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The Ram Union

Emergence of an International NGO Supported by the Party-state
Emmanuel Jourda
Translated by Peter Brown
p. 47-55


The Ram Union is a non-profit social organisation established in 2003 in Zhejiang Province. Its transformation from a local entity into an international NGO tells us about the methods implemented by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to accompany the development of popular associations or minjian, which appear to be external to the Party but which in fact are fully sponsored by it. Studying such organisations is a complex matter, as they appear to act in a benevolent and apolitical manner, while being completely integrated within the political and social apparatus of the Party-state (Youth League, volunteers, United Front, ministry of Civil Affairs, etc.). The historical trajectory of the Ram Union thus gives us insight into the CCP’s overlooked strategy of hybridisation, involving mass organisations that came out of the revolutionary period and charitable groups embodying modern Chinese society. This strategy is designed to occupy the social arena and forestall the emergence of an autonomous Chinese civil society in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) or among the Chinese diaspora overseas.

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Full text document will be published online on June 2020.

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Bibliographical reference

Emmanuel Jourda, « The Ram Union », China Perspectives, 2019-2 | 2019, 47-55.

Electronic reference

Emmanuel Jourda, « The Ram Union », China Perspectives [Online], 2019-2 | 2019, Online since 10 June 2020, connection on 03 April 2020. URL : ; DOI :

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About the author

Emmanuel Jourda

Emmanuel Jourda has a PhD in Political Science at the CECMC of the EHESS (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales). His thesis deals with the post-revolutionary form of the Chinese regime, particularly the way in which it restructures itself through United Front

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