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III-13 | 2022
Les mathématiques professionnelles (XVIe-XIXe siècle)

Professional Mathematics (16th-19th century)
Edited by Thomas Morel and Thomas Preveraud
Couverture CFV vol. III n° 13
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ISBN 978-2-493550-04-0

The contributions gathered here are devoted to the application of mathematical knowledge from the 16th to the 19th century in various professional settings. They all emphasize that practitioners were confronted with new needs that required mathematical tools, and that, in order to understand the precise use they make of it, it is crucial to immerse oneself in detail in each social and economic setting. The circulation of this knowledge implied almost everywhere processes of appropriation within the considered professions and strongly dependent on the contexts of use. By transforming, adjusting or standardizing the practitioner's gesture, mathematics allowed access to a form of social legitimization that offered, depending on the case, prestige or rejection of theoretical science.

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