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The Deadlock in Tibet

The Political Economy of Boomerang Aid in China’s Tibet

Lecturer in Population and Social Policy, Institute of Social Studies, The Hague
Andrew Martin Fischer


This article examines how rapid growth in the Tibetan areas of West China since the mid-1990s has been a key factor exacerbating the unresolved contestations of Chinese rule in these areas. Amidst the continued political disempowerment of Tibetan locals, Beijing has used recent development strategies to channel massive amounts of subsidies through the government itself or through Chinese corporations based outside the Tibetan areas, thereby accentuating the already highly-externalised orientation of the local economy. These processes offer important insight into the recent explosion of tensions.

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Electronic reference

Andrew Martin Fischer, “The Political Economy of Boomerang Aid in China’s Tibet”China Perspectives [Online], 2009/3 | 2009, Online since 01 September 2012, connection on 21 May 2024. URL:; DOI:

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The text and other elements (illustrations, imported files) are “All rights reserved”, unless otherwise stated.

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