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Information for Authors

Informations aux auteurs

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission’s compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission is original, it is not object of conflicts of interest and it is not currently undergoing reviewing or awaiting publication elsewhere.

  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word (up to 2MB).

  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

  • It is ensured a blind peer review.

  • Authors transfer copyright to the Comunicação e Sociedade journal (ISSN 1645-2089 and e-ISSN 2183-3575).

Author Guidelines

The articles submitted to Comunicação e Sociedade should be submitted electronically, after registration in to the system1.


  • Full papers should have between 5.000 to 8.000 words, including title, footnotes and references.

  • Title and intertitles must have a maximum length of 120 characters with spaces.

  • The abstract should have between 200 and 300 words and up to five keywords should be defined.

  • The biographical note must have up to 150 words.


Manuscripts should be typed with single-space on standard pages (A4), using font Times New Roman 12 pt.

Organization of the information

The first page of the document must contain the following information in Portuguese and in English: title of the article, abstract and keywords.

Ensuring a blind peer review, any identification must be withdrawn of the article. So, in another document (with the article title) should be placed the following information:

  1. author(s) name(s);

  2. biographical note with some curricular data and with complete information on the affiliation of all authors, including the name of the institution of origin at three levels (ex: University, Faculty and Department / Center). The complete addresses (including street, postal code, city and country), electronic address and ORCID must also be mentioned. This data will be available in the published version of the article, so by providing them, you consent to its publication in the journal volume, both in the online version and in the print version.

  3. acknowledgements and funding (optional) with identification of the funding organisation in full form, including: full name and grant reference. If there is more than one organisation, the references should be separated by semicolons, and the last reference in the list should be preceded by “and”.

Other style aspects

  • Quotation marks: use double quotation marks (“ ”) for ironic expressions or words, jargon or figurative language, for quotations or the title of an article or of book chapter.

  • Italic: use italic, not bold, in the text to indicate titles of books, to introduce new words or foreign words, to mention words or expressions which should be semantically highlighted.

  • Numbers: use the extensive form for numbers between zero and nine. From 10 on, use the numeral. Regardless this rule, always use numeral in graphs, tables and figures, in measurement units (ex. 5km), in mathematic functions, statistics, fractions, decimal numbers, ratios and percentages, numbers representing time, dates, points in a scale and exact amounts of money. Always use the extensive form for any number at the beginning of a sentence and in common fractions (ex. one fifth of the Portuguese people).

  • Graphic elements are grouped into three types: tables (all kind of presentation of double entry data), graphs (all kind of graphic representation of statistic data) and figures (all kind of visual representations – diagrams, drawings, pictures, infographics). In the text, graphic elements are mentioned extensively (ex. in Table 1). All graphic elements have legend, not title. Legends do not have full stop. The figures and tables are placed within the text and sent separately. Graphics and figures should be inserted in the Word text, in JPEG or TIFF format, with a resolution of at least 300 dpi. Tables must be in editable format, with no image conversion.

  • Titles: titles never end with full stop (despite they may have other punctuation marks – question or exclamation mark). All titles have only capital letter in the first word. Other titles within the text may be numbered if numbering benefits text structure.

  • Footnotes: use footnotes, not endnotes.

Citing References

The Comunicação e Sociedade journal and other CECS’ publications follow the APA style (6th edition), according to these guidelines.

Citing and references in the text

  • Quotations should be translated into the language which the text is written in. The original version of the quotation is not placed as footnote.

  • Quotations of less than 40 words should be incorporated in the text and enclosed with double quotation marks (“ ”), in normal text, not italic. Quotations of 40 or more words should be highlighted in a free-standing block quotation on a new line, indented, smaller font and without quotation marks.

  • Citation references in the text should follow this format: (Kovarick, 2010, p. 134). In quotations incorporated in the text, the punctuation (full stop or comma) is placed after the reference. The indented quotations end with full stop before the reference.

  • Do not use expressions such as idem, ibidem, apud, op. cit

  • For indirect quotations: (quoted in Kovarick, 2010, p. 134) (citado em Kovarick, 2010, p. 134).

Reference list

The three main types of references used in academic works include books, chapters, and articles in scientific journals:

Balonas, S. (2011). Publicidade sem código de barras. Ribeirão: Húmus.

Pires, H. (2011). De passagem. Nos rastos de um percurso imaginário. In M. Martins; J. B. Miranda; M. Oliveira & J. Godinho (Ed.), Imagem e pensamento (pp. 167-188). Coimbra: Grácio Editor.

Pereira, S. (2013). More technology, better childhoods? The case of the Portuguese ‘One laptop per Child’ programme. Communication Management Quarterly, 29, 171-198.

References reporting websites are preceeded by the expression “Retrieved from”/“Retirado de”. No mention to the date of consultation.

Other specifications should be consulted at the APA Style book.

Ethical Conduct

Authors should ensure that the sources of referencing used in the production of scientific work are accurate and comprehensive, and must obtain permission from copyright holders to reproduce illustrations, tables or figures.

Authors should identify the funding organisations of their work, following the guidelines provided above.

Authors should ensure the correct placement of the names of authors and co-authors in their respective publications, and provide due acknowledgment to other colleagues, when applicable, following the guidelines provided above.

For further information, contact: comunicacaoesociedade[at]

Copyright Notice

Authors—individual or collective—of the published articles transfer to Comunicação e Sociedade the exclusive right of publication in any form.


1 Login [] or Register [] to make a submission.

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