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Ilyās Et Mawdūdī au pays des Yankees : la Tablīghī Jamā‘at Et La Jamā‘at-I Islāmī aux États-Unis

Aminah Mohammad-Arif

Abstracts

The two major fundamentalist organizations of the Indian subcontinent, the Jamā‘at-i Islāmī created by Abul Ala Mawdūdī and the Tablīghī Jamā‘at founded by Muhammad Ilyās, have established themselves on the American soil, following the steps of South Asian immigrants. Whereas the Tablīghī Jamā‘at has not undergone any kind of transformation in the United States, the Jamā‘at-i Islāmī, without changing its basic ideology, has nonetheless adapted itself to the American context. Partly for this reason but mainly owing to the fact that most South Asian immigrants in the US belong to sections of the population (middle and lower-middle classes) who are traditionally attracted by the Jamā‘at-i Islāmī, this organization has managed to exert some sort of impact and above all to find a certain legitimacy with expatriates from the Subcontinent. All the more so as while the latter are willing to integrate into American society, they are nevertheless faced with an identity crisis in their new environment, which the Jamā‘at-i Islāmī tends to take advantage of.

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References

Electronic reference

Aminah Mohammad-Arif, « Ilyās Et Mawdūdī au pays des Yankees : la Tablīghī Jamā‘at Et La Jamā‘at-I Islāmī aux États-Unis », Archives de sciences sociales des religions [Online], 117 | janvier - mars 2002, Online since 16 April 2014, connection on 22 November 2019. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/assr/3011 ; DOI : 10.4000/assr.3011

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Aminah Mohammad-Arif

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© Archives de sciences sociales des religions

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