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Borders, Battles and Bigotry: The Trials of Dr. Alexander and Mary Augusta

Frontières, combats et préjudice : les épreuves du docteur Alexandre Augusta et de Mary Augusta
Alanna McKnight
p. 49-65

Résumés

Alexander et Mary Augusta sont deux Afro-américains nés libres, qui vinrent en Amérique du Nord britannique dans les années 1850 car Alexander n’avait pas le droit de poursuivre des études de médecine aux États-Unis. Tandis qu’il préparait son diplôme de médecine à Trinity College, puis devenait un médecin réputé et un dirigeant de sa communauté locale, Mary ouvrait un magasin de couture. Malgré leur succès professionnel au Canada ouest, les Augusta retournèrent aux États-Unis pendant la guerre de Sécession, et Alexander devint le premier médecin de campagne noir de l’armée de l’Union. Si Toronto y perdit des membres importants de sa communauté, les États-Unis y gagnèrent un soutien médical dont l’armée avait grand besoin. Les Augusta combattirent le racisme des deux côtés de la frontière et contribuèrent au processus d’acceptation raciale.

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Extrait du texte

Ce document sera publié en ligne en texte intégral en décembre 2019.

Plan

African-American migration to British North America in the 19th century
The Augustas’ move to British North America
The Early Lives of the Augustas
Life and Success in Toronto
The Augustas Return to the United States
Conclusion

Aperçu du texte

In the mid-1800s it was illegal for African American people to learn to read in Virginia, whether they were slaves or free Blacks. When Alexander Augusta was a young man in Norfolk, VA, he defied the law and secretly learned to read. He was a tenacious young man who did not let the happenstance of the colour of his skin negatively affect his chance of achieving success. Likewise, his future wife, Mary Burgoin, did not let the happenstance of gender affect her aspirations as a business owner. Alexander’s story as a military hero in the American Civil War, and his contributions to American medical education, as well as the furthering of black men in the field, has been examined in military and medical history journals, but few have considered the relationship between his time in Canada, then British North America, and his military service. They also hardly mention his wife, Mary, or provide a broader picture of their lives on both sides of the border. This article will tell the story ...

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Pour citer cet article

Référence papier

Alanna McKnight, « Borders, Battles and Bigotry: The Trials of Dr. Alexander and Mary Augusta », Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies, 85 | 2018, 49-65.

Référence électronique

Alanna McKnight, « Borders, Battles and Bigotry: The Trials of Dr. Alexander and Mary Augusta », Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies [En ligne], 85 | 2018, mis en ligne le 01 décembre 2019, consulté le 19 octobre 2019. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/eccs/1456 ; DOI : 10.4000/eccs.1456

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Auteur

Alanna McKnight

Alanna McKnight holds a PhD in Communication and Culture from Ryerson University, and a Masters in Canadian History from York University. She specializes in dress and labour history in Toronto. Her work uncovers the lives of women who worked in the needle-trades, and explores their lives beyond their workplaces. The story of Mary and Alexander emerged during her research into dressmakers in Toronto, and was also informed by her time as a researcher for the Harriet Tubman Institute at York.

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Droits d’auteur

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