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Instructions for Authors

Traduction de Marie Diebold et Alvin Harberts

Notes de la rédaction

Please note that we have not used inclusive writing for the recommendations below, as the large number of words to be changed may make the reading less fluid. The terms "reader," "author," "reviewer," "editor," etc., should be read without gender discrimination. Authors are free to use inclusive writing or not in their article proposals.

The editorial policy

Cybergeo - European Journal of Geography, welcomes contributions on all themes and from all currents of geography and related disciplines, as long as geographical issues are discussed. It is a generalist journal, multilingual, with free access, at no cost either for authors or readers, exclusively digital. It ensures a worldwide diffusion of research whose quality is guaranteed by a peer review procedure according to the principle of double-blind review.

Publishable contributions must include at least a state of the art inclusion of references from international journals in the field concerned (in addition to references in national journals), a research approach explaining the methodology used and analyzed and discussed results. Cybergeo does not publish work in progress or monographs.

Contributions must be submitted in French, English or Spanish. Authors may propose a translated version in another language once their text has been published. Contributions will be published on an ongoing basis in at least one language, with titles, abstracts and keywords in at least English, French and Spanish.

In order to allow a quick and quality editorial process, we ask authors to scrupulously respect the presentation guidelines detailed in the following sections.

Submitting an article

Do you want to submit an article? Cybergeo offers an online platform to submit your manuscripts:

Please note! The journal expects authors to write their article according to the current rules of spelling and syntax. A careful proofreading is therefore required before submission. An article that does not respect the basic rules of writing may be rejected for this reason alone. For articles submitted in languages other than French, the French version of the abstract must imperatively be reread by a person mastering French.

In order to submit to Cybergeo, the author agrees that his article will not be submitted to another journal. He also commits himself to anonymize all his documents, text and illustrations. This implies not quoting research contracts with which the articles are associated. A non-anonymized article cannot be transmitted to reviewers.

If this is the first time you are submitting an article, please first register and enter your "author" profile.

Do not submit the same article multiple times. If you encounter any difficulties, we recommend that you follow the instructions in the "submission guide for authors".

Please note! Not every article submitted is accepted. You can only include it in your publications after it has been accepted by the review committee. Furthermore, articles cannot be submitted to several journals at the same time or have already been published.

The procedure for book reviews is the same.

The evaluation

Each submission is assigned a unique submission number that remains the same until the editorial preparation stage.

The articles are then submitted to a pre-selection committee, and then to the reading committees, according to the following stages:

The spontaneous submission is studied in the first instance by a pre-selection committee which verifies the conformity of the submission to the criteria of the journal: argumentation, positioning, scientific approach explained and discussed, problematic situated in the national and international debate, quality of the bibliography (which must imperatively include references from international journals in English), quality of spelling, quality of images and cartography, respect of anonymity, size (<50,000 signs or 9,000 words), etc. We do not publish case studies that are not discussed in a more global and international theoretical context. The Cybergeo journal does not tolerate plagiarism or self-plagiarism. Plagiarism, which consists in presenting someone else's work as one's own, is considered a crime. Plagiarism may not be intentional, but we recommend that authors take care to cite their source, following the citation standards (

Articles are rejected when they are out of the scope of the journal, or poorly written, or superficial, or when they do not position the research in a more general context based on an international scientific bibliography. In this case, a reasoned opinion is sent to the authors with a proposal for referral to another journal or recommendations for possible resubmission. More than a third of the articles are rejected by the pre-selection committee. Proposing an article that meets the journal's expectations therefore saves time in the editorial process.

For submissions that pass this first round of review, a second round is initiated and the article is submitted to the review committees for evaluation. At least two readers, whose anonymity is preserved throughout the process, are chosen amongst the members of the review committee to give their opinion. External experts may also be called upon. The author can follow the events online during the current evaluation cycle, and the entire procedure is carried out in compliance with the double-blind evaluation.

At the end of the second evaluation cycle, an anonymized summary of the evaluators' opinions (acceptance or rejection, requests for modifications or additions) is sent to the author. Requests for modifications lead to the submission of a revised version on the online submission platform within a period of 6 months, followed by a new re-reading by the evaluators who check whether the authors have responded to the requests addressed to them in the summary. The evaluation can take place over three or even four cycles before eventual acceptance for publication. The evaluators can use the following reading grid to formulate their opinion:

  • Has the text been, to your knowledge, previously published or simply submitted to another journal?

  • Is the subject suitable for the scientific communication journal Cybergeo?

  • Is the information sufficiently : relevant, original ? up to date ?

  • Do issues and challenges appear clearly enough, especially in the introduction ?

  • Is the demonstration sufficiently rigorous and well argued ?

  • Does the style seem correct to you ?

  • Do the tables and diagrams seem : necessary ? clear ?

  • Are the maps: correctly captioned? easily readable?

  • Is the bibliography : appropriate ? up to date at national and international level ?

  • Do the abstract and keywords express the essence of the text and are they correctly translated?

  • Does the title reflect the content of the article?

  • Does the length seem: correct? excessive? insufficient?

  • ...

This work of meticulous proofreading and accompaniment of the authors by the evaluations during the different cycles requires a significant investment of the readers in order to help the authors to improve their article and to release its full potential. It is also important for the journal to maintain its editorial line, which is demanding but not exclusive, and which is designed to help authors add value to their research thanks to the help provided by the evaluation work.

Accepted articles are de-anonymized and sent to the reviewer who will correspond with the authors. During this stage, a guide for the formatting of the article, the writing of the bibliography as well as a best practices guide for the writing and translation of the metadata (title, abstract and keywords) are proposed to the authors. Cybergeo's editorial board is particularly attached to the quality of metadata, which allows authors to significantly increase the impact of their publication on the web.

Once the correction stage has been completed, the metadata are proofread by proofreaders in the language concerned, except for the French version of texts provided in another language, for which we ask the authors to be proofread by a person with a perfect mastering of French. Metadata are published in three languages: French, English, Spanish. Some articles are also selected for translation of their metadata into Chinese.

The finalized articles are then published online and freely accessible on the journal's website.

The electronic article has unprecedented potential by allowing instant access to a network of resources, references and debates. We therefore strongly encourage authors to insert DOIs and hyperlinks to their sources (cited articles, simulations, databases, etc.) in order to increase interactivity. On our side, we commit ourselves to publishing the argued reactions that the article will have brought about on the blog of the Cybergeo Conversation journal.

The international opening

Since the beginning, the journal has published articles in all European languages, but it has been committed for many years to a voluntary editorial policy of internationalization of its publications. It offers metadata translation in three languages: French, English, Spanish, and Chinese for selected articles. More and more regularly, full-text articles selected by the management and editorial committees are translated into English, Spanish or Chinese when they make an original contribution to the literature of the countries concerned.


A contract of non-assignment of rights (in appendix) is sent to the depositing author after approval for publication and signed by both parties.

The articles put online are dated and referenced by a number of the journal (each article constitutes an issue). The articles are thus published without delay, as and when they are accepted. Each publication displays at the bottom of its page the electronic reference to be used for any citation or bibliographic reference. A specific DOI is also added within hours of publication.

The Cybergeo journal is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Image 10000201000000580000001FDBC2B474793AA7E2.png

This statement appears at the end of each article.

The author is allowed to deposit his pre-print or article accepted and/or published in pdf on an institutional open archive site according to the copyright policy mentioned in Sherpa/Romeo Publisher Policies & Self Archiving and provided that he indicates the publication url of the original article in Cybergeo.

Presentation standards of your article

The electronic medium encourages short articles, of about 50 000 characters or 9000 words, but the journal may exceptionally admit longer texts. In all cases, certain presentation criteria must be respected:


In addition to the original language, the titles, summaries and keywords must be in French and in English at the beginning of the article.

The quality of the metadata (title, summary, keywords) is essential for a good diffusion of your publications. These texts are used by search engines, professional databases, or open archive sites. Internet users learn about your work by first consulting the metadata.

We provide you with recommendations to help you adopt a concise and rigorous writing style with easily analyzable concepts to facilitate access to your article, without sacrificing the richness and diversity of the language. You can also download the best practices guide for writing and translating metadata, which is attached.

The title

We recommend that you choose a strong, informative title that highlights the content of your article. You should choose precise words that situate your work in its generality and specificity. Favor titles of 8 to 10 words, including the central keywords of your article. Since all metadata will be translated into at least two foreign languages, avoid references that are too exclusively aimed at a non-international audience.

Once your title is written, test its translation in a reversible way from French to English and from English to French to see if the meaning is preserved. We recommend that you use automatic translation software and then have your translations checked by a person with a perfect command of the language (this is mandatory for French summaries).

The abstract

The summary is read much more often than the full article. For the Internet user, it is an opportunity to see if your publication corresponds to their research. It is therefore important that your article shows in an attractive way what are the highlights of your approach and the contribution of your results to the advancement of knowledge. This is quite different from an exhaustive account of the article's content. It is essential to adopt a precise construction and vocabulary. In less than 250 words, you should summarize the research question and its context, the essential results and their possible implications.

Under no circumstances should the summary be a rehash of the introduction; do not repeat paragraphs from the text. It should include at least the research question, the method and the results, emphasizing the importance/newness of the scientific contribution. Write it in such a way that there is no ambiguity, no stylistic effects with untranslatable puns. Think about it: the abstract will be translated into other languages. Don't use complicated sentences. English sentence structure is often very different from French sentence structure, so keep it clear.

Once you have written your summary, test its translation reversibly from French to English and from English to French to see if the meaning is preserved.

The key words

Authors tend not to pay much attention to keywords, but they help to situate your work in the field of your disciplinary, thematic or areal specialty, so be sure to choose 4-5 relevant keywords, referring to the keyword index below.

The text

In order to speed up the online publishing of your article in open access, your final version will have to respect the presentation required by the journal, so we suggest that you download the OpenEdition template for word: and follow the styling instructions for the different parts of your document.

If you encounter difficulties with the OpenEdition template, you can format your article by applying the classic word template as follows.

For the text: please apply the "Normal" style without tabs. Under no circumstances should you use tabs, spaces or page breaks, they will disappear when your article will be online.

For the titles, please apply the style Title 1, Title 2, Title 3 according to the levels. These styles are accessible on your toolbar where the "Normal" style is by default:

The links must refer to sites accessible on the web and not to local files.

Tables will be made in Word (or equivalent) through the menu "table + insert".

Excel (or equivalent) graphs will be converted into images (see below for recommendations for images).

Quotations are indicated in right quotation marks (or quotes) and in italics. Citation references are made directly in the text and not by footnotes. A citation ends with a parenthesis indicating the author, the year and possibly the page number. Ex. (Thomas, 2001, p.34) or (Thomas, 2001; Hagget, 2001). If the author's name is cited in the sentence, indicate the date and possibly the page number in brackets.

Footnotes can be found at the bottom of the page with a call for footnotes in the text.

Additional images and files

The images

Before submitting an article to the journal, authors should ensure that the rules concerning figures and tables in general, and maps in particular, are correctly applied.

In the article, the presentation of images is as follows:

  1. Title of the illustration

  2. Illustration

  3. Source of illustration (if applicable) below the image and embedded in the image

  4. Caption of the illustration (if applicable, if not shown in the image)

For the maps do not forget to indicate the scale.

(Carto)graphic reminders

The construction of the figures must above all be accurate, taking care to propose a choice of representation adapted to the information represented. As far as maps are concerned, the 10 laws of cartography outlined by Nicolas Lambert ( should be relied upon first and foremost, which reminds us that the map is a construction, a scientific as well as an artistic object, carrying a message that must be correctly perceived by the public for whom the document is intended.

The rules and practices detailed in the literature on this subject should therefore be respected, while taking care to ensure that the final presentation of the document (layout, etc.) is expressive and pleasant. Semiotic rules must be applied, particularly for color1, the elements of a cardboard must be correctly nested, and the elements of the map and the legend must be represented in the same size and layout. A raw output from a graphic or cartographic document creation software is thus very often a document with little communication orientation: for publication, care must be taken to improve the figure in order to make it more readable, more comprehensible and adapted to its recipient.

Figures should be provided in high resolution (see below image format) and deposited one by one as additional files on the submission site; the choice of characters (font and size) should allow for easy reading; the use of sans serif fonts will be preferred. It is desirable that the author's name and source be attached to the figure in the version for publication and indicated below the figure in the text.

The title of your illustrations

The titles of the illustrations will be placed above the illustrations and numbered by type: tables, maps, figures, photos, boxes etc. The titles do not appear in the illustration, but in the text and will respect the following presentation:

Figure 1: Evolution of property prices in Paris between 1950 and 1990

The source of your illustrations

The source of the illustration must be clearly indicated and placed both within and below the illustration. The source of the data used to create the illustration (e.g. US Census, 2001) and the source of the illustration itself should be indicated if the author is using an illustration already published in a book (with the author's agreement).

Submitting additional files

Illustrations must also be submitted separately one by one in "Add an additional file" when you submit them on our online submission site. In order to properly identify the image, please enter the following information in the file name when submitting the additional file:


Example: dupont_carte1.jpg/ dupont_tableau1.doc / dupont_figure1.png

To avoid any errors, you must also insert in a lower resolution each image in its place in the article or, failing that, you will indicate in the right place in your article the name of the file to be integrated provided. You will also indicate the precise location of the tables with the file name if you have put your tables in additional files so that there is no confusion.

Also, remember to check that the references cited in the body of the text correspond to the numbering of the illustrations before submitting your article.

Image format

Authors are advised to ensure that the illustrations have sufficient resolution to be legible in print, at least 200 to 300 dpi and are in RGB mode.

An image inserted in a Word document (or equivalent) provided in the body of the article should be at least 1000 pixels wide. When it is an appendix file, it should be between 2,500 and 3,500 pixels wide.

It is also important to ensure that the quality of the image suffers as little degradation as possible during processing, and that a reworked version is as faithful as possible to the original (in particular, it must be ensured that when an image is reduced, the height/width proportions are well preserved). The section " Obtaining optimal image quality" provide further information when creating your images.

Some essential recommendations

In Photoshop (or any equivalent image editor), it is advised not to use the "Save for Web" option, in order to limit certain degradations of the image (the decrease in resolution in particular); it is preferable to use the "save as" option which makes it possible to preserve the best possible quality of an image at the time of its saving.

Saving an image for publication on the Web can be done in GIF, JPEG, or PNG format, but should only be done in JPEG or PNG format. For electronic publishing, color images in JPEG and PNG format should be in RGB mode and not in CMYK mode (used for printing).

When to use these image formats

The GIF compression format is used for images containing flat colors, and few gradients (illustrations, drawings ...); this format should be avoided as much as possible, especially for photographs, because it supports only 256 colors and strongly degrades the quality of images;

The JPEG format is a compression format that manages several million colors, so it is a format suitable for photographs, paintings, etc., containing many gradients. However, it does cause a loss of image quality, so saving in this format should only be done by choosing the best possible quality at the time of saving:

  • if you are using the Photoshop software, when saving as JPEG, choose the highest quality (12),

  • if you are using the GIMP software, choose the maximum quality (100), make sure that the "Optimize" option is unchecked and that the "Subsampling" option is set to the best possible quality ("1x1, 1x1, 1x1"),

  • if you are using the PhotoFiltre software, choose the maximum quality (100) at the time of saving,

  • if you are using other image processing software, refer to the documentation of that software for information on how to save the JPEG image in the best possible quality.

  • the PNG format also supports several million colors and does not cause any loss in image quality. PNG is therefore particularly recommended for maps or schematics.

However, the size of a PNG file is larger than that of a JPEG file. It can be used for documents containing few illustrations. For a document containing many images, it may sometimes be preferable to use images in JPEG format. It is not recommended to use the PNG format for images containing areas of transparency because these areas will be misinterpreted by some browsers and will lose their transparency.

Obtaining optimal image quality

Web lossy image formats (JPEG and GIF) degrade image quality by, for example, removing or replacing pixels. The purpose of this type of format is to produce an image that is smaller than the original, by playing on alterations that are normally invisible (or nearly invisible) to the naked eye.

Saving in one of these formats should only be done at the end of the image processing phase, when the image is ready for final publication, as the image quality deteriorates further and further every time you save it, in an irreversible manner, which may result in images that are totally illegible or unusable at the time of publication. It is therefore strongly recommended to save an image in these formats only after all the desired changes have been made to the image.

Until the image is last modified, it should therefore only be saved in lossless formats (PSD, PNG, TIFF) and then in JPEG or GIF format. The PNG format is the most recommended format.


The bibliography should be grouped at the end of the text in alphabetical order by authors' names. The presentation is codified below for the various types of texts cited. A downloadable style sheet is available in the appendix of this page. It is requested to cut the links of the Zotero references to allow typographical corrections.

The style sheet (Zotero)

The styles are as follows:


Batty M., 2001, "Polynucleated Urban Landscapes", Urban Studies, Vol.38, No.4, 635-655.

Luginbühl Y., Muxart T., 1997, "Place de la géographie dans les recherches sur l'environnement", Lettre du PIREVS, No.17, 44-63.

Excerpts from books

In English:

Dematteis G., 1996, "Towards a unified metropolitan urban system in Europe: Core centrality versus network distributed centrality", in: Pumain D., Saint-Julien Th. (eds.), Urban networks in Europe, Paris, INED and John Libbey Eurotext.

In French :

Paulus F., Pumain D., 2000, "Trajectoires de villes dans le système urbain", in: Pumain D., Mattei M.-F. (dir.), Données urbaines 3, Paris, Anthropos, coll. Villes, 363-372.


Haggett P., 2001, Geography: a global synthesis, London, Pearson Education.

Bailly A., Ferras R., Pumain D., 1994, Encyclopédie de la géographie, Paris, Economica.

Electronic articles

Dario Botti, "A phytoclimatic map of Europe", Cybergeo: European Journal of Geography, Environment, Nature, Landscape, article 867, online 16 October 2018.;

Cybergeo Guidelines for Data Papers and Model Papers

Cybergeo's data papers and model papers sections aim at becoming a central place of secondary geographical databases where:

  1. the data production is transparent and citable (unlike unpublished data),

  2. the work put by authors into the construction of geographical databases is documented so as to be reusable and transferable to new purposes,

  3. the data production process is evaluated and peer-reviewed anonymously, unlike what simple repository services offer,

  4. the datasets are accessible, identifiable and visible within the Cybergeo Dataverse collection (, allowing semantic and geographical queries.

On top of the generic guidelines that authors are asked to follow when they submit a paper to Cybergeo (regarding length, bibliographic styles, etc.), data papers and model papers should follow specific guidelines in order to make the description of data standardised and comparable from paper to paper in the journal.

Important: before submitting your paper make sure that your data are anonymous and have not been published. Cybergeo provides a sustainable repository in Harvard Dataverse:

After creating an account, you will be able to deposit your dataset(s) as part of the Cybergeo Dataverse Collection ("Add Data"+"New Dataset").

To help your deposit, you may use the guide “Add your data or codes in Cybergeo Dataverse Collection” available at the bottom of this page.

Make sure to provide the appropriate authorisation certificates if the data includes elements under proprietary license. CC0-1.0, CC-BY-4.0, and CC-BY-SA-4.0 are open licenses used for non-software material ranging from datasets to videos that we recommend. Note that CC-BY-4.0 and CC-BY-SA-4.0 should not be used for software. For more information check on:

At this stage of submission, the dataset is only accessible to you and Cybergeo editors. A private link can however be generated to allow your anonymous reviewers to evaluate the data, therefore all metadata should remain anonymous, as indicated in Cybergeo Metadata Template in Dataverse (the only identifiable field being your email address, which will not be communicated to the reviewers). Once your data paper is accepted for publication, these fields are populated with your name(s) and other identifiable information and the dataset is published for all to see. In the unfortunate case where your data paper is not accepted for publication, the dataset is then removed from the Cybergeo Dataverse collection, either by you or by Cybergeo editors.

In your data paper, you should document, explain and justify all the procedures used to transform the original records into the final geodatabase, demonstrate its need and use, and guide the reader on how to reuse it. The reader, given this information and the appropriate authorisation certificates, should be in a position to replicate your work entirely. Cybergeo Data Papers are stand-alone scientific articles that are devoted to the construction of geographical databases. Their publication can be followed by another article exploiting the analysis of such geographical data, but the two would be distinct in their scope and writing. The publication of a data paper does not ensure the acceptation of any other article, and vice versa.

In line with FAIR principles (, it is very important that your data paper provides detail on:

  • all the sources of the original records which were used to construct the database (organisation, timestamp, format, variables selected, link to the repository, etc.). 

  • all the processes which have led from the original records to the final database (data cleaning, aggregation, estimation, interpolation, modelling, etc.)

  • the spatial and scalar features of the data (points, lines, polygones, local, regional, etc.). What spatial units are they composed of? Are they compatible with any available GIS geometry? How do the output objects relate to the input objects (aggregation, transformation, etc.)?

  • the validation process of the geodatabase which guarantees its quality (technical validation, sensitivity and robustness analyses, comparisons with other data benchmarks, etc.). Make sure to mention the level of adequacy between the results of this validation process and the initial objectives for the construction of the geodatabase. State very clearly the strengths and limitations of the published dataset compared to other existing materials if any.

  • the value added of this database and any specific usage instructions to potential future users if necessary.

If necessary, Cybergeo reviewers may ask you to give temporary access to any intermediate data (that you do not intend to publish) so as to validate the process of data production and its added value.

Submissions in French, in Spanish and in English will be considered, but we recommend using the English language to ensure the maximum openness of the dataset.

Data Papers : Specific Metadata Fields required for the Data Papers section when adding the dataset to Cybergeo Dataverse

Concerning the data associated with the articles submitted in the Data Papers section, here are the required fields that must be filled in


Replication Data for: Indicate the title of your submitted Data Paper.


At the stage of submission, this field (as well as Contributor) should include the number of the submission of your article to keep the submission anonymous.

After acceptation, you will refer only to the author(s) of the Data paper. If other people have contributed to the production of the dataset, you should list them as "Contributors".


The summary should allow the reader to understand the information offered by the content of the data in a clear and concise way. It is recommended not to use acronyms without explanation and to summarize the most important details in the first sentence.


Use the keywords indicated in your article. Please write only one keyword per field, and use the "+" button to add new fields.

Related Publication

Once your data paper is published, this field will contain its reference and the DOI or your published dataset.


In this field, please indicate:

  • the type of the creative commons license under which the data is distributed

  • the specific use that has already been given to the resource

  • other possible uses of the data


Language used in the dataset.

Time Period Covered

This refers to the time period covered of the data.

Kind of data

Indicate the nature of the data submitted, as well as the projection Reference System Identifier if applicable (for example: "Code: EPSG:4258. Authority: European Petroleum Survey Group (EPSG)):

  • vector: Vector data

  • grid: Data mesh

  • text table: Text or tabular data

  • tin: Irregular triangular network

  • code: programming code

  • stereoscopic model: Three-dimensional vision formed by the intersections of the homologous rays of a pair of overlapping images

  • video: Scene of a video recording

  • photography

Data Sources

Please provide precise information and links about the data sources used in the creation of the data.

Geographical Coverage

Indicate geographical coverage of your data using the categories available (Country, province, city), or "Other" if they do not apply.

Geographical Unit

Indicate the unit in which data are available, for example: municipalities, IRIS, counties or urban agglomerations.

Geographic Bounding Box

Coordinates of the minimum bounding rectangle

Type of article

Choose "data paper"

Submit your data for Review

You can submit your dataset for review when you have finished uploading your files and filling in all of the relevant metadata fields. To Submit for Review, go to your dataset and click on the “Submit for Review” button, which is located next to the “Edit” button on the upper-right. Once Submitted for Review: the Admin or Curator for this Dataverse will be notified to review this dataset before they decide to either “Publish” the dataset or “Return to Author”. If the dataset is published the contributor will be notified that it is now published. If the dataset is returned to the author, the contributor of this dataset will be notified that they need to make modifications before it can be submitted for review again.

Dataverse Guide for author

In case of difficulties to use Dataverse, please refer to the:

Once your data paper is accepted for publication, all fields are populated with your name(s) and other identifiable information and the dataset is published for all to see. Your data will then be published in the Cybergeo/Dataverse collection in accordance with the FAIR principles. A DOI, permanent publication identifier, specific to your datasets or codes will be assigned to them.

In the unfortunate case where your data paper is not accepted for publication, the dataset is then removed from the Cybergeo Dataverse collection, either by you or by Cybergeo editors.

For more information about the submission of the data paper itself:

Documents annexes

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1 For the color, refer to Cynthia Brewer's website:

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