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From Farm Tools to Electric Cars

A Study of the Development of a Chinese Industrial Cluster: The Case of Yongkang in Zhejiang (1980-2010)
Shi Lu and Bernard Ganne
Translated by Will Thornely
p. 37-48


It is now recognised that China’s industrial clusters have played a particularly significant part in the prodigious economic transformations the country has experienced since the launch of reforms at the end of the 1970s. By studying the case of Yongkang, a county-level city in Zhejiang Province specialising in the manufacture of metal products, this article aims to increase understanding of how this rural area with a tradition of small-scale metal production has become, over the course of a few decades, an industrial cluster built around specific operations, and which economic, social, and political approaches have made these transformations possible.

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Bibliographical reference

Shi Lu and Bernard Ganne, « From Farm Tools to Electric Cars », China Perspectives, 2016/1 | 2016, 37-48.

Electronic reference

Shi Lu and Bernard Ganne, « From Farm Tools to Electric Cars », China Perspectives [Online], 2016/1 | 2016, Online since 01 March 2017, connection on 25 June 2018. URL :

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About the authors

Shi Lu

Shi Lu is an associate professor in Chinese studies at Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3 and a researcher at IAO (Lyon’s Institute of East Asian Studies).Institut d’Asie Orientale, ENS-Lyon, 15 Parvis René Descartes, 69007 Lyon, France (

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Bernard Ganne

Bernard Ganne is a sociologist and Emeritus Research Director, CNRS-CMW, ISH Lyon, Université Lyon 2.14 Avenue Berthelot 69007 Lyon (

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