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Résumés des journées 2023

Mapping mobility: using isoscapes and GIS to investigate movement and status of individuals from the medieval cemetery site of Saint-Jean de Todon, Laudun-l’Ardoise, Gard, France

Cartographie de la mobilité : intérêt des isotope et du SIG dans l’étude des déplacements et le statut des individus du site du cimetière médiéval de Saint-Jean de Todon, Laudun-l’Ardoise, Gard, France
Jane Holmstron, Tosha Dupras, Yann Ardagna et Laurent Vidal

Texte intégral

1The Cluniac church and cemetery site of Saint-Jean de Todon was used during the 9th-13th centuries. Of the 226 individuals excavated from the cemetery, tooth enamel apatite from 142 (79 males, 41 females, 9 non-adults, and 13 indeterminate sex) were analyzed for oxygen and strontium isotopes. First, second, and third permanent molars were used to investigate possible regions of residence during childhood. Each tooth provides a snapshot in time based on development age, where first molars develop between 1-4 years, second molars develop between 4-8 years, and third molars develop between 10-15 years. Using ArcGIS, we first created simplified versions of published oxygen and strontium isoscapes limiting to the borders of modern France. From this, we were able to estimate many individuals buried at Saint-Jean were either raised locally, or in an area isotopically similar to that of the southern Rhône River corridor. Others buried in the cemetery were likely residing in the northern and western regions of modern France during childhood. To explore the relationship between childhood residence and adult status, we found that 36 of these individuals (23 males, 12 females, 1 indeterminate sex) had evidence of burial markings (stone markers). Mapping these individuals within the cemetery plan allows for a deeper examination of actual or perceived status within the Saint-Jean cemetery.

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Jane Holmstron, Tosha Dupras, Yann Ardagna et Laurent Vidal, « Mapping mobility: using isoscapes and GIS to investigate movement and status of individuals from the medieval cemetery site of Saint-Jean de Todon, Laudun-l’Ardoise, Gard, France »Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris [En ligne], 35(S) | 2023, mis en ligne le 14 janvier 2023, consulté le 02 février 2023. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/bmsap/11192 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/bmsap.11192

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Auteurs

Jane Holmstron

Department of Anthropology, Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa, USA
holmstrom[at]grinnell.edu

Tosha Dupras

College of Arts and Sciences’ Dean’s Office, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA

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Yann Ardagna

UMR 7268 ADES, Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, EFS, Marseille, France

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Laurent Vidal

INRAP, Centre de Recherches Archéologiques, Nîmes, France

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CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

Creative Commons - Attribution - Pas d'Utilisation Commerciale - Pas de Modification 4.0 International - CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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