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New results in the study on sleep quality of left behind Romanian adolescents in the context of work migration

Nouveaux résultats d’une étude sur la qualité du sommeil d’adolescents roumains laissés pour compte dans le contexte de la migration de travail
Adriana Borosanu, Cristiana Glavce et Richard David-Rus

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1This continues our investigations into the adolescent’s perception of sleep quality. The question we focused on was: what factors trigger and influence the night insomnia in the context of our study? Sleep quality is captured through: sleep latency, sleep continuity, difficulty waking-up in the morning and tiredness after awakening. We selected three categories of causes of night insomnia: pains, physiological needs and bad dreams. We collected data on 283 subjects, secondary-school adolescents, from locations in South Romania with different urbanization and family patterns. We used an anthropological questionnaire that comprises socio-demographic, anthropometric and lifestyle information, including items reflecting sleep quality and differentiating between causes of insomnia We used both qualitative and quantitative methods. The quantitative approach implemented latent class analysis (LCA): a direct overall estimation, a comparative analysis on groups defined on demographic factors and an estimation with factors as regression covariates. We used the procedure as implemented in poLCA package/R language. The three class model offered the best interpretation for sleep quality. We investigate it further by grouping the subjects according to gender, place of origin, family patterns and parent’s migration status. The resulted patterns through LCA analysis are reflected in the class prevalence and the item response conditional probabilities. The classes identified were: a good sleep class, another revealing vulnerability and one with sleep issues. The main finding shows sleep quality variation by parent’s migrant status, sleep difficulties being common for subjects from migrant and nuclear families. Insomnia in vulnerable subjects is generated by physiological needs and in subjects with significant sleep issues by bad dreams. Sleep quality in adolescents is especially influenced by factors as the parent’s migration status and gender. The relevant factors in explaining night insomnia are bad dreams – representing a marker of some life events with unpleasant perceived content.

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Adriana Borosanu, Cristiana Glavce et Richard David-Rus, « New results in the study on sleep quality of left behind Romanian adolescents in the context of work migration »Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris [En ligne], 36(S) | 2024, mis en ligne le 22 décembre 2023, consulté le 21 février 2024. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/bmsap/12488 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/bmsap.12488

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Auteurs

Adriana Borosanu

Institute of Anthropology Francisc I Rainer, Romanian Academy, Romania ; adriana_borosanu[at]yahoo.com

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Cristiana Glavce

Institute of Anthropology Francisc I Rainer, Romanian Academy, Romania

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Richard David-Rus

Institute of Anthropology Francisc I Rainer, Romanian Academy, Romania

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Le texte seul est utilisable sous licence CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Les autres éléments (illustrations, fichiers annexes importés) sont « Tous droits réservés », sauf mention contraire.

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