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Construire une identité maritime : patrimoine et représentations

The most northern museum in the world

Reconstruction and museumification of the Soviet Polar Station “Tikhaya Bay” on the Franz Joseph land
Pavel Filin
p. 317-318

Texte intégral

  • 1 Expansion of the territory of the Russian Arctic National Park. Resolution of the Government of the (...)

1In 2009, the Government of the Russian Federation established the Russian Arctic National Park in the northern part of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago. In 2016, its territory expanded considerably, practically the entire territory of Franz Josef Land was included1. Bukhta Tikhaya (Tikhaya Bay, « Calm Bay » in English) on Hooker Island, one of the first and very well-preserved polar stations in the Arctic, became the main stronghold of the National Park on Franz Josef Land (Fig. 1). Almost all ships that come to the high latitude of Russian Arctic visit Bukhta Tikhaya. The polar station was organized in 1929 under the leadership of Otto Yulyevich Schmidt, a prominent Soviet academician. The station represents a very well-preserved complex of structures of the 1920s-1950s, associated with the history of development of the high latitude Arctic and the North Pole, namely a hangar for seaplanes, a weather station, a wooden garage for equipment, a wind farm, residential buildings, a post-office, small warehouses, etc. The most significant structure is a hangar for seaplanes (255 m2) (Fig. 2).

Fig. 1. - “Bukhta Tikhaya” station

Fig. 1. - “Bukhta Tikhaya” station

Photograph by Pavel Filin

Fig. 2. - The hangar at the end of the 2018 season. Restoration works in progress

Fig. 2. - The hangar at the end of the 2018 season. Restoration works in progress

Photograph by Pavel Filin

2In June 2017, an agreement was signed between the Russian Arctic National Park and the NGO « Arctic Museum and Exhibition Center ». The document allowed the establishment of a museum-guest center in a hangar for seaplanes. Eventually, it was planned to create the northernmost museum of the Arctic, where one can meet the history of the Franz Josef Land, the Arctic and the North Pole. The Russian Arctic National Park, in cooperation with the Arctic Museum and Exhibition Center, is developing a long-term program for the gradual restoration of the station in order to create an open-air museum and manage the cultural heritage of the station by its 100th anniversary in 2029.

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Notes

1 Expansion of the territory of the Russian Arctic National Park. Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation dated August 25th, 2016, n 840 // http://government.ru/dep_news/24307/

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Table des illustrations

Titre Fig. 1. - “Bukhta Tikhaya” station
Crédits Photograph by Pavel Filin
URL http://journals.openedition.org/artefact/docannexe/image/10278/img-1.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 88k
Titre Fig. 2. - The hangar at the end of the 2018 season. Restoration works in progress
Crédits Photograph by Pavel Filin
URL http://journals.openedition.org/artefact/docannexe/image/10278/img-2.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 99k
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Pour citer cet article

Référence papier

Pavel Filin, « The most northern museum in the world »Artefact, 14 | 2021, 317-318.

Référence électronique

Pavel Filin, « The most northern museum in the world »Artefact [En ligne], 14 | 2021, mis en ligne le 07 octobre 2021, consulté le 08 décembre 2021. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/artefact/10278 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/artefact.10278

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Auteur

Pavel Filin

Pavel Anatolievich Filin is a leading expert and practitioner in the preservation and management of the Russian maritime heritage. After seven year as deputy director of the Icebreaker Krassin Museum he was appointed as director of the Museum and Еxhibition Сenter for Тechnical and Тechnological Development of the Arctic. His major area of expertise is the development of sustainable heritage tourism in the Russian part of the Arctic. Contact: arcticmuseum@mail.ru

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Droits d’auteur

Licence Creative Commons
Artefact, Techniques, histoire et sciences humaines est mise à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Attribution - Pas d'Utilisation Commerciale - Pas de Modification 4.0 International.

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