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The Ecstasy of Gold: Magnetometer Prospection for the Ushkiani Project in Armenia

Sandra Hahn, Mandana Parsi, Jörg W. E. Fassbinder, Arsen Bobokhyan et René Kunze
p. 67-70

Résumé

– Magnetometer prospection of a Bronze Age burial ground in Armenia.

– Natural remanent magnetisation is the chief cause of anomalies.

– Prehistoric gold mining near Sotk.

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Introduction

Gold mining near the village of Sotk in Armenia (Gegharkunik province), southeast of Lake Sevan (see Fig. 1a), has a long history and the Sotk mine is still in operation today (Kunze, 2011). It is the largest gold deposit in the Caucasus and is thought to have been exploited already during the 2nd millennium BC. The mine remained active with interruptions until the 14th century AD and was rediscovered in the 20th century AD. Early traces of mining are evidenced by wooden parts of working devices, stone mortars for ore winning, underground works, and other elements (Wolf & Kunze, 2014). Bronze Age occupation left settlements, cemeteries and other material, like weapons and cultic objects, around the mine. Investigation of archaeological sites around the Sotk mine and in the Gegharkunik province confirmed the presence of prehistoric gold mining and trading in the region. Archaeological excavations have shown that the region was inhabited during the Early, Middle, and Late ...

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Sandra Hahn, Mandana Parsi, Jörg W. E. Fassbinder, Arsen Bobokhyan et René Kunze, « The Ecstasy of Gold: Magnetometer Prospection for the Ushkiani Project in Armenia »ArcheoSciences, 45-1 | 2021, 67-70.

Référence électronique

Sandra Hahn, Mandana Parsi, Jörg W. E. Fassbinder, Arsen Bobokhyan et René Kunze, « The Ecstasy of Gold: Magnetometer Prospection for the Ushkiani Project in Armenia »ArcheoSciences [En ligne], 45-1 | 2021, mis en ligne le 16 août 2021, consulté le 24 septembre 2021. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/archeosciences/8544 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/archeosciences.8544

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Auteurs

Sandra Hahn

Corresponding author, Geophysics, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Theresienstraße 41, 80333 München, Germany

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Mandana Parsi

Geophysics, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Theresienstraße 41, 80333 München, Germany

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Jörg W. E. Fassbinder

Geophysics, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Theresienstraße 41, 80333 München, Germany

Articles du même auteur

Arsen Bobokhyan

Armenian National Academy of Sciences Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography Yerevan, Armenia

René Kunze

Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg. Seminar of Oriental Archaeology and Art History, Germany

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Droits d’auteur

Article L.111-1 du Code de la propriété intellectuelle.

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