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Laudatio for Professor Clive Emsley

Paul Lawrence, Chris Williams et Peter King
p. 5-11

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1It is a singular honour to be able to propose this laudatio to mark the retirement from the Open University of Professor Clive Emsley, one of the foremost exponents of criminal justice history. Via both his intellectual leadership and the generous and inclusive nature of his approach to scholarship, Clive has played a unique role in developing the field of criminal justice history research worldwide, and in encouraging and nurturing a new generation of researchers.

2Educated at York University and then at Peterhouse College, Cambridge University, Clive Emsley joined the Open University in 1970 and, aside from a series of prestigious visiting fellowships, has worked in the History Department there ever since. His first research interest was in Napoleonic France, and resulted in the publication of British Society and the French Wars, 1793-1815 (1979). His continued interest in this area has generated in a steady stream of publication, most recently Britain and the French Revolution (2000). However, perhaps understandably for the son of a policeman, he quickly became interested in criminal justice history, a field which was still in its infancy at the time. His work over the years in this area has resulted in an exceptional number of publications – to date, seven monographs, nine edited collections and over fifty articles and book chapters – all groundbreaking, and many still standard works in the field.

3Clive’s first foray into this area was a comparative study of policing in Europe Policing and its Context (1983); after this, he focussed his research on the development of the criminal justice system in England, with Crime and Society in England, 1750 (1987) and The English Police: A Political and Social History (1991). These two works are now in their third editions and still set the standard for research work in this area, as well as being staples of undergraduate and postgraduate courses around the world. It is no underestimation to say that Clive both pioneered and continues to shape the field of criminal justice history in England, and that it is largely due to him that the field thrives to the extent that it does now. His later books and articles on violence, on the policeman as worker, on the regulation of motor traffic and on crime and policing during wartime have all opened up rich seams of material which others have drawn on.

4His later archival work has been by no means confined to the British Isles, however. Much of his research has the vital comparative angle which has done so much to draw together the field across Europe. His Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1999) was the product of extensive archival research in France, Germany, Austria and Italy, with access to Italian archival material secured (so informed rumour has it) via the judicious gift of a bottle or two of good whisky. More recently, his Crime, Police and Penal Policy (in part the product of a jocular challenge which only Clive was brave enough to accept) remains the only monograph to attempt comparative consideration of the development of criminal justice systems across Europe. Many of his articles and especially his edited volumes, which have drawn together some of the best work in the world, also attest to the truly international and comparative aspects of his approach to the subject.

5Clive has also been instrumental in raising the profile of criminal justice history, both within and without academia. He has held many visiting research fellowships around the world, including; Griffith University, Australia (1983, 1996); Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint Denis (1984); University of Calgary, Canada (1988, 1990); University of Canterbury, New Zealand (2003); Australian National University (2004). He has had extensive media exposure, with documentary and other work for BBC television and radio, and authored articles in, inter alia, The Guardian, The Sunday Times and The Times Higher Educational Supplement. The successful supervisor of over twenty Ph.D students, he has also found the time to make unstinting contributions to the infrastructure of the discipline, including a long spell as President of the International Association for the History of Crime and Criminal Justice (1995 onwards), and as the editor of this journal (presenting some complications in getting this piece to press without arousing suspicion).

6It is no exaggeration to claim that not only is Clive Emsley’s work known and respected worldwide but that, for those new to the discipline, Clive’s is invariably the name that they arrive at first. Overall, what always impresses those who have collaborated with Clive over the years is the manner in which these huge achievements have been accomplished. A self-effacing, inclusive, generous and patient colleague, it has been a great pleasure to work with Clive closely over the years, and we look forward to a continued stream of intellectually-creative books and articles as he continues his research work in retirement.

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Bibliography of Clive Emsley’s principal publications

Authored Books

British Society and the French Wars, 1793-1815, London, Macmillan, 1979.

Policing and its Context, 1750-1900, London, Macmillan, 1983.

Crime and Society in England, 1750-1900, London, Longman, 1st edn 1987; 2nd edn 1996; 3rd edn Harlow, Longman/Pearson, 2005.

A Guide to the Archives of the Police Forces of England and Wales (with Ian Bridgeman), Cambridge, The Police History Society, 1989.

The English Police: A Political and Social History, London, 1st edn, Harvester-Wheatsheaf, 1991; 2nd edn Longman, 1996, 3rd edn Harlow, Longman/Pearson, 2004.

The Longman Companion to Napoleonic Europe, London, Longman, 1993.

Gendarmes and the state in nineteenth-century Europe, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1999.

Britain and the French Revolution, Harlow, Longman, 2000.

Napoleon: Conquest, Reform and Reorganisation, Harlow, Longman, 2003.

Hard Men. Violence in England since 1750, London, Hambledon, 2005.

Crime, police and penal policy: European experiences, 1750-1940, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2007.

The Great British Bobby: a History of British Policing from 1829 to the Present, London, Quercus, 2009.

Edited Books

North Riding Naval Recruits: the quota acts & the quota men, 1795-1797 Northallerton, North Yorkshire County Council, 1978.

Conflict and Stability in Europe, London, Croom Helm/Open University Press, 1979.

Essays in Comparative History: Economy, Politics and Society in Britain and America, 1850-1920, Buckingham, Open University Press, 1984.

Artisans, Peasants and Proletarians 1789-1860: Essays presented to Gwyn A. Williams ­London, Croom Helm, 1985 (edited with James Walvin).

Harry Daley, This Small Cloud: A Personal Memoir, London, Weidenfeld 1987 (edited with P. N. Furbank).

War, Peace and Social Change in Twentieth-Century Europe, Buckingham, Open University Press, 1989 (edited with Arthur Marwick and Wendy Simpson).

Geschichte und Soziologie des Vebrechens, Pfaffenweiler, Centaurus Verlag, 1991 (edited with Philippe Robert).

Policing Western Europe:Politics, Professionalism and Public Order, 1850-1940, New York, Greenwood, 1991 (edited with Barbara Weinberger).

Délinquance juvénile en Grande-Bretagne – Special edition of Déviance et Société, vol. XVIII, 1994.

Crime History and Histories of Crime: Studies in the Historiography of Crime and Criminal Justice, Westport Ct., Greenwood, 1996 (edited with Louis A. Knafla).

Patterns of Provocation: Police and Public Disorder,Oxford and New York, Berghahn, 2000 (edited with Richard J. Bessel).

Total War and Historical Change: Europe 1914-1955, Buckingham, Open University Press, 2001 (edited with Arthur Marwick and Wendy Simpson).

Comparative Histories of Crime, Cullompton, Willan, 2003 (edited with Barry Godfrey and Graeme Dunstall).

Social Control in Europe, Volume 2: 1800-2000, Columbus, Ohio State University Press, 2005 (edited with Eric Johnson and Pieter Spierenburg).

The Persistent Prison: Problems, Images and Alternatives, London, Francis Bootle Publications, 2005.

Police Detectives in History, 1750-1950, Aldershot, Ashgate, 2006 (edited with Haia Shpayer-Makov).

Articles in Refereed Journals

Political Disaffection and the British Army in 1972, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, 1975, XLVIII, pp. 230-245.

The London ‘Insurrection’ of December 1792: Fact, Fiction, or Fantasy?, The Journal of British Studies, 1978, 17, 2, pp. 66-86.

The Home Office and its Problems of Information and Investigation, 1791-1801, English ­Historical Review, 1979, XCIV, pp. 532-561.

The Bedfordshire County Petitions 1795-1796, Proceedings of the Bedfordshire Historical Records Society, 1980, LIX, pp. 55-64.

The Recruitment of Petty Offenders during the French Wars 1793-1815, Mariners Mirror 1980, LXVI, pp. 199-208.

An Aspect of Pitt’s “Terror”: Prosecutions for Sedition during the 1790s, Social History, 1981, 6, pp. 155-184.

The French Police in the Nineteenth Century, History Today, 1982, XXXII, January, pp. 22-27.

The Bedfordshire Police 1840-1856: a case study in the working of the Rural Constabulary Act, Midland History, 1982, VII, pp. 73-89.

The Military and Popular Disorder in England 1790-1801, Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research, Part I (Spring 1983), pp. 10-21; Part II (Summer, 1983), pp. 96-112.

Radicals, Revolutionaries and Secret Agents, Journal of the Scottish Labour History Society 1984, 19, pp. 37-41.

Arms and the Victorian Policeman, History Today, 1984, XXXIV, November, pp. 39-44.

“The Thump of Wood on a Swede Turnip”: Police Violence in Nineteenth-Century England, Criminal Justice History, 1985, VI, pp. 125-149.

Repression, Terror and the Rule of Law in England During the Decade of the French Revolution, English Historical Review, 1985, C, pp. 801-825.

Detection and Prevention: The Old English Police and the New (1750-1900), Historical Social Research/Historische Sozialforschung, 1986, 37, pp. 69-88.

La maréchaussée à la fin de l’Ancien Régime: note sur la composition du corps, Revue d’histoire moderne et contemporaine, 1986, XXXII, pp. 622-644.

Policing the Streets of Early Nineteenth-Century Paris, French History, 1987, I, pp. 257-282.

Crime in nineteenth-century Britain, History Today, 1988, XXXVIII, April, pp. 40-46.

The Recollections of a Provincial Policeman: Arthur Ernest Almond (edited and annotated), Journal of the Police History Society, 1988, 3, pp. 53-66.

La légitimité de la police anglaise: une perspective historique comparée, Déviance et Société, 1989, XIII, pp. 23-42.

The French Police: Ubiquitous and Faceless, French History, 1989, 3, pp. 222-227.

Cops, Robbers and Laura Norder: Recent work in the History of Crime in England, Social History Society Newsletter, 1991, 16, 1, pp. 3-7.

Bobby, Tommy, and the Enemy Within, Criminal Justice History, 1992, 13, pp. 217-224.

Prosecution and the Police in England since 1700 (with Robert D. Storch), Bulletin of the International Association for the History of Crime and Criminal Justice, 1993, 18, pp. 45-57.

Crime and Criminal Justice in the European Countryside: Some Questions for Comparison, Criminal Justice History, 1993, XIV, pp. 1-16.

“Mother, what did policemen do when there weren’t any motors?” The law, the police and the regulation of motor traffic in England, 1900-1939, Historical Journal, 1993, 36, pp. 357-381.

Évolution de la gendarmerie en milieu rural, de l’Empire à nos jours, Les Cahiers de la Sécurité Intérieure, 1993, 11, pp. 25-42.

Police et prévention: une perspective historique, Les Cahiers de la Sécurité Intérieure, 1993, 14, pp. 37-47.

Recruiting the English Policeman, c.1840-1940 (with Mark Clapson), Policing and Society, 1994, 3, pp. 269-286.

Les polices aux XIXe et XXe siècles: aperçus sur les historiographies anglaise, allemande et française (with Herbert Reinke and René Lévy), Les Cahiers de la Sécurité Intérieure, 1994, 17, pp. 13-33.

The Origins of the Modern Police, History Today, 1999, 49, pp. 8-14.

A Typology of Nineteenth-Century Police, Crime, Histoire & Sociétés/Crime, History & Societies, 1999, 3, pp. 29-44.

The Habsburg Gendarmerie: A Research Agenda (with Sabine Phillips), German History, 1999, 17, pp. 241-250.

The Policeman as Worker: A Comparative Survey c.1840-1940, International Review of Social History, 2000, 45, pp. 89-110.

Police, maintien de l’ordre et espaces urbains: une lecture anglaise, Revue d’histoire moderne et contemporaine, 2003, 50, pp. 5-12.

Filling in, adding up, moving on; Criminal Justice History in contemporary Britain, Crime, Histoire & Sociétés/Crime, History and Societies, 2005, 9, 1, (2005), pp. 117-138.

El ejercito, la policia y el mantenimiento del orden publico en Inglaterra (c.1750-1950), Politica y Sociedad, 2005, 42, 3, pp. 15-29.

Community Policing/Policing and Communities: Some Historical Perspectives, Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 2007, 1, 2, pp. 235-243.

Violent crime in England in 1919: post-war anxieties and press narratives, Continuity and Change, 2008, 23, 1, pp. 173-195.

Chapters in Edited Collections

The impact of war and military participation on Britain and France 1792-1815, in Emsley C., Walvin, Artisans, Peasants and Proletarians, 1985, pp. 57-80.

Nationalist rhetoric and nationalist sentiment in Revolutionary France, in Dann O., Dinwiddy J. R. (eds), Nationalism in Europe in the Age of the French Revolution, London, Hambledon, 1988, pp. 39-52.

The Social Impact of the French Wars, in Dickinson H. T. (ed.), Britain and the French Revolution, London, Macmillan, 1989, pp. 211-227.

The Impact of the French Revolution on British Politics and Society 1789-1801, in Crossley C., Small I. (eds), The French Revolution and British Culture, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1989, pp. 31-62.

The Volunteer Movement, in Guy A. J. (ed.), The Road to Waterloo: The British Army and the Struggle Against Revolutionary and Napoleonic France 1793-1815, National Army Museum, 1990, pp. 40-47.

The New Agenda for Police History, in Emsley C., Robert Ph., Geschichte und Soziologie, 1991, pp. 101-106.

Police Forces and Public Order in England and France during the Interwar Years, in Emsley C., Weinberger B., Policing Western Europe, 1991, pp. 159-186.

War, Revolution and Nationalism: The British and French Experience, in Philip M. (ed.), The French Revolution and British Popular Politics, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991, pp. 99-117.

Remand: la détention avant procès en Angleterre et en Pays de Galles 1750-1900, in Robert Ph. (ed.), Entre l’ordre et la liberté, la détention provisoire: deux siècles de débats, Paris, l’Harmattan, 1992, pp. 187-197.

Polizei und Arbeitskonflikte – England und USA im Vergleich (1880-1939), in Lüdtke A. (ed.), Sicherheit und Wohlfahrt. Polizei, Gesellschaft und Herrschaft im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, Frankfurt am Main, Suhrkamp Verlag, 1992, pp. 182-215.

The English Bobby: An Indulgent Tradition, in Porter R. (ed.), Myths of the English, Oxford, Polity Press, 1992, pp. 114-135.

Peasants, Gendarmes and State Formation, in Fulbrook M. (ed.), National Histories and European History, London, University College London Press, 1993, pp. 69-93.

The History of Crime and Crime Control Institutions, in Morgan R., Reiner R., Maguire M. (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1994,
pp. 149-182. Second edition, 1997, pp. 57-86; Third edition, 2002, pp. 203-230.

The Archives of the English and Welsh Police Forces: A Survey, in Binnie S., Knafla L. A. (eds), Law, State and Society: Essays in Modern Legal History, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1995, pp. 465-476.

Punishment, penalties and prisons in historical perspective (with Xavier Rousseaux), inProceedings of the 18th International Congress of Historical Sciences, Montréal, Université de Québec, 1995, pp. 335-353.

Preventative Policing: The Path to the Present, in Brodeur J.-P. (ed.), Comparisons in Policing: An International Perspective, Aldershot, Avebury, 1995, pp. 135-144.

Albion’s Felonious Attractions, in Emsley C., Knafla L. A. (eds), Crime History and Histories of Crime, 1996, pp. 67-85.

The Regulation of Motor Traffic in Britain, in Kellens G., Pérez-Diaz C. (eds), Le contrôle de la circulation routière dans les pays de la CEE, Paris, l’Harmattan, 1997, pp. 77-89.

Political Police and the European Nation-State in the Nineteenth Century, in Mazower M. (ed.), The Policing of Politics in the Twentieth Century, Providence, RI, Berghahn Books, 1997, pp. 1-25.

La polizia politica e gli stati nazionali in Europa nel XIX secolo, in Cajani L. (ed.), Criminalità giustizia penale e ordine pubblico nell’Europa moderna, Milano, Unicopli, 1997, pp. 199-299.

The Nation-State, the Law and the Peasant in Nineteenth-Century Europe, in Rousseaux X., Lévy R. (eds), Le pénal dans tous ses États. Justice, états et sociétés en Europe (XIIe-XXe siècles), Bruxelles, Facultés universitaires Saint-Louis, 1997, pp. 153-178.

Police and Industrial Disputes in Britain and the United States, in Englander D. (ed.), Britain and America: Studies in Comparative History, New Haven CT., Yale University Press, 1997, pp. 112-131.

Les gendarmes et les paysans: vers une histoire institutionnelle et sociale comparée, in Chauvaud F., Petit J.-G. (eds), L’histoire contemporaine et les usages des archives judiciaires (1800-1939), Paris, Honoré Champion, 1998, pp. 305-315.

The Policing of Crime in the Nineteenth Century, in Lappalainen M., Hirvonen P. (eds), Crime and Control in Europe from the Past to the Present, Helsinki, Hakapaino, 1999, pp. 144-164.

P.C. Dixon and Commissaire Maigret: Some Myths and Realities in the Development of English and Continental Police, in Howell D. W., Morgan K. O. (eds), Crime, Protest and Police in Modern British Society, Cardiff, University of Wales Press, 1999, pp. 97-119.

Law reform and penal reform in England in the age of the French Revolution, in Rousseaux X., Dupont Bouchat M.-S., Vael C. (eds), Révolutions et justice pénale. Modèles français et traditions nationales (1780-1830), Paris, l’Harmattan, 1999, pp. 319-131.

La historia de la delincuencia y la justicia penal (1750-1914): una reflexión sobre los estudios actuales, in Paniagua J., Piqueras J. A., Sanz V. (eds), Cultura social y política en el mundo del trabajo,Valencia, Bibliotec Historia Social, 1999, pp. 85-103.

The Pop-Gun Plot, 1794, in Davis M. T. (ed.), Radicalism and Revolution in Britain 1775-1848: Essays in Honour of Malcolm I. Thomis, London, Macmillan, 2000, pp. 56-68.

The Theory and Practice of Justice: Laws, norms, deviance (with René Lévy and Xavier Rousseaux), inProceedings of the 19th International Congress of Historical Sciences, Oslo, University of Oslo, 2000, pp. 155-166.

Street, beat and respectability. The culture and self-image of the Victorian and Edwardian Policeman (with Mark Clapson), in Knafla L. A. (ed.), Policing and War in Europe: Criminal Justice History, 2002, 1, pp. 107-131.

La Gendarmerie et L’État, in Luc J.-N. (ed.), Gendarmerie, État et Société au XIXe siècle, Paris, Publications de la Sorbonne, 2002, pp. 475-477.

The English police: a unique development?, in Bottoms A., Tonry M. (eds), Ideology, Crime and Criminal Justice: A symposium in honour of Sir Leon Radzinowicz,Cullompton, Willan Publishing, 2002, pp. 74-93.

Crime, police and penal Policy, in Wrigley C. (ed.), A Companion to Early Twentieth-Century Britain, Oxford, Blackwell, 2003, pp. 438-452.

The birth and development of the police, in Newburn T. (ed.), Handbook of Policing, ­Cullompton, Willan Publishing, 2003, pp. 66-83.

Policemen on a Dark Continent in an Age of Extremes, in Oram G. (ed.), Conflict and Legality: Policing mid-twentieth-century Europe, London, Francis Boutle, 2003, pp. 192-212.

The Police, in Bogdanor V. (ed.) The British Constitution in the Twentieth Century, British Academy Centenary Monographs, Oxford, Oxford University Press/British Academy, 2004, pp. 557-583.

The Second World War and the Police in England and Wales, in Fijnaut C. (ed.), The Impact of World War II on Policing in North West Europe,Leuven, Leuven University Press, 2004, pp. 151-172.

Control and Legitimacy: The Police in Comparative Perspective Since circa 1800, in Emsley C., Johnson, Spierenburg P. (eds), Social Control in Europe, 1800-2000, 2004, pp. 193-209.

Sergeant Goddard: the story of a rotten apple or a diseased orchard?, in Srebnik A., Lévy R. (eds), Crime and culture: an historical perspective, Aldershot, Ashgate, 2005, pp. 85-104.

Beware of the Leopard? Police archives in Great Britain (with Chris A. Williams), in Procter M., Cook M. (eds), Political Pressure and the Archival Record, Chicago, Society of American Archivists, 2006, pp. 227-235.

Entrepreneurs privés, fonctionnaires et juristes: les transformations de la procédure judiciaire dans l’Angleterre du XIXe siècle, in Farcy J.-C., Kalifa D., Luc J.-N. (eds), L’enquête judiciaire en Europe au XIXe siecle, Paris, Creaphis, 2007, pp. 43-58.

Historical perspectives on crime, in Maguire M., Morgan R., Reiner R. (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, fourth edition, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2007,pp. 122-138.

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Paul Lawrence, Chris Williams et Peter King, « Laudatio for Professor Clive Emsley », Crime, Histoire & Sociétés / Crime, History & Societies, Vol. 13, n°2 | 2009, 5-11.

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Paul Lawrence, Chris Williams et Peter King, « Laudatio for Professor Clive Emsley », Crime, Histoire & Sociétés / Crime, History & Societies [En ligne], Vol. 13, n°2 | 2009, mis en ligne le 01 octobre 2012, consulté le 20 juin 2018. URL : ; DOI : 10.4000/chs.1102

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Paul Lawrence

History Department, The Open University. Walton Hall, The Open University, UK – Milton Keynes MK7 6AA

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Chris Williams

History Department, The Open University. Walton Hall, The Open University, UK – Milton Keynes MK7 6AA

Peter King

History Department, The Open University. Walton Hall, The Open University, UK – Milton Keynes MK7 6AA

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