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Politique, rumeurs et solidarités territoriales dans les résistances au recensement de 1841

François Ploux

Abstracts

In 1841, the Minister of Finance, Georges Humann, resolved to conduct a census in every community throughout the realm for the purpose of boosting revenues from direct taxes. His decision provoked a wave of rather violent protests, especially in the South of France. Political parties in opposition to the July Monarchy exploited this popular discontent by pairing hatred of the public treasury with political revenge. The principal goal of the project was undermined, however, by a rumor that spread throughout the country. People seemed to believe that the census agents were charged with taking an inventory of linens, cattle, furniture, pregnant women, etc., that was to serve as the basis for establishing a new tax. This belief often figured as the root cause of the unrest which was operating by the complex mechanics of territorial solidarity whose vigorous bonds are both spontaneous and coerced.

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Index terms

Chronologique :

XIXe siècle
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References

Electronic reference

François Ploux, « Politique, rumeurs et solidarités territoriales dans les résistances au recensement de 1841 », Cahiers d'histoire [Online], 44-2 | 1999, Online since , connection on 12 November 2019. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/ch/194

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About the author

François Ploux

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Copyright

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