pots, two pottery moulds and two sphero-conical vessels from two excavated areas at Termez are examined by X-ray Fluorescence, X-ray Diffraction, and petrographic thin section analysis. Clayey sediments from different areas of the site are incorporated as a local reference for comparison. The aim is to examine the provenance of the vessels and to determine the production techniques. The results reveal that all the vessels were produced by using calcareous clays and most of them exhibit similar geochemical composition; nevertheless, several chemical groups and petrographic fabrics were identified. XRD points that firing temperatures were generally between 800 and 1000-1100°C, being the latter prevalent. The results of this study are remarkable since archaeometric researches on Central Asian pottery are still few.

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Excerpt

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Outline

1. Introduction
2. Ancient Termez
3. Sampling
Ceramic vessels
Local raw materials
4. Methods
5. Results and discussion
Chemical analysis by XRF-WD
Thin section analysis
Mineralogical analysis by XRD
6. Discussion and conclusions

First lines

1. Introduction

During the early Islamic period, pottery was widely produced in Central Asia, especially at important urban centres such as Samarqand, Bukhara, Akhsiket and Termez in nowadays Uzbekistan (Shishkina, 1979; Shishkina & Pavchinskaja, 1992; Nekrasova, 1999; Mirzaakhmedov, 2003; Henshaw, 2010; Houal, 2008, 2013), Balkh, Lashkari Bazar, and Ghazni in Afghanistan (Gardin, 1957, 1963; Fusaro, 2014; Siméon, forthcoming), Hulbuk in Tajikistan (Siméon, 2009, 2012, 2013), and Nishapur in Eastern Iran (Wilkinson, 1973; Rante & Collinet, 2013). In most of these centres, the manufacture of Islamic glazed and unglazed vessels is dated since the 8th-9th centuries.

Archaeometric analyses on Central Asian Islamic pottery are scarce and mainly applied to coatings rather than fabrics. Moreover, in some cases, they are related to museums’ collections or pottery collected during surveys. Recent re...

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References

Bibliographical reference

Agnese Fusaro, Verónica Martínez Ferreras, Josep M. Gurt Esparraguera, Andreas Angourakis, Shakir R. Pidaev and Larisa Baratova, “Islamic Pottery from Ancient Termez (Uzbekistan): New Archaeological and Archaeometric Data”ArcheoSciences, 43-2 | 2019, 249-264.

Electronic reference

Agnese Fusaro, Verónica Martínez Ferreras, Josep M. Gurt Esparraguera, Andreas Angourakis, Shakir R. Pidaev and Larisa Baratova, “Islamic Pottery from Ancient Termez (Uzbekistan): New Archaeological and Archaeometric Data”ArcheoSciences [Online], 43-2 | 2019, Online since 01 January 2023, connection on 07 March 2021. URL: http://journals.openedition.org/archeosciences/7077; DOI: https://doi.org/10.4000/archeosciences.7077

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About the authors

Agnese Fusaro

Equip de Recerca Arqueològica i Arqueomètrica de la Universitat de Barcelona (ERAAUB), Department of History and Archaeology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Verónica Martínez Ferreras

Equip de Recerca Arqueològica i Arqueomètrica de la Universitat de Barcelona (ERAAUB), Department of History and Archaeology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

By this author

Josep M. Gurt Esparraguera

Equip de Recerca Arqueològica i Arqueomètrica de la Universitat de Barcelona (ERAAUB), Department of History and Archaeology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Andreas Angourakis

Equip de Recerca Arqueològica i Arqueomètrica de la Universitat de Barcelona (ERAAUB), Department of History and Archaeology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Shakir R. Pidaev

Institute of Fine Arts, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Larisa Baratova

Institute of Fine Arts, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

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Copyright

Article L.111-1 du Code de la propriété intellectuelle.

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