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46 | 2019
Corps perdu, corps retrouvé

Cohésion, partitions, variétés
Lost Body, Found Body: Cohesion, Fragmentations, Varieties
Edited by Jean-Luc Jamard, Gaëlle Lacaze and Margarita Xanthakou

This issue is dedicated to various experiences of the body understood in terms of its concrete, biological properties, but also from the point of view of its experiential and narrative frameworks, in order to shed light on its present and past reconstruction logic. Hence our search for lost and found bodies, in a variety of cultures.

A first series of articles looks at the “Molecular Logic / Social Logic” of the effects that intracorporeal or biochemical elements have on the living, as well as the racialism countered by geneticists, and also scholarly and symbolic views on the sōma in ancient Greece. A second series, “Imposed Bodies, Lived Bodies”, explores the discourse or ceremonials through which bodies are made and affected with corollaries on various levels, and the stages that punctuate human existence through collective or individual bodies. “Composition Fables and Chimera”, the final section of the issue, offers reflections on a few corporeal properties—including somatic or emotional fission—that prove to be patterns or repercussions of ideological and behavioural traits relating to observed practices or to the discourse of imagination.

In the course of this collection, some texts evoke how, from the biological to the symbolic, different stages of life give rise to peaks in the expression of emotions. Others show the sense in which the fragmented body and the discourse that characterises it underpin several images and metaphors, sensations and sensorialities, pains or feelings of various kinds. The body’s parts and organs offer vehicles for conceptualising not only personhood, but also conflictualities and the social. Still others illustrate ways in which the body is stigmatised, marked and standardised within various contexts, based on multiple materials.

  • Margarita Xanthakou
    Introduction [Full text]
  • Logiques moléculaires/logiques sociales: substances, organes, variations

    Molecular Logic / Social Logic: Substances, Organs, Variations

    The first part of this collection approaches the body through the action of intracorporeal elements (such as cells, embryos, gametes), but also through this action’s effects in the world. Moving from more biological subjects (which never ignore the social) towards more cultural subjects, the texts examine, in a few places (France, Morocco, West Africa and others), pastoral practices, MAP with respect to religions, phenotypical “racialisation”, and various models of the sōma in ancient Greece.

  • Corps imposés, corps vécus

    Imposed Bodies, Lived Bodies

    This part explores regimes of normativity prescribed by or for the body, in a wide range of societies: from the Suruí of the Amazon to the Tuareg, the Kabyle, and the Moose of Burkina-Faso, by way of Guinea, Mexico, Japan and ancient Greece. The texts evoke a body open to the world, with which it establishes a harmony through a metaphorical, metonymic, analogical process. The body is viewed as dismembered and variable because it is relational, fragmented, invisible or overexposed.

  • Fables et chimères de la composition

    Composition Fables and Chimera

    The final part brings together texts that deconstruct bodies and their images. These articles illustrate the ways in which the body supports various forms of discourse and representation. These writings concern Europe, Brazil, the Punu (Congo-Brazzaville), and once again Japan, the Tuareg and ancient Greece. They also include reflections on works of the imagination, even contemporary science-fiction—cinema and “genre” literature. Together they reveal a fantasised, mythical, invented, reconceived body.

  • Jean-Luc Jamard and Margarita Xanthakou
    Open questions, new problems
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