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3. Conditions for success and implementation of resilience strategies

Conditions for success and implementation of resilience strategies

Mathilde Martin-Moreau and David Ménascé
p. 50-51

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1The third and final section identifies key factors for successful resilience strategies and the conditions needed to guarantee their popular acceptance.

2The overriding condition for success, as described in this issue, is the need to support cities as they set about defining and implementing their resilience strategies. The sheer breadth of the resilience concept means that putting together a strategy for urban resilience requires prioritizing actions. It is not possible for a city to suddenly become resilient in every sphere. To help with this process, The Rockefeller Foundation has established the 100 Resilient Cities initiative that seeks to help cities boost their resilience by providing them with access to a network, toolkit and financial support. The role of Chief Resilience Officer (CRO) is subsidized by The Rockefeller Foundation for a limited number of years, as explained by Arnoldo Matus Kramer, who occupies this post in Mexico City. Launched in 2013, according to Michael Berkowitz the initiative has led to the appointment of 90 CROs in cities worldwide and the release of 40 city resilience strategies, about half of them currently being implemented.

3Funding from The Rockefeller Foundation is a clear indication of how important it is for cities to find economic models for financing resilience. Until very recently, cities tended to act in reaction to the risks they face. Resilience bonds, presented by Shalini Vajjhala and James Rhodes, are among the financial instruments designed to demonstrate that resilience is not simply a cost for cities, but can also be an opportunity.

4The issue’s second section examined the need to accustom people to risk. The role played by Facebook groups during the recent hurricane season in the USA is a good illustration of how a resilience culture is being adopted by local people. With contributions from thousands of individuals who can connect to each other in seconds and provide the granularity of detail needed to maximize the efficiency of state-led rescue efforts, resilience becomes collaborative.

5Lastly, a comprehensive approach to urban resilience must also include the deployment of innovative policies to combat chronic social stresses such as the breakdown of relationships and social ties between residents. This is underlined by Jean‑Christophe Levassor, who runs a creative space that is part museum, part community center and part socialization center, located in a district of Roubaix in northern France that has felt the full impact of industrial decline.

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Bibliographical reference

Mathilde Martin-Moreau and David Ménascé, « Conditions for success and implementation of resilience strategies », Field Actions Science Reports, Special Issue 18 | 2018, 50-51.

Electronic reference

Mathilde Martin-Moreau and David Ménascé, « Conditions for success and implementation of resilience strategies », Field Actions Science Reports [Online], Special Issue 18 | 2018, Online since 15 December 2018, connection on 22 March 2019. URL :

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Mathilde Martin-Moreau


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David Ménascé


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