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A harmonized database to follow the demographic trajectories of European cities, the TRADEVE database (Demographic Trajectories of European Cities)

Une base de données harmonisée pour suivre les trajectoires démographiques des villes européennes, la base TRADEVE (Trajectoires Démographiques des Villes Européennes)
Marianne Guérois, Anne Bretagnolle, Antonin Pavard, Paul Gourdon and Natalia Zdanowska

Abstracts

TRADEVE Database provides the following information for the European Urban Morphological Zones (UMZ) of more than 10 000 inhabitants in 2011:
- Name of UMZ
- Name of country
- Code corresponding to the vectorial maps
- Population for 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011
- Accompanied by vectorial maps of the UMZ perimeters for 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001.

TRADEVE database is based on Urban Morphological Zones (UMZ) (EEA, 2004). UMZ were enriched in the ESPON Database Project 2008-2014 by giving a name to UMZ and by creating a correspondence dictionary between UMZ and Local Administrative Units (LAU). A population density grid from the Joint Research Centre was originally used for attributing populations to UMZ.
The integration of time comes from a retropolation of UMZ 2000 back to 1961.The Historical Population Database of European LAUs allowed to attribute population for six dates (from 1961 to 2011), in the geometry of the 2012 LAU. A data model provided evolving urban perimeters from the retropolation of UMZ 2000 back to 1961. Two criteria were used: contiguity and minimal population (2000 inhabitants) of the building blocks. The population change between 2001 and 2011 has been registered within the limits of UMZ 2000.

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Author's notes

Link to the original scientific article: https://journals.openedition.org/cybergeo/32034

Full text

Language

1Language used by the data set: English

Theme

2Topic (s) of the dataset: Urban areas, Europe, population, demographic evolution, spatiotemporal analysis, evolving database.

Spatial coverage

329 European countries (UE + Switzerland, 3962 entities in 2011)

Time coverage

  • Time lapse. Period of time covered by the geographic resource: 1961-2011 (6 dates)

  • Publication date. Date of publication of the geographical resource. 2018

  • Latest update. Date of the last revision, if applicable. May 2015.

Total number, population and area of urban areas in TRADEVE database (1961-2011)

Date

Number of urban areas

Population of urban areas

(inh.)

Area of urban areas

(sq km)

1961

3982

236 035 305

567 366

1971

3975

269 939 288

571 852

1981

3969

290 877 386

575 176

1991

3966

301 389 708

577 195

2001

3962

308 122 638

578 410

2011

3962

321 082 306

578 410

Format name and version

4One csv file, version 1

File’s format

5Three series of files are provided:

Files names

Type of data

Description

UA_perimeter1961.shp UA_perimeter1971.shp

UA_perimeter1981.shp

UA_perimeter1991.shp

UA_perimeter2001.shp

UA_perimeter2011.shp

With all related files (.prj, .shx, .dbf, .qpj) for each date

vector data

Urban areas perimeters for 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011 (identical to 2001)

Related population data (for current and former dates)

TRADEVE_UrbanArea_Europe_1961_2011.xls

tabular data

Population and area of Urban areas for 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011

Metadata

Script_Tradeve.R

Rpostgis_Functions.R

script data

Script for Urban areas retropolation and for using PostGIS data in R

Creation date

6The data set was created in 2016

Dataset creator

7Anne Bretagnolle (university Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, UMR Géographie-cités), Marianne Guérois (university Paris Diderot, UMR Géographie-cités), Antonin Pavard (university Paris Est, Institut de Recherche en Constructibilité (IRC), Ecole Spéciale des Travaux Publics (ESTP))

Name and function developed by the person responsible for the resource

8Anne Bretagnolle, Professor of Geography, (university Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, UMR Géographie-cités, Paris, France)

9Marianne Guérois, Assistant Professor of Geography (university Paris Diderot, UMR Géographie-cités, Paris, France)

10Antonin Pavard, Ingeneer in Geomatic (university Paris Est, Institut de Recherche en Constructibilité (IRC), Ecole Spéciale des Travaux Publics (ESTP), France

Responsible organization and person

11Anne Bretagnolle, anne.bretagnolle@parisgeo.cnrs.fr

12Marianne Guérois, guerois@parisgeo.cnrs.fr

13Antonin Pavard, ant.pavard@gmail.com

Repository location

14http://tradeve.parisgeo.cnrs.fr

Licence

15Data are made available under the creative commons license of type CC BY-NC-ND 3.0

Use

Comparison with other European databases (Bretagnolle et al. 2016)

16Bretagnolle A., Guérois M., Pavard A., Gourdon P., Zdanowska N., et al. 2016, Demographical Trajectories of European urban areas (1961-2011) (TRADEVE). [Research Report] Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/​halshs-01311420/​document

Gibrat/Pareto models (Cura et al. 2017).

17Cura R., Cottineau C., Swerts E., Ignazzi C., Bretagnolle A., Vacchiani-Marcuzzo C., Pumain D., 2017, “The old and the new. Qualifying city systems in the world with classical models and new data”, Geographical Analysis, 49/4, pp. 363-386.

Hierarchical and regional expressions of urban growth + cluster analysis on demographic trajectories (1961-2011)

18Guerois M., Bretagnolle A., Pavard A., Gourdon P., Zdanowska N. (2018), « Following the population of European urban areas in the last half century (1961-2011): the TRADEVE database », Cybergeo, to be published

Multi-scalar urban-rural typology + classification of age structure in 2000

19Bretagnolle, A., Guérois, M., Pavard, 2019, “European small cities and towns: a territorial contextualization of vulnerable demographic situations (1981-2011)”, Revue d’Economie Régionale et Urbaine, vol. 3, to be published.

Reuse potential

20Any analysis related to European urban systems: to our knowledge this is the only open access comprehensive data base delineating urban agglomerations of all sizes above 10 000 inhabitants in a systematic way and enabling their comparison in Europe at different dates (with evolving perimeters).

21Possible deeper analysis of a specific hierarchical level (for instance demographic evolution of small urban areas) or a set of countries

Type of spatial representation

22- vector (vector): Vector data
- text table (textTable): Text or tabular data
Spatial resolution (scale or minimum cartographic unit)
Urban area (morphological + administrative + statistical definition of cities)
Reference system
Code: EPSG: 3035
Name: ETRS89 / ETRS-LAEA
Authority: European Petroleum Survey Group (EPSG)
Geographic extension
North: 5136005,024400 m
South: 948100,364900 m
West: 1596701,786700 m
East: 6503071,449900 m

Source

23Three different databases were used in the TRADEVE project:

  1. Historical Populations Data of LAU for 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011 (see Gloersen et al. 2013, open access)

  2. Urban Morphological Zones 2000, defined from the European Environment Agency (EEA) in 2004 (version v2) (see Bretagnolle et al. 2014). Open access.

  3. Dictionary of correspondence LAU2/UMZ (restricted version, see Figure II 1 of the Tradeve report, https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/​halshs-01311420/​document) elaborated in ESPON Database (see Bretagnolle et al. 2014). It concerns UMZ 2000 and LAU2 (2012 geometry) and gives the different LAU2 that are linked to UMZ 2000. Open access.

Format for metadata

Title

 

 

text

Une base de données harmonisée pour suivre les trajectoires démographiques des villes européennes, La base TRADEVE (Trajectoires Démographiques des Villes Européennes)

Abstract

 

 

text

The TRADEVE database gives populations, surfaces and geometries of urban areas from 1961 to 2011, larger than 10 000 inhabitants, 29 European countries (3962 entities in 2011), with evolutive perimeters of urban areas.

Temporal reference

 

 

 

 

 

Time lapse

 

 

 

 

 

time_begin

date

01-01-1961

 

 

time_end

date

01-01-2011

 

Publication date

 

date

01-01-2019

 

Latest update

 

date

01-01-2016

 

Creation date

 

date

01-01-2016

Responsible organization

 

 

text

Anne Bretagnolle (university Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, UMR Géographie-cités), Marianne Guérois (university Paris Diderot, UMR Géographie-cités), Antonin Pavard (university Paris Est, Institut de Recherche en Constructibilité (IRC), Ecole Spéciale des Travaux Publics (ESTP))

Responsible role

 

 

text

See « Responsible organization »

Keywords

 

 

text

Urban areas, Europe, population, surface, evolving perimeters

Use

 

 

text

Any analysis related to European urban systems + possible deeper analysis of a specific hierarchical level (for instance demographic evolution of small urban areas) or a set of countries

Type of spatial representation

 

 

controlled list

vector - table - –script text

Spatial resolution (scale or minimum cartographic unit)

 

 

text

Urban area (morphological + administrative + statistical definition of cities)

Language

 

 

text

English

Themes

 

 

text

Urban areas, Europe, population, demographic evolution, spatiotemporal analysis, evolving database

Geographic extension

 

 

text

29 European countries

 

min y

 

number - float

 948100,364900 m

 

min x

 

number - float

 1596701,786700 m

 

max y

 

number - float

 5136005,024400 m

 

max x

 

number - float

 6503071,449900 m

Reference system

 

 

text

ETRS89 / ETRS-LAEA (EPSG code: 3035)

Source

 

 

text

3 databases were used:

1) Urban Morphological Zones 2000, defined from the European Environment Agency (EEA) in 2004 (version v2) and enriched by ESPON Database project (Bretagnolle et al. 2014),

2) Historical Populations Data of LAU (Gloersen et al., 2013)

3) Dictionary of correspondence LAU2/UMZ (see Bretagnolle et al. 2014)

Acknowledgements

24This database results from the TRADEVE project « Demographical trajectories of European urban areas » (TRAjectoires DEmographiques des Villes Européennes) which was granted by University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne for the 2014-2016 period.

25For more details, see:

26Guerois M., Bretagnolle A., Pavard A., Gourdon P., Zdanowska N., 2019 (forthcoming), "Following the population of European urban areas in the last half century (1961-2011): the TRADEVE database", Cybergeo, Article No.891, https://journals.openedition.org/​cybergeo/​32034

27Full methodology in TRADEVE report: Bretagnolle A., Guérois M., Pavard A., Gourdon P., Zdanowska N., et al., 2016, Demographical Trajectories of European urban areas (1961-2011) (TRADEVE). [Research Report] Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/​halshs-01311420/​document

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Bibliography

Bretagnolle A., Guérois M., Mathian H., Pavard A., 2014, UMZ: a data base now operational for urban studies (M4D improvements). Technical report, 30 June 2014, downloadable from ESPON Database website http://database.espon.eu/db2/resource?idCat=31, 33 pages.

Gloersen E., Lüer C., 2013, Population Data Collection for European Local Administrative Units from 1960 onward. Final Report – Data are available on Eurostat’s website: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/nuts/local-administrative-units

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References

Electronic reference

Marianne Guérois, Anne Bretagnolle, Antonin Pavard, Paul Gourdon and Natalia Zdanowska, « A harmonized database to follow the demographic trajectories of European cities, the TRADEVE database (Demographic Trajectories of European Cities) », Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography [Online], Data Papers, document 892, Online since 12 April 2019, connection on 07 December 2019. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/cybergeo/32077 ; DOI : 10.4000/cybergeo.32077

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About the authors

Marianne Guérois

Université Paris Diderot, UMR Géographie-cités 8504, Paris, France
guerois@parisgeo.cnrs.fr

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Anne Bretagnolle

Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, UMR Géographie-cités 8504, Paris, France
anne.bretagnolle@parisgeo.cnrs.fr

By this author

Antonin Pavard

Université Paris-Est, Institut de Recherche en Constructibilité, ESTP, Cachan, France
apavard@estp-paris.eu

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Paul Gourdon

Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, UMR Géographie-cités 8504, Paris, France
paul.gourdon@parisgeo.cnrs.fr

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Natalia Zdanowska

UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Londres, United Kingdom
n.zdanowska@ucl.ac.uk

By this author

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