Skip to navigation – Site map

HomeThematic issues30As the Struggle Continues

As the Struggle Continues

The EJTS Editorial Board
This article is a translation of:
La lutte est pleine

Full text

“France’s government needs to take a harder look at its latest competitiveness agenda, now that researchers have had time to study the impacts of such policies elsewhere. It should strive for the best of both worlds: to produce research that benefits society, balanced with support for the well-being of those on the academic front line.” (Nature 2020: 8)

1It will soon be a year since the editorial staff of the EJTS joined the mobilization provoked in France by the draft “multiannual research programming law” (LPPR), which goes hand in hand with the project to reform the French pension system. The first result of this mobilization, which lies at the heart of our activities, was the “Research in danger” issue we published last summer: A blank issue, devoid of research, to serve as a warning sign against the scientific sterility foreseen by the LPPR (EJTS 2020). Six months later, the law—now renamed, as a sort of admission of short-term thinking, the “research programming law” (LPR)—was passed, its contents even worse (cf. CPESR 2020).

2Has the case been heard? This issue, “In Struggle”, is our collective response. Criticizing a law such as the LP(P)R in a country such as France required seeing situations with which we are familiar in light of other national or regional contexts; and in so doing, to befriend researchers with experiences from other worlds. The heterogeneity of these interventions is tangible even in their different writing formats: The witness account rubs shoulders with the meandering interview; the graphical analysis follows the manifesto. And yet, the authors knew that they were taking part in collective labor. Even as they were writing, they were reading each other. Such cross-reading is what this issue invites. It bears witness to the links that were established or reactivated thanks to the movement, and which, in turn, will constitute future mobilizations.

3The designers of the LP(P)R in France have said it over and over again: Their primary concern is the “risk of France lagging behind in terms of investment,” a lag that makes it urgent to catch up with the “most advanced countries” (LPR 2020, appendix report: 3 et seq.). However, these same countries also supposedly represent a “standard international practice” from which France is an exception (ibid.: 39). Quite logically, therefore, the solution would be to align our norms (of recruitment, remuneration, management, evaluation, etc.) with the supposedly standard norms of these model countries.

4But which countries are those? The list is not fixed. Nevertheless, the report annexed to the bill invokes, among the rare sources it cites, “a study carried out by the scientific advisers of the French embassies in eight key research countries: Germany, Australia, United States, Great Britain [sic], Japan, the Netherlands, Singapore, Switzerland” (ibid.: 5). This study was requested in 2019 by the working group “Attractiveness of jobs and scientific careers” mandated by the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation in order to prepare the present bill (Berta, Mauguin and Tunon de Lara 2019). The members of the working group were inspired to carry out a “benchmarking exercise”, but not without underlining “the diversity of models”, thus explicitly recognizing that the notion of “standard international practice” was only a regulatory fiction (ibid.: 14). It is by seeking to reproduce the reasoning of these colleagues, colleagues who had become advisers to power, and to widen the circle of countries cited as models, that we have worked. As the authors of the Nature editorial suggest, the international references on which governments and institutions today claim to base their policies require “a more careful examination, now that researchers have had the time to study the impacts of such policies elsewhere”.

5In short, the struggle we are talking about here involves the pursuit of critical work (cf. Doussot and Pons 2020). The scientific and journalistic bibliography is abundant; one cannot limit oneself to reading embassy reports (which are inaccessible to the public, to our knowledge). Critique means questioning and a conflict of values: We cannot rely on the schematism of “benchmarking”, which undoubtedly facilitates managerial control but also eliminates the uncertainty necessary for scientific discovery. This struggle cannot be reduced to the current circumstances that made it visible. It has always been there, and it always will be.

6We run a journal; we do science. And we intend to continue.

Top of page


Afonso, Alexandre (2016). ‘Varieties of Academic Labor Markets in Europe’, PS: Political Science & Politics, 49(4), pp. 816-821. DOI: 10.1017/S1049096516001505

Arlaud, Sylvie et al. (2020). ‘L’université allemande comme horizon de la LPPR’, 12 June 2020. URL :

Berta, Philippe; Mauguin, Philippe; Tunon de Lara, Manuel (2019). ‘Attractivité des emplois et des carrières scientifiques’, preparatory report sent to the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation on 23 September 2019. URL :

Bezes, Philippe (2020). ‘Le nouveau phénomène bureaucratique. Le gouvernement par la performance entre bureaucratisation, marché et politique’, Revue Française de Science Politique, 70(1), pp. 21-47. DOI: 10.3917/rfsp.701.0021

Childress, Herb (2016). The PhDictionary: A Glossary of Things You Don’t Know (but Should) about Doctoral and Faculty Life, Chicago and London , The University of Chicago Press.

Childress, Herb (2019). The Adjunct Underclass: How America’s Colleges Betrayed Their Faculty, Their Students, and Their Mission, Chicago, The University of Chicago Press.

[Collectif] (2018). ‘Flexible Dienstleister der Wissenschaft’, par un collectif d’enseignants-chercheurs des universités et organismes de recherche allemands, Frankfurter Allgemeiner Zeitung, 27 March 2018. URL :

[Collectif] (2020). ‘Enseignement supérieur et recherche : appel solennel pour la protection des libertés académiques et du droit d’étudier’, 29 October 2020. URL :

[Collectif] (2020). ‘Statement on Equity and COVID-19’, par le collectif Tenure for the Common Good, 30 March 2020. URL :

Connell, Raewyn (2019). The Good University: What Universities Actually Do and Why It’s Time for Radical Change, London, Zed Books.

CPESR (2020). Monitoring site of the Conference of Higher Education and Research Scholars, listing official drafts, parliamentary reports, opinion columns, etc. URL :

Doussot, Sylvain; Pons, Xavier (2020). ‘La LPPR et la réforme de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche : analyses critiques’, Revue française de pédagogie, 207, pp. 11-18. DOI : 10.4000/rfp.9141

EJTS (2019). ‘A Time for Emptiness’ [editorial], European Journal of Turkish Studies, 29 : Recherche en danger. URL :

Foucault, Martial; Lépinard, Éléonore; Lépinay, Vincent; Mallard, Grégoire (2009). ‘Pour des universités plus justes’, La Vie des Idées, 17 February 2009. URL :

Harris, Adam (2019). ‘The Death of an Adjunct’, The Atlantic, 8 April 2019. URL :

Lindner, Kolja (2019). ‘Le modèle allemand : précarité et résistances dans l’enseignement supérieur et la recherche d’outre-Rhin’, in Duclos, M.; Fjeld, A. (eds.), Liberté de la recherche. Conflits, pratiques, horizons, Paris, Kimé, pp. 209-218. URL :

LPR (2020). ‘Programmation de la recherche pour les années 2021 à 2030’, parliamentary drafts and proceedings. URL :

Nature (2020). ‘France’s Reforms: the Costs of Competitiveness’ [editorial], Nature, 587, pp. 7-8. DOI: 10.1038/d41586-020-02853-w

Readings, Bill (1996). The University in Ruins, Cambridge, MA and London, Harvard University Press.

Roux, Didier (2017). ‘Recherche fondamentale, inventions et innovations’, keynote lecture given at the Collège de France on 2 March 2017. URL :

Strasser, Sabine; Stoica, Georgeta; Loher, David (dir.) (2019). ‘Politics of Precarity: Neoliberal Academia under Austerity Measures and Authoritarian Threat’ [special issue]. Social Anthropology/Anthropologie Sociale, 27. DOI: 10.1111/1469-8676.12724

Warner, John (2017). ‘19 Theses on Tenure’. URL :

Top of page


Electronic reference

The EJTS Editorial Board, « As the Struggle Continues », European Journal of Turkish Studies [Online], 30 | 2020, Online since 30 November 2020, connection on 26 January 2021. URL : ; DOI :

Top of page


© Some rights reserved / Creative Commons license

Top of page
  • Logo DOAJ – Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Logo ERIH PLUS | NSD
  • OpenEdition Journals
Search OpenEdition Search

You will be redirected to OpenEdition Search