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Brazilian urban geography: from a diachronic analysis to the most cited works in the last decade

A geografia urbana brasileira: de uma análise diacrônica às obras mais citadas no último decênio
La géographie urbaine brésilienne: de l'analyse diachronique aux travaux les plus cités de la dernière décennie
Eustogio Wanderley Correia Dantas et José Borzacchiello da Silva
Cet article est une traduction de :
A geografia urbana brasileira: de uma análise diacrônica às obras mais citadas no último decênio []

Résumés

Dans le domaine de la géographie brésilienne contemporaine, il est urgent de poursuivre les études sur la ville et l'urbain. Cet article est une approche par l’enquête sur le matériau en question, depuis les débuts, une bibliographie classique, facilitée par l’existence d’outils basés sur la technologie de l’information. Il traite, en plus de l’indication du travail, du volume des citations qui s'y rapportent. L'utilisation d'études basées sur l'indice H permettra la mise à jour des études avec la présentation des responsables de la production d'ouvrages importants sur la géographie urbaine au Brésil, permettant ainsi de spatialiser la production dans le pays (volume de citations).

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1In the effort to understand the scientific production focused on the city and the urban there has been a growing interest in studying the phenomena related to them and, by extension, the results of these studies, conveyed in scientific works (books and periodicals), have become increasingly influential in the configuration of universal knowledge.

2The emphasis in this article is on the survey of the material in question, facilitated by the existence of the information technology based tools available to current researchers.

3Early studies, prior to the informational era, were marked by the "world of the first person". From this position:

4. The methodological analysis depended on the researcher’s capacity to travel to the location where the collections were available and, therefore, associated with the horizon visible to them. Physical presence was imposed on the construction of the research horizon; the description of the material involved was the direct result of the level of knowledge and direct experience of the collection, its authors and readers.

5. The volume of works produced and the locations where the collections were available were reduced, when compared to the present day. This was due to their concentration in a few teaching and / or research institutions. In the case of Geography to the state universities of São Paulo (USP and UNESP-RC), the UFRJ and the IBGE in Rio de Janeiro, as well as the UFPE.

6In the current period horizons have expanded, no longer requiring the researcher to change location. We have migrated from the idea of ​​the collection to the database, making it possible to access unconceivable volumes of information and consolidate new research centers on a national scale. In this context, this involves the existence of a scientific production associated with consolidated postgraduate studies, especially in the last decade, linked to a more than significant volume of studies that is beyond the capacity of apprehension (displacement and knowledge) of a single person, no matter how well prepared.

7The researcher is involved in the "virtual world", entering into unknown horizons and in which they are offered an immeasurable volume of data and information. In these terms it is necessary to know the new informational languages ​​related to "search engines", based on electronic platforms to carry out the collection, systematization and provision of material associated with the most diverse themes.

8In the Human Sciences, among the existing search engines, the Google Scholar Platform plays a prominent role and offers, in a first field:

Specific tools for researchers to search and find academic literature. Scientific articles, master's or doctoral theses, books, abstracts, libraries of pre-publications and material produced by professional and academic organizations (...). Google Scholar brings together several sources in one place. In addition, through it, articles, abstracts and citations on the most varied subjects can be found, as long as they are available on the web in some way. (GOOGLE, 2017)

  • 1 The H index, proposed by Hirsch, refers to the number of articles published by an author and have a (...)

9In a second domain it differs from the others because it provides researchers with a friendly platform, on which they can access and change their profile, based on the construction of the H-Index.1

10From a superficial critique of such indicators, purely and simply because of their quantitative nature, we cannot forget that they allow us to apprehend the works involved at an impressive level of detail: firstly, when generating the access link to the work and, interestingly, receiving information about by whom, when and where it has been quoted. The field of research is transcended by the researcher's unique perspective (in the first person) and, at present, it has become possible to glimpse the filtering of a work by the scientific community due to its use in the production of scientific and technical works (theses, dissertations, books, periodicals, technical reports, etc.). The initial condition associated with the knowledge and reading of a work by a researcher has nowadays been transcended to the discussion around the volume of citations that the works analyzed receive, an impossibility in the past.

11From the dialogue with the "first-person world", in the present work we conceive of the use of the tools of the "virtual world", an analysis in the sense of understanding them, considering the domain of Postgraduate Courses and Programs in Brazilian Geography and the works of the Urban Geography Sector with the largest volume of citations in the last ten years. In this sense, we intend to contribute to the discussion about what is currently produced on a national scale in Brazilian Urban Geography, in addition to the studies already carried out by the colleagues who have preceded us and who represent other contexts associated with a different technical scientific period.

Steps to follow in dealing with the theme: methodology

12Two genres of approche will be adopted in the treatment of the issue in question.

First approche:

13The use of a bibliographical resources to deal with works produced by specialists in the city and urban domain throughout the twentieth century, and to show the horizon experienced by them and the consequent indication of the volume of work representative of the studies carried out at the time, typical of the "world of the first person".

14The works considered, in chronological order, will be the result of seminal research developed mainly by Geiger & Davidovich (1961) and Abreu (1994). The bibliographic survey identified the importance of the researchers who carried out exhaustive surveys of authors responsible for the production of works in Brazilian urban geography. These works were fundamental for the development of this article and others were incorporated to them, at the same time as they took on the role of beacons in the definition of temporal, conceptual and thematic cuts.

Second approche:

15The use of tools to enable the knowledge of the works produced from 2005 to 2016, with emphasis given to the three main quotations of professionals writing about the city and the urban and used in Brazilian Geography Courses and Programs.

16The tools of the "virtual world", founders of the present analysis, are those used in the construction of the H-Index of Courses and Postgraduate Programs by the Geography Area Coordination (2013-2016), namely, the platform Publish or Perish, whose database is used by Google Scholar.

17

Figure 1 – H index of the Graduate Programs in Geography

Figure 1 – H index of the Graduate Programs in Geography

Source: Relatório da Avaliação Quadrienal 2017, CAPES.

18Taking the H-index of the Courses and Programs as a starting point, analytical procedures are established to allow for a detailed analysis of the main outputs of permanent teachers whose H-index is equal to, or higher than, the course or program, resulting in the construction of spreadsheets listing the three main productions from 2005 to 2016, on the country, regional and Higher Education Institutions (HEI) scales.

19The aforementioned volume of information, involves 319 permanent teachers and 958 works, (Geography, Physical Geography, Cartography and Geoprocessing and Teaching) and Study Sectors, with an emphasis on Urban Geography, associated with the area of ​​Human Geography.

Figure 2 – Graph with distribution of the works most cited by area in Brazil, Emphasis Sector of Urban Geography (in the Human Geography Area).

Figure 2 – Graph with distribution of the works most cited by area in Brazil, Emphasis Sector of Urban Geography (in the Human Geography Area).

20When analyzing the data raised on the national scale there is an uneven distribution between the areas. In order of importance, Teaching (4%) and Cartography and Geoprocessing (7%), concentrate smaller percentages among the most cited works in the courses and programs. Whereas Physical Geography (43%) and Human Geography (46%) concentrate the largest volume of the most cited works.

21Of the area directly related to our study (Human Geography), the Urban Geography sector corresponds to 17% of the bibliographical production generated in the terms evidenced herein, and involve 57 permanent professors and 163 works published in diverse vehicles. In these terms, the importance of the city and the urban issue is confirmed, in keeping with an urban world that imposes itself (LEFEBVRE, 1989).

22Given the importance of the percentages to be included on the country scale, it is possible to notice a differentiation of the amount of published works in the sector of Urban Geography on the regional scale. Thus, by level of importance: Northeast (26%), North (24%), Southeast (20%), South (9%) and Center-West (4%).

Figure 3 – Graph with distribution of the works most cited by area in Brazil, emphasis by region (Northeast, North, Southeast and Center West) and Urban Geography Sector (in the Human Geography Area)

Figure 3 – Graph with distribution of the works most cited by area in Brazil, emphasis by region (Northeast, North, Southeast and Center West) and Urban Geography Sector (in the Human Geography Area)

23The classification by study areas and sectors helps identify the importance attained by urban geography in the country. The data obtained indicate the increase in scientific works discussing different aspects of the urban and cities in geographic research. Of the Brazilian regions, the South and the Center-West are the only ones with percentages below the national level, and in their relevance when compared to the other sectors covered by Brazilian geography. In the rest, the number of papers cited and which provide a foundation for the basic research for the elaboration of this article is strong.

24In order to create hypotheses capable of explaining the reasons for the smaller percentages in the Midwest and South, it should be pointed out that these regions have strong ties to agrarian geography studies, especially those related to the social movements of landless workers in the South, and agribusiness, in the Center-West, where topics related to the demarcation of indigenous lands, the survival of traditional rural communities, etc., attract researcher’s attention.

25The pronounced presence of city and urban studies carried out by geography testifies to the fact that the Brazilian reality demands constant interpretations and analyses, materialized in scientific works that require a specialized epistemological treatment and to indicate those who produce them, as well as their distribution, considering their locus of production and the Higher Education Institutions distributed on the regional scale.

The world of the first person

26Brazilian geography was formed in the third decade of the twentieth century, starting with the establishment of diverse institutions and meeting demands from Brazilian society. For SILVA (1993, 2016), this is evidenced by the effect of a numerical handicap, considering the number of scholars involved in relation to the country’s continental dimensions, which motivated and justified the opening of the first institutions to professionals from overseas.

27This explains why Brazilian geography was only established from the creation of the first higher level courses in the country and counted on the contribution of foreign teachers. This was the case with the first geography course established in the country, at the USP in 1934, and that of the former University of Brazil, now the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, in 1936. Also in São Paulo, the Association of Brazilian Geographers - AGB was founded in the same year as the geography course of the University of São Paulo was created, a significant landmark in the organization of geographers and the dissemination of geographic science throughout the country, with the creation of regional sections integrated with the headquarters in São Paulo. Also of great magnitude and responsible for the impulse given to Brazilian geography was the creation of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - IBGE, also in 1936.

28The creation of these institutions guaranteed the bases of scientific production in the country, especially after World War II. The implantation of undergraduate courses in geography and the creation of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) created the basis for an exchange between the newly created Brazilian geography and geography on an international scale, especially the French school, from which the theoretical and methodological references were inherited. Concomitant with the consolidation of the first courses and the possibility of employment as a technical geographer at the IBGE, Brazilian geography gained strength, although with a low visibility, maintaining strong ties with theoretical formulations from Europe and the United States. For Vasconcelos (2012) the postwar era was the period of diffusion of urban geography, with the elaboration of classic works to study

Cities on a World level such as [the work] of P. George (1952), or in large sub-areas: J. Dresch, 1950 (Africa), M. Santos, 1965 (Third World), T. McGee, 1967 (Southeast Asia). (VASCONCELOS, 2012, p. 212-213).

29Among the authors mentioned above, the Brazilian geographer Milton Santos deserves special mention. His experience in exile abroad placed him in a prominent position, playing a creative role and underpinning the founding of a national geographic school (FERRETTI, 2018) the Brazilian one.

  • 2 This experience above mentioned indicates a set of works that impact on our science: "Published in (...)

30Geiger & Davidovich (1961), carried out a survey to denote a branch of general geography, Brazilian urban geography, and with "fairly recent" development. Thus, they refer to the existence of a national bibliography analyzing Brazilian cities and generally characterized as "theses on cities" or "articles on partial aspects of the urban problem, which is rarely seen as a whole". They present a context in which there is no interest in an "absolute and universal definition of cities", which are understood as human groupings to establish reciprocal relations with other cities to form a region. These authors highlight different aspects of interpreting space from the city: economic and social organization, urban functions, regional urban set and urban networks that will be studied in the future by Brazilian urban geography. In this same domain, to externalize the advances of geography, Vasconcelos (2012) also carried out an exhaustive survey showing the development of Brazilian urban geography, post-World War II, especially supported by the occurrence of International Congresses "in Lisbon (1949), Washington ( 1952), Rio de Janeiro (1956), Stockholm (1960), London (1964), New Delhi (1968) and Montreal (1972).2

31It is necessary to establish relationships between the survey of the advances of post-war western geography and that of Abreu (1994) in the Brazilian Journal of Geography. This study provided a broad view of Brazilian urban geography and was a welcome sight for those interested in understanding its dynamics. The pertinence of Abreu's analysis (1994, p. 38) stands out when he interacts with Müller (1956) in asserting the "end of one era and the beginning of another", specifically evidenced in the

  • 3 This is the XVIII International Congress of Geography promoted by the International Geographical Un (...)

XVIII International Congress of Geography3, a moment of contact with foreign experts, which encouraged a series of urban studies, both to be presented to the Congress and to be included in the various guidebooks of the excursions undertaken (MÜLLER, 1968, p. 16).

32Abreu (1994) concurs with Müller (1968) and Corrêa (1966) assertion that, irrespective of focusing on the agrarian theme, this event was the moment in which Urban Geography reached a "new stage", vis-à-vis, Bernardes pioneerism (1958-1959, 1960) in enabling a significant revision of the urban monograph of the AGB meetings, to include an "analysis of the degree of urban centrality, the determination of the city’s area of ​​influence". For the aforementioned author, the XIV Assembly of the AGB of 1959 (Viçosa) played a similar role in the context of the intra-urban theme. In a symposium on the "urban habitat in Brazil, “Brazilian geographers” focused on a subject as new and strategic as the one previously mentioned: "that of metropolises and metropolitan areas" and “to aim for a methodological approach [to]” (...) "fierce conceptual debates" (ABREU, 1994). For the aforementioned author, such debates were fundamental in the "redirection of the agenda of urban geographic research in Brazil".

33Abreu (1994) goes on to state that:

Speaking specifically of urban geographic research, the unequivocal starting point of its realization in Brazil lies in the work of Pierre Monbeig at USP and, more specifically, in his work on "The Geographical Study of Cities" (...), a methodological work that would guide the thinking of countless Brazilian geographers for more than a quarter century." (ABREU, 1994)

  • 4 In addition to these works, resulting from research carried out in the AGB's own Assemblies, a grea (...)

34The Abreu’s text (1994) is an essential reference for studying and understanding the importance of studies focused on city and urban analysis. An exhaustive and consistent survey resulted in the enumeration and classification of scientific production in the area of ​​urban geography in Brazil. Besides the contribution contained in the research, the author analyzed and contextualized Brazilian scientific production. It highlights the role played by the IBGE and AGB in this research process. In the temporal approach of the analysis, Abreu (1994) constructed a methodological path, essential in the explication of Brazilian production in urban geography.4

  • 5 From the research enumerated, references will be given to some that mark the thematic universe cons (...)

35The mapping performed by Abreu (1994) allows the identification of the research volume, the names of the researchers, the sites that were surveyed, and the dissemination of scientific production. What cannot be measured is the impact of this production. It is known that a great part of the material surveyed by Abreu was the result of the production of annals of the AGB assemblies, the Geography Bulletins and IBGE publications. The major merit of the research, besides its consistency is the coherence of the methodology adopted in guaranteeing priority to contemporary production and discussion, including invoking production directed to the right to the city, understood as the dimension taken in the approach of social movements .5

36The richness and the level of detail achieved by the author in question make it possible to verify, in a general way, the centrality exercised by the Southeast (especially of scholars in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo) in the scientific production of the urban geography sector, which is not surprising. The Southeast hosted both the first undergraduate courses in geography and the first postgraduate courses. The region hosts the headquarters of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - IBGE, a great inducer of scientific research in general, and particularly those linked to urban geography. The publications of this institution, in particular the periodicals Revista Brasileira de Geografia and the Boletim Geográfico, disseminators of geographic knowledge produced in Brazil and in other countries (DANTAS, 2011), contributing to the national scientific affirmation.

37Urban geography stands out in the first vehicle of scientific divulgation, quoted above. Barcelos (2010) contributes in an exemplary way to this field, building an analytical model based on manual cataloging work, with the aim, on the one hand, of identifying the authors of the articles and the amount involved from 1939 to 1995, and on the other, to verify the existence of a network of thought about the city and the urban in the Brazilian Journal of Geography. The scholar concludes that there are publications of contributions from “Brazilian researchers from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE)” in the journal in question and follows the “changes that the agency and geography have gone through.”

38Regarding the periodical, it is worth mentioning the survey carried out by Abreu (1994), regarding the importance of the Association of Brazilian Geographers - AGB. The well-attended Assemblies held by the organization brought together qualified geographers, among them, a reasonable number focused on studies and analyses of the Brazilian urban reality, using periodical publications. The maintenance of the famous Geography Bulletins was customary; the Boletim Paulista de Geografia (BPG) and the Boletim Carioca de Geografia (BCG) were the best known. When there was practically no interest from publishers in geographic knowledge and before the advent of digital distribution, a significant part of the production in urban geography in the country was published in these periodicals.

39Given the Southeast’s supremacy, it is important to highlight the propagation of the genre in focus throughout the country. It is from this perspective that research in urban geography appears in the Northeast, whose vitality is explained in undergraduate courses by covering a significant portion of the regional territory. New universities have been established in the main cities and the proliferation of postgraduate courses in geography has created the foundation for teaching positions.

40The organization and permanence of research networks insert these professionals into groups experienced in the production of scientific knowledge. The recent history of the region condenses facts related to the difficulty of access to land to work on, due to land concentration, dependence on public social assistance policies and the accelerated growth of cities, especially medium-sized cities and metropolitan areas. These urban forms attract the attention of geographers interested in studying the process of metropolization of space, the formation of extensive peripheral areas, as well as those comfortable pleasant urban areas, geared to the demands of the well-off and tourism.

  • 6 A first study by Milton Santos and Antonia Dea Erdens focused on the cities of the Recôncavo that (...)

41Regarding scientific production in the Brazilian Northeast, SILVA (2009) developed a study to clarify pioneerism and the importance of the Northeast in the scientific production in the area of ​​urban geography. Milton Santos's influence in this process is evident, highlighting the importance and influence of the eminent professor who, already in 1959, was at the head of the Laboratory of Geomorphology and Regional Studies of the University of Bahia, with the effective participation of several professors invited from Brazil and abroad. Classic works of the incipient Brazilian urban geography are evoked by establishing comparative studies with urban centers of African cities.6

  • 7 Anchored in the scientific statute, the approach of Urban Geography in the Northeast, in the form (...)

42SIMPURB's most recent event in Florianópolis also paid special attention to the problematic in focus, with a round table composed to characterize scientific production in the area of urban geography and to use various methodological procedures. It was at this event that SILVA and DANTAS (2011) adopted methodology to consider founding works of the Urban Geography course plans in Higher Education Institutions of the Northeast. The influence of authors in the formation of frameworks and original concepts evident and, on the one hand, of professionals associated with institutions already known in the field of knowledge production associated with the sector in focus and, on the other hand, of professionals associated with institutions that have emerged through the consolidation of postgraduate courses, responsible for launching an important volume of works transformed into references in the training of personnel.7

43The quest for an autonomous thought system was tried and certainly found. A long path permeated by interpretive efforts characterizes Brazilian urban geography. The evidence of a favorable framework to recognize the achievements and the quality of scientific production appears in the book Os caminhos da reflexão sobre a cidade e o urbano (The paths of reflection on the city and the urban), organized by Carlos (1994). The collection contains articles presented during the I National Symposium on Urban Geography in 1989. On the state of the art of this sector of geography, the author said: "We can find (...) a diversity of theoretical-methodological approaches (...) characterized as alternative paths in the search for an understanding of urban reality" (CARLOS, 1994).

The "virtual world"

44In recent times, it has become possible to know, systematize and classify the volume of citations associated with the published works on the theme of the city and the urban in the area of ​​geography.

45Our intention herein is, firstly, to produce a framework that shows the main works produced and most cited, from 2005 to 2016, on a national and Brazilian Postgraduate scale (maximum of three works for each author).

46The universe involved, from 2005 to 2016, includes approximately 162 works, published in periodicals, books (author and collection) and other documents. It refers to 57 researchers distributed throughout the Brazilian territory and according to the representative Postgraduate footprint.

47Given the volume involved, a classification in quartiles was undertaken, distributing the works according to volume of quotations. This is clearly seen in the tables below, which are representative of the quartiles thus presented: i. characterization of the authors based on their IH (equal or superior to the Postgraduate HI); ii. number of total citations received.

Table 1 - Most cited works by permanent professor associated with postgraduate studies in geography, Brazil - 2005 to 20016, 1st quartil group.

DOCENTE

OBRAS POR AUTOR (ATÉ TRÊS MAIS CITADAS)

CITAÇÕES (2005-16)

OBTENÇÃO DOUTORADO

IES ATUAÇÃO

Angelo S. P. Serpa

O Espaço Público na Cidade Contemporânea. São Paulo: Editora Contexto, 2007. 208p .

268

1994

UFBA

Roberto L. Correa

Estudos sobre a Rede Urbana. Rio de Janeiro: Bertrand Brasil, 2006. v. 1. 310p .

257

1999

UFRJ

Andrelino de O. Campos

Do quilombo à favela. Rio de Janeiro: Bertrand Brasil, 2005.

177

2006

UERJ-SG

Roberto L. Correa

Construindo o conceito da cidade média. In: SPÓSITO, M. E. B. (Org.). Cidades Médias. São Paulo: Expressão Popular, 2007, p. 15-25.

148

1999

UFRJ

Leila C. D. Dias

Os sentidos da rede. In: DIAS, L. C.; SILVEIRA, R. L. L. da. (Org.). Redes, sociedades e territorios. Santa Cruz do Sul: EDUNISC, 2005, p. 11-28.

133

1991

UFSC

Ester Limonad

(HAESBAERT, Rogério). O território em tempos de globalização. Etc (UFF), v. 1, p. 39-52, 2007.

128

1996

UFF

Tatiana Schor

A liberdade da cidade. Geousp, 2015

120

2005

UFAM

Ana F. A. Carlos

A condição espacial. São Paulo-SP: Contexto, 2011. 160p .

118

1987

USP-GH

Leila C. D. Dias

Redes Sociais. In: DIAS, L. C.; SILVEIRA, R. L. L. da. (Org.). Redes, sociedades e territorios. Santa Cruz do Sul: EDUNISC, 2005, v. 1, p. 11-28.

113

1991

UFSC

Marcelo J. L. de Souza

Social movements as ‘critical urban planning’ agents. City, 2007, p. 327-342.

103

1988

UFRJ

Roberto L. Correa

Sobre a Geografia Cultural. Textos NEPEC, 2007

87

1999

UFRJ

Doralice S. Maia

(SPOSITO, M. E. B. ; ELIAS, D.; SOARES, B. R. ; GOMES, E. T. A.). O estudo das cidades médias brasileiras: uma proposta metodológica. In: SPÓSITO, M. E. B.. (Org.). Cidades Médias. São Paulo: Expressão Popular, 2007, p. 35-68.

81

2000

UFPB

Beatriz R. Soares

(SPOSITO, M. E. B. ; ELIAS, D. ; MAIA, D. S. ; GOMES, E. T. A.). O estudo das cidades médias brasileiras. In: SPÓSITO, M. E. B. (Org.). Cidades Médias. São Paulo: Expressão Popular, 2007, p. 35-68.

79

1995

UFU

Maria E. B. Sposito

Cidades médias. São Paulo: Expressão Popular, 2007. v. 1. 630p .

78

1991

UNESP-PP

Maria E. B. Sposito

(ELIAS, D. ; SOARES, B. R. ; MAIA, D. S. ; GOMES, E. T. A.). O estudo das cidades médias brasileiras. In: SPÓSITO, M. E. B. (Org.). Cidades médias: espaços em transição. São Paulo: Expressão Popular, 2007, p. 35-67.

78

1991

UNESP-PP

Marília Steinberger

Território, ambiente e políticas públicas espaciais. Brasília: Paralelo 15 e LGE, 2006. 406p .

77

1994

UNB

Jorge L. Barbosa

Favela : Alegria e dor na Cidade. São Paulo / Rio de Janeiro: [X] Barsil e SENAC, 2005.

73

2010

UFF

Eliseu S. Sposito

Redes e cidades. São Paulo: Editora Unesp, 2008. 161p .

73

1990

UNESP-PP

Marcelo J. L. de Souza

Which right to which city? Interface, Volume 2 (1): 315 – 333, 2010.

71

1988

UFRJ

Leila C. D. Dias

(SILVEIRA, R. L. L. da). Redes, sociedades e territorios. Santa Cruz do Sul: EDUNISC, 2005.

68

1991

UFSC

Ana F. A. Carlos

A natureza do espaço fragmentado. In: Anais Encontro ANPUR, 2013

64

1987

USP-GH

Ana F. A. Carlos

A Geografia brasileira hoje. Terra Livre, 2015

64

1987

USP-GH

Ester Limonad

 Reflexões sobre o espaço, o urbano e a urbanização. GEOgraphia (UFF), Niterói, v. I, n.1, p. 71-91, 1999.

63

1996

UFF

Pedro de A. Vasconcelos

Dois séculos de Pensamento sobre a cidade. 2. ed. Salvador: EDUFBA; EDITUS, 2012. v. 1. 618p .

61

1985

UFBA

Maria E. B. Sposito

A questão cidade - campo. In: SPOSITO, M. E. B.; WHITACKER, A. M. (Org.). Cidade e campo. São Paulo: Expressão Popular, 2006, p. 111-130

58

1991

UNESP-PP

Eliseu S. Sposito

(SAQUET, M. A.). Territórios e territorialidades. São Paulo: Expressão Popular, 2009. 365p .

57

1990

UNESP-PP

Lia O. Machado

Estado, territorialidade, redes. Cidades-gêmeas na zona de fronteira sul-americana. In: SILVEIRA, M. L. (Org.). Continente em chamas. Globalização e território na América Latina. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 2005, p. 243-284.

52

1989

UFRJ

Wendel H. Baumgartner

O Direito a Natureza na Cidade. Salvador: Edufba, 2009. 186p .

51

2004

UFBA

Solismar F.Martins

Cidade do Rio Grande. Rio Grande: FURG, 2007. v. 1. 245p .

51

2004

FURGS

Maria C. L. Costa

Fortaleza. In: SILVA, J. B. da; CAVALCANTE, T. C.; DANTAS, E. W. C.. (Org.). Ceará. Fortaleza: Demócrito Rocha, 2005, p. 51-100.

50

2012

UFC

Luis R. B. Pequeno

( ARAGÃO, T. A.. Dimensão habitacional da Região Metropolitana de Fortaleza. In: PEQUENO, R. (Org.). Como Anda Fortaleza. Brasilia: Min. das Cidades, 2009, p. 69-96.

46

2002

UFC

Sandra Lencioni

 Da Cidade e sua Região à Cidade-região. In: LIMA, L. C.; ELIAS, D.; SILVA, J. B. da. (Org.). Panorama da Geografia Brasiliera I. São Paulo: Annablume, 2006, p. 65-76.

46

1991

USP-GH

Sandra Lencioni

Reconhecendo Metrópoles: território e sociedade. In: SILVA, C. M. da; freire, D. G. F.; OLIVEIRA, F. G. de O. (Org.). Metrópole. Rio de Janeiro: DP&A: Faperj, 2006, p. 41-58.

46

1991

USP-GH

Marcio M. Valença

(BONATES, M. F.). The trajectory of social housing policy in Brazil. Habitat International, v. 34, p. 165-173, 2010.

44

1997

UFRN

Sandra Lencioni

Mudanças na Metrópole de São Paulo e Transformações Industriais. Revista do Departamento de Geografia (USP), São Paulo, v. 12, p. 27-42, 1998.

44

1991

USP-GH

Lucia C. F. Cidade

(JATOBÁ, S. U. ;  VARGAS, G. M.). Ecologismo, ambientalismo e ecologia política. Sociedade e Estado (UnB. Impresso), v. 24, p. 47-87, 2009.

43

1993

UNB

Eustogio W. C. Dantas

Maritimidade nos Trópicos. Fortaleza: EDUFC, 2009. 127p .

41

2000

UFC

Jose B. da Silva

A Região Metropolitana de Fortaleza. In: SILVA, J. B. da; CAVALCANTE, T. C.; DANTAS, E. W. C.. (Org.). Ceará. Fortaleza: Demócrito Rocha, 2005, p. 51-100.

41

1987

UFC

Doralice S. Maia

A Geografia e o estudo dos costumes e das tradições. Terra Livre, São Paulo, v. 16, p. 71-98, 2001.

39

2000

UFPB

48

Table 2 - Most cited works by permanent professor associated with postgraduate studies in geography, Brazil - 2005 to 20016, 2st quartil group.

DOCENTE

OBRAS POR AUTOR (ATÉ TRÊS MAIS CITADAS)

CITAÇÕES (2005-16)

OBTENÇÃO DOUTORADO

IES ATUAÇÃO

Beatriz R. Soares

Repensando as cidades médias brasileiras no contexto da globalização. Formação, Presidente Prudente, n.6, p. 55-63, 1999.

38

1995

UFU

Eliseu S. Sposito

(SPOSITO, m. e. b.; SOBARZO, O.) . Cidades médias. São Paulo: Expressão Popular, 2006. v. 1. 375p.

38

1990

UNESP-PP

Angelo S. P. Serpa

O Trabalho de Campo em Geografia. Boletim Paulista de Geografia, v. 84, p. 7-24, 2006.

37

1994

UFBA

Eustogio W. C. Dantas

Construção da imagem turística de Fortaleza/Ceará. Mercator (UFC), Fortaleza, v. 1, p. 53-60, 2002.

36

2000

UFC

Tania M. Fresca

Mudanças recentes na expansão físico-territorial de Londrina. Geografia (Londrina), Londrina, v. 11, p. 241-264, 2002.

36

2000

UEL

Jorge L. Barbosa

A Arte da Representação do Mundo. GEOgraphia (UFF), Niterói, v. II, p. 69-88, 2000.

36

2010

UFF

Anete M. Pereira

Cidade média e região. Tese Doutorado (UFU), 2007.

35

2007

UNIMONTES

Heloisa S. de M. Costa

(COSTA, G. M.; MENDONÇA, J. G. de ; MONTE-MÓR, R. L. de M.). Novas Periferias Metropolitanas. Belo Horizonte: Editora C/Arte, 2006. v. 1. 468p .

35

1995

UFMG

Arlete M. Rodrigues

A Cidade como Direito. Scripta Nova (Barcelona), v. XI, p. especial, 2007.

35

1988

UNICAMP

Jan Bitoun

O que se revelam os índices de desenvolvimento humano. Recife.Pe.gov.br, 2005.

34

1981

UFPE

Floriano J. G.de Oliveira

 Reestruturação produtiva, território e poder no estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Garamond, 2008. 304p .

34

2003

UERJ-SG

Gilberto C. Pereira

(CARVALHO, I. M. M. de). Como anda Salvador e sua região metropolitana. Salvador: EDUFBA, 2008. 228p .

33

1999

UFBA

Marcio R. Silveira

Estradas de Ferro no Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Interciência, 2007. 257p .

33

2003

UFSC

Alvaro H. de S. Ferreira

A Cidade no Século XXI. Rio de Janeiro: Consequência, 2013. v. 1. 324p .

33

2009

PUC-RJ

Marcio R. Silveira

As Cinco Revoluções e Evoluções Logísticas. In: SILVEIRA, M. R.; LAMOSO, L. P.; MOURÃO, P. F. C.. (Org.). Questôes Nacionais e Regionais do Território Brasileiro. São Paulo: Expressão Popular, 2009, p. 13-42.

32

2003

UFSC

João B. F. de Melo

Símbolo dos lugares, dos espaços e dos deslugares. Revista Espaço e Cultura, 2008.

30

2000

UERJ

Tatiana Schor

(NARDOTO, G. ; MURRIETA, R. S. S. ; PRATES, L. E. G. ; ADAMS, C. ; GARAVELLO, M. E. P ; MORAES, A. O. ; RINALDI, F. D ; GRAGNANI, J. G. ; MOURA, E. A. ; DUARTE-NETO, P. J. ; MARTINELLI, L. A.). Frozen chicken for wild fish. American Journal of Human Biology, v. 23, p. 642-650, 2011.

29

2005

UFAM

Jorge L Barbosa

O ordenamento territorial urbano na era da acumulação globalizada. In: Ruy MOREIRA, R.; OLIVEIRA, M. P. de (Org.). Território, territórios. Rio de Janeiro: DP&A, 2006, p. 125-145.

29

2010

UFF

Sidney G. Vieira

A Cidade Fragmentada. Pelotas: Editora da Univ. Federal de Pelotas, 2005. v. 1. 242p.

28

2003

UFPEL

Maria C. L. Costa

A cidade e o pensamento médico. Mercator, Fortaleza - Ceará, v. 01, n.02, p. 59-69, 2002.

27

2012

UFC

Amelia L. Damiani

 A Metrópole e a Industria. Terra Livre, São Paulo, v. 15, p. 21-37, 2000.

27

1993

USP-GH

José J. F. Lima

(DUARTE, A. C.). Tipologias e padrões e ocupação urbana na Amazônia Oriental. In: DUARTE, A. C.. (Org.). O Rural e o Urbano na Amazônia. Belém: Editora da UFPA, 2006, p. 55-93.

26

2000

UFPA

Ester Limonad

Urbanização dispersa mais uma forma de expansão urbana?. Formação (Presidente Prudente), v. 1, p. 31-45, 2007.

26

1996

UFF

Jose A. de Oliveira

A cultura, as cidades e os rios na Amazônia. Revista Ciência e Cultura, 2006.

25

1994

UFAM

Marília Steinberger

A (re)construção de mitos sobre a (in)sustentabilidade do (no) espaço urbano. Revista Brasileira de Estudos Urbanos e Regionais (ANPUR), São Paulo, v. A3, n.4, p. 09-32, 2001.

25

1994

UNB

Alvaro H. de S. Ferreira

A produção do espaço. Scripta Nova (Barcelona), v. XI, p. 245(15), 2007.

25

2009

PUC-RJ

Tatiana Schor

Reflexôes sobre a imbricação entre ciência, tecnologia e sociedade. Scientiae Studia (USP), v. 5, p. 337-367, 2007.

24

2005

UFAM

Kelly C. F. de O. Bessa

Reestruturação da rede urbana brasileira e cidades médias. Caminhos da Geografia, 2005

24

2007

UFT

Luis R. B. Pequeno

Políticas habitacionais, favelização e desigualdades sócio-espaciasinas cidades brasileiras. Scripta Nova (Barcelona), v. XII, p. 35, 2008.

24

2002

UFC

Beatriz R. Soares

Pequenas e médias cidades. In: SPOSITO, M. E. B. (Org.). Cidades Médias. São Paulo: Expressão Popular, 2007, p. 461-494.

24

1995

UFU

Marcio M. Valença

Cidade (I)Legal. Rio de Janeiro: MAUAD, 2008. 250p .

23

1997

UFRN

Angelo S. P. Serpa

 Lugar e centralidade em um contexto metropolitano. In: CARLOS, A. F. A. C.; SOUZA, M. L. de; SPOSITO, M. E. B.. (Org.). A Produção do Espaço Urbano. São Paulo: Editora Contexto, 2011, p. 97-108.

23

1994

UFBA

Marcio R. Silveira

Circulação, Transportes e Logística. In: SILVEIRA, M. R. (Org.). Circulação, transportes e logística no estado de São Paulo. Curitiba: Appris, 2014, p. 11-34

23

2003

UFSC

Wendel H Baumgartner

A cidade e a natureza. Geousp (USP), v. 1, p. 65-77, 2006.

22

2004

UFBA

Alexandre M. A. Diniz

(BATELLA, W. B.) . O Estado de Minas Gerais e suas regiões. Sociedade & Natureza, Uberlândia, v. 17, n.43, 2005.

22

2002

PUC-MG

Gilberto C. Pereira

(CARVALHO, I. M. M. de). As "Cidades" de Salvador. In: PEREIRA, G. C.; CARVALHO, I. M. M. de. (Org.). Como Anda Salvador. Salvador: Edufba, 2008, p. 81-211.

21

1999

UFBA

Amelia L. Damiani

A propósito do espaço e do urbano. Cidades (Presidente Prudente), v. 1, n.1, p. 79-95, 2004.

21

1993

USP-GH

Eustogio W. C. Dantas

(FERREIRA, A. L. ; LIVRAMENTO, M. C. ). Turismo e imobiliário nas metrópoles. Rio de Janeiro: Letra Capital, 2010. v. 1. 224p .

20

2000

UFC

Marcelo J. L. de Souza

Cities for people, not for profit - from a radical - libertarian in Latin American perspective. City, v. 13, p. 327-342, 2009.

20

1988

UFRJ

49

Table 3 - Most cited works by permanent professor associated with postgraduate studies in geography, Brazil - 2005 to 20016, 3st quartil group.

DOCENTE

OBRAS POR AUTOR (ATÉ TRÊS MAIS CITADAS)

CITAÇÕES (2005-16)

OBTENÇÃO DOUTORADO

IES ATUAÇÃO

Heloisa S. de M. Costa

A trajetória da temática ambiental no planejamento urbano no Brasil. In: COSTA, G.; MENDONÇA, J. G. (Org.). Planejamento urbano no Brasil. Belo Horizonte: Editora C/Arte, 2008, p. 80-93.

19

1995

UFMG

Arlete M. Rodrigues

Problemática Ambiental - Agenda Política, Espaço, Território e Classes Sociais. Boletim Paulista de Geografia, v. 83, p. 91-110, 2006.

19

1988

UNICAMP

Kelly C. F. de O. Bessa

A dinâmica da rede urbana no Triângulo Mineiro: convergências e divergências entre Uberaba e Uberlândia. Uberlândia: Composer/SN, 2007. 348p .

18

2007

UFT

Tania M. Fresca

Centros locais e pequenas cidades: diferenças necessárias. Mercator (Fortaleza. Online), v. 9, p. 75-81, 2010.

18

2000

UEL

Alexandre M. A. Diniz

(BATELLA, W. B.). Desenvolvimento humano e hierarquia urbana. Revista de Biologia e Ciências da Terra, v. 6, p. 367-374, 2006.

18

2002

PUC-MG

Mirlei F. V. Pereira

Redes, sistemas de transporte e as novas dinâmicas do território no período atual: notas sobre o caso brasileiro. Sociedade & Natureza (UFU. Impresso), v. 21, p. 121-129, 2009.

18

2009

UFU

Heloisa S. de M. Costa

(PEIXOTO, M. C. D.). Dinâmica imobiliária e regulação ambiental. Revista Brasileira de Estudos de População (Impresso), v. 24, p. 317-336, 2007.

18

1995

UFMG

Floriano J. G. de Oliveira

Recompondo a história da Região Metropolitana. Fund. Amp. Pesq. Do Estado do rio, 2006

17

2003

UERJ-SG

Daniela A. Cota

A parceria público-privada na política urbana brasileira recente. Tese de Doutorado, UFMG, 2010. 

17

2010

UFSJ

Arlete M. Rodrigues

Direito à Cidade e Estatuto da Cidade. Cidades (Presidente Prudente), Presidente Prudente-SP, v. 2, p. 89-110, 2005.

17

1988

UNICAMP

Mirlei F. V. Pereira

Contradições de uma cidade científica: Processo de urbanização e especialização territorial em Viçosa - MG. Caminhos da Geografia (UFU. Online), Uberlândia, v. 18, n.16, p. 197-206, 2005.

16

2009

UFU

Marcio M. Valença

Cidades ingovernáveis? Ensaio sobre o pensamento harveyano acerca da urbanização do capital. In: SILVA, J. B. da et all. (Org.). Panorama da Geografia Brasileira. 1ed.São Paulo: Annablume, 2006, v. 1, p. 185-190.

16

1997

UFRN

Pedro de A. Vasconcelos

A cidade contemporânea. Revista Geographares, 2013

16

1985

UFBA

Paulo R. R. Soares

Metamorfoses da metrópole contemporânea: considerações sobre Porto Alegre. Geousp (USP), v. IV, p. 129-144, 2006.

16

2002

UFRGS

Pedro de A. Vasconcelos

A utilização dos agentes sociais nos estudos de Geografia Urbana. In: CARLOS, A. F. A.; SOUZA, M. L. de; SPOSITO, M. E. B. (Org.). A Produção do espaço urbano. São Paulo: Contexto, 2011, v. 1, p. 75-96.

15

1985

UFBA

Saint-Clair C. da Trindade Junior

Cidades na floresta. Revista do Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros, v. 51, p. 113-137, 2010.

15

1998

UFPA

Jose A. de Oliveira

(SCHOR, T.) Das cidades da natureza à natureza das cidades. In: TRINDADE JÚNIOR, S. C.; TAVARES M. G. da C.. (Org.). Cidades ribeirinhas da Amazônia. Belém: EDUFPA, 2008, v. , p. 15-26.

15

1994

UFAM

Doralice S. Maia

Lotes e ruas. In: SPOSITO, E. S.; SPOSITO, M. E. B.; SOBARZO, O. (Org.). Cidades Médias. Sáo Paulo: Expressão Popular, 2006, v. 1, p. 155-174.

15

2000

UFPB

Claudete de C. S. Vitte

Gestão do desenvolvimento econômico local: algumas considerações. Interações (UCDB), v. 08, p. 77-87, 2006.

15

1998

UNICAMP

Claudete de C. S. Vitte

(KEINERT, T. M. M.). Qualidade de Vida, Planejamento e Gestão Urbana. Rio de Janeiro: Bertrand Brasil, 2009. 310p .

15

1998

UNICAMP

João B. F. de Melo

Valores em geografia e o dinamismo do mundo vivido na obra de Anne Buttimer. Mysciencework.com, 2012

14

2000

UERJ

Amelia L. Damiani

Urbanização Crítica e Produção do Espaço. Cidades (Presidente Prudente), v. 6, p. 307-339, 2009.

14

1993

USP-GH

Saint-Clair C. da Trindade Junior

Sant Clair Cordeiro da Trindade Júnior; Marcos Alexandre Pimentel da Silva. (Org.). Belém: a cidade e o rio na Amazônia. 1ed.Belém-PA: EDUFPA/CFCH, 2005

13

1998

UFPA

Gilberto C. Pereira

(CARVALHO, I. M. M. de). Segregação Sócio-espacial e Dinâmica Metropolitana. In: PEREIRA, G. C.; CARVALHO, I. M. M. de. (Org.). Como Anda Salvador e Sua Região Metropolitana. Salvador: Edufba, 2006, p. 83-108.

13

1999

UFBA

Jan Bitoun

Tipologia das cidades brasileiras e políticas territoriais. In: BITOUN, J.. (Org.). Tipologia das cidades brasileiras e políticas territoriais: pistas para reflexão. Recife: FASE/OBSERVATORIO DAS METROPOLES, 2009, v. 1, p. 17-44.

13

1981

UFPE

Luis R. B. Pequeno

Desenvolvimento e Degradaçao no Espaço Intra-urbano de Fortaleza. In: X Encontro Nacional da ANPUR, 2003.

13

2002

UFC

Anete M. Pereira

Metamorfoses do espaço intra-urbano de Montes Claro. Montes Claros: UNIMONTES, 2008. 209p .

13

2007

UNIMONTES

José J. F. Lima

(CARDOSO, A. C.; ; HOLANDA, A. C.). Condições institucionais de cooperação entre os Municípios. In: LIMA, J. J.; MOYSES, A. (Org.). Como Andam Belém e Goiânia. Rio de Janeiro: Letra Capital Editora, 2009

12

2000

UFPA

Lucia C. F. Cidade

A questão ambiental urbana. In: VI Encontro Nacional da ANPUR, 1996, Brasília. Anais do Encontro Nacional da ANPUR. Brasília, 1996. p. 290-301.

12

1993

UNB

Alvaro H. de S. Ferreira

(RUA, J.; OLIVEIRA, R. R. de). Paisagem, espaço e sustentabilidades. In: RUA, J. (Org.). Paisagem, espaço e sustentabilidade. Rio de Janeiro: PUC-Rio, 2007, p. 07-32.

12

2009

PUC-RJ

Lia O. Machado

Região, fronteira e redes ilegais. Revista Italiana di Geopolitica, 2007.

12

1989

UFRJ

Lia O. Machado

Ciência, tecnologia e desenvolvimento regional na faixa de fronteira do Brasil. Parcerias estratégicas, 2005.

12

1989

UFRJ

Tania M. Fresca

A área central de Londrina: uma análise geográfica. Geografia (Londrina), v. 16, p. 143-166, 2007.

11

2000

UEL

Paulo R. R. Soares

(UEDA, V.). Cidades medias e modernização do território no Rio Grande do Sul. In: SPOSITO, M. E. B. (Org.). Cidades medias. São Paulo: Expressão Popular, 2007, p. 379-411.

11

2002

UFRGS

Jose A. de Oliveira

(SCHOR, T.). Reflexões metodológicas sobre o estudo da rede urbana no Amazonas e perspectivas para a análise das cidades na Amazônia brasileira. Acta Geográfica (UFRR), v. 10, p. 15-30, 2011.

11

1994

UFAM

Claudete de C. S. Vitte

A qualidade de vida urbana e sua dimensão subjetiva. In: VITTE, C.S.C; KEINERT, T. M. M. Qualidade de Vida, Planejamento e Gestão Urbana. Rio de Janeiro: Bertrand Brasil, 2009. 310p.

11

1998

UNICAMP

João B. F. de Melo

Explosões e estilhaços de centralidade no Rio de Janeiro. Revista Espaço e Cultura, 2012.

11

2000

UERJ

Maria C. L. Costa

AMORA, Z. B. ; COSTA, M. C. L. . Olhando o mar do Sertão: a lógica das cidades médias no Ceará. In: SPOSITO, M. E. B. (Org.). Cidades médias: espaços em transição. 1ed.S.Paulo: UNESP - Expressão Pop: UNESP - Expressão Pop, 2007, v. 01, p. 343-378.

11

2012

UFC

Mirlei F. V. Pereira

O território sob o "Efeito Modernizador": a face perversa do desenvolvimento. Interações (UCDB), Campo Grande, v. 8, n.13, p. 63-69, 2006.

10

2009

UFU

Jan Bitoun

Tipologia das cidades brasileiras e políticas territoriais: pistas para reflexão. Recife: FASE/OBSERVATORIO DAS METROPOLES, 2009.

10

1981

UFPE

50

Table 2 - Most cited works by permanent professor associated with postgraduate studies in geography, Brazil - 2005 to 20016, 4st quartil group.

DOCENTE

OBRAS POR AUTOR (ATÉ TRÊS MAIS CITADAS)

CITAÇÕES (2005-16)

OBTENÇÃO DOUTORADO

IES ATUAÇÃO

Alexandre M. A. Diniz

Migração, desorganização social e violência urbana em Minas Gerais. RA EGA (UFPR), Curitiba - Paraná, v. 9, p. 9-24, 2005.

9

2002

PUC-MG

Paulo R. R. Soares

Megaeventos esportivos e o urbano. Revista FSA (Faculdade Santo Agostinho), v. 10, p. 195-214, 2013.

9

2002

UFRGS

Carlos S. P. de Andrade

(FEITOSA, S. M. R. ; GOMES, J. M. A. ; MOTA NETO, J. M.). Consequências da urbanização na vegetação e na temperatura da superfície de Teresina- Piaui. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Arborização Urbana, v.6, p. 58-75, 2011.

9

2009

FUFPI

Rita de C. da C. Gomes

Dinâmica Territorial no Espaço Metropolitano de Natal. In: CLEMENTINO, M. do L. M.; PESSOA, Z. S.. (Org.). Natal.São Paulo: EDUC - Editora da PUC-SP, 2009, v. 1, p. 49-72.

9

1998

Jose B. da Silva

Formação socioterritorial urbana. In: Dantas, E. W. C.; COSTA, M. C. L.; SILVA, J. B. Da cidade à à metrópole. Fortaleza: Edições UFC, 2009.

9

1987

UFC

Floriano J. G. de Oliveira

(SILVA, C. A. da; FREIRE, D. G.). Metrópole. Rio de Janeiro: DP&A, 2006. 504p .

8

2003

UERJ-SG

Daniela A. Cota

Parceria Público-privado aplicada ao urbano no contexto da gestão democrática. In: Anais do XII Encontro Nacional da ANPUR. Rio de Janeiro: Editora da ANPUR, 2007.

8

2010

UFSJ

José J. F. Lima

(CARDOSO, A. C.) A Influência do governo federal sobre cidades na Amazônia. Novos Cadernos NAEA, v. 12, p. 161-192, 2009.

8

2000

UFPA

Bartira A. da S. Viana

O sentido da cidade: entre a evolução urbana e o processo de verticalização. Carta CEPRO, Teresina - PI, v. 23, n.01, p. 66-75, 2005.

8

2014

FUFPI

Wendel H. Baumgartner

A instalação da UFRB, a ação do Programa Monumenta e o turismo étnico na reestruturação urbana e no cotidiano de Cachoeira-BA: Notas preliminares de pesquisa.. Geotextos (Salvador), v. 05, p. 89-112, 2009.

8

2004

UFBA

Cesar M. Mendes

Considerações sobre as estratégias e ações dos promotores imobiliários na produção do espaço urbano. Sociedade & Natureza, v. 19, p. 153-164, 2006.

8

1992

UEM

Cesar M. Mendes

O capital e o governo na produção do espaço. Acta Scientiarum (UEM), Maringá-PR, v. 22, n.01, p. 211-222, 2000.

8

1992

UEM

Andrelino de O. Campos

Metrópoles do Terceiro Mundo. In: SILVA, C. A. (Org.) ; CAMPOS, A. O. (Org.) . Metrópole em Mutação. Rio de Janeiro: Revan/Faperj, 2008. 292p .

8

2006

UERJ-SG

Saint-Clair C. da Trindade Junior

(TAVARES, M. G. da C.). Cidades ribeirinhas na Amazônia. Belém: EDUFPA, 2008. 218p .

7

1998

UFPA

Anete M. Pereira

A propósito das cidades Médias. In: I Simpósio internacional Cidades Médias: dinâmicas econômicas e produção do espaço urbano, 2005.

7

2007

UNIMONTES

Lucia C. F. Cidade

(VARGAS, G. M.; JATOBÁ, S. U.). Regime de acumulação e configuração do território no Brasil. Cadernos Metrópole (PUC-SP), n. 20, p. 13-35, 2008.

7

1993

UNB

Marília Steinberger

(CARDOSO, A. I.) A geopolítica da violência urbana e o papel do Estado. In: Aldo PAVIANI, A.; FERREIRA, I. C. B.; BARRETO, F. F. P. (Org.). Brasília. Brasília: EDUNB, 2005, p. 87-131.

7

1994

UNB

Solismar F. Martins

O papel da cidade do Rio Grande (RS) na economia rio-grandense durante a industrialização dispersa (1873/1930). In: Primeiras Jornadas de Economia Regional Comparada, Porto Alegre: FEE, 2005. v. u. p. 53-54.

7

2004

FURGS

Claudio L. Zanotelli

Globalização,Estados e culturas criminosas. Revista Terra Livre, 2015.

7

1998

UFES

Carlos S. P. de Andrade

A complexidade da Natureza e a natureza complexa dos problemas ambientais contemporâneos: pontos para reflexão. Revista de Geografia (Recife), v. 24, p. 35-46, 2007.

6

2009

FUFPI

Rita de C. da C. Gomes

 Dinâmica e Organização do espaço metropolitano de Natal /RN: uma leitura a partir do setor terciário. In: IX Colóquio Internacional de Geocrítica : Los problemas del mundo actual. Socluciones y alternativas desde la Geografia y las Ciencias Sociales, 2007. v. 01.

6

1998

Rita de C. da C. Gomes

(SILVA, A. B. da ; SILVA, V. P. da). Gestão social das políticas públicas nas pequenas cidades. In: VII Colóquio internacional de Geocrítica, 2005, Santiago de Chile, 2005.

6

1998

Antonio T. de R. Veras

A produção do espaço urbano de Boa Vista- Roraima. Tese Doutorado, USP, 2009

6

2009

UFRR

Virginia C. C. de Holanda

Modernizações e espaços seletivos no Nordeste brasileiro. Revista de Geografia (Recife), 2014.

6

2007

UVA

Daniela A. Cota

(DIORIO, Ana Carolina Dias). Crescimento urbano na 'pequena-média' São João Del Rei, MG. In: XII Seminário da Rede Ibero-americana de pesquisadores sobre Globalização e Território (RII), 2012, Belo Horizonte.

5

2010

UFSJ

Cesar M. Mendes

A verticalização, um dos reflexos do processo da metrópole em formação. Boletim de Geografia, 2011.

5

1992

UEM

Solismar F. Martins

A contribuição espacial de uma cidade portuária através dos ciclos produtivos industriais. Repositorio.furg.br, 2005.

5

2004

FURGS

Claudio L. Zanotelli

A disseminação dos condomínios fechados em Serra - Região Metropolitana da Grande Vitória - e os impactos ambientais da implantação de Alphaville. XII Simpósio Nacional de Geografia Urbana. Belo Horizonte, 2011.

5

1998

UFES

Antonio T. de R. Veras

Diagnóstico socioespacial da cidade de Bonfim - RR. UFRR. Boa vista, 2009.

5

2009

UFRR

Virginia C. C. de Holanda

Modernizações e espaços seletivos no Nordeste brasileiro. Sobral. Tese de Doutorado, USP, 2007

5

2007

UVA

Kelly C. F. de O. Bessa

(BORGES, G. V. ; SOARES, B. R.). Dinâmica sócio-econômica das cidades locais situadas em áreas de cerrado mineiro. Caminhos da Geografia (UFU. Online), Uberlândia, v. 5, n.3, p. 9-29, 2002.

5

2007

UFT

Carlos S. P. de Andrade

Sentidos e Nexos Conceituais da Cidade Contemporânea. In: LIMA, A. J. de.. (Org.). Cidades Brasileiras. Belo Horizonte: Autêntica, 2007, p. 13-26

4

2009

FUFPI

Bartira A. da S. Viana

(FAÇANHA, A. C.). Planejamento e gestão urbana em Teresina (PI). Revista Equador, v. 1, p. 60-78, 2012.

4

2014

FUFPI

Claudio L. Zanotelli

Atlas da criminalidade no Espírito Santo. São Paulo: Annablume, 2008.

4

1998

UFES

Antonio C. Façanha

(VIANA, B. A. da S.). Planejamento e gestão urbana em Teresina (PI). Revista Equador, v. 1, p. 60-78, 2012.

4

2009

FUFUPI

Sidney G. Vieira

Paisagem patrimônio e memória urbana: a materialização da sociedade nas formas construídas. In: Francisca Ferreira Michelon; Francine Silveira Tavares. (Org.). Memória e Patrimônio. Pelotas: Universitária UFPel., 2008, p. 119-147.

4

2003

UFPEL

Bartira A. da S. Viana

Mineração de materiais para construção civil em áreas urbanas. Repositorio.ufpi.br, 2011

3

2014

FUFPI

Virginia C. C. de Holanda

Um estudo dos circuitos da economia urbana na cidade de Cariré-CE. Revista homem, espaço e tempo, 2009.

3

2007

UVA

Antonio C. Façanha

 Desenvolvimento territorial recente em espaços sub-regionais dinâmicos do Piauí. Tese de Doutorado, UFPE, 2009

3

2009

FUFUPI

Antonio C. Façanha

Gestão urbana e dilemas no poder local: internidade e dispersão em Teresina (PI) [ISSN 0104-5490]. Revista de Geografia (Recife), v. 24, p. 77-97, 2007.

3

2009

FUFUPI

Sidney G. Vieira

Praticando o conceito de espaço. In: RODRIGUES, P. R. Q.; VIEIRA, S. G.. (Org.). Geografia. Textos, práticas e reflexões. Pelotas: Editora e Gráfica Universitária/UFPEL, 2011, p. 207-220.

3

2003

UFPEL

Mario R. C. Santana

Caráter territorial e urbano das redes. Diálogos & Ciência (Online), v. 05, p. 1-12, 2007.

3

2006

UESB

Mario R. C. Santana

O espaço urbano em construção. Tese de Doutorado. UFBA, 2006.

3

2006

UESB

51

The most cited works

52The knowledge evidenced above permits a reading of the process of consolidation of the Urban Geography sector, focusing on Postgraduate studies in Geography and based on five guiding questions:

53Question 1: Is there a concentration of quality scientific production in certain parts of the territory, following, as evidenced in the previous section, a strong concentration in the Southeast?

54As shown above, the concentration of Urban Geography production in the Southeast is unquestionable. However, the expansion and consolidation of Postgraduate studies in Geography in recent times, especially in the years 2000, has justified a widening of the horizons involved, covering a greater number of works associated with other regions.

Table 5 - Works with Highest Volume of Citations per Quartile

55The largest volume of the works analyzed is still concentrated in the Southeast Region (43%), with an expressive volume associated with the Northeast Region (31%); together these account for 74% of the most cited works in all the quartiles.

56Thus, the two regions gain a prominent role compared to any of the quartiles evidenced. In the upper quartiles (1st and 2nd), this concentration is reproduced, retaining the superiority of these two regions in relation to the others: 1st Quartile – the Southeast and Northeast have 58.5% and 24.4% of the most cited works, respectively; 2nd Quartile – the Southeast and Northeast have 44.7% and 31.6% of the most cited works, respectively. In the lower quartiles (3rd and 4th), the concentration, always favorable in relation to the Southeast and in counterpoint to the Northeast, is preserved in the third quartile (51.2% versus 22%). In the fourth quartile the inverse is true: the Northeast and Southeast regions, with 45.2% and 19%, respectively.

57The 26% remaining works are distributed among the other regions, in order of importance: South (13%); North (9%) and Central West (4%). In the first instance, this fact corroborates the evidence that the former concentration dynamics are perpetuated in the field of Urban Geography. Bearing in mind these proportions, the importance that this kind of study acquires in certain regions is noteworthy. This is especially the case in the North, where the volume of works is less important than the Southeast, Northeast and even South regions in quantitative terms, however, it should not be forgotten that such studies represent a volume whose percentage value (24%), in relation to the other sectors, is higher than that of Brazil as a whole (17%). This fact is certainly explained by the emergence of the urban phenomenon in the Amazon, which has encouraged substantial publication of works on the city and the urban in this part of the territory. The absolute value, disadvantageous to scholars in the region, is certainly explained by the newness of postgraduate studies, all of which were implemented at the beginning of the twenty-first century and only recently received doctoral courses in two programs (UNIR, in 2015 and UFPA, in 2016).

58Question 2: Given the historical density of the traditional courses in the field, is there a greater concentration of citations associated with the works originating from them and to the detriment of the institutions that have entered the postgraduate field more recently?

59The presence of the institutions whose studies are classics in the urban geography sector is observable when considering the authors whose works are located in the first quartile. Of the 25 works, representing the most cited work of each of the authors associated to a given institution, five of them (1/5) were produced by UFRJ professors (2nd, 8th and 16th most cited works) and the USP (7th and 21st most cited works) (Chart 1). In the terms presented, the most noteworthy in order of importance, are the works produced by: 1. Roberto Lobato Correa - Study on the urban network, cited in 257 papers; 2. Ana Fani Alessandri Carlos - The spatial condition, with 118 citations; 3. Marcelo Lopes de Sousa - Social movements as critical urban planning agents, 103 citations; 4. Lia Osório Machado - State, territoriality, networks. Twin cities in the South American border zone; 5. Sandra Lencioni - The city and its region to the city-region, quoted 46 times.

60In contemporary times, reflecting the expansion of postgraduate studies in the country, other institutions are also included in the first quartile, with a substantial volume of works cited by teachers associated with them. The UFBA was considered with the most cited work, in addition to the 15th and 17th, published by: 1. Ângelo Serpa - Public space in the contemporary city, cited in 268 works; 2. Pedro Vasconcelos - Two centuries of thinking about the city, cited in 58 works; 3. Wendel Baungartner - The right to nature in the city, cited by 51. The UERJ has the third most cited work, authored by Andrelino Campos - From the quilombo to the favela, quoted 139 times. At the UFSC, the work of the teacher Leila Dias, The senses of the network, is in the fourth position, with 133 citations. The UFF has the 5th and 13th most cited works: 1. Ester Limonad - The territory in times of globalization, with 128 citations; 2. Jorge Barbosa - Favela: joy and pain in the city, quoted 73 times. The UFAM has the 6th most cited work (cited in 120 works), authored by Tatiana Schor - The freedom of the city. The UFPB has the 9th most cited work, published by Doralice Maia - The study of Brazilian medium-sized cities, quoted 81 times. The UFU is on the list with the 9th most cited work (in 79 works) - Beatriz Soares, The study of Brazilian medium-sized cities. The UNESP-PP has the 11th and 14th most cited works: 1. Maria Encarnação Spósito – Medium-sized Cities, cited 78 times; 2. Eliseu Spósito - Networks and cities, quoted 73 times. The UNB is in the 12th and 23rd positions: 1. Marília Steinberg - Territory, environment and public space policies, 77 citations; 2 Lucia Cidade - Ecologisms, environmentalism and political ecology, quoted 43 times. FURGS is in 18th place, with a study by Solismar Martins - Rio Grande City, cited 51 times. The UFC is in the 19th, 20th, 24th and 25th positions: 1. Maria Clelia Lustosa - Fortaleza: urban expansion and organization of space, cited 50 times; 2. Luis Renato Pequeno – The Housing Dimension of the RMF, 46 citations; 3. Eustogio Dantas – Maritimity in the tropics, cited 41 times; 4. Jose da Silva - The Metropolitan Region of Fortaleza, 41 citations. The UFRN is in 22nd position, with a study by Márcio Valença - The trajectory of social housing policy in Brazil, 44 citations.

61Institutions from all regions are included in the list of the main works published by author. Among these, the UFBA plays a prominent role, which fits its performance since the beginning. More recently created institutions are also ranked in the upper quartile, with emphasis on UERJ-São Gonçalo and UFAM.

Figure 4 - Graph Highest Number of Citations per Institution

Figure 4 - Graph Highest Number of Citations per Institution

Distributed by Quartile and Considering the Highest Citation of Teachers in the Sub-Area of ​​Urban Geography with an H Index Equal or Greater than the Program.

62To conclude, the level of exception constant in the first quartile is not as preponderant in the last quartiles, where the frequency of production associated with more recently created institutions is more evident.

63The importance of production in urban geography within each of the programs demonstrates the importance of the works analyzed herein in relation to works associated with other sectors.

64In the Southeast and Northeast, in relation to other sectors, the work published in urban geography acquires greater relevance, a level of 45% and 60% of the total production.

65In the Southeast, the threshold of 45% is reached at the UFRJ (3 researchers in the 1st quartile), the USP-GH (2 researchers in the 1st quartile and 1 in the 2nd quartile), the UFF (2 researchers in the 1st quartile), the UERJ (1 researcher in the 1st quartile and 1 in the 2nd quartile), the UNIMONTES (1 researcher in the 2nd quartile) and the PUC-MG (1 researcher in the 2nd quartile).

Figure 1 - Main Citations in Urban Geography Sub-Area

Figure 1 - Main Citations in Urban Geography Sub-Area

(IH Program - 2005 to 2016)

66In the Northeast, the level of 60% of the program’s production is reached in UFBA (3 researchers in the 1st quartile and 1 in the 2nd quartile). The level of 45% of total production occurs in the UFC (4 researchers in the 1st quartile), the UFRN (1 researcher I the 1st quartile and 1 in the 4th quartile), the UFPI (3 researchers in the 4th quartile) and the UVA (1 researcher in the 4th quartile).

67In the South and North regions the volume of institutions in the 45% level is lower. In the first region, the UFSC (1 researcher in the 1st quartile and 1 in the 2nd quartile) and the UFPEL (1 researcher in the 2nd quartile). In the second region, the UFAM (1 researcher in the 1st quartile and 1 in the 2nd quartile) and the UFPA (1 researcher in the 2nd quartile and 1 in the 3rd quartile).

68In the Midwest, the largest share is 30% of the total production, related to the UNB (2 researchers in the 1st quartile) and UFT (1 researcher in the 2nd quartile).

69Question 3: From a production logic based on the individual in the recent past, does the contemporary phenomenon of the creation of research networks contribute in the leverage of author data to the level of the most cited works?

70From the authors in the first quartile, we can see a significant group of institutions associated to two Research Networks in the period in question, with the involvement of researchers associated with postgraduate studies. The Cidades Médias Network (RECIME), circumscribed in the field of geography and the Observatório das Metrópoles involving researchers from geography and other areas.

71The first network, coordinated by Professor Maria Encarnação Spósito, involves an important group of institutions with production found in the 1st quartile: the UNESP-PP (two researchers, Eliseu Spósito and Maria Encarnação Spósito), the UFU (one researcher, Beatriz Soares), the UFPB (one researcher, Doralice Maia) and the UFC (one researcher, Renato Pequeno).

72The second network, coordinated by Professor Luis Cesar Ribeiro (IPPUR-Rj) includes the UFC (four researchers, Maria Clélia Costa, Renato Pequeno, José Borzacchiello da Silva and Eustogio Dantas).

73It is possible to discern, from the above, the possibility that involvement in network activities creates a more propitious setting for the publication of the works produced and with an impact on the volume of citations obtained?

74Question 4: Does directing the actions of given institutions and authors to the publication of their works in other languages ​​have an impact on the volume of citations representative of the period under study?

75The importance of publishing in another language has not yet impacted significantly on the urban geography sector. This fact does not detract from the pioneering spirit of two colleagues in this field. The professors Marcelo Lopes de Souza (UFRJ) and Márcio Valença (UFRN), whose productions in another language (English) have already impacted on the volume of citations received.

76Question 5: Given the interdisciplinarity of the subject matter of our toils, is there no perception of zones of intersection of our studies with other areas and sectors of Geography?

77Cross-sectoral studies have advanced much in the reading of the city and urban themes, specifically a set of works by professionals associated with teaching, geoprocessing and environmental geography. While disregarding them the present cut does not prevent us from stating strongly that the theme of the urban today is beyond the limits of human geography. This was evidenced in the XIV SIMPURB, held in Fortaleza, with the conception of the Round Tables and professional guests, mainly in the climatology sector, for example.

78For the urban geography sector, there is a dynamic imposing an increase in the analytical scope focused on the level of expertise of the researcher. It is urgent to broaden this analysis by encompassing the theme and enabling colleagues to undertake cross-sectoral studies.

Final considerations

79Confronting the results obtained herein, the achievement of the objectives outlined has been verified. The discussion of the path taken by Brazilian urban geography from the relevance achieved by the studies enabled a national mapping of the scientific production. Having in hand these data and the information obtained from exhaustive surveys of previous studies, revealed the trajectory from the early research until the most recent, obtained through the application of informational instruments based on broad-spectrum and wide-ranging methodological criteria. We, the authors, aware of the relevance of the results obtained, nurture the desire that further research be carried out so that we can draw profiles and carry out analysis closer and closer to reality.

80The treatment of data on the volume of citations obtained by authors of works in the urban geography sector shows a new and rich picture to explore.  From the production of knowledge of weight initially associated to the Center and traditional courses of the area, in recent years there has been a dispersion affecting all the Brazilian regions and a great number of researchers associated with courses and postgraduate programs.  

81The study consisted of an approximation in relation to the production in the sector of urban geography. The delineation of the methodology used reduced the amount involved by dealing with the cited works of authors with an H-index equal to the course or postgraduate program in which they are inserted. Those who did not fit this profile did not have their works indicated.

82The reflection on the production of knowledge of weight in this sector follows the movement of expansion and strengthening of postgraduate studies in geography in Brazil, whose unfolding evidences the consolidation of a truly national geography. It is a contribution to the epistemological analyzes and a focus on the sector’s production in recent years, in addition to other works related to past productions.

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Bibliographie

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SILVA, José Borzacchiello da Silva e DANTAS, Eustógio Wanderley Correia. A Geografia Urbana no Nordeste Brasileiro, In: PEREIRA, Edson Manoel; DIAS, Leila Cristina Duarte, (orgs).As cidades e a urbanização no Brasil. Florianópolis: Editora Insular, 2011.

SILVA, José Borzacchiello da. A França, o Brasil e a Geografia Urbana, Anais do 3º Simpósio Nacional de Geografia Urbana, Rio de Janeiro, 1993.

SILVA, José Borzacchiello da, French-Brazilian Geography – The Influence of French Geography in Brazil, Springer, 2016.

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VASCONCELOS, Pedro de Almeida, Dois séculos de Pensamento sobre a cidade. 2. ed. Salvador:Edufba; Ilhéus: Editus, 2012. http://www.repositorio.ufba.br:8080/ri/bitstream/ri/16838/1/dois-seculos-de-pensamento-sobre-a-cidade.pdf, Visita em 24.04.2017.

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Notes

1 The H index, proposed by Hirsch, refers to the number of articles published by an author and have a citation volume greater than or equal to the index in focus. In short, if the author reaches index H 8, it means that they published 8 papers with at least 8 citations. The higher the H index the greater the impact of an author's output.

2 This experience above mentioned indicates a set of works that impact on our science: "Published in 1952, E. Dardel’s book, L'homme et la terre, anticipates the phenomenological vision in geography. F. Schaefer's article, Exceptionalism in Geography, in 1953, was a milestone in the rupture between the emergent neopositivist current and classical geography. That same year, Swede T. Hagerstrand defended his thesis entitled Innovation, Diffusion as a Spatial Process. In 1961, J. Gottmann's book on the North American megalopolis was published and the following year Theoretical Geography, by W. Bunge was published. Noteworthy as the most representative works of the so-called "theoretical-quantitative revolution", P. Hagget's Locational Analysis in Human Geography (1965); Models in Geography, by Chorley and Haggett (1967); and D. Harvey's Explanation in Geography (1969). The journals Geographical Analysis of 1969 and L'Espace Geographique of 1972 are quite representative of the neopositivist current. The New magazine, Antipode, launched in 1969 in the United States, reflected the emergence of the new critical chain within the discipline that would develop in the next period. (VASCONCELOS, 2012).

3 This is the XVIII International Congress of Geography promoted by the International Geographical Union in Rio de Janeiro in 1956.

4 In addition to these works, resulting from research carried out in the AGB's own Assemblies, a great number of studies emerged, especially in the 1950s, but continuing until the 1970s that, although different from each other, had in common the use, in whole or in part, of Monbeig’s methodology. For the purpose of aggregation, we can classify them as follows: Urban monographs - These are standard studies, many of them presented and approved at AGB meetings. They include works on Diamantina (Bernardes, 1949/50); Águas da Prata (Souza, 1950); São Luiz do Maranhão (Azevedo, 1950/51); Olímpia (Araújo, 1950/51); Cruzeiro (Bernardes, 1951/52); Londrina (Prandini, 1951/52); Manaus (Ab'Saber, 1953); Ubaitaba (Santos, 1954); Cataguases (Cardoso, 1955); Porto Alegre (Roche, 1955); Grato (Petrone, 1955); Ponta Grossa (Santos, 1956); Pesqueira (Sette, 1956 b); Contagem (Guimarães, 1957); Mogi das Cruzes (Tírico, 1957 /58); Marabá (Dias, 1958); Pirapora do Bom Jesus (França, 1961 ); Aracaju (Diniz, 1962 and Castro, 1967); Taubaté (Müller, 1965); Teresina (Moreira, 1972); and Belém (Barcellos, 1974).Some works that, although more directed to the interurban theme (determination of the city’s area of ​​influence, analysis of the degree of centrality of small urban nuclei), can be cited here, that dedicate an essentially monographic part to the study of the city in question. This is the case, for example, of Cardoso's studies on Campina Grande (1963) and Caruaru (1965), and Perides (1971) on Dois Córregos, and Garms (1977) on Paraguaçu Paulista. Regional studies with an urban chapter. In this case, these are typically regional works, but they dedicate part of the analysis to the study of the principal city of the area studied. Included here are the study of the Santa Isabel Region (Ab 'Saber, 1950/51); of the Region of Corumbataí (Petrone, 1951/52); of the Cocoa Zone of Bahia (Santos, 1955); of the Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais (Valverde, 1958); of the Region of São Luís do Paraitinga (Petrone, 1959); of the Region of the Upper High Course of the Tietê (Tírico, 1960b); of Baixada do Ribeira (Petrone, 1961); of the Northeast Potiguar (Valverde et al. 1962); and the Northeast of the Mata Pernambucana (Valverde, 1960). This last work deserves special mention, since it is one of the few studies of this phase that dared not to follow the monbeigian rule that social themes, such as class relations, are "things that the geographer does not know and does not need to study." In describing the city of Timbaúba, Valverde pays special attention to the prevailing state, to the disparity between social classes, using in their analysis, although timidly, categories that would only later be incorporated into the geographic agenda, such as "industrial reserve" and "constant capital" (ABREU, 1994).

5 From the research enumerated, references will be given to some that mark the thematic universe constructed by the author: "One of the great characteristics of the current Critical Geography has been the emphasis given to the analysis of how the working class participates in the process of construction of the urban space. What is behind much of this production is the rejection of the ideology of "urban chaos", which relates a large part of urban needs and "evils" to migration, lack of planning, etc. On the contrary, the intention of this line of investigation is to demonstrate precisely the opposite, that is, the apparent “urban chaos” reflects a clear logic (the logic of capitalist accumulation)and the apparent “disorder” that characterizes a great part of urban spatial forms and social processes in the city, are simply, in the words of Carlos Nelson F. dos Santos, an “order that demands a closer scrutiny" (Santos, 1982)...Bernardes (1983), for example, focused on the empirical and analyzed the Friends of Neighborhood Movement - MAB - (Nova Iguaçu, RJ), relating its appearance with the exacerbation of the process of pauperization of the metropolitan peripheries. From the recovery of the history of this movement, the author confronted the strategies followed by the characteristics of the territorial base that it represented, indicating the positive points that were reached and the impasses that could not be solved. Mizubuti (1987), on the other hand, closely followed the associative neighborhood movement in Niterói and demonstrated all its diversity of forms and contents, a consequence of the heterogeneity of social bases that are represented there (movements of middle class, periphery, etc.). Silva (1987), on the other hand, analyzed the content of the demands of these movements (as published in the periodical press) and reconstituted the entire process of outbreak and development of urban protest movements in Fortaleza. In Souza (1988) the discussion shifted to the exclusive level of theoretical reflection and, from an analysis of the limitations and potentialities of what he termed "neighborhood activism," introduced all the autonomist thinking of Cornelius Castoriadis into a discussion that until then was predominantly Marxist-structuralist "(ABREU, 1994).

6 A first study by Milton Santos and Antonia Dea Erdens focused on the cities of the Recôncavo that saw their population grow not only because of the proximity of Salvador, but also because of the strengthening of the economy as a result of the exploitation of oil. Still in Contribuição ao Estudo dos Centros de Cidades: o exemplo da cidade de Salvador (1959) they establish what should be considered as the center of a city, taking into account the difficulties arising from regional variants. There is an analytical exploration between center and periphery, emphasizing the individuality of the centers from examples of various cities in Africa (Dakar, Bamako and Abidjan) and, more specifically, the City of Salvador, which represents traces of the union between the rural world, whose life presides over the commercialization of its products, and the industrial world, which buys the goods. The authors made an attempt at retrospective Geography, but, unfortunately, they could only count on valid data from 1940. They also describe the two faces of the city of Salvador (the upper and lower city), showing how functions and activities adapted themselves to the landscape. It is worth mentioning another interesting work from that time, Rhythms and Urbanization Processes, by Professor Ana Carvalho. " (SILVA, 2009).

7 Anchored in the scientific statute, the approach of Urban Geography in the Northeast, in the form of an academic discipline, in its embryonic phase, merged contents linked to several geographic approaches with contents aimed at understanding transport and circulation, population, commerce and services, industry, economic geography, etc. With the advent of postgraduate studies, the improvement of the scientific course required several exercises of systematization, with an emphasis on the approach given to the urban network theme." (1998).

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Table des illustrations

Titre Figure 1 – H index of the Graduate Programs in Geography
Crédits Source: Relatório da Avaliação Quadrienal 2017, CAPES.
URL http://journals.openedition.org/confins/docannexe/image/16375/img-1.png
Fichier image/png, 503k
Titre Figure 2 – Graph with distribution of the works most cited by area in Brazil, Emphasis Sector of Urban Geography (in the Human Geography Area).
URL http://journals.openedition.org/confins/docannexe/image/16375/img-2.png
Fichier image/png, 56k
Titre Figure 3 – Graph with distribution of the works most cited by area in Brazil, emphasis by region (Northeast, North, Southeast and Center West) and Urban Geography Sector (in the Human Geography Area)
URL http://journals.openedition.org/confins/docannexe/image/16375/img-3.png
Fichier image/png, 234k
URL http://journals.openedition.org/confins/docannexe/image/16375/img-4.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 12k
Titre Figure 4 - Graph Highest Number of Citations per Institution
Légende Distributed by Quartile and Considering the Highest Citation of Teachers in the Sub-Area of ​​Urban Geography with an H Index Equal or Greater than the Program.
URL http://journals.openedition.org/confins/docannexe/image/16375/img-5.png
Fichier image/png, 57k
Titre Figure 1 - Main Citations in Urban Geography Sub-Area
Crédits (IH Program - 2005 to 2016)
URL http://journals.openedition.org/confins/docannexe/image/16375/img-6.png
Fichier image/png, 299k
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Eustogio Wanderley Correia Dantas et José Borzacchiello da Silva, « Brazilian urban geography: from a diachronic analysis to the most cited works in the last decade »Confins [En ligne], 38 | 2018, mis en ligne le 23 décembre 2018, consulté le 21 janvier 2022. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/confins/16375 ; DOI : https://doi.org/10.4000/confins.16375

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Eustogio Wanderley Correia Dantas

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia da Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC), edantas@ufc.br

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José Borzacchiello da Silva

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia da Universidade Federal do Ceará e da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-RJ), borza@ufc.br

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Licence Creative Commons
Confins – Revue franco-brésilienne de géographie est mis à disposition selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons Attribution - Pas d’Utilisation Commerciale - Partage dans les Mêmes Conditions 4.0 International.

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