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Education, the New Science, and Improvement in Seventeenth-Century Ireland

John Patrick Montaño
p. 25-36

Résumés

Bacon et Hartlib furent à la tête d’un mouvement empirique qui contribua à la transformation des stratégies de réforme en Irlande. Tout en continuant de dépendre des changements de l’usage de la terre, leurs revendications à l’objectivité scientifique aidèrent à faire évoluer le but final des réformateurs : au lieu de civiliser l’Irlande, l’améliorer en se basant sur le nouveau savoir du Cercle Hartlib. Le soutien d’Oliver Cromwell fournit des occasions sans précédents d’appliquer les théories d’économie politique à la page blanche qu’était le paysage de l’Irlande.

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Ce document sera publié en ligne en texte intégral en novembre 2020.

Aperçu du texte

Steven Shapin began his book on the New Learning by saying “there was no such thing as the Scientific Revolution, and this is a book about it.” In the same way, there was no humanist-style revolution in education in the seventeenth-century, yet this is a paper about its implications. It is clear that the writings of Sir Francis Bacon and others introduced a novel way of gathering and using knowledge, fostering a new natural or mechanical philosophy that emphasized a new style of education aimed at the gentleman working in the service of the state—a disinterested thinker seeking knowledge for the sake of the common good and improvement of society. For Bacon, it was necessary “to try the whole thing anew upon a better plan, and to commence a total reconstruction of sciences, arts, and all human knowledge, raised upon the proper foundations.” More importantly, Bacon aspired to create new methods that would pr...

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Référence papier

John Patrick Montaño, « Education, the New Science, and Improvement in Seventeenth-Century Ireland », Études irlandaises, 43-2 | 2018, 25-36.

Référence électronique

John Patrick Montaño, « Education, the New Science, and Improvement in Seventeenth-Century Ireland », Études irlandaises [En ligne], 43-2 | 2018, mis en ligne le 01 novembre 2020, consulté le 19 janvier 2019. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/etudesirlandaises/5598 ; DOI : 10.4000/etudesirlandaises.5598

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Auteur

John Patrick Montaño

ohn Patrick Montaño is Professor of History and Head of Irish Studies at the University of Delaware. He is the author of Courting the Moderates, Ideology, Propaganda and the Origins of Party, on Restoration political culture in England and more recently of The Roots of English Colonialism in Ireland, part of Cambridge University’s Critical Perspectives on Empire Series. He is currently working on a book on the relation between ideas about science, improvement and the Stuart Plantation strategies as well as a project on violence and destruction as a form of cultural communication. He is very grateful to Hektor and Carolina for preventing a timely conclusion to these efforts.

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