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Mapping Gender Issues in Islam through the Views of Muhammadiyah/‘Aisyiyah Members in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Cartographier la vision des membres de Muhammadiyah/‘Aisyiyah sur les questions de genre en Islam à Yogyakarta, Indonésie
إشكاليات النوع الإجتماعي في رصد ورسم خريطة رؤى أعضاء المحمدية/العائشية حول الإسلام في يوجياكارتا، إندونيسيا
Alimatul Qibtiyah
p. 105-120


‘Aisyiyah is the female wing of Muhammadiyah, one of the two largest Islamic organizations in Indonesia. Within the organization, Muslim female intellectuals defend different visions of gender issues in Islam. Some interpret religious texts literally while others interpret them contextually. This research maps contentious gender issues in Islam as perceived by Muslim gender scholars affiliated to ‘Aisyiyah and its mother organization. Through its extensive network of schools dedicated to educating and raising awareness of women on religious issues, the organization has been able to influence religious discourse in Indonesia. ‘Aisyiyah was founded with the goal of achieving religious purification and the emancipation of women. Among the women who have studied in this organization, some claim to be Islamic feminists. Through their struggle, they revisit the interpretation of religious texts in order to defend the rights of Muslim women.

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Full-text article available to subscribers or on a "pay per view" basis. It will be available on this URL in January 2023.
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Note and Methodology
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Muhammadiyah is one of the largest Muslim movements in Indonesia, with more than 30 million members and sympathizers (Burhani 2019). It was established in 1912 by Haji Ahmad Dahlan, an Islamic modernist devoted to the Islamic reform movement led by Muhammad ʿAbduh in Egypt. Five years later, in 1917, Muhammadiyah established a women's wing, under the name of ‘Aisyiyah. It is the only organization to take part in the National Woman Congress of 1928, and its members are presently spread all over the country (Putra 2017: 9). Muhammadiyah's approach to Islamic texts has been successfully established through an extensive network of Islamic schools for both genders. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the organization has established 9,540 schools and universities, founded 2,119 healthcare facilities, and proposed various philanthropic activities (Muhammadiyah 2019: 1).

Although Muhammadiyah is a moderate organization, its members have not always had a progressive understa...

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Electronic reference

Alimatul Qibtiyah, « Mapping Gender Issues in Islam through the Views of Muhammadiyah/‘Aisyiyah Members in Yogyakarta, Indonesia », Égypte/Monde arabe,Troisième série, 21 | 2020, Online since 02 January 2023, connection on 26 November 2020. URL : ; DOI :

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About the author

Alimatul Qibtiyah

Alimatul Qibtiyah is an Associate professor at Da'wah and Communication Faculty in Islamic State University Yogyakarta, Indonesia. She is a leader on Research and Development and a member of Tarjeh and Tajdid Division at National Board ‘Aisyiyah and Muhammadiyah (2015-2020).

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