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Remembering the Age of Iron

Television dramas about Chinese workers in the socialist era
Wanning Sun
p. 33-41


Over the past few years we have witnessed a minor cultural phenomenon in China, with the production and enthusiastic reception nationwide of several television dramas about Chinese workers in the socialist decades. Set in the industrial plants of Liaoning in China’s northeast, once the industrial powerhouse of the socialist nation, these drama series centre on the dramatic transformation in workers’ experiences from 1949 to the start of economic reforms. In this paper I explore these series, asking: what does the smallscale production but enthusiastic reception of this genre tell us about the contemporary cultural politics of class? This paper addresses this question by (1) highlighting the key aspects of workers’ experiences with socialism as depicted in these television narratives; (2) considering the creative agenda of Gao Mantang, the script writer of the most successful industrial-themed television series; and (3) identifying some crucial ways in which the subjectivity of workers and other social groups in contemporary Chinese society intersect to shape the cultural politics of class. This discussion shows that television dramas have indeed become the basis of a widely accessible public forum that helps forge a renewed appreciation of the moral integrity of China’s working class, vent a widespread sense of injustice, and foster a certain degree of solidarity between workers and other social classes. At the same time, while television dramas about workers may hold significant potential for mobilising public support for the working class and advocating workers’ interests, this discussion also suggests that so far this potential has not been fully exploited.

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Bibliographical reference

Wanning Sun, « Remembering the Age of Iron », China Perspectives, 2015/2 | 2015, 33-41.

Electronic reference

Wanning Sun, « Remembering the Age of Iron », China Perspectives [Online], 2015/2 | 2015, Online since 01 January 2017, connection on 26 September 2018. URL :

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About the author

Wanning Sun

Wanning Sun is professor of media and cultural studies at University of Technology, Sydney.School of Communication, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Technology, Sydney, PO Box 123, Broadway NSW 2007, Australia (

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